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TRANSACTIONS 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



FOR THE YEARS 1843-4-5-6 



TO WHICH IS ADDED 



THE ADDRESS 



DELIVERED BEFORE THE SOCIETY ON 15TH MAY, 1845, 



AT THE DEDICATION OF THEIR HALL. 



BOSTON: 

DUTTON AND WENTWORTH'S PRINT 

1847. 

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At a meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, on the 25th 
day of October, 1845, 

" Voted, That Messrs. Samuel Walker, Joseph Breck, Henry W. But- 
ton, Charles K. Dillaway, and Ebenezer Wight, be a Committee to pub- 
lish the Transactions of the Society for 1843-4-5-6, to which shall be added the 
Address delivered before the Society at the dedication of their Hall." 



The Committee have attended to the duty assigned to them by the above vote, 
to which they have added, the Act of Incorporation of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society, passed June 12th, 1829 ; also, an Additional Act, passed Febru- 
ary 5th, 1344, and a part of an Act, incorporating the proprietors of Mount Auburn 
Cemetery, with a List of the Members of the Society, and a Catalogue of the 
Books in the Library. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

By order of the Committee, 

SAMUEL WALKER, Chairman. 
Boston, February 23, 1847. 



ACT OF INCORPORATION. 



i^ommontoralt!) of fllajssacijusetts. 



In the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-nine. 



AN ACT 



TO INCOKPORATE THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY. 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled^ and by the 
authority of the same : That Zebedee Cook, Jr., Robert 
L. Emmons, William Worthington, B. Y. French, John 
B. Russell, J. R. Newell, Cheever Newhall, and Thomas 
G. Fessenden, their associates and successors, be and 
they hereby are incorporated under the name and by the 
description of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 
for the purpose of encouraging and improving the science 
and practice of Horticulture, and promoting the amelio- 
ration of the various species of trees, fruits, plants, and 
vegetables, and the introduction of new species and varie- 
ties ; with power to make by-laws, not inconsistent with 
the Laws of the Commonwealth, for the regulation of 
said Society, and the management of the same and of its 
concerns ; to receive donations, bequests and devises for 
promoting the objects of said Society ; to lay and collect 



VI ACT OF INCORPORATION. 

assessments on the Members, not exceeding two dollars 
per annum ; to enforce the payment of such assessments 
by action for the same : to purchase and hold real estate 
to the amount of ten thousand dollars, and personal estate 
to the amount of twenty thousand dollars ; to elect a 
Treasurer, Secretary, and other officers — the appointment 
of which shall be provided for in the by-laws of said 
Society ; the meeting for the election of such officers to 
be called at the times and in the manner provided in 
such by-laws ; to empower the President, Directors, 
Comptrollers, Treasurer, Committees, or other Officers or 
Members, or any Attorneys, Agents, or Representatives 
of said Society, to transact the business, manage and 
apply the funds, discharge the functions, and promote the 
objects thereof; to authorise any of the Members or Offi- 
cers of said Society to fill vacancies in the various offices 
of the same that may happen in the intervals between 
the meetings of the Members for choosing officers ; and to 
commence and defend suits. 

Section 2. Be it further enacted^ That in case the said 
Corporation shall at any time contract debts beyond their 
means and ability to pay at the time of contracting the 
same, the Officers or other Agents of said Corporation so 
contracting such debts shall be personally liable for the 
same. 

Section 3. Be it further enacted. That any Member of 
said Corporation may cease to be a Member thereof, by 
giving notice to that effect to the President, Treasurer, 
Secretary, or other Officers, and paying the amount due 
from him to the Society. 

Section 4. Be it further enacted^ That the first meet- 
ing of the Members of said Corporation may be called by 
any two or more of the persons named in the first section, 
by giving one week's notice, or more, by advertisement in 
any newspaper printed in Boston. 



ACT OF INCORPORATION. Vll 

Section 5. Be it further enacted^ That this Act may- 
be altered or repealed at the discretion of the Legislature. 

In House of Representatives, June 12, 1829. 

Passed to be enacted. 

WM. B. CALHOUN, Speaker. 

In Senate, June 12, 1829. 

Passed to be enacted. 

SAMUEL LATHROP, President. 

June 12th, 1829. 
Approved. 

LEYI LINCOLN. 

A true Copy of the Original Act. 

Attest, EDWARD D. BANGS, Sec'y of the Comm'lth. 



AN ACT 

in addition to an act to incorporate the MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives^ 

in General Court assembled^ and by the authority of the 

same^ as follows: 

Section 1. The Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
are hereby authorised to purchase and hold real estate to 
the amount of fifty thousand dollars. 

Section 2. This Act shall take effect from and after 
its passage. 

[Approved by the Governor, February 5, 1844.] 



MOUNT AUBURN CEMETERY. 



AN ACT 

INCORPORATING THE PROPRIETORS OF MOUNT AUBURN CEMETERY. 

Section 10. Be it further enacted^ as follows : First, 
that the present proprietors of lots in the said Cemetery, 
who shall become members of the corporation created by 
this act, shall thenceforth cease to be members of the said 
Horticultural Society, so far as their membership therein 
depends on their being proprietors of lots in the said 
Cemetery. Secondly, that the sales of the Cemetery lots 
shall continue to be made as fast as it is practicable by 
the corporation created by this act, at a price not less than 
the sum of sixty dollars for every lot containing three 
hundred square feet, and so in proportion for any greater 
or less quantity, unless the said Horticultural Society, 
and the corporation created by this act, shall mutually 
agree to sell the same at a less price. Thirdly, that the 
proceeds of the first sales of such lots, after deducting the 
annual expenses of the Cemetery establishment, shall be 
applied to the extinguishment of the present debts due by 
the said Horticultural Society on account of the said Gar- 
den and Cemetery, and, after the extinguishment of the 
said debts, the balance of the said proceeds, and the pro- 
ceeds of all future sales, shall annually, on the first Mon- 
day in every year, be divided between the said Horticul- 
tural Society and the corporation created by this act, in 



MOUNT AUBURN CEMETERY. IX 

manner following, namely : fourteen hundred dollars shall 
be first deducted from the gross proceeds of the sales of 
lots, during the preceding year, for the purpose of defray- 
ing the superintendent's salary and other incidental ex- 
penses of the Cemetery establishment ; and the residue of 
the said gross proceeds shall be divided between the said 
Horticultural Society, and the corporation created by this 
act, as follows, namely : one fourth part thereof shall be 
received by, and paid over to, the said Horticultural Soci- 
ety, on the first Monday of January of every year, and 
the remaining three fourth parts shall be retained and 
held by the corporation created by this act, to their own 
use forever. And if the sales of any year shall be less 
than fourteen hundred dollars, then the deficiency shall 
be a charge on the sales of the succeeding year or years. 
Fourthly, the money so received by the said Horticultural 
Society shall be forever devoted and applied, by the said 
Society, to the purposes of an experimental Garden, and 
to promote the art and science of horticulture, and for no 
other purpose. And the money so retained, by the corpo- 
ration created by this act, shall be forever devoted and 
applied to the preservation, improvement, embellishment 
and enlargement of the said Cemetery, and Garden, and 
the incidental expenses thereof, and for no other purpose 
whatsoever. Fifthly, a committee of the said Horticul- 
tural Society, duly appointed for this purpose, shall, on 
the first Monday of January, of every year, have a right 
to inspect and examine the books and accounts of the 
Treasurer, or other officer acting as Treasurer of the corpo- 
ration created by this act, as far as may be necessary to 
ascertain the sales of lots of the preceding year. 



At a stated meeting of the Society, held Saturday, April 4th, 1846, 

Voted, To adopt the present code of By-Laws. 

At the suggestion of the Committee on the By-Laws, it was 

Ordered, That the following amendment to the Constitution be entered on 
the Records, and lie over for consideration at the stated meeting, to be held on 
the first Saturday in July next, viz : — 

Voted, That all the provisions of the Constitution, which conflict with the 
code of By-Laws this day adopted, be, and they are hereby, repealed. 

The foregoing vote was adopted at the stated meeting, held on the first Satur- 
day in July, 1846. 



BY-LAWS 



OF THE 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 



Section I. 
The Officers of the Society. 



The Officers of this Society shall consist of a President, 
four Vice Presidents, a Treasurer, a Corresponding Secre- 
tary, and a Recording Secretary, who shall be chosen 
by ballot, and shall hold their offices for one year, and 
until others are installed in their stead. Provided^ how- 
ever^ that no person shall be eligible to the office of Presi- 
dent unless he shall have been a member for the term of 
three years previous. 

Section II. 
Professors. 

Professors of Botany and Vegetable Physiology, of En- 
tomology, so far as it relates to Horticulture, and of Hor- 
ticultural Chemistry, shall be elected at the annual meet- 
ing of the Society. 



xu 



BY-LAWS. 



Section III. 

The choice of Standing Committees. 

There shall be chosen by ballot, at the annual meeting, 
the following Standing Committees : — 

An Executive Committee, of . . . 5 members. 

A Committee for establishing Premiums, of 5 

of Finance, ... 3 

on the Library, ... 5 

on Fruits, . . . . 7 

on Plants and Flowers, . 7 

on Yegetables, ... 7 

on Synonyms of Fruits, . 5 

on Publication, ... 7 



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Section IY. 

Annual Election. 

The annual meeting for the election of Officers, Profes- 
sors and Standing Committees, shall be held on the first 
Saturday of October, and they shall enter upon their re- 
spective duties on the first Saturday of January ensuing. 



Section Y. 

Notice of Elections. 

At least ten days' notice shall be given by the Record- 
ing Secretary, of every annual election, by publishing the 
same in not less than three, lior more than five newspapers, 
printed in the city of Boston. The notice shall specify 
the time and place of said election, and the different Offi- 



BY-LAWS. Xlll 

cers, Professors and Committees, to be voted for, — and 
unless thirteen members at least shall be present, and give 
in their votes, the President or presiding officer shall ad- 
journ the said election for the term of three weeks, of 
which adjourned election the like notice shall be given as 
of the regular annual election, and the election shall then 
proceed, whatever may be the number of members 
present. 

Section VI. 

Mode of Balloting. 

The names of persons to be balloted for at the annual 
election, shall be contained on one ballot, and the offices 
for which they are respectively nominated shall be dis- 
tinctly designated. The polls shall remain open thirty 
minutes, at least, and, when closed, the President or pre- 
siding officer shall appoint a committee of two to assort, 
count, and report the number of votes given. 

Section VII. 

The Stated Meetings. 

The stated meetings of the Society shall be held on the 
first Saturday of January, of April, of July, and of Oc- 
tober. 

Section VIII. 
Quorum. 

Six members, exclusive of the President or presiding 
officer, shall be a Quorum for the transaction of business, 
at all meetings, except that of the annual election. 



XIV BY-LAWS. 

Section IX. 
Order of Business. 

1. Reading the Records of last meeting. 

2. Proposals for Membership. 

3. Reports of Committees. 

4. Deferred and new business. 

5. Reading of Communications. 

6. Elections. 

Section X. 

Vacancies, how filled. 

Whenever a vacancy shall occur in any of the Offices 
of the Society, it may be filled by a special election, of 
which two weeks' notice shall be given by the Recording 
Secretary ; and if vacancies occur in the Standmg Com- 
mittees, they may be filled at any regular meeting of the 
Society. 

Section XL 

The President. 

The duty of the President shall be to preside at all the 
meetings of the Society ; to keep order ; to state the busi-- 
ness before the Society : to state and put questions which 
shall have been moved and seconded, and, in case of an 
equal division on any question, to give the casting vote ; 
to call for accoimts and reports from all committees ; to 
call extra meetings of the Society, when requested, in 
writing, by an 3^ five of its members, and generally to su- 
perintend the execution of such By-Laws and Regula- 
tions, as the Society shall, from time to time, enact, not 
otherwise provided for. 



by-laws. xv 

Section XIL 

The Vice Presidents. 

In case of the absence of the President at any meeting 
of the Society, it shall be the duty of the senior Vice 
President (in the order of his election,) then present, to 
take the chair, who shall, for the time, have and exercise 
all the authority, privileges and power of the President ; 
and in case neither the President, nor either of the Yice 
Presidents shall be present, the Society shall then choose, 
viva voce, a President pro tefnpore, who shall, for the time, 
be invested with all the power and authority of the Pres- 
ident. 

Section XIII. 

Duties of Treasurer. 

The Treasurer shall collect and receive all sums of 
money due or payable to the Society, and shall keep and 
disburse the same, as shall be prescribed, from time to 
time, by the By-Laws and Regulations. To his trust shall 
be confided all certificates of stock, bonds, notes, or other 
evidences of debt ; he shall make all transfers of the same, 
having the written order of the Committee of Finance for 
that purpose, and of which he shall render true accounts, 
together with all sums of money received and disbursed 
by him on account of the Society. All payments shall be 
ordered by the Society, or approved of by the Committee 
of Finance ; and he shall be allowed, for his services as 
Treasurer, the sum of fifty dollars annually. 



XVI BY-LAWS. 

Section XIV. 

Duties of Corresponding Secretary. 

The Corresponding Secretary shall prepare all letters to 
be written in the name of the Society, and conduct its cor- 
respondence ; he shall keep copies of the same in a book 
to be provided for the purpose, which shall be open to 
the inspection of its members at any regular meeting ; he 
shall also receive and read all letters and papers addressed 
to the Society, and shall dispose of them in such manner 
as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws or directed by the 
Society. In the absence of the Recording Secretary, the 
Corresponding Secretary shall perform his duties. And 
in the absence of both Secretaries, the President shall ap- 
point either a Corresponding or Recording Secretary, or 
both, pro tempore. 

Section XV. 
Duties of the Recording Secretary. 

The Recording Secretary shall give notice of all meet- 
ings of the Society, and shall regularly record the pro- 
ceedings thereof in a book to be kept for that purpose. 
In the absence of the Corresponding Secretary, he shall 
perform his duties. 

He shall post up in the Library Room the names of all 
persons proposed for membership, and shall give notice to 
each person of his election. He shall record the election 
of every member, with the date thereof, and by whom 
proposed, in a book kept for the purpose, and shall report 
his name and residence to the Treasurer. He shall de- 
liver to the Committee of Publication a copy of the pro- 
ceedings of each meeting within ^yq days thereafter, and 



BY-LAWS. XVn 

shall cause to be prepared and countersigned all Diplomas 
or Certificates of membership. He shall have charge of 
the Seal of the Society, of all steel and copper Plates and 
Dies belonging thereto, and shall cause to be struck or 
printed therefrom, such impressions and medals as may 
be required. And for his services, as Recording Secre- 
tary, he shall receive the sum of fifty dollars annually. 

Section XVI. 

Executive Com/mittee. 

The President and Treasurer, with three other members to 
be chosen at large, shall constitute this Committee. It shall 
be their duty to have an oversight and general supervision 
of the afi*airs of the Society, and to recommend plans for pro- 
moting its interests; to have charge of the Society's build- 
ings, and to employ a person or persons to take care of 
the same. They shall have free access at all times to 
the Records of the Society and to the Books of the Treas- 
urer, and it shall be their duty to recommend to the Soci- 
ety, on or before the first Saturday of December, the 
amount to be appropriated for premiums and gratuities 
the ensuing year, and also, on the first Saturday of Jan- 
uary, annually, to report the list of those that are to be 
offered by the respective Committees, with their approval 
or disapproval of the same. 

Section XVII. 

Finance Committee. 

It shall be the duty of the Finance Committee to invest 
the funds of the Society, whenever there may be a balance 
in the Treasury of more than Jive hundred dollars^ not 

c 



XVlll BY-LAWS. 

wanted for immediate disbursement. And no transfer of 
any stock, bond, note, or other evidence of debt standing 
in the name of the Society, shall be made, except by the 
Treasurer having the written order of the Committee of 
Finance for that purpose. It shall also be their duty to 
examine and audit the Treasurer's account, and present 
the same to the Society on the first Saturday of January 
annually, with a correct statement of the property of the 
Association. 

Section XVIIL 

Library Committee, 

The Committee on the Library shall have charge of all 
books, drawings and engravings, and shall, from time to 
time, procure such works as may be deemed expedient, 
not exceeding the amount appropriated for the purpose. 
They shall appoint a Librarian, whose duty it shall be to 
open the Library for the use of members on Saturday of 
each week, and at such other times as may hereafter be 
ordered ; they shall annually report, at the stated meeting 
in January, the condition of the Library, with a list of 
such books and publications as may, in their opinion, be 
desirable to add thereto, and what measures may be ne- 
cessary for its preservation and augmentation ; and shall 
adopt and enforce regulations for the Library and Cabi- 
net, reporting the same to the Society for approval. These 
regulations shall be affixed to each volume, and also post- 
ed in the Library room. 

Section XIX. 

Com/mittee for establishing Preiniwrns. 

This Committee shall consist of the Chairman of the 
Committee on Fruits, the Chairman of the Committee on 



BY-LAWS. XIX 

Plants and Flowers, the Chairman of the Committee on 
Vegetables, and two other members who shall be chosen 
at the annual election. It shall be their duty to present to 
the Executive Committee, on or before the first Saturday of 
January, a list of the premiums they recommend to be of- 
fered, which, if approved, shall be signed by the President, 
countersigned by the Recording Secretary, and published 
as the List of Premiums for the ensuing year. 

Section XX. 

Committees for awarding Premiums and Gratuities. 

These Committees shall consist of the Committee on 
Fruits, the Committee on Plants and Flowers, and the 
Committee on Vegetables. Two members of either of 
these Committees shall be a quorum, and if two members 
shall not be in attendance, the member present may call 
to his aid such other members as he may see fit to ap- 
point for the occasion. It shall be their duty respect- 
ively to attend at the Society's Hall, or the place of ex- 
hibition, one hour before the same is opened to the public; 
to examine and label the specimens exhibited, and to 
award the Premiums or Gratuities ; also to attend at such 
other times and places as may be prescribed by the Soci- 
ety, and shall have power to make rules in regard 
to the time and manner of exhibiting specimens for the 
premiums, submitting the same to the Society for ap- 
proval. It shall also be their duty to examine all new 
Plants, Flowers, Fruits and Vegetables presented at the 
exhibitions, and to report the botanical name, description 
and merit of the respective specimens. And, annually on 
the last Saturday of December, the said Committees shall 
report to the Society the Premiums and Gratuities award- 
ed by them ; all such awards, whether as medals, money, 



XX BY-LAWS. 

or plate, or a certificate thereof, signed by the chairman of 
the respective committees, shall be presented and given to 
persons entitled thereto, or to their representatives, by the 
President or presiding officer of the Society, at the next 
meeting subsequent to that at which the award was made; 
and the names of persons to whom Premiums or Gratuities 
shall have been awarded, in the course of the year, shall 
be duly recorded, and such publicity given thereto as the 
Society may, from time to time, direct. 

Section XXI. 

Com/mittee on Synonyms of Fruits. 

It shall be the duty of this Committee to examine 
all specimens of Fruits exhibited before the Society at 
its exhibitions, and to establish the names of such as 
are without or are incorrectly named ; also to determine 
their proper synonyms as far as practicable, and for which 
purpose they shall, if necessary, facilitate an interchange 
of fruits with other Horticultural Societies. And the 
Chairman of the Committee on Fruits shall be a mem- 
ber of this Committee. 

Section XXII. 

Committee of Publication. 

The Committee of Publication shall consist of three 
members to be chosen at large, together with the Record- 
ing Secretary and the Chairmen of the respective Commit- 
tees on Fruits, Plants and Flowers, and Yegetables. It 
shall be the duty of this Committee to pubhsh, in pamphlet 
form, so much of the proceedings of each meeting or ex- 
hibition, as they may deem expedient, and to report a 



BY-LAWS. XXI 

printed copy at a subsequent meeting, for the use of the 
members. 

Section XXIII. 

Committee of Arrangements to superintend the Annual 

Exhibition. 

There shall be an annual Exhibition in the month of 
September, on such days as the Society may direct, and a 
Committee of Arrangements, consisting of thirteen fnem- 
bers, shall be chosen at the stated meeting in January. 
They shall have power to divide their number into sub- 
committees, and to propose rules and regulations, report- 
ing the same to the Society for approval. 

Section XXIV. 

Election of Subscription Members. 

Candidates for Subscription Membership may be pro- 
posed at any regular meeting of the Society. And no 
person shall be elected a member, unless his nomination 
shall have been duly entered on the records, and his name 
posted in the Library room for a term of four weeks, at 
least, previous to his election. All elections shall be by 
ballot, and three black balls shall exclude the candidate. 

Section XXV. 

Honorary and Corresponding Members. 

The Society may, (upon recommendation of the Exec- 
utive Committee,) elect Honorary and Corresponding 
Members whenever they may deem it expedient, to each 
of whom the Corresponding Secretary shall transmit a 



XXll BY-LAWS. 

Diploma or Certificate of his election, under the seal of 
the Society, signed by the President and countersigned by 
the Recording Secretary ; and such niembers, with the 
exception of the Professors of the Society, shall not be 
entitled to any of the pecuniary, elective, or controlling 
privileges of the Association. 



Section XXVI. 

Life Members. 

Twenty dollars shall constitute a Life Membership, 
and exempt the member from all future contributions. 
And any member, having once paid an admission fee, 
may become a Life Member, by the payment of fifteen 
dollars in addition thereto. 

Section XXVIL 

Admission Fee and Annual Contribution. 

Each member not designated in Sections 25 and 26, 
before he receives his Diploma or exercises the privileges 
of a member, shall pay the sum of ^yq dollars as an ad- 
mission fee, and afterwards an annual contribution of two 
dollars. 

Section XXVIIL 

Privileges of Members. 

Each member shall be entitled to the privilege of vot- 
ing ; of eligibility to office or appointment ; of receiving a 
Diploma or Certificate of Membership ; of a copy of the 
published Transactions of the Society, and a printed copy 
of the By-Laws of the Association ; of using the Library ; 



BY-LAWS. XXlll 



of free admission, and of introducing two ladies to all 
the exhibitions of the Society ; which admission shall be 
regulated by tickets not transferable. 

Section XXIX. 

Discontinuance of Members. 

Any member, who, after notice, shall neglect for the 
space of two years to pay his annual assessment, shall cease 
to retain his connexion with the Society; and the Treasurer 
shall have power to erase his name from the list of mem- 
bers. And any member may, at any time, withdraw from 
the Society, on giving notice to the President, Secretary, 
Treasurer, or other Officer, and paying the amount due 
from him to the Society. 

Section XXX. 

Expulsion of Members. 

If any member shall do any thing to dishonor the 
Society ; or shall place on the tables for exhibition or 
premium, specimens bearing his name, not of his own 
growth, with an intention to deceive, or shall be guilty 
of any breach of good faith towards the Society, he 
may be expelled therefrom, two thirds of the members 
present voting for his expulsion. But no member shall 
be expelled, unless a written notice of the motion be served 
upon him personally, or left at his usual place of abode, 
at least twenty days before it is acted upon. 

Section XXXI. 

Fiscal Year. 

The Fiscal year shall commence on the first day of 
January, and all annual assessments shall be deemed and 
taken to be due at that time. 



XXIV BY-LAWS. 

Section XXXII. 

The Object and Distribution of Premiums and Gratuities. 

Premiums or Gratuities may be awarded to such persons 
as shall have essentially advanced the objects of the So- 
ciety, or for the exhibition of any fruits, plants, flowers 
or vegetables of their own growth or cultivation, either 
new in their kind, or of uncommon excellence, or for any 
new and successful method of cultivating any kind of 
fruits, flowers, vegetables, shrubs, plants or trees, or for 
any other subject connected with horticulture. 

Section XXXIII. 

Donations and Bequests. 

All donations and bequests shall be sacredly appro- 
priated to the particular object for which they were de- 
signed by the donor ; and the name, amount and descrip- 
tion of each donation shall be registered in a book kept for 
the purpose. 

Section XXXIV. 

Distribution of Seeds. 

All donations of seeds shall be delivered over to the 
Professor of Botany, for examination and to be reported 
on. They shall then be distributed by the appropriate 
Committee in such manner as they may deem best, and 
the recipients shall, from time to time, make report of 
their success to the Society. 



BY-LAWS. XXV 

Section XXXV. 

Amendments to the By-Laws. 

Amendments to the By-Laws may be proposed on the 
first Saturdays of January, of April, of July and of Octo- 
ber, only. They shall be stated in writing, and have two 
readings at the time of being proposed ; if a majority of 
the members present vote in their favor, they shall be en- 
tered on the Journal of the Society and lie over for con- 
sideration to the next quarterly meeting or an adjourn- 
ment thereof; when, if two thirds of the members pre- 
sent shall vote in favor of adopting such amendments, 
they shall become a part of the By-Laws. 

Section XXXYL 

Of Voting by Proxies. 

Voting by proxy shall not be admitted at the meetings 
of the Society. 

Section XXXVIL 

All the By-Laws now in operation which coniiict with 
this Code, are hereby repealed. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY 



FOR THE YEARS 1843-4-5-6, 



REPORT OF THE TRANSACTIONS 



OF THE 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 



FOR 1843-44-45. 



The great benefits to be derived from the pursuits of Horticulture, have 
in all ages been acknowledged and commended by the intelligent and 
refined in every rank and condition of life, from the monarch on his throne 
down to the most humble of his subjects. 

The cultivation of fruits and flowers was the first employment allotted 
man by his great Creator. " To dress and keep the garden," has been an 
occupation most congenial to the human mind, from the beginning of the 
world to the present time ; and wherever a people have emerged from the 
savage state, there is an instinctive desire to indulge in the soothing and 
tranquillizing occupation of cultivating the earth. "Where is the man in a 
civilized state, having any claim to the common feelings of humanity, 
who does not look forward to the time when he shall be relieved from the 
perplexing cares and vexations incident to all who are struggling for a 
competency or independence ; when he shall be enabled to retire to some 
delightful spot, to spend his declining days, in the peaceful employments of 
rural life, solacing himself under umbrageous shades, regaling his friends 
on delicious fruits, marking the progress of vegetation, or watching with 
intense interest the bursting bud or opening flower; or, in other words, oc- 
cupying himself in creating a paradise of his own, where he may enjoy his 
household friends in peace, surrounded by " all that is pleasant to the 
sight or good for food"? 

Horticulture has received a powerful impetus since the prevalence of 

universal peace in Europe, and more particularly since the application of 

steam power to navigation. The flowers and fruits of every climate have 

been interchanged and concentrated in many countries of the Old World ; 

1 



A TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

they have also found a place in the orchards, gardens and conservatories 
in New England, and other parts of the country. There is already great 
enthusiasm manifested in the improvements we have witnessed within the 
last few years. When we look back through the brief space of time since 
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society was first established, and notice 
the rapid progress that has been made in horticultural knowledge ; the 
general diffusion of hitherto unknown delicious fruits and exquisite flowers j 
the facility by which ihey can be made to sport and form improved new 
varieties by cross impregnation, and other means of art, the imagination 
is inclined to anticipate the future, and inquire to what perfection in 
horticultural science shall our successors arrive at half a century hence, 
should the same enterprising spirit be manifest in the future operations of 
this and other kindred societies, as has been exhibited by those w^ho have 
been associated with us in times past. 

But to anticipate the future is not the particular design of this publica- 
tion, unless so far as may be necessary lo stimulate to further efforts. The 
object is to sketch the history and note the progress of the Society for the 
last three years. 

1st. In relation to Fruits. 

Eager to be in possession of every thing in the Old World, that would 
be valuable here, our enterprising horticulturists have introduced a mul- 
titude of fruits, good, bad and indifferent, including every variety that may 
be found in the extensive catalogues of Europe, or that has met the eye 
in advertisements, that might, by their description, be supposed desirable 
for us. S me of these fruits have proved all that was expected of them, 
while others, from change of climate or other causes, have been either in- 
different or worthless. A selection of the best from the great number of 
varieties now in the process of cultivation and trial, of the different sorts 
of fruit that would be most esteemed, for a succession, through their re- 
spective seasons, is a great desideratum. To effect this herculean task, it 
has been necessary to cultivate hundreds of varieties in different soils and 
aspects, by different individuals, and the various fruits brought together 
and compared at the weekly and annual meetings of the Society. 

Within the last three years, great advances have been made towards an 
object of so much importance to the community. . IMany new varieties 
have been established as first rate, while others have been pronounced of 
little or no value. Some seedlings of American growth have also received 
the approbation of the Society, as worthy a place in every choice collection. 

In the names of fruits, there has been much confusion and perplexity. 
Fruit trees hav^e been received from various nurseries and horticultural es- 
tablishments in the New as well as the Old World, under different names, 
that have proved synonyms of the same variety. The mist and darkness 
which have shrouded this subject is gradually disappearing from the public 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 3 

mind. The opportunities which have been afforded to amateurs and others 
at our weekly and annual exhibitions, to examine such numerous speci- 
mens from different sources, have been the means of throwing much light 
upon the subject. 

Our fruit committees and cultivators have been indefatigable in their 
labors in identifying and fixing in their minds the distinguishing charac- 
teristics of the different varieties; of becoming acquainted with their true 
names and synonyms ; ascertaining their flavor and quality ; the habits of 
the tree ; its productiveness. &c. It would be an extremely difficult task 
to do justice to the numerous members of our Society in relation to what 
they have individually done to promote the objects we have in view. Where 
so much harmony has prevailed, as we are happy to state has been the case 
with us, and where so many have labored shoulder to shoulder, we 
cannot look so much upon what individuals have done, as upon what has 
been performed collectively by the whole body. 

We may be permitted, perhaps, to speak of him who has so ably and 
faithfully served us as President, — who, not only is our head nominally, 
but practically. Who among the working members of the Society have 
done more to serve the cause of horticulture than the President, M. P. 
Wilder? He has been continually augmenting his large collection of 
fruits and flowers, from the best establishments of Europe, and has 
spared no pains or expense to introduce every thing new and rare. 
The weekly and annual exhibitions of the Society have been greatly 
increased in interest by numerous specimens of the choice productions 
of his garden and greenhouse. Among the new varieties of pears which 
he has introduced and fruited that have been considered fine, the fol- 
lowing may be enumerated, viz : Beurre de Anjou, Comtesse de Lunay, 
Ananas (of the French,) Epine Dumas, Comprette, &c. He has also 
fruited the Van Mons Leon le Clerc : but of this fine variety of pear, the 
best specimen yet exhibited, was one by David Haggerston, from the 
garden of J. P. Gushing, of Watertown, which measured 4 11-12 inches in 
length, and 3 inches in diameter. Loudon says of this desirable pear, that 
it was decidedly the best pear he had ever tasted ; the specimens he exam- 
ined were in eating the middle of October ; the fruit as large as the Duchesse 
d' Angouleme, and shaped very much like that pear, with a flavor remark- 
ably rich, and, as it appeared, partaking of that of the pine apple, and con- 
sequently having more acidity in it, joined to sugary sweetness, than we 
find in most pears. Messrs. Walker, Crooker, Hovey, and other gentlemen, 
have also fruited this extraordinary pear. After repeated examinations by 
the fruit committee, the high reputation it has acquired abroad has been 
fully sustained here. 

Samuel Walker, of Roxbury, has fruited and exhibited the Figue pear ; 
it is highly spoken of as a desirable variety. The St. Michael pear, which 



4 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

has so generally failed for a number of years past, and been supposed by 
many to exhibit the last signs of a worn out variety, appears in some places 
to be returning to its former health and vigor ; many beautiful specimens 
have been exhibited at the Society's Kooms, particularly during the last 
season, and hopes are entertained that this superior variety will again take 
its place at the head of the list, and resume its former character as the best. 

During the last three years, a number of fine native seedling pears, 
brought to the notice of the Society, have produced quite a sensation among 
fruit growers. By these evidences of what has been done by accidental 
crossing, horticulturists are encouraged to hope for greater improvements, 
when the more scientific mode of cross-impregnation shall be resorted 
to, as practised by Van Mons and other cultivators in Europe. A 
large field opens to American horticulturists for the production of im- 
proved varieties of fruits of all sorts, as we believe it is generally admitted 
that our climate is equal to any in the world for the cultivation of the pear, 
the apple, and other fruits common among us. Among these seedling pears, 
we notice, — 

1st. A beautiful pear, from a tree twelve years old, raised by G. W. Oli- 
ver of Lynn, in eating the middle of October ; of medium size ; color, 
dark cinnamon with a red cheek; flavor approaching to that of the Seckel; 
an abundant bearer; exhibited October 21, 1843. The same variety was 
shown the following year, and was thought by the committee fully to sus- 
tain its character as given the year previous. 

2d. The Early Wilbur pear was raised by D.Wilbur, Jr. Somerset, Bris- 
tol County, and exhibited September 23d, 1843 ; it was then in perfection, 
and was pronounced by the fruit committee to be very fine ; size some- 
what larger than the Seckel ; of a brownish russet color ; flesh melting 
with a very small core. 

3d. The Hull pear, sent also by Mr. Wilbur, and in eating at the same 
time with the other variety, was considered a desirable fruit ; of larger 
size than the Andrews, and would compare well with the Bartlett in ex- 
cellence, but of difierent flavor. 

4th. The Lawrence pear. This variety was sent by Messrs. Wilcomb & 
King, nurserymen. Flushing, L. L, and originated in that place. They 
say "it produces abundant crops every year, and is in eating from October to 
February. It is not inclined to rot or shrivel, as is the case with some of 
our winter pears. The tree is of fair growth, and very full of thorns, and 
appears to be a cross of the St. Michael's and St. Germain, as it resem- 
bles both of them in wood, foliage and fruit, and there is no other variety 
in the neighborhood." It is about the size and somewhat of the shape of 
the Urbaniste, melting, of fine flavor, and thin skin. 

5th. The MacLaughlin pear was sent to the Society by S. L. Goodale, 
of Saco, by whom it was grown. This pear is described by Mr. Manning as 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 5 

' originating in Scarborough, Me. ; of large size ; skin rough and greenish 
yellow ; form oblong ; flesh juicy and good ; ripe in January." It is in eating 
from November to January, and is considered a very desirable variety. For 
this, the Lawrence, and the Early Wilbur, the Society awarded a gratuity 
of $5 each. 

6th. Ex-Governor Edwards, of New Haven, favored the Society with 
a variety of seedling pears. The fruit committee examined and reported 
on the following varieties, viz : 

Dallas, good ; Clay, good and sweet ; Calhoun, fine ; Elizabeth, fine ; 
Jackson, not in eating, hard and gritty ; James K. Polk, not above second 
rate ; Van Buren and Black Hawk, baking; Tyler, poor ; John, second to 
third rate ; Cantaloupe, first to second rate ; and one specimen not named, 
poor. 

In relation to Gov. Edwards's seedlings, the committee were under the 
impression " that Dallas, Elizabeth, Calhoun and Cantaloupe, may prove 
worthy of cultivation." They need further trial, in a different soil from 
that in which they originated, before they can be recommended. The So- 
ciety are under great obligations to Gov. Edwards and other gentlemen, 
who have sent fruit from a distance. 

Besides these seedlings named, others of various qualities have been ex- 
hibited from time to time, but none worthy of notice or place among the 
numerous fine sorts already known. 

Some of the intelligent and enterprising cultivators of Essex County 
have exhibited remarkably large specimens of pears of various sorts, 
giving conclusive evidence that the influence of saline atmosphere is 
any thing but deleterious to the culture of this fine class of fruit. The 
pears of Capt. Lovitt, who has produced some of the finest ever exhibited 
in our Rooms, were grown in the immediate vicinity of the ocean ; very 
superior specimens have also been exhibited from Marblehead, Nahant, 
and other situations exposed to the sea. 

Apples. — The new varieties of apples which are every year brought be- 
fore the Society are very great ; but when compared with our well estab- 
lished and choice varieties, very few are found worthy to be enumerated 
among the large number already found in our catalogues. The very great 
number of apples described in books, and the trees cultivated in our nurse- 
ries for sale, lead to much confusion and disappointment. It would be 
very acceptable for new beginners, particularly, could a selection be made 
of the best known varieties for common cultivation, and classified as fol- 
lows : — 

1st. The best varieties of apples for the different seasons of the year, 
suitable for the climates of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. 

2d. The best ditto, for Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and 
Western New York, and for the same parallel or altitude. 



b TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

3d. The best ditto, for Long Island, New Jersey. 

4th. The best ditto, for the latitude and climate of Philadelphia. 

"VVe believe it is generally conceded that apples, as well as other fruits, 
succeed best when grown in regions near, and in soils similar to that in 
which they originated. This at least is true with some varieties. For 
instance, the Baldwin is most perfect in Massachusetts; the Newton 
Pippin on Long Island, New Jersey, and many other varieties flourish 
best in particular locations. New beginners are often deceived by select- 
ing varieties from catalogues for cultivation, that are very highly esteemed 
in other sections of the country ; but a few years of experience admonish 
them that they have attempted to raise varieties, which, however good 
they may be in their own latitude, are not worthy the time and labor 
bestowed upon them here and elsewhere. 

The Northern Spy was first exhibited in our Rooms, June 1, 1844. It 
was sent from Messrs. Ellwanger & Barry, nurserymen of Rochester, N. 
Y. The size of the fruit large ; flavor fine ; color beautiful. The com- 
mittee say '' we know of no variety of the apple superior, if in all respects 
equal (at this season of the year) to the Northern Spy." Messrs. Ellwan- 
ger & Barry say of it, in their letter to the President, " it is a native of 
Western New York, the original tree having produced numbers of suckers 
that are now bearing the identical fruit. It is esteemed here one of the 
best fruits of the season. The tree is one of the most vigorous and hand- 
some growers, and bears abundantly.'' 

The White Seek-no-further was exhibited by B. V. French, of Braintree, 
December 14th, 1814. It was considered by the committee as worthy a place 
in every good collection ; if not the best, it is o?ie of the best of the season. 
This fine variety is from Flushing, and although exhibited before, has not 
become very common among us. ]Mr. French has been at great expense 
in collecting together and cultivating a great variety of apples and pears, 
having at least 200 varieties of the former on his farm. In thus testing 
so many varieties, he has been doing much service to the Society, for 
which he will be held in grateful remembrance. 

The Mother Apple was sent to the Society by Calvin Haskell, of Har- 
vard, Mass., in December, 1842. It is supposed to have originated on the 
farm of General Gardiner, of Bolton, Mass. It is highly esteemed in that 
neighborhood ; in eating from November to February ; shape similar to 
that of the Baldwin ; of a deeper red ; flesh yellowish ; flavor very rich. 

The 20 oz. Pippin, was received from George Howland, of New Bed- 
ford. This fruit was raised on his farm in Cayuga County, N. Y. ; the color 
green, striped with red ; flavor excellent. Considering the size, color, and 
flavor, this variety will rale with the best. 

Among very numerous contributors of new apples from various sources, 
we cannot refrain from making mention of one who has been well known 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 7 

by many members of our Society, as a zealous, enterprising horticultu- 
rist, now no more. We refer to E. W. Bull, Esq., late of Hartford, Ct., 
whose melancholy and sudden death was announced a few months since. 
It was but a few weeks previous to this sad event, he forwarded to our So- 
ciety a box, containing a great variety of his own and neighbor's fruit, 
consisting of pears and apples, embracing many new, or but little known, 
varieties. 

Cherries. — This delicious fruit is cultivated extensively in the vicinity 
of Boston, and in no part of the country does it arrive at greater perfection. 
Our exhibitions, during the season of this fruit, have been peculiarly in- 
teresting from the great number of superb varieties presented, from nu- 
merous contributors. The well known varieties. Black Tartarian, Black 
Eagle, Downer's late Red, and many other familiar sorts, are not yet 
surpassed by any thing new. The Walsh Cherry, so called, considered by 
some the same as Bigarreau Savoy, has been repeatedly exhibited and is 
considered a very good fruit. Among the Seedling Cherries that have 
been brought to notice, Allen's Montmorency, exhibited by J. F. Allen, of 
Salem, will rank as one of the best. 

The Plum has been rather an uncertain crop on account of the ravages 
of the Curculio. Hopes are entertained that a remedy may yet be dis- 
covered which will put a stop to the work of this destructive insect. The 
Society have offered a large reward for this purpose ; but, as yet, nothing 
satisfactory has transpired. Some fruit growers have almost given up the 
cultivation of the plum in despair. Others have been greatly encouraged 
by the fact that, in some locations, this insect has so far disappeared within 
the last two or three years, that large crops of fruit have been raised 
where it formerly failed. A number of new varieties have been brought 
to notice that are considered first rate ; among them is the Jefferson Plum,/ 
which originated with Judge Buel, of Albany, and fully described by Mr. ' 
Downing, of Newburg, N. Y., in his excellent work on " Fruit and Fruit 
Trees ; " also, the Lawrence and Columbian, raised by Mr. Lawrence, of 
Hudson, N. Y., and described by the same author ; these varieties are 
said to be equal in flavor to the Green Gage, which variety may be taken as 
a standard of perfection as to flavor. 

Grapes. — The Society has been greatly indebted to J. F. Allen, of 
Salem, for rich displays of luscious grapes, in season and out of season, 
embracing many rare varieties 5 his Figs also, as well as his Peaches of 
exquisite beauty and fragrance, have been much admired, appearing, as 
they have done, year after year, two or three months in advance of those 
grown in open air. It can hardly be imagined that any thing more can be 
done by way of improving the delicious flavor, size or beauty, of the dif- 
ferent varieties of grapes, cultivated under glass. The beautiful specimens 



8 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

that have been repeatedly brought before the Society by Messrs. Haggerston, 
Otis Johnson, Quant, Nugent, and others, seem to defy any further attempts 
at improvement on the part of the cultivator, and lead us to the belief that 
there are bounds in the perfection of fruit which cannot be passed. 

Our hardy grapes are yet susceptible of great improvement, and a 
wide field is open to our horticulturists j it is to be hoped that gentlemen 
of leisure, and those who have a taste for such pursuits, will take the sub- 
ject into consideration. It is true the Isabella and Catawba, when fully 
matured, are fine, in comparison with some of our wild grapes; but a 
person who has tasted of the Black Hamburg will not be satisfied with 
these varieties even in the best of seasons. A premature frost not un- 
frequently ruins the crop 5 and, after a season of extra care and labor in 
pruning and dressing, the cultivator finds himself in as bad a predicament 
as the fox in the fable, and is compelled to cry "sour grapes." Varieties 
of grapes that would mature early, possessing the superior qualities of 
those cultivated under glass, and standing without protection in our severe 
winters, are very desirable. One variety of this character would be a 
fortune to a person who should be so lucky as to produce it. 

Our country abounds with wild grapes; some of the varieties are very 
large and beautiful, of various colors, but all have a hard, acid pulp, with 
a peculiar flavor, disagreeable to some tastes. We see no reason why as 
great improvements may not be made, by taking the best of these wild 
grapes as a basis, (there being a great difierence in them,) and impreg- 
nating with the improved green-house varieties. 

The Seedling grape raised by Miss Diana Crehore, of Milton, is an 
illustration of what may be done to this fruit by way of improvement. 
This Seedling, for which the Society awarded a gratuity of five dollars, 
was said to be a seedling of the Catawba, but at least two weeks earlier, 
and of superior flavor, resembling the parent, but paler ; berry round, 
almost without pulp, juicy, sweet, and of a rich flavor. Since this variety" 
was brought to notice, it has been much called for, but we do not learn 
that any vines are yet propagated for sale. 

Peaches. — We are on the verge of the northern limits where this highly 
esteemed fruit can be brought to perfection ; it is not strange, therefore, 
that in some severe seasons this fruit fails. A few. years back, our Peach 
trees were nearly all destroyed, and many horticulturists were upon the 
point of giving up the cultivation of them ; but, within a few years past, the 
seasons have been more congenial to their growth, and fine crops have been 
obtained, the flavor of the fruit being equal to that grown in any other part 
of the country. It has been exceedingly pleasant to notice so many fine 
seedling peaches upon our tables within the last three years ; they have 
been numberless, and many of the varieties very superior in size, beauty 
and flavor. 



TRANSACTIONS OP THE SOCIETY. 9 

"The Nectarine and Apricot are rather more uncertain than the peach 
by open culture ; but beautiful specimens have been exhibited grown on 
walls and in the house. A Seedling Nectarine, raised by Mr. Edward 
Humphris, of Roxbury, was considered by the fruit committee as pos- 
sessing considerable merit. 

Among the numerous varieties of Strawberries that have passed under 
the observation of the Society, none have given better satisfaction than 
Hovey's Seedling j this variety, after a trial of a number of years, in 
which time it has been fully tested, is pronounced one of the best, if not the 
best, now in cultivation, and the Society have honored the successful pro- 
ducer of it with a piece of plate of the value oi fifty dollars. Other seedling 
strawberries have been placed on the tables of the Society, but none of 
them possess sufficient merit to demand a recommendation for extensive 
cultivation. 

The Fastolff, Nottingham Scarlet, Knevet's Giant, and other new Rasp- 
berries have been exhibited. The fruit very fine and large. The Fran- 
conia, Red and White Antwerp are also excellent varieties; all have found 
a place upon our table in their season. 

We have been pleased to notice cultivated Blackberries and Thimble- 
berries, of large size ; also. Currants, Gooseberries, Mulberries, and 
other small fruits. 

When we consider the many and beautiful specimens of the various 
kinds and varieties of fruit exhibited during the past season, and also the 
approach to perfection which many of the specimens exhibited attained to 
as to form, color, and exquisite flavor, we are ready to congratulate the 
members of the Society on the success which has attended their united 
efforts, and to believe that no section of the country, or perhaps of the 
whole world, is better adapted for the cultivation of fruit generally, than 
our own beloved New England. 

2d. Flowers. 

" How exquisitely sweet 
This rich display of flowers; 
This airy wild of fragrance, 
So lovely to the eye 
And to the sense so sweet !" 

Flowers may be considered the poetry of Horticulture. Their cultivation 
does not result so much in pecuniary profit as that of fruits and vegetables, 
nor will their exquisite tints, or balmy fragrance give sustenance or gratify 
the grosser appetites of the body ; they seem to be particularly designed 
by the great Creator to administer innocent pleasure to the mind. 

The love of flowers is congenial to the taste of all, who are capable of 
2 



10 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

appreciating the beautiful objects of creation. It is to be regretted, that 
this inherent love for natural beauty and innocent pleasure should ever be 
eradicated from the mind ; but, while the gross pleasures of life are in- 
dulged in, or the mind absorbed at the shrine of Mammon, although Eden's 
beauties are every where displayed in rich profusion they will be neglected 
or despised. The love of flowers, if cherished in early and mature life, 
will most assuredly bring increased delight and pleasure in old age. 

Every thoughtful mind must associate flowers with the benevolence of 
God. Why create them with their wonderful variety of shape, size, color, 
or fragrance, succeeding and rivaling each other in beauty as the season 
advances, unless for the gratification of the beholder ? "Why should they 
be endowed with such a propensity to depart from their native, simple, and 
uniform habits when brought under the care and skill of the cultivator, 
and sport in endless varieties and combinations of beauty, unless to attract 
the attention and invite the care of man ? The cultivation and love of 
flowers must have a salutary influence upon the mind. By bringing it in 
contact with that part of creation which Wilberforce has appropriately de- 
nominated the ^'smiles of God," the lover of nature will "look through 
nature up to nature's God," and behold the great Author condescending, 
even in the humble flower, to open a large field of enjoyment to his un- 
worthy creatures. 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society has done much to stimulate 
and encourage a taste for Horticulture within the last three years. The 
members of the Society have, from week to week, been exhibiting flowers 
new and rare. They presented to the admiring public such combinations 
of beauty as have not been witnessed before in this part of the country. 
The moral eflect upon the minds of the spectators must have been highly 
salutary and improving. Those who have contributed to these rich 
displays would feel themselves amply compensated, could they see how 
universally a growing taste is pervading society in consequence of' 
the exhibitions of beautiful flowers at the Horticultural Hall, flowers 
which, perhaps, had never been seen or heard of until they were seen 
there. 

It cannot be expected that a detailed account will be given of all the 
new varieties of flowers that have been exhibited during the last few 
years ; this would occupy quite a respectable sized volume. A glance 
only can be given at some of the most prominent objects. 

The Rose has often been denominated the " Queen of flowers," and, con- 
sidering all its properties, perhaps, merits that honor. Surely no class of 
flowers is more universally admired. Most of the members of the Society 
can remember the time when six or ten varieties of Roses were all that 
were cultivated or known, and even in these the time of flowering was 
limited to the month of June. What a change they have witnessed ! They 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 11 

can now count them by hundreds, and some of the varieties are in bloom 
nearly the whole year. Our hardy Roses are not confined to the limits 
of one short summer month in which to develop their fragrant buds 
and flowers, but a large class of perpetuals have been introduced that 
continue to beautify the garden until several autumnal frosts, so that the 
poet may alter his phraseology from " the last rose of summer," and sing 
of the last rose of autumn, if he chooses. Of this class, the La Reine is 
a sample, not that its flowers are the most beautiful of the class, but noted 
for their remarkable size. Of the Noisettes, Bourbons, Tea and China 
Roses, most of which require protection, it will be impossible to name even 
the most desirable varieties, they are so numerous. 

Mr. Feast, of Baltimore, has done himself much credit by raising and 
introducing some beautiful, hardy climbing Roses, particularly the Queen 
of the Prairies, for which the Society voted him a silver pitcher of the value 
oi forty dollars, or the Society's large gold medal, at his choice. This variety 
proves perfectly hardy, and best adapted for pillars of any rose yet known 
among us; it is, however, deficient in fragrance. M. P. Wilder, President 
of the Society, Messrs. Hovey and others, have imported numerous varieties 
in all the classes of Roses named. Among other classes of this popular 
flower, the Moss Rose tribe has received its quota of improved varieties. 
It may not be generally known how the mossy vest which gives to this 
class of roses their peculiarly rich and luxurious appearance originated. 
A German writer thus explains it : — 

" The angel of the flowers one day, 

Beneath a rose tree sleeping lay 5 

That spirit to whom charge is given 

To bathe young buds in dews from heaven 5 

Awaking from his light repose, 

The angel whispered to the rose : 

' O ! fondest object of my care, 

Still fairest found where all are fair, 

For the sweet shade thou 'st given to me, 

Ask what thou wilt, 'tis granted thee.' " 

" Then said the rose, with deepened glow, 
' On me another grace bestow 5' 
The spirit paused in silent thought ; 
What grace was there that flower had not ! 
'Twas but a moment; o'er the rose 
A veil of moss the angel throws, 
And robed in nature's simplest weed, 
Could there a flower the rose exceed ?" 

Whether this account of the origin is correct or not; the reader must be 
the judge ; all that can be said of it is, the poetry is beautiful. 



12 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

But leaving the Rose with its sweet perfume, we will speak of another 
flower, to which the following poetical language has been applied: — 

" Who thus, O Tulip, thy gay painted breast 
In all the colors of the sun has drest ? 
Well could I call thee, in thy gaudy pride. 
The Queen of flowers." 

" Then comes the Tulip race, where beauty plays 
Her idle freaks." 

The time has long since gone by, when the mad speculation of the Tulip 
mania raged, and the fancy won and lost fortunes in a day, in the ex- 
change of these roots ; but even now, many of the choice varieties bear a 
high price, and a bed of Tulips requires no small outlay, if composed of 
choice roots. 

Samuel Walker has given amateurs repeated opportunities to examine 
beds of this flower in all their perfection and glory, having imported all 
the choice varieties, and taken special pains in their cultivation, the bulbs 
being arranged in the beds according to height of the flower. He also 
built a tulip house to screen them from the sun, and bad weather, when 
in flower. Unless tulips are thus sheltered and protected from the sun 
and wind, however fine the varieties may be, their beauty will soon be 
spoiled by the running of the colors. 

J. L. L. F. Warren has also been at the expense of a large tulip house, 
where he annually exhibits a large collection of choice flowers. A large 
collection of the choicest varieties, imported, a few years since, by Horace 
Gray, Esq., for the Public Garden, while under the judicious management 
of J. E. Teschemacher, flowered repeatedly, in the most satisfactory man- 
ner, affording a rich treat to those who were partial to this flower. This 
collection has since passed into the hands of Jos. Breck & Co., and still re- 
tains its high character. In the cultivation of the Tulip, great care is 
necessary to prevent it losing the distinctive characters of the varieties, by 
its becoming foal, or blending of the colors, which is oftentimes the case 
when the soil is made too rich by stimulating manures. 

The Fuchsia, among other flowers, has graced our Hall in great per- 
fection. Many of the new varieties are superb ; specimens have been 
exhibited truly magnificent. The Society have been indebted to the Pres- 
ident, and other members for repeated displays of rare varieties, which 
seem to have been greatly multiplied of late. 

The varieties of the Japan Lilies, first exhibited by the President of the 
Society, created quite a sensation among florists. They are unquestionably 
the most splendid species of the Lily tribe ever introduced into this country, 
and should they prove hardy, will be a very important acquisition to the 
garden ; at present, they are cultivated in the greenhouse ; in one instance, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 13 

where the experiment was tried, they stood the winter. The variety 
L. speciosum has a pink and white frosted ground, finely spotted with a 
deep crimson ; L. lancifolium album is a pure white ; each variety with 
reflexed petals. Messrs. Hovey also exhibited fine specimens of this su- 
perb Lily, and Mr. Wilder fine seedlings. 

Of the Camellia family, great additions have been made. The plants 
bloom at a season when it is not convenient to make a display of them 
at the Society's rooms ; but in visits to the various greenhouses in the 
neighborhood, it may be observed that great improvements have been 
made in many of the new varieties added to the collections ; some of 
the most remarkable are included among the Seedlings raised by the Pres- 
ident, the most conspicuous of which, are C. japonica var. Wilderii and 
Abby Wilder, for which the Society voted a silver pitcher of the value 
of fifty dollars. 

The Verbena tribe has also been greatly increased and improved ; the 
varieties are almost innumerable ; they have sported into every tint of 
crimson, scarlet, purple, lilac and rose, to white, and now form, when 
planted out in the border, the most brilliant ornaments of the garden from 
June to November, and of the greenhouse through the winter and spring. 

This introduction would be too lengthy, should an attempt be made to 
name the different varieties of Gladiolus, Achimenes, Gloxinias, and other 
fine greenhouse plants that have been exhibited as new during the last few 
years ; they will be found recorded in the body of this work. 

Of the hardy flowers, no family of plants has received greater ac- 
cessions than the Phlox. Beautiful Seedlings have been raised by Messrs. 
Breck, Carter, Walker, and others, and many fine varieties have been im- 
ported by Messrs. Wilder and Hovey. The old varieties, which, but a few 
years ago, were considered indispensable in the garden, are now generally 
discarded as worthless, and give place to those of much superior habit of 
flowering, shape, color, &c. 

J. S. Cabot, of Salem, has exhibited improved varieties of Pseonia 
arborea, some of them very costly and rare. The display made by the 
President of this showy flower, in June, 1845, will not soon be forgotten by 
those who witnessed it ; it consisted of 100 blooms of the Paeonia arborea, 
in fifteen varieties. 

Ranunculus. — Our climate has been considered unfavorable for the per- 
fection of this very beautiful flower, on account of the severity of our 
winters, and the extreme heat and dryness of the atmosphere. S. Walker 
has, however, succeeded repeatedly in producing a splendid bloom from 
more than five hundred varieties, embracing colors of every tint and shade 
of crimson, scarlet, orange, yellow, purple, maroon, rose, white, and va- 
riously diversified and variegated. 

We have seen improvements made, from year to year, in the Dahlia 



14 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

tribe; many new varieties are annually proclaimed to the public as 
something new, and eclipsing every thing that has preceded them ; they 
are catalogued at the enormous price of one to ten guineas each ; they 
speedily find their way across the Atlantic, and the amateur here has 
the supreme felicity of watching with intense interest the progress of the 
plant and the opening of the flower, when, to his utter dismay, he finds 
his high expectations exploded ; or, in other words, the flower is not quite 
what it was "cracked up to be." The cultivators of the Dahlia are an- 
nually doomed, more or less, to disappointments of this sort ; but, notwith- 
standing all this, many superb new varieties are every year added to the 
list of desirable sorts. 

In Pinks and Carnations, little progress has been made. It is very dif- 
ficult to keep up good collections, on account of the wire worm, and other 
insects, or from the severity and length of our winters, from which the 
plants sufier and become sickly, whether protected in the open ground or 
in frames. Fine displays have been made by Breck dt Co., principally 
from varieties raised by them from seed, which have proved hardier than 
the more choice imported varieties. 

In some of the Annuals, such as Balsams, Larkspurs, Ten "Weeks 
Stocks, German Asters, &c., great improvements are apparent, and many 
beautiful Annuals have been introduced through the difierent seed estab- 
lishments of the city. 

In reviewing the past, there is abundant evidence in the great variety of 
the choice and well-grown specimens exhibited, to prove that the members 
of the Society have been advancing in the knowledge of plants, and in the 
improved modes of cultivation. 

It is sincerely hoped, that the stimulus now given by the Society in the 
shape of liberal premiums for every important class of flowers, may in- 
duce the weekly contributors not only to continue the same laudable zeal 
they have manifested the past year, but that they will also increase their 
efforts to make those exhibitions still more attractive to the numerous vis- 
iters who honor us with their presence from week to week. 

3d. Vegetables. 

Under this head, there can be but little said in relation to what has been 
exhibited in our rooms, as but few individuals have taken the trouble to 
show their specimens of improved vegetables. The Cabbages, Cauli- 
flowers, Brocolis, Lettuces, Celery, Asparagus, Rhubarb, and other 
delicious vegetables, as exhibited by Messrs. A. D. Williams, Lovitt, and 
a few others, have not left the Society without witness of the great im- 
provements made in the culinary department. The gigantic Cucumbers 
presented in April and May by our skilful gardeners, proves their power 
over the adverse influence of our rough climate, to produce whatever they 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 15 

may will. Vegetables are not so attractive to the eye as fruits and flowers, 
and the great majority of the visiters do not bestow that attention upon 
them which they merit. Many, however, would be gratified to see a 
greater display of vegetables at the weekly exhibitions, and it is expected, 
for the time to come, that the liberal premiums offered in this department 
of horticulture will excite more competition among the members. 

Finally, in view of the increasing prosperity of the Society, by the large 
increase of its members, by the accumulation of funds sufficient to erect 
their convenient and substantial Hall for the accommodation of the mem- 
bers and the exhibition of their productions, and, at the same time, without 
embarrassment, to appropriate fifteen hundred dollars per annum, to be 
awarded in premiums, and for the increase of the Library, together with 
other sums for current expenses, we may well feel grateful, that, from 
so small beginnings, the Massachusetts Horticultural Society has arrived 
at its present state of prosperity. 

Long may the Society continue to prosper, and exert its benign in- 
fluence upon a multitude of minds, until all shall look upon the pursuit of 
Horticulture as an employment the most desirable for the improvement and 
happiness of man on earth, one in which he may innocently engage with- 
out hindrance to his preparation for a nobler state of existence in the 
paradise of God ! 



TRANSACTIONS 



Meeting of the Society, February 18, 1843. 

The President of the Society as Chairman of the Committee on the 
Distribution of Seeds, reported,— 

That the committee had placed the seeds received from Prof. Fischer 
in charge of Mr. W. E. Carter, one of the committee, with the understand- 
ing, that, should any of them prove worthy of introduction into our gardens, 
seeds, cuttings or plants of the same shall be presented to the members of 
the Society ; and that Mr. Carter, under direction of Prof. Asa Gray, procure 
a suitable collection of seeds, including plants of our native phloxes, 
to be sent to Prof. Fischer, at the Botanic Garden, St. Petersburg. 



Meeting, March 4, 1843. 

The committee to whom was referred the subject of affording pecuniary 
assistance to the family of the late Robert Manning, ask leave to report : — 

That they hold in grateful remembrance the valuable and praiseworthy 
exertions which their deceased member, the late Robert Manning, had ren- 
dered this Society and our country, in the cause of Horticulture, and feel 
a strong desire to relieve his bereaved family from their present embarrass- 
ment. But while your committee make this expression of their feelings, 
they wish it to be borne in mind, that, in their opinion, the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society is not an institution for the dispensing of charities, 
and that an appropriation of its funds for any benevolent purpose, what- 
ever, might go to establish a dangerous precedent 5 under this view of the 
subject, your committee were at a loss how the Society could meet the exi- 
gency of the case, and contribute the relief solicited. 

One of your committee, however, has had an interview with the family 
of the late Mr. Manning, and learned from them, that they would be hap- 
py to respond to the call of this Society in any way in their power, and 
that, on condition of receiving aid from the Society, they would cheerfully 
continue to make their usual exhibitions of fruits at our Rooms, together 
with such new varieties, as may, from time to time, come to notice. 

With such an arrangement as the foregoing, your committee would be 
somewhat relieved of the embarrassment alluded to, and believing that 
Pomological science and the interests of this Society would be much bene- 
fited by the preservation of the collection of fruit trees, which Mr. Man- 
ning had, for such a series of years, been gathering from various parts of 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 17 

the world, — many of which, as he stated in the last part of his life, were 
quite rare, and some, in no other collection, — they have come to the con- 
clusion that it may not be inexpedient for the Society to lend its aid for 
this purpose. But they would not recommend any appropriation, except on 
the express conditmi, that a sufficient sum, in addition thereto, shall be rais- 
ed by the friends of the family, as shall ftdly and entirely relieve the estate 
from all incumbrances, and preserve the collection of fruit trees, with all 
its varieties entire, for the use and benefit of the family and this Society, 
as herein stated. 

In accordance with the views expressed in the foregoing report, the com- 
mittee respectfully submit to the Society the proposition embraced in the 
following vote, viz : 

Voted, That, for the purpose of retaining the valuable collection of Fruit 
Trees of the late Mr. Kobert Manning undisturbed, so that the Society may 
hereafter derive the benefits of identifying new varieties and other inci- 
dental advantages, through the medium of recourse to such an extended 
and choice collection of fruits, the Treasurer of the Society, with the advice 
of the Finance Committee, be directed to pay, to the heirs of the late Robert 
Manning, the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars, from any moneys in 
the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, on the following conditions : — 

1st. The proprietors of the Garden shall, during every year for the five 
next consecutive years, send to the Annual Exhibition of the Society, spe- 
cimens of each variety of the products of the collection ; and whenever any 
new variety of fruit shall first come to maturity, specimens of the same 
shall be exhibited to the Society. 

2d. That this grant is made on the express condition, that the heirs of the 
late Mr. Manning shall obtain from other sources an additional sum suffi- 
cient to extinguish all claims upon the estate, and to keep possession of the 
said collection of Fruit Trees entire, agreeably to the principles of this 
report. 

All of which is respectfully submitted by, 

MARSHALL P. WILDER,^ 

ELIJAH VOSE, 

BENJ. V. FRENCH, \- Committee. 

JOSIAH LOVITT, 2d, 

S. WALKER, 



Boston, March 4, 1843. 
Voted, To accept the foregoing Report. 

Voted, That the President, together with Samuel Walker and Elijah 
Vose, be a Special Committee relative to the Society's interest, as specified 
in the report on a gratuity to the family of the late Robert Manning. 

In consideration of the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars paid us by the 
3 



18 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, the receipt of which we hereby ac- 
knowledge, we, the undersigned, cheerfully assent and agree to the stip- 
ulations. 

Signed, REBECCA D. MANNING, 

ROBERT MANNING. 
The above agreement was endorsed on the copy of the foregoing report. 
Boston, Feb. 6, 1846. 

Meeting of the Society, June 3, 1843. 

A letter was read from Emilien de Wael, corresponding member, resid- 
ing at Antwerp ; the thanks of the Society were voted for the donation of 
pamphlets which accompanied the letter. 

The following communication was received from Dr. Burnett, and order- 
ed to be published in the Transactions of the Society : — 

The Curculio. 

Gentlemen, — Noticing the vote of the Massachusetts Horticultural So- 
ciety, in the New England Farmer, of July 14, 1841, which awards a pre- 
mium of $200 for a successful mode of destroying the Curculio, and also 
the vote placing the subject under the direction of the Fruit Committee, I 
am induced to address you upon that subject. 

I consider the motive philanthropic in passing this vote, for members of 
that Society well know the pleasure and the profit of cultivating good fruit, 
and the healthy and harmless luxury, and the delicious fare it always affords, 
and are wishing to remove every obstacle in the way of, and grant every 
facility in, its cultivation ; in order that this pleasure, so productive of profit 
and comfort, may become general in the community, they have generously 
offered this reward to any one who will make known to you a successful 
mode of removing the great, or only impediment, which lies in the way of 
success in the cultivation of those delicious and beautiful fruits — the plum 
and peach. 

It will be my aim to state here what I know of this insect from observa- 
tion, entering somewhat into his natural history ; describing his metamor- 
phosis; his three stages of existence, viz. ; the larva, pupa and perfect- 
imago, or beetle state. And this will be done for the reason, that the 
more we know of his character, the more practical and more effectual will 
be our efforts to check and prevent the injuries he commits upon fruit. 

This insect was called by Herbst, Rhynchsenus Nenuphar : by Peck, 
20 ' Rhynchsenus Cerasi; but 

commonly goes by the name 
of Curculio, or plum wee- 
vil, by horticulturists. "He 
The Curculio of the natural size. i^ ^ little rough, dark brown 

beetle," has two small bunches or protuberances on his back, a rostrum 
or beak on which are two antennse, (Jig. 20.) 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



19 




He is so shy and retiring and unobtrusive in his character, in his beetle 
stage, that he is not liable to be seen unless he is searched for purposely, 
and this is the reason why so little is known of him generally. 

When you have discovered that he is operating upon the fruit, which 
you may know by his peculiar mark upon it, by assiduously watching, 
21 you may chance to see him cutting the incision with 

his rostrum, {fig. 21.) If you extend your thumb and 
finger towards him, it must be done very cautiously 
and slily, or before you touch him he will drop, as 
imperceptibly as a small shot would, to the ground. 
It should be remarked, that we do not know that 
he uses the fruit for his food, but chooses it as recep- 
tacles for his eggs. 

He begins his work, upon the plum and apricot, 
as soon in the season as the small cap or covering, 
formed by the blossom, falls off, but not so soon 

^ upon the peach. Examining the fruit occasionally, 

The Curculio in the act of ^ , ., ^ , , , , \ 

making the semi-lunar or daily, you are to know when he has commenced 

incision with his rost- ^js work, hy his peculiar mark or incision, which is 

rum or ea . readily seen on fruit with smooth skin, as the plum, 

cherry, apple, &;c., but on the peach, it is known by a small drop of gum 

oozing from its surface. It has been stated, that the fuzzy surface on the 

peach is a barrier or obstacle in his way, but it 

does not prove so here, as the injury which it 

sustains is quite general, unless protected. 

I say, then, he is known to be on the fruit tree 
by his peculiar mark on the fruit. This mark is 
the wound he makes with his rostrum, which 
consists in raising up the skin of the plum to a 
small extent, under which he deposits an eg^. 
The shape or form of this mark is semi-lunar, or 
crescent shape, and in the middle of this wound 
is a small discolored speck, where the e%^ is 
placed, {figs. 22, 23, 24.) 

In the early part of the season, or during the 
month of June, his mark will be found near the 
apex or point of the plum, {fig. 22.) 

But alter the plum has reached a considerable 
size, or from the 1st to the 20th of July, his mark 
will be found at the base, or near where the stem 
is inserted, {fig. 23, p. 20.) 

This last mentioned place the insect prefers, it 
would seem, from instinct, lest the plum, by its 




Incision near the apex in 
small plums. 



20 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 




Strong connection to the tree, should not fall soon enough to secure the 
welfare of the grub within it ; for this vital connection is sooner disturbed 
by the worm than it would be if the egg had been deposited at the apex. 
When the egg hatches the larva, sometimes, it is 
presumed, it falls from the nidus or nest, and the fruit 
remains unharmed; but most generally, in four or 
five days from the time the egg is laid, a small blu- 
ish line, near the skin, may be seen, extending from 
his mark, (Jig. 24,) which signifies that the grub is 
within. And also when his mark has assumed a 
bluish tint, you may be certain that destruction will 
follow ; for when you see these signs, take the plum 
from the tree, and cut ofi" a small portion where the 
mark is, and you will notice that the larva has bur- 
rowed down into it. 

The effect, upon the plum or other fruit, of tue lar- 
va within, is to cause it to shrivel and decay, and 
after a while it falls. By the time the plum falls, the 
Incision, near the base, in insect has nearly or quite completed his larva or grub 
large plums. The small stage, and then he leaves it and goes down a little 

or discolored spot, at . , , 

the inner line of the way mto the earth. 

mark, is the nest where Here, in the earth, he undergoes his transformation, 

the egg lies. (fig- 25,) which is performed in about fifteen or 

twenty days, in the month of June or fore part of July. But all the larvae 
(so far as I have observed,) that go into the earth about as late as the 20th 
of July, do not ascend that season, but re- 
main there in the pupa stage (fig. 26,) until 
the next spring. We are to observe then, 
that there are two generations in one season, 
of these insects, and this fact it is important 
to know ; for if the first generation in the 
larva and beetle stages is destroyed, we have 
little to fear from the second, which operates 
in July. 

The kinds of fruit, and the only kinds, 
which the Curculio injures, as far as I have 
observed, are the plum, apricot, nectarine, 
peach, cherry and apple, and these I have Showing the blue line, which indi- 
placed in the order in which he seems to pre- ^^^^^ ^'^^^ the grub is eating within. 
fer them. But I would remark, that he is not the only insect which makes 
the apple wormy. The codling moth does great injury to the apple crop, 
and the caterpillar of this moth should not be mistaken for the larva of 
the Curculio. 





TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 21 

The Curculio does not usually injure the cherry crop excessively, but it 
25 is remarkable what a 

cause of general devas- 
^^^) 1^^^ tation he proves to the 

plum crop, when he is 
Larvae of the Curculio of the natural size. suffered to go on his 

work unmolested The writer has known large plum trees, loaded with 
fruit, in the early part of June, upon which nearly every plum would 
26 be punctured, and consequently all would be lost to 

the cultivator. 

The objection, in the community, against cultivating 
this fruit, is upon the complaint, or fact, that the 
plums will not hang on until ripe ; and nurserymen 
Curculio in the pupa are often questioned, if they know of any kinds that 

stage magnified. ^[\i ^Qt drop before they become matured. 
As great a pest as this little insect is to the fruit-grower, I am not will- 
ing that he should be loaded with more sins than he deserves. He has 
been charged with being the cause of the fungus excrescences on the plum 
tree, of which he will not plead guilty. True, his larva, and also those 
of some other insects, it is said, are found in this fungus, and this is the 
reason why this disease has been attributed to him. My reasons for say- 
ing he is not the cause of this disease, may be offered in another place. 

It is remarkable how unconfined or UQlocated the Curculio appears to 
be. I formerly believed that he was limited nearly to the ground, under 
and near the tree where he was produced, and that, if the earth under it 
was paved, or so fixed as to prevent the larvae from descending into it, 
that tree would be secure the following season, at least. But more exten- 
sive observation has taught me otherwise. This fact I consider a very im- 
portant point in this insect's character. In 1838, a new apple tree came 
into bearing, having three apples upon it, situated twenty rods distant from 
any fruit-bearing tree, and I hoped to test the quality of the apples there- 
by ; but I was disappointed. In the first of July, I noticed the spoiler's 
mark upon these apples, and after a while they dropped off. I have search- 
ed after, and found him in a pasture, upon an apple tree, which stood alone 
and at a distance from any other fruit tree. A plum tree, trained to the 
east end of my house, bore, for the first time, in the year 1841. I watched 
the fruit, and, about the usual time, found his mark upon some of the 
plums, and secured them. From these observations, I am led to the sup- 
position, at least, that he may not be dependent altogether upon the before- 
mentioned fruits for the propagation of his race ; but when fruits are 
wanting, he finds other receptacles for his eggs. But this is a conjecture 
simply. No doubt he is capable of flying to a considerable distance. 
Dr. Harris stated to me, that he was not certain that thejplum weevil 



22 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

does feed in the beetle form, though he rather supposed he did. But whether 
he does or does not feed, his organs of taste and smell are rather obsolete 
or disused, for we are able to state, from observation, that many kinds of 
odorous bodies which are obnoxious to many insects, are not so to him. 

I have tried camphor upon the tree, watered it with solution of soap and 
of tobacco, and I don't know that he was disturbed any further than he 
would be mechanically by their application. 

I might here notice the inadequacy of other measures which have been 
recommended to frustrate his operations, but prefer to proceed to a state- 
ment of those means which will ensure success, if persevered in, and 
prove satisfactory. 

As the notion is prevalent that he crawls up the body of the tree, I would 
state that he flies on to it, and, therefore, it is useless to apply any prevent- 
ive to keep him from ascending that way. 

I am free to state, that this insect cannot be combated without labor, 
and the result secured will very far more than compensate for all labor be- 
stowed, even in a pecuniary point of view. 

Believing, from my observation, that he cannot be successfully opposed 
by preparations of soap, and infusions of odorous bodies thrown on to the 
tree, by means of a syringe, I proceed to state the course which has been 
followed with success, so far as I know. 

Our rule of action should be, direct aggression upon him, both in the 

beetle and larva forms. In the pupa stage, he lies in the ground secured 

from our search. 

Watched; as the plum and fruit trees always should be, by the gardener, 

27 as soon as his mark is seen 

on the plums, which will 
^ M be generally as soon as the 

*5* op plum is left naked by the 

blossom, a sheet of suffi- 
cient dimensions should be 
suspended beneath the tree, 
by two or three individu- 
als, or otherwise ; then give 

TT, • . 1- T- , ^ T. . *!. V the tree a sudden rap, or 

The insect, when shook from the tree, assumes the above , ^' 

form,— either that of the upper or lower figure, and keeps jar, and the inseCt imme- 

the feigned appearance a moment or two. diately falls upon it, and 

feigning himself dead, very much resembles a raisin seed in form, {fig. 27.) 

All the Curculios on the sheet should be crushed between the thumb and 

finger, and all the stung plums that fall from the tree should be put into 

the fire. 

I would impress upon the mind of the gardener the importance of assid- 
uously attending upon their destruction in the month of June. The trees 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



23 



should be shaken twice or three times daily, certainly in the morning and 
evening, in order that the beetles may be crushed, and all the wounded 
fruit gathered and put into the fire. I had observed that, usually, after the 
25th of July he is not to be found. 

If the first generation, which operate in June, are well destroyed, we 
have less, yea, very little, to fear from the second generation, which work 
in July. Children, who are always urged, by impulsive curiosity, to ex- 
amine and investigate any new and curious object — of an insect, flower 
or pebble — are ready and sufficient hands to perform much of this work, 
and gladly will they perform it when promised a share of the product. 

This mode of protecting and preserving plums from the Curculio, I have 
always found to succeed. 

I am aware, that the labor required, may be thought an objection to this 
mode of warfare, and that the result will not warrant the time and pains ; 
but if the orchardist will tar his apple trees to protect against the canker- 
worm, and the gardener spend time to kill the cut-worm, and water his 
plants in a dry season, surely this course is also justifiable ; the result will 
justify the means. 

A tree standing near the door, if jarred and shook 
several times a day, as it may be passed, would be 
likely to succeed, as this course would discommode 
and frustrate the insect in his work. 

Plum trees, standing in a hog-yard, frequently 
sustain partial crops, for the hogs are frequently 
during the day rubbing against them, and are pretty 
sure to eat all those that fall to the earth. 

Plums can be saved, even after the egg is laid in 
them, by a trivial operation, if done before it has 
hatched ; and this operation I have practised suc- 
cessfully and repeatedly. 

You may smile at a manoeuvre, which is to de- 
stroy an almost infinitesimal egg, with an instru- 
ment made of a quill, like a toothpick; but this the 
fruit-amateur will do with pleasure, if thereby he 
can save a plum on a new young tree, to test the 
fruit of which he has been waiting patiently with 
hopeful anxiety. It is well worth the while to do 
this on low trees, in point of economy. 

It may be well to remark, that the egg is de- 
posited in the inner circle of the incision, under a 
small discolored portion of the skin of the plum, and 
the operation consists in removing this discolored 
portion of the skin,and scooping out the egg with the instrument, (Jig. 28.) 




Showing the method of de- 
stroying the eggs with a 
quill. 



24 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

The desire which has been manifested in the community to possess a 
knowledge of this insect, the manner in which he operates, and a means 
of destroying him, must be my apology for thus far prolonging these 
remarks. 

"Warty or Black Excrescence. 

A communication from William Prince & Co., some few weeks since, to 
the editor of the New England Farmer, in which a list of the kinds of plum 
is made oat, which, they say, are not subject to the fungus or warty ex- 
crescences, has induced me to state my opinion concerning the nature of 
that disease. 

I do not remember to have seen that disease spoken of, except in con- 
nection with the belief that it is caused by an insect ; and I believed it to 
be so produced, until observation proved to me that it was attributed to the 
wrong cause. The reason any one would offer as proof that the disease 
w^as caused by the Curculio, is, that its larvae are sometimes found in this 
juicy fungus. 

There is one analogous reason for attributing this fungus to the Curculio, 
or some insect ; that is, the production of galls upon the oak by the punc- 
ture of an insect, and the depositing his e^% in the puncture. But how 
uniform, in form and size, are these galls, compared with these excrescen- 
ces, which are very irregular in form and size ! 

So far as I have been able to observe; by dissecting these fungi, they 
appear to arise in that part or texture called the alburnum. 

I have thought that the proximate cause might be, an obstruction in the 
vessels of that texture, by reason of the unhealthiness of the sap. The 
vessels burst, and the sap is poured out under the bark. Now, the sap is 
as full of the life of the tree, as blood is full of the life of an animal. 

This extravasated sap will immediately become organized, or partially 
so, and, rapidly increasing, burst through the outer bark and make its ap- 
pearance. 

This fungus is not confined to the young wood, but is produced upon, 
limbs of large size, the outer bark of which the Curculio would not be 
able to puncture. 

It makes its appearance from June up to August. These fungi come 
in all forms ; sometimes in a single spot, and then again extend along the 
limb for several inches, always with an irregular granulated surface. This 
want of uniformity in form, size and location, is evidence that it is not 
caused by an insect. After being cut from the large limbs, these fungi 
will often sprout out again between the wood and the bark where the 
wound is made, and require a second operation. 

Now, this would not be the case if caused by an insect. This disease 
may often be noticed under the bark before it bursts, upon large limbs where 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 25 

the bark is strong, which, if slightly opened with a knife, will yield to the 
pressure, and the fungus soon appears. 

While this fungus is young and tender, the Ciirculio finds it a conveni- 
ent receptacle for his eggs, the juice of which affords abundant nutriment 
for the larvge. A pretty sure sign by which you may know that he has 
used it for that purpose, is a small drop of gum oozing from its surface ; 
and where you do not see this sign, you may not expect to find his larva 
within. 

I have said that this disease begins in the part called the alburnum. 
This is the texture through which the sap ascends ; but it soon involves 
every texture of the tree — wood and bark — and is malignant and surely 
fatal to the limb on which it grows. It is as destructive to the tree as can- 
cer is to the human flesh. These fungi always die the succeeding winter, 
never live over winter, and remain upon the tree, unless removed, a black, 
unsightly mass. 

I have, observed two trees, both of a kind, and nearly of a size, but 
standing apart and differently located ; one would be diseased with the ex- 
crescences, and the other would not, while the fruit of both would be 
nearly alike injured by the Curculio ; and this fact I consider additional 
evidence that the Curculio is not the cause. 

It is desirable both to find a remedy when a tree is diseased, and also a 
means of prevention. The only remedy I know of, is to cat the tumor out, 
and this should be done as early as possible If done early, and with 
care, the wound soon heals, and the limb is but slightly injured. 

But a means of prevention is more desirable than a remedy. 

A tree of most of the kinds of plums which may be obtained at nurse- 
ries, if placed on a somewhat gravelly soil, whose power to retain water is 
small, and, therefore, subject to sudden transition from a moist to a dry 
condition of its roots every season, I will venture to say, will be diseased. 

I do not mean that there may not be an exception, and that all kinds are 
equally subject to it ; but I know of no exception, among a number of va- 
rieties, which have been cultivated under my observation. 

I am inclined to the opinion, that a prevention may be found in cultivat- 
ing the plum in a loamy soil, rather moist, and in keeping that soil uni- 
form as to moisture and richness. 

Any kind of tree is not in the condition in which nature would place it 
and keep it, when the soil over its roots is kept naked and exposed to the 
burning and drying suns of summer, or uncovered and unprotected from 
the sudden and intense cold of winter. 

Neither can fruit trees prosper so well in grass land ; for, though the 
covering of grass may serve as protection from extreme heat or cold, yet 
it will take from the soil the nourishment which should go to the tree. 

The roots of forest trees are kept in a uniform condition by the 
4 



26 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



thick bed of leaves which covers the earth, the slow and steady decompo- 
sition of which affords the necessary nourishment ; and so matted and 
plaited are they, as to prevent the escape of the fertilizing gases, which 
must otherwise evaporate unappropriated by the trees. 

So far as I have observed, those plum trees have been exempted from 
the fungi which are located in good soil, not subject to drought or defi- 
cient in moisture. Trees standing beside a heavy wall prosper better 
(other things being equal,) than those which stand in the open field, on 
account of the protection which the wall proves to the roots. 

Entertaining these views, I would recommend to fruit-growers the fol- 
lowing mode of cultivation as a prevention : 

Let the plum trees be set in a soil rather loamy and moist, and they may 
be set within eight or ten feet of each other. The soil should be in good 
condition as to richness, and, being made smooth and level, should be cov- 
ered over with a good coating of straw, old hay or leaves. This covering 
is to lie year after year, and decompose as the leaves do in the forest, hav- 
ing addition made to it from year to year, as may be necessary. 

Such a course of management will make ihe soil approximate to uni- 
formity as to temperature, richness and moisture, and, I believe, insure 
success in cultivating the plum ; and not only is it suitable to the plum, 
but will enhance success in the cultivation of other kinds of fruits. 

Very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOEL BURNETT. 
SoutUormigk, May 19, 1843. 



Meeting of the Society, August 19, 1843. 

Marshall P. Wilder, B. V. French, Elijah Vose, Samuel Walker and Jo- 
siah Stickney, were authorized and empowered to agree and contract in 
behalf of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, with any party or par- 
ties, for a building or building-lot, suitable for the purposes of this Society, 
if either should present itself, which would, in the opinion of the Commit- 
tee, be deemed for the interest of this Society. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 27 



FIFTEENTH ANNUAL EXHIBITION 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 

On the 13th, 14th, and 15th of September 1843. 

A bountiful Providence having crowned with success the labors of the 
husbandman, and filled his garners with the rich products of the orchard 
and the garden, the Annual and accustomed Exhibition of the Blassachu- 
setts Horticultural Society was held at their Eoom, No. 23, Tremont Row, 
on the 13th, 14th and 15th of September. The decorations of the hall 
were much the same as on former occasions. The number of pot plants 
was limited, yet there were enough to ornament the hall in a neat and ap- 
propriate manner, without crowding them together in dense masses, they 
being grouped in a becoming manner, giving an airiness to the room that 
was pleasing and agreeable to the eye. Some fine specimens of the noble 
Palm were generously sent in from the conservatory of J. P. Gushing, of 
Watertown, which were greatly admired. Valuable contributions of choice 
greenhouse plants were also exhibited by the President of the Society, and 
by Messrs. Winship, Carter, Sweetser, Meller, and Warren. We would 
notice in particular, the fine condition of the plants presented by Mr. Tesche- 
macher, from the Public Conservatory : Brunia ericoides, Gloxinia rubra, 
Begonia platanifolia, Achimenes longiflora, (a very fine specimen,) 
Achimenes coccinea, a number of seedling Camellias of 1842, showing the 
extraordinary effect of guano on the color and size of the foliage ; also 
other Camellias, treated with various proportions of very finely pulverized 
wood charcoal: the growth of these seemed superior. A seedling Acacia 
lophantha, 1842, watered once a week for three months, with a very dilute 
solution of nitrate of soda, 2^ feet high, showing bloom, with several other 
experimental plants, attracted much attention. Large and showy bouquets 
of Dahlias and other cut flowers were exhibited by Messrs. Carter, Warren, 
Howard, and W. Kenrick, and an obelisk of Asters, representing Bunker 
Hill Monument, by Mr. S. Sweetser, and a pyramid of the same flowers, 
by S. A. Walker, all of which were attracting, from the taste displayed in 
their comp jsition. In consequence of the failure of the Dahlia bloom, 
(which in former years has rendered the show so gorgeous,) the display of 
flowers was apparently deficient ; yet the Asters were displayed in great 
variety and perfection, of good size, finely quilled, and in almost every 
variety of tint and color. The number and variety of other autumnal 
flowers was quite good, but not large. A fine stand of perpetual and other 



28 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

•Roses were shown by the Messrs. Hovey and Mr. S. R. Johnson. The 
beautiful Phloxes from the President of the Society, and also by Messrs. 
Breck & Co., were greatly and deservedly admired. 

The display of Fruits was really fine. Pears and Plums were shown in 
more numerous varieties than on any former occasion: th& specimens were 
uncommonly fair. The Grapes were generally good, particularly those shown 
by Mr. Haggerston, from the grapery of Mr. Gushing, viz : Black Ham- 
burg, Syrian, Muscat of Alexandria, White Frontignan, and Sweetwater, 
all of which were rich in bloom, color, and flavor, as were also the speci- 
mens from Messrs. Johnson, of Lynn, Allen, of Salem, and Howard, of 
Brookline. The show of Apples was also good. It is difficult to discrim- 
inate where there were so many beautiful specimens, but the committee 
would fail in duty to the Society and to their own feelings, if they omitted 
to designate some of the best which were exhibited, and which • attracted 
the notice of all discriminating visiters. 

In the collection of the President, were noticed extra fine specimens of 
Pears, viz : the Columbian, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Urbaniste, Summer 
Thorn, Gushing and Dix, and fine specimens of Coe's Golden Drop and 
Red Gage Plums. From E. Vose, Urbaniste, Flemish Beauty, Dix, Bezi 
de la Motte and Gushing Pears. From S. H. Walley, Jr., fine Bartlett and 
Marie Louise Pears. In the collection of S. Walker, extra fine Bartlett and 
Vicar of Winkfield Pears. From Messrs. Hovey & Co., excellent speci- 
mens of Beurre Romain, Napoleon, and Roi de Wurtemberg Pears ; also, 
a fine seedling Peach, rich and melting. From F. W. Macondry, Washing- 
ton (extra fine), Seckel, Flemish Beauty, Summer Thorn, and Passe Colmar 
Pears, all good. Apples were exhibited by Mr. A. D. Capen, of Dorchester, 
which attracted much notice from their mammoth size. Mr. S. Pond had 
some fine specimens of Dix and Gushing Pears, and Plums. 

We noticed several fine specimens of fruit in the collection of the 
Messrs. Winship ; also, in the same collection were fair specimens of 
ripe Figs, which, we were informed by Mr. Story, were from plants 
grown in the open ground. Franc Real, Julienne, Easter Beurre, Cat- 
iliac, St. Ghislain and St. Germain Pears, from Otis Johnson, Lynn, 
were all fine, as were also his Duane's Purple Plums. In the collection 
of J. Lovitt, 2d, Beverly, we noticed a box of Imperial and Goliah 
Plums, and also specimens of Peaches, the product of the same tree. All 
the fruit from this gentleman was very fine. Mr. Jacob Deane, Mansfield, 
had very fair specimens of seedling Apples. Coe's Golden Drop Plum, 
from Mr. Vandme, and the same variety in the collection of J. Lovitt, 2d, 
were extra fine. From the Pomological Garden, Salem, we noticed fine speci- 
mens of Hacon's Incomparable, Marie Louise, Beurre d'Amalis, Golden 
Beurre of Bilboa, and other fine Pears. Among the contributions of 
Cheever Newhall, were fine specimens of the Bartlett, Surpasse Virgoulouse 



TRA.NSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 29 

and Louise Bonne de Jersey Pears, and Benoni Apples, and from George 
Newhall, Louise Bonne de Jersey Pears. From E. E. Bradshaw, beautiful 
Washington Plums. W. B. Kingsbury's Bartlett Pears were judged to be 
the finest exhibited. S. A. Shurtleff showed very fine Egg Plums. From 
W. Thomas, fine Duchesse d'Angouleme and Bartlett Pears. From 
S. & G. Hyde, fine Hubbardston Nonesuch Apples, Jaques Peaches, and 
other fine fruit. 

Time would fail us to mention all the fine specimens of fruit on 
the tables, but we must not forget the very fine Duane's Purple Plums, 
from Joseph Atkinson, Lynn ; nor the fine Porter Apples from John 
Owen; nor the Reine Claude Violette Plums, from J. M.Ives ; nor the 
beautiful Grapes from Mr. Arnold ; nor the very fine specimens of Pears 
and other fruit from J. F. Allen. There were many other highly merito- 
rious specimens of fruits in the contributions of other gentlemen, deserving 
of notice, but our memory fails us to particularize farther. The following 
is the report of the Exhibition :— 

FKUITS. 

From the President of the Society : Pears. — var. ; Fondante du Bois, 
St. Germain (striped), Beurre d'Amalis, Louise Bonne (of Jersey), 
Brown Beurre, Burnett, Ananas d'Ete, Passe Colmar, Alpha, Beurre 
Diel, Verte Longue, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Buffam, Vicar of Wink- 
field (Mons. le Cure), Bon Chretien Fondante, Washington, Jaminette, 
Urbaniste, Napoleon, Remsen's Favorite, Verte Longue d'Automne, 
Heathcote, Chaumontel, King Edward's, Summer Thorn, Belle et Bonne, 
Vallee Franche, Cumberland, Wilkinson, Thompson, Columbian, Cantelope, 
Seckel, Dix, Julienne, Gilogil, Gushing, Andrews, Uvedale's St. Germain, 
Catillac, Green Pear of Yair, Belle Lucrative, La Fortunee, Glout Morceau, 
Beurre de Paques, Comprette, Marie Louise, Belmont, Duchesse de Mars, 
Belle Angerine, Sabine, Passans de Portugal, Lewis, Doyenne Gris, Bleek- 
er's Meadow, Ne plus Meuris, Unknown, Hericart, Beurre d'Aremberg, 
Striped Rousselet, Bellissime d'Automne, Bergamotte Suisse, Rouse Lench, 
Hessel, Beurre Bronze, Sucre Vert, Black Worcester, Dearborn's Seed- 
ling, Unknown from France, Prince's St. Germain, Bergamotte de Swede, 
Poire de Tonneau, Cuvelier, Beurre de Angleterre, Easter Beurre, Poire 
de Livre, Queen Caroline, Williams's Bon Chretien, Paquency, Ah Mon 
Dieu, Autumn Superb, Fulton, Luquet, Beurre de Capiaumont, Ananas (of 
the French), Romaine, Carmelite, Surpasse Virgoulouse, Epine d'Hiver. 
Peaches. — Name unknown, Grosse Mignonne. Plums — Coe's Golden Drop, 
Smith's Orleans, Blue Imperatrice, Corse's Field Marshal, Reine Claude 
Violette. 

From the Messrs. Winship : Pears.— Fulton, Ananas, Bergamot Eas- 
ter, Beurre (?) Seckel, Doyenne Blanc, Glout Morceau, Doyenne (?) Bart- 



30 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

lett, Tillington, Belle Lucrative, Pyrus Spurea, Gushing, Deux-Tetes, Col- 
mar d'Ete, Beurre du Compte, Marquis, Napoleon, French St. Michael, 
Massachusetts, La Fortunee, Surpasse St. Germain, Rousselet, Archiduc 
Jean d'Autriche, Beurre Brown, Wilkinson, Pelford, Roi de Wurtemberg, 
Martin Sec, Bon Chretien, Passe Colmar, Bellissime d'Autx)mne, Cumber- 
land, Beurre Diel, Beurre d'Amalis, Colmar, Sieulle, Belle de Bruxelles, 
Andrew's, Rushmore's Bon Chretien, Scotch Bonnet, Catillac, Inconnue 
Cheneau, St. Ghislain, Bon Chretien Fondante, Bleeker's Meadow. 
Flums. —Uocky Mountain, White Gage, Purple Egg (line), Duane's 
Purple, Belle de Rion, Blue Imperatrice, Nectarine. Apples. — Yellow and 
Red Crab, Grand Sachem, Variety (?) Baldwin, Russet, Gardner Sweeting, 
Greening, Reinette de Newton, Calville Rouge d'Hiver, Reinette Franche, 
Reinette Grise. Figs, open culture. Shepherdia Berries. Tree Cranberries. 

From Cheever Newhall, Dorchester: Apples. — Hawthornden, - Benoni, 
Rhode Island Greening. Fears. — Passe Colmar, Bartlett, Beurre d'Amalis, 
TJrbaniste, Roi de Wurtemberg, Heathcote, Napoleon, Surpasse Virgou- 
louse, Harrison. 

From Edward M. Richards, Dedham: Pears. — Bartlett, Verte Longue, 
Harvard, Gushing, Summer Thorn, Seckel. Apples. — Fall Sops of Wine, 
Hawthornden, Red and Green Sweeting. 

From the Pomological Garden, (of the late R. Manning) Salem: 
Pears, — Belle et Bonne, Glout Morceau, Green Pear of Yair, Gushing, 
Wilkinson, French Autumn Bergamot, Whitfield, Henry IV, Jalousie, 
Downton, Surpasse Meuris, Rousselet de Meester, Chelmsford, Compte 
de Lamy, Reine des Poires, Belle Lucrative, Beurre Bronze, Caen du 
France, Iron, Passe Colmar, Vallee Franche, Clara, Pailleau, Naumkeag, 
Easter Beurre, Amandes, Andrews, Turkish Bon Chretien, Marquis, Flem- 
ish Beauty, Marie Louise, Bon Chretien Fondante, Pound, Seckel, Beurre 
Niell, Quilletette, Ronville, Surpasse Virgoulouse, Huguenot, Hericart, 
Capiaumont, Bleeker's Meadow, Comprette, Form TJrbaniste, Duquesne, 
Muscadine, Winter Nelis, Beurre Duval, Louis of Bologna, Dumortier, 
Jaminette, Beurre d'Aremberg, Styrian, Hessel, Catillac, St. Germain, 
Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Heathcote, St. Michael, Brown Beurre, Althorp 
Grassane, Chaumontel, Sieulle, Nova Marie Louise, Croft Castle, Urbaniste, 
Louise Bonne de Jersey, Pennsylvania, Emerald, Gilogil, Princess of 
Orange, Brande's St. Germain, Vacat, Marulis, Green Sugar, Beurre 
Beauchamps, Rouse Lench, Flemish Sabine, Summer Thorn, Fulton, Fa- 
menga, Dix, Doyenne Gris, Bezi de la Motte, Cuvelier, Echasserie, Johon- 
not, Enfant Prodige, Pope's Russet, Sullivan, Galebasse, Beurre Bosc, 
Mons. le Cure, Duquesne d'Ete, Striped Swiss Bergamot, Doyenne 
Boussock, Bezi de Montigny, Tillington, Hanna's, Form of Dehght, St. 
Andre, Napoleon, Kaiserbirne, Rousselet de Stuttgard, Striped Rousselet, 
Jalousie de Fontenay Vendee, John Dean, Wilhelmine, Navet, Beurre 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 31 

Delbecy, Delight of Jodoique. Coter, Long Green of Europe, Michaux, 
Bufiam, Alpha, Boucquia, Roi de Wurtemberg, Queen of the Low Coun- 
tries, Hawthorne's Seedling, Fondante Van Mons, Beurre Diel, Lew- 
is, Hacon's Incomparable, Charles of Austria, Doyenne Mons, Beurre 
Cutter, Bergamotte Fortunee, Harvard, Dearborn's Seedling, Cabot, Van 
Assene, Ananas d'Ete, Commodore, Long Green of Coxe, King Edward's, 
Jubin, Bartlett, Elizabeth, St. Ghislain, Beurre d'Amalis, Capsheaf, Am- 
brosia, (ten var.), Nos. 1295, 432, 365, 698, 177, 1586, 108, 969, 1103, 
and 1590 of Van Mons ; also, two var. from Dr. Van Mons, without 
Nos. Apples. — Hawthornden, Red Crab (two var.), Kerry Pippin, Yellow 
Bellflower, Pennock, Lyscom, Ribston Pippin, Longville's Kernel, Ram- 
bour d'Ete, Triangle, Jhoins, Cass, Kraam, Minister, Straat, Cornish Aro- 
matic, Sheep's Nose, Fenouillet Rouge, Murphy, Fall Harvey, Wine Sap, 
Rhode Island Greening, Dan vers Winter Sweet, Fameuse, Smokehouse, 
Pound, Peaches. — Red Rareripe, Noblesse, Malta, Red and Yellow Rare- 
ripe. Plums. — Diamond, Dominie Dull, Kirk's plum, Bolmar's Washing- 
ton, Corse's Victoria, Lucombe's Nonesuch, Green Gage, Italian Prune. 

From Elijah Vose, Dorchester: Pears. — Duchesse d'Angouleme, Bartlett, 
Gushing, St. Ghislain, Dearborn's Seedling, Napoleon, Urbaniste, Dix, Iron, 
Belle de Flanders, Long Green, Ambrette, Bicknell or Quince, Prince's St. 
Germain, Bezi de la Motte. Apples. — Gravenstein, Hawthornden, Sum- 
mer Pearmain, Mackay's Sweeting. 

From J. P. Gushing, Watertown, by D. Haggerston : Grapes. — Muscat 
of Alexandria, Poonah, Black Hamburg, White Frontignan, Syrian, Sweet 
Water. Nectarines. — Newington. Red Roman, Elruge, Brinion (Violette 
Hative). 

From Thomas H. Perkins, Brookline, by Wm. Quant : Grapes. — White 
Muscat of Alexandria, Black Hamburg, Black Frankendale, Black Fron- 
tignan. Peaches. — George IV., Hill's Madeira, variety name unknown, 
Broomfield Nectarine. Persian Green-fleshed Melon. 

From Samuel Walker, Roxbury: Pears. — Bartlett, Flemish Beauty, 
Beurre d'Amalis, Vicar of Winktield, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Fondante 
Van Mons, Duchesse de Mars, Andrews, one var. name unknown, Dear- 
born's Seedling, Summer Franc Real, Beurre Capiaumont, Passe Colmar. 

From E. Wight, Dedham: Pears. — Calebasse, Doyenne, Napoleon, Buf- 
fam, Beurre Bronze, Bleeker's Meadow, Long Green, Verte Longue d'Au- 
tomne, Thompson, St. Ghislain, Urbaniste, Dix, Ambrette, La Fortunee, 
Julienne, Passe Colmar, Easter Beurre, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Summer 
Thorn, Brown Beurre, Lewis. Apples. — Gilliflower, Pond, Thin Skin, 
Seedling Baldwin, Mackay's Sweeting, AVarren's Nonpareil, Benoni, Por- 
ter, Wine, Rhode Island Greening, Spice Sweeting, Sweet Russet Seedling. 

From Otis Johnson, Lynn : Pears. — Franc Real d'Ete, Epine d'Ete, Ju- 
lienne, Dearborn's Seedling, Bartlett, St. Michael, Louise Bonne de Jersey, 



32 / TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Washington, Calebasse, Jalousie, Charles of Austria, BufFam, Easter 
Beurre, Beurre d'Aremberg, Princess of Orange, Catillac, Gushing, St. 
Ghislain, Vicar of Winkfield, Green Sugar, Harvard, Long Green of Au- 
tumn, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Bleeker's Meadow, Napoleon, Beurre Diel, 
Roi de Wurtemberg, Prince's St. Germain, Uvedale's St. Germain, Heath- 
cote. Plums. — Duane's Purple, Bolmar's Washington. 

From Josiah Lovitt, 2d, Beverly: Pears. — St. Ghislain, Bartlett, Hessel, 
Prince's St. Germain, Calebasse, Frederick of Wurtemberg, Hericart, Bezi 
de la Motte, St. Michael, Van Mons (No. 896), Williams's Bon Chretien, 
3 specimens from a scion set 17th August, 1842. Plums. — Goliah, Long 
Blue, Coe's Golden Drop. Also, Imperial and Goliah Plums and Peaches 
from the same tree. Box of seedling Currants. 

From J. F. Allen, Salem : Pears. — Summer Bon Chretien, Cabot, Seckel, 
St. Michael, Capiaumont, Gansell's Bergamot, Summer Franc Real, Bart- 
lett, Dearborn's Seedling, Napoleon, Verte Longue. Grapes, — Black Ham- 
burg, Black Prince, Chasselas de Bar Sur Aube. 

From F. W. Macondry, Dorchester: Pears. — Seckel, Cushing, Bergamot, 
Washington, Summer Thorn, Flemish Beauty, Passe Colmar. 

From L. P. Grosvenor, Pomfret, Conn. : Pears. — Bartlett, St. Ghislain, 
Julienne, Passe Colmar, Hardenpont, Wilkinson, Beurre Diel, Urbaniste. 
Apples. — Spitzenberg, Benoni, Williams's, Company, Hill-top, Black, Sum- 
mer Pearmain, Pippin, Hawthornden, Chandler, Baldwin. Peaches. — 
Two varieties of Seedlings, unnamed. 

From J. C. Howard, Brookline: Pears. — Bartlett, Duchesse d'Angou- 
leme, St. Michael, Beurre Diel, Summer Bon Chretien, Napoleon, Beurre 
d'Amalis, Marie Louise. Peaches. — Royal George, Coolidge's Favorite. 
Grapes. — White Chasselas, open culture, Black Hamburg, Chasselas de 
Fontainebleau, Golden Chasselas. 

From John M. Ives, Salem: Pears. — Summer Franc Real, Capiaumont, 
Hessel, Bufiam, Fulton, Cushing, Belle Lucrative, Beurre Bosc, Cabot, 
Dearborn's Seedling, Andrews, Princess of Orange, Flemish Beauty, 
Washington, Beurre Romain, Bartlett, Gilogil, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, 
Brown Beurre, Wilkinson, Seckel, Napoleon, Josephine. Plums. — Necta- 
rine, Imperial, Scarlet Gage, Reine Claude Violette, Cruger's Seedling, Violet 
Perdrigon, Green Gage, Diapree, Red Gage. Cornelian Cherries. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren's Garden, Brighton: Pears. — Bartlett, Martin 
Sec, Easter Beurre, Brown Beurre,- St. Michael, Julienne, Summer Franc 
Real, Doyenne Sieulle, Bezi de Montigny, Bezi de la Motte, Seckel, Duch- 
esse d'Angouleme, Beurre d'Amalis, Rousselet de Rheims, Buffam, 
Bergamot, Napoleon, Urbaniste, Catillac, Doyenne d'Hiver, Princess of 
Orange, Franc Real d'Hiver, Easter Bergamot, Louise Bonne de Jersey, 
Heathcote, 9 varieties not named. Apples. — Gloria Mundi, Grand Sachem, 
Hawthornden, Porter, Baldwin, Russell, Greening, Lancaster, Ortley Pip- 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 33 

pin, Golden Russet, Warren's Spice, Seedling, Lady Apple, Red Siberian, 
Yellow Siberian, 4 varieties not named. Peaches. — Lemon Clingstone, 
Royal George, President, Lemon Rareripe, George IV., Late Admirable, 
Coolidge's Favorite, Grosse Mignonne, two var. seedlings, four var. not 
named. Nectarines. — Pitmaston. Grapes. — Royal Chasselas, Black Ham- 
burg. Plums. — Magnum Bonum, Bingham, Prince's Imperial Gage, Go- 
liah, Duane's Purple, White Gage, Purple Gage, Egg Plum, Purple Dam- 
son, Green Gage. 

From Samuel Pond, Cambridgeport : Pears. — Julienne, Wilbur, Gushing, 
Andrews, Belle Lucrative, Wilkinson, Easter Beurre, Napoleon, Surpasse 
Virgoulouse, Capiaumont, Dix, Urbaniste, Marie Louise, Beurre Diel, Bur- 
net, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Johonnot, Seckel, St. Ghislain, Bartlett. 

From S. H. Walley, Jr., Roxbury : Pears. — Easter Beurre, Bartlett, 
Vicar of Winkfield, St. Ghislain, Marie Louise, Seckel. Peaches. — Cool- 
idge's Favorite, 2 dozen. 

From S. R. Johnson, Charlestown: Plums. — Bolmar's Washington. 
Grapes. — Sweetwater, out-door culture, three dishes, fine. 

From Wm. Stearns, Boston : Pears. — Summer Thorn, Winter Nelis, 
Chelmsford, Catillac, Belle et Bonne, St. Michael, Ronville, Bishop's 
Thumb, Seckel, Chaumontel, Summer Franc Real, Orange Pear, Brown 
Beurre, Empress of Summer, Summer Bon Chretien, Bartlett, Washing- 
ton, Endicott, Rousselet de Rheims, Napoleon. Apples. — Jarvis, An- 
drews's Sweet. 

From Hovey & Co., Boston : Pears. — Napoleon, Beurre Romain, Brown 
Beurre, Long Green of Autumn, Beurre de Mons (?). Plums. — Cooper's 
Large Red, Blue Imperatrice. Apples. — Baldwin, Hawthornden. Seed- 
ling Peaches. 

From Samuel A. Walker, Brookline: Pears. — Bartlett, Seckel, Cross, 
Coffin's Virgalieu, Charles of Austria, Franc Real, Heathcote. Cole's 
Early Peaches. 

From G. Merriam, West Newton: Peaches. — Red Rareripe, 2 dishes, 
very fine. 

From C. W. Rockwell, Norwich, Ct. : Grapes. — Syrian, one dish. 

From J. Ballister, Dorchester: Pears. — Gushing, Beurre Diel, Fulton, 
Bartlett. Apples. — Baldwin. 

From John F. Trull, Dorchester: Pears. — Andrews, Catillac, Black Wor- 
cester, Bartlett, Vicar of Winkfield, Capiaumont, Beurre d'Amalis. Cor- 
nelian Cherries. 

From Stacy Curtis, Roxbury: Peaches. — One dish, very large and fine, 
without name. Pears. — Bartlett, Belle et Bonne. 

From George Brown, Beverly: Pears. — Bartlett, Seckel, Jalousie. 

From Josiah Newhall, Lynnfield: Pears. — Vicar of Winkfield, Fo- 
relle (?). Smith's Orleans Plums. 
5 



34 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

From Thomas Dowse, Cambridgeport : Pears. — Harvard, Seckel, Verte 
Longue. 

From Arthur Fay : Peaches. — No name. 

From John Washburn, Plymouth : Seedling Pears. 

From George Thatcher : Two var. Peaches. 

From Wm. Meller, Roxbury : Black Hamburg Grapes. Two dishes 
Smith's Orleans Plums. Four var. Peaches, name unknown. Bartlett 
Pears, and var. name unknown. Nonesuch Apples. 

From J. F. Pierce, Dorchester: Squash Apples. 

From A. D. Capen, Dorchester: Apples. 

From Elbridge Tufts, Cambridge : Pears. — Andrews, Epargne, Summer 
Bon Chretien, St. Michael. Apples. — Porter. 

From Daniel Chaplin, Cambridge : Pears. — Catillac. "Winter Bon Chretien. 

From A. C. & W. Curtis, Newton Lower Falls: Sweetwater- Grapes, 
out door culture. 

From R. M. Copeland : Sweetwater Grapes, out-door culture. 

From Seth E. Hardy: Bartlett Pears. 

From Wm. Thomas, Boston : Pears. — Duchesse d'Angouleme, St. Mi- 
chael, Washington, Bartlett. Seedling Apricots. Thomas's Plums. 

From H. Vandiae, Cambridge : Pears. — Beurre Diel, Beurre Spence, (?) 
New Long Rosewater, Hardenpont, Marie Louise, Seckel, Bon Chretien, 
Spanish Bon Chretien, St. Michael. Plums. — Coe's Golden Drop, Smith's 
Orleans, New Orleans, Yellow Egg Plum, Italian Prune, White Im- 
perial Gage. Peaches. — Golden Purple Clingstone, Royal Yellow, Mela- 
catune. 

From John Bumstead, Roxbury : Apples. — Gloria Mundi, Ribston Pippin. 
Pears. — Beurre d'Angleterre, Seckel. Plums. — Egg Plum, Duane's Purple. 

From John Arnold, Jr., Milton: Black Hamburg Grapes. 

From S. A. Shurtleff, Brookline : Egg Plum. 

From Wm. B. Kingsbury, Roxbury : Bartlett Pears. 

From Mrs. Adams, Roxbury : Bartlett Pears, 2 dozen, very fine. 

From George Newhall, Dorchester : Pears. — Cumberland, Beurre Bosc, 
Urbaniste, Julienne, Dix, Passe Colmar, Fulton, Seckel, Bartlett. Royal 
Purple Clingstone Peaches. 

From Josiah Gilmore, Newton : Apples. — Monstrous Pippin, Golden 
Ball, Lady Apple. Harvard Pear. 

From Wm. Kenrick, Newton : Pea.s. — Flemish Beauty. 

From James Munroe, Cambridge : Pears. — Louise Bonne de Jersey, 
Capiaumont, Calebasse, Vicar of Winkfield, var. unknown. Peach, var. 
unknown. 

From Aaron D. Weld, Roxbury: Pears. — Bartlett, two varieties un- 
known, for names. 

From Isaac Davis, Dorchester : Peaches, name unknown. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 35 

From John A. Kenrick : Plums. — Duane's Purple, Lombard, Washing- 
ton, Prince's Imperial, Sweet Damson, Smith's Orleans, Yellow Gage. 
Apples. — Cogswell, Yellow Siberian Crab. Fears. — Seckel, Bartlett, Na- 
poleon. 

From Thomas Mason, Roxbury : Chapes. — White Muscat of Alexandria, 
White Hamburg, Black Prince, White Frontignan. Two dishes Bartlett 
Pears. 

From Aaron D. Williams, Roxbury : Fears. — Harvard, Bartlett, Bon 
Chretien. Flums. — Green Gage, Bolmar's Washington, Yellow Gage, Or- 
leans, Corse's, Red Gage. Black Hamburg Grapes. 

From Mrs. Bigelow, Medford : Fears. — Summer Bon Chretien, St. Mi- 
chael, Bartlett. Yellow Rareripe Peaches. 

From Jacob Deane, Mansfield : Apples. — Fall Sopsavine, Golden Russet, 
Reinette, Tender Sweet, Monstrous Pippin, Vermont Sweet, White Apple, 
Seedling from do.. Hay Boy, Sweet Superb, Spice Sweet, Seedling from 
do.. Sugar Cluster Russet, Summer Pearmain, Boyden Sweet, Winter 
Sweet Russet, Wine Apple, 5 var. of seedling Apples. Feaches. — Cling- 
stone and Large Early. 

From S. & G. Hyde, Newton : Apples. — Bough Harvest, Hubbardston 
Nonesuch, High Top Sweeting. Feaches. — Cutter's Red and Yellow, Red 
and Yellow Rareripe, Hastings's Rareripe, Red Clingstone, Jaques's Yel- 
low, very fine. Fears. — Catillac, Bufiam, Seedlings from the Seckel. 

From E. E. Bradshaw, Charlestown: Flums. — Bolmar's Washington, 
Prince's Imperial Gage. 

From J. Owen, Cambridge : Peaches, Pears, Apples (Porter), and Grapes. 

From Joseph A. Atkinson, Lynn : Duane's Purple Plums. 

A box of Honey from the apiary of Mr. Obadiah Hadwin, of Worcester. 

FLOWERS. 

From the President : Phlox Breckii, P. decussata, Richardson's new Red, 
P. picta, (new) very beautiful. Bourbon, China, and Tea Roses, new va- 
rieties. Dahlias, viz : Essex Triumph, Marshal Soult, Constantia, Grace 
Darling, Primrose, Argo. New Verbenas, viz : Queen, Emperor, alba su- 
perba, Wilsonii, variegata, &c. ; in all 15 var. Fuchsias, meteor and gem, 
(new). Gloxinia rubra. 

From S. H. Walley, Jr., Roxbury : Dahlias and German Asters. 

From Wm. Meller, Roxbury : Lemon, Eugenia myrtifolia, Diosma 
ericoides, (2 plants) two pots Vinca alba, Vinca rosea, Fuchsia tenella. 
Noisette Lamarque, Splendid Noisette, and Yellow Tea Roses. Erica 
concinna, Phlox Drummondi, Asclepias syriaca. Dahlias, Roses, China 
Asters, and 4 Boquets. 

From Wm. E. Carter: Strelitziaregina, S. juncea, Rhododendron arborea, 
Agapanthus umbellata, Hoya carnosa, Dombeya ferruginea, Draca3na 



36 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

fragrans, Laurus indica, L. exaltata, Lantana Cammara, Cactus senilis, 
Diosma ericoides, Acpidium exaltatum, Liatris (2 plants), Acacia falcata, 
Acacia dealbata, Polyanthus tuberosa, Crinum sp., Colchicum variegatum, 
Eriobotrya japonica, Tectona grandis, Elseagnus orientalis, Eugenia 
malaccensis, Borya legustrina, Melaleuca glauca, Pittosporum undulatum, 
Carolinea princeps, Sparmannia africana, Tabernsemontana coronaria' 
Coffea, Theaviridis, Camellia japonica hybrida, Wrightea coccinea, Laurus 
camphora, Blelaleuca fimbriata, Pinus halepensis, Nandina domestica, 
Magnolia annonsefolia, Hedychium Gardnerianum, Illicium floridanum, 
Physalis frutescens, Achimenes longiflora. Dahlias. 11 Bouquets. 

From Samuel A. Walker, Brookline : Dahlias, viz : Essex Triumph 
(fine), Girling's Prince of Wales (fine), Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Rushton, McKen- 
zie's Perfection, Beauty of the North, Pickwick (fine), Queen of Beauties, 
Hero of Tippecanoe, Marshal Soult (fine), Grace Darling, Miranda, and 
Contenda. Asters, Hemerocallis, Balsams, Crimson Cock'scombs, White 
and Yellow Everlasting and Ox-eye Daisies. Large Bouquets and a pyra- 
mid of Dahlias and other flowers. 

From Wm. Kenrick : a very large and beautiful Bouquet. Two vases and 
three baskets of Flowers, very tastefully arranged, including Dahlias, As- 
ters, Roses, &c. 

From Joseph Breck & Co. : Dahlias German Asters, Didiscus cgeruleus, 
Cleome grandiflora, Zinnias, Phlox decussata. Phlox Breckii, Lobelia syph- 
ilitica. Bouquets, Delphinium Barlowii, Euphorbia variegata. Double 
Stocks, Petunias, &c. 

From S. R. Johnson : German Asters and China Roses, fine. 

From S. Sweetser : German Asters, Dahlias, Verbenas, and Roses, 
Pyramid of Asters, in imitation of Bunker Hill Monument. In pots, — 
Dahlias, Begonia sp.. Fuchsia splendens, Ericas, &c. 

From J. F. Trull, Dorchester : German Asters and Dahlias. 

From the Conservatory, Boston : Achimenes longiflora, Gloxinia rubra, ■ 
G. coccinea. Acacia lophantha, seedling, manured with nitrate of soda. 
Begonia platanifolia. Seedling Camellia, dressed with 1 teaspoonful of 
guano, one do. with 4 spoonfuls charcoal. Brunia ericoides. Camellia, 
seedling. 

From H. W. Dutton, Boston : Asters. Dahlias, viz : Constantia, Pick- 
wick, and Miranda. A basket of Dahlias wreathed with China Asters. 

From F. W. Macondry : Dahlias, Asters, and Verbenas. 

From John A. Kenrick, Newton : six Bouquets, and three baskets of 
Cut Flowers. 

From R. M. Copeland, Boston : Phlox alba, Veronica blue, Dahlias. 

From Messrs. Winship : Erica spurea, Maurandya semperflorens, Aucuba 
japonica. Lobelia speciosa, Fuchsia globosa, Eupatorium album, Acrosti- 
chum alcicorne. Salvia pratansis Hypericum monogynum, Vinca rosea, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 37 

Melaleuca hypericifolia, Begonia E vansiana, and other plants in pots. Dah- 
lias, viz : Pickwick; Conqueror of Europe, Queen of Beauties, Castandi, Ru- 
bra, Juno, Canute, King of Yellows, Beauty of Bedford, Stafford's Madonna, 
Andrew Hofer, &c. Verbenas, Tea Roses, Passion Flowers, and other cut 
ilowers. 1 very large Bouquet. 

From Dr. J. C. Howard : 1 magnificent Bouquet of Dahlias. 3 Bouquets, 
comprising Dahlias, Roses, &c. 1 pot Amaryllis. 

From 0. & W. Wales: large Bouquet of Roses. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren's Gardens, Brighton: Maurandya Barclayana, 
2 Salvia splendens, Begonia discolor, Hoya carnosa, 2 Lamarque Roses, 
Cactus tomentosus, C. quadrangularis. Large Bouquet. Dahlias in var. 
Camellia Prattii, C. Donckelaerii. Bourbon, Bengal, and Tea Roses. 
Asters, Cock'scombs, Passion Flowers, &c. 

From Hovey & Co's new Nursery, Cambridge : Double German Asters, 
in 8 var. Bourbon, Bengal, Tea and Noisette Roses, in 50 var. Ver- 
benaS; in 20 var. Phlox Breckii, and P. Decussata alba. Dahlias, viz : 
Marshal Soult, Girling's Prince of Wales, Primrose, Eclipse, &c. 

From Parker Barnes : Dahlias. 

From J. Stickney : Asters. Dahlias, viz : Lady Cooper, Marshal Soult, 
Eclipse, &c. 

From S. Walker : large Bouquets. 

From W. Quant : Petunias, beautiful and in variety. 

VEGETABLES. 

From J. M. Ives, Salem : Autumnal Marrow Squash. 

From John Gordon, Watertown : 6 Water Melons. 

From Josiah Lovitt, 2d, Beverly : 3 Sulphur Broccoli. 5 var. of Squash, 
viz : Malaga, Smyrna, Autumnal Marrow, Lima, Canada, and common 
Crook-neck. 

From Samuel Herrick, Beverly : 1 Indiana or 7 years Pumpkin, — 
weight, 73 lbs. 

From E. Tufts, Cambridge : Large Yellow Cantelope Melon. 

From Henry Butterfield, Cambridge : Italian Damask Squash, — weight, 
102 lbs. 

From Dr. Howard, Brookline : Melons, — Napoleon, Green Smyrna, Per- 
sian, Nutmeg, Queen's Pocket, and Citron. 

From Wm. B. Kingsbury : Blood Beets. 

From F. W. Macondry : Sugar Beets, Blood do. Canada Squashes. 
Basket of Tomatoes. Okra plants. 

From Hovey & Co. : 2 Mammoth Squashes, weighing 48 lbs. each. 
Bassano Beets. Egg Plant. Melons. 

From Col. T. H. Perkins : Egg Plants. Solanum Melongena. 

From A. D. Weld : Marrow Squash. Cucumbers. 



38 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

From I. Davis, Dorchester: Canada Squash, 11 months old. 
From A. D. Williams: Blood Beets and Marrow Squashes. 
From John Hill : Musk Melons. 
From P. Conant, Charleslown : Acorn Squash. 

For the Committee, 

SAMUEL WALKER, Chairman, 



On Friday, the 15th, the Committee of Arrangements, to the number of 
about thirty, dined together at the Pavilion. Among the invited guests, 
were the delegation from the New York Institute, consisting of Rev. J. 0. 
Choules and S. Stevens, Henry Meigs and A. J. Downing, Esqs., Mr. A. H. 
Ernst, from Cincinnati, Ohio, Col. Wilder, President of the Society, and 
Rev. J. L. Russell, Professor of Botany, &c. 

The committee assembled at 3 o'clock, and after the interval of an hour 
spent in social intercourse, and the interchange of friendly greeting, the 
members, with their guests, sat down to one of the most sumptuous feasts. 
The tables were ornamented with flowers, and the dessert, which was the 
free contribution of various members of the Society, more particularly of 
the committee, was bountiful and rich. Never did we sit down to a more 
excellent repast. The Chairman of the Committee, Mr. S. Walker, pre- 
sided. A blessing was invoked by the Rev. Mr. Choules, and after par- 
taking of the dinner and the removal of the cloth, the Chairman rose and 
offered the following sentiments : — 

National Prosperity, — Cultivated fields and fruitful gardens are both 
the source and index of national progress, in all that constitutes the strength 
of the State and the happiness of her citizens. 

Annual Festivals, — Ours is to commemorate the blessings of Providence 
upon the industry of man, and to congratulate each other upon the beauti- 
ful gifts of our common Father. 

Gardening, — This was the appointed employment of the ^rst of our race, 
and will ever be the chosen pursuit of many of his descendants. 
The chairman next gave, — 

TuE American Institute, — First to congregate the skill of American 
industry. Its example and its enterprise have recently developed the ag- 
ricultural resources of our country. 

To this sentiment, the Rev. Mr. Choules, chairman of the delegation of 
the New York Institute, in the absence of Gen. Tallmadge, replied in a 
short and interesting speech. He alluded to the improvements which had 
been made in horticulture in the vicinity of Boston, and to the example 
which had been set by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. He be- 
lieved Boston to be far ahead of any other part of the country in horticul- 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 39 

tural science. He alluded to the prejudice which existed in some parts of 
New York State, against the clergy, on account of their attending cattle 
shows and agricultural exhibitions, and occasionally taking part in the fes- 
tivities of the day. This prejudice grew out of the want of a taste for such 
pursuits. He was happy to know there were no such prejudices in New 
England. Mr. Choules highly coipplimented the Society, and in connexion 
with it related an amusing anecdote. In conclusion, he gave, — 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, — One of the best blessings 
of a social community. From the arable ground of peace and union, its 
members have brought forth the flowers of promise, and the fruits of good 
fellowship. 

Col. Wilder, the President of the Society, replied. 

Mr. W. welcomed the delegates as representatives not only of Horticul- 
ture, but of the great science of Agriculture, the means by which our race 
subsist, and the foundation of all national and individual prosperity. He 
stated that the cultivation of the soil in all ages had been esteemed honor- 
able by the great and good, — that it was refining and ennobling, — that its 
pleasures were of the purest character, and in support of this, gave as a 
sentiment, in the language of Washington, — 

The Cultivation of the Soil, — " The most healthful, the most useful, 
and the most honorable employment of man." 

The chairman next gave,— 

The Cincinnati Horticultural Society, — She has already given us a 
good Ern'st of what she intends to do in the dissemination of horticultural 
improvement. 

Mr. Ernst, of Cincinnati, Ohio, an intelligent and enterprising nursery- 
man of that city, replied. He was highly gratified at being enabled to 
be present on this occasion. He had attended the exhibition, and was as- 
tonished at the great variety and number of fruits which were exhibited. 
In the West, they were but yet in the infancy of horticulture, and looked to 
the East for information; they had recently established a Society in Cin- 
cinnati, and he trusted it would be the means of disseminating information 
among the people, and instrumental in the introduction of the choicest 
fruits. There was no soil or climate better adapted to the cultivation of 
fruit than that of Ohio. He should return to his home, and give an ac- 
count of what he had seen, and he hoped the Cincinnati Horticultural 
Society would follow the example. Mr. Ernst concluded by offering the 
following toast : — 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, — The mother vine, whose 
fruitful branches have reached across the Alleghany mountains. May it 
continue to spread until the whole land shall become a perfect garden. 

The next sentiment from the Chair was, — 

The Cultivators and Agriculturists of Gotham, — Well does that State 



40 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

deserve the appellation of "great," which sends forth as her delegates, men 
whose enterprise developes the natural resources of the country ; whose 
genius facilitates progress ; and whose philanthropy blesses mankind. 

Mr. Stevens, President of the Croton Water Works, rose in reply. He 
had never before been gratified by such a display of fruit. He said he had 
heard, through the medium of your paper, and through your Hovey's Mag- 
azine, of the progress which had been made in horticultural improvement, 
but until now had not been a witness to the results. Mr. Stevens made 
many pertinent remarks upon horticultural societies, and commended the 
labors of the practical gardener, whose occupation it was to produce such 
splendid specimens as had been presented at the exhibition. He gave as a 
toast, — 

The W0RKIN& Gardener. 

The Rev. J. L. Russell rose to make some remarks. He had listened 
attentively to the observations which had fallen from his Rev. brother, Mr. 
Choules, and he was glad to have this opportunity to say to him, that here 
in New England, he need have no fear that his interest in horticultural 
pursuits would derogate from his profession. He believed that the cultiva- 
tion of the earth was an ennobling, christianizing occupation 5 that its 
moral effect upon the community was beneficial and good. He spoke at 
some length on various topics, and concluded with a sentiment. 

The Chairman then gave the following : — 

The Accomplished G-ardener, — Uniting science, skill, and taste, with 
the dexterous and ready hand. 

Mr. Downing, of the Highland Nurseries, Newburg, N. Y., offered a 
sentiment in reply, which we unfortunately could not procure. 

The following sentiment called out Mr. Meigs, of New York : — 

Home Industry, — The parent and protector of agriculture, commerce, 
the useful and elegant arts. Our country is leagued to support it ; we need 
not look abroad for aid, when New York can guide us with such good 
generalship. 

We shall not endeavor to give even a synopsis of Mr. Meigs's speech, 
which was humorous and entertaining. It was the first time he had ever 
been in Boston. For though, he was descended from Puritan blood, yet he 
had never been in this modern Athens before. He concluded with a toast, 
which, in the merriment that followed his remarks, we forgot to secure. 

Dr. Wight, Recording Secretary, offered the next sentiment, as follows : — 

The Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, — He is a Walker ; 
may good fortune blossom around his path, and old age find his granary full. 

Mr. Walker remarked, that although speech-making was not his forte, 
he should justly be charged with a want of gratitude and courtesy, did he 
neglect to thank the gentlemen of the Society for their good wishes and 
repeated acts of kindness towards him. It was fourteen years, he said. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 41 

since he had been elected a member of the Horticultural Society, during 
which period he had labored with nearly all its practical and working men ; 
and now, after two apprenticeships, he was ready, he said, to enter into 
another engagement for fourteen years more. Fourteen years ! He re- 
called it ; he was ready to enter into an engagement for life, and should the 
future intercourse of the members be as pleasant as the past has been, it 
would prove to be a red letter day from the beginning to the end. Mr. 
Walker next referred to the rvorks of the Horticultural Society. '■ Permit 
me to ask," he said, " rvhat have roe done ? and, rohat remains to be done .?" 
Then, replying himself to the queries, he observed, "we have nearly 
changed the face of the country, and have seen the products of Flora and 
Pomona, which ten years ago could have been stowed in a two-horse om- 
nibus, now filling a hall 100 feet by 45 ! and yet this is only the beginning 
of the Horticultural Society ! Other influences were to come, he said, 
from the love of fruit and flowers, in the full exercise of that moral power, 
which literally makes the desert to bloom as the rose. To hasten this 
happy period, the speaker asked, ^what have we to doV and then gave 
this forcible answer, — ' we have to continue that oneness of action and pur- 
pose, which has been our morning and evening star, and, with the aid of 
our sister societies, actuated by the same desire, we shall accomplish much, 
if not all, that we have to do.' " In conclusion, the Chairman proposed : — 

The health, happiness, and prosperity of the members of the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society, individually and collectively. 

Mr. C. M. Hovey rose to ofier some remarks. He read an account of 
the first exhibition ever made by the Society, and entered into a compari- 
son of the fruits exhibited then and those shown the present year. He 
also made some remarks relative to the introduction to notice of our Ameri- 
can varieties of fruits, particularly of pears. It was through the means of 
the Society that the Andrews, Gushing, Harvard, Clap, Dix, Fulton, and 
many others were brought before the public. Mr, Hovey hoped the supe- 
riority of these fruits, which were accidental varieties, would induce culti- 
vators to make attempts to raise fruits on scientific principles. He con- 
cluded by ofiering a sentiment, — 

Native Fruits, — Our woods and pastures have already yielded us a 
great number of fine varieties. The skill of our cultivators is only want- 
ing, to make us dependent upon no other clime for the most delicious fruits. 

The following volunteer sentiments were offered by the members or read 
from the Chair : — 

Fruits and Flowers, — The jewelry and poetry of Nature j the gems of 
the Orchard, and the alphabet of Angels. 

The Liberality of Culture, — That encouragement to the earth, with- 
out which agriculture is not a science. The sure incentive towards fame 
and fortune. 

6 



42 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



The Memory of the late Robert Manning, of Salem, — The enterpri- 
sing cultivator, and the generous man. Massachusetts is his debtor, and 
her sons acknowledge the debt with gratitude. 

The Anniversaries of '42, '43 and '44, — The memory of the past, the 
enjoyment of the present, the anticipation of the future. Our ladies last 
year were the roses of our banquet, adding sweetness to the hours. "We 
drink to their memory in '43, and hope for their presence in blooming 
beauty, on the next leap year. 

The Horticultural Societies of the United States, — Projected and 
realized by wise men, who, like the ancient Magi, are not without their 
star of Bethlehem. 

The Memory of Lowell and Prince, — Translated from the Gardens 
their own skilful hands had cultivated, to the blooming bowers of 
Paradise. 

The Recording- Secretary of otjr Society, — There are sprites amongst 
the flowers and mad nights over all creation. "We have a Wight amongst 
us of a different order, — a friend to science and the useful arts. Not one 
of our Committee can set up an Ebenezer against him. 

Mr. Pond, — evidently a " Water-man ;" he cultivates a '' Plum island." 

The President of the Society, — Making the Wilder-ne^s blossom as 
the rose. 

The Game of Gardenin&, — A rich prize at stake. Something to cut, and 
a good deal of shovelling. 

But no tricks in the trade, 
Except what we take with a spade. 

Our Society, — May its members cluster like grapes upon their stem, 
and be filled with the juice of good fellowship. 

Horticultural Exhibitions, — Here are collected the choicest fruits of 
the earth, and the fairest flowers from the social parterre. 

His Majesty King Pippin, — "Unlike other kings, he can' get mellow with- 
out losing his dignity. 

Tu-Lips FROM Eve's Garden, — May we set our faces against them. 

The meeting broke up at an early hour, by the customary singing in 
chorus of ^' Auld Lang Syne." 



Annual Meeting of the Society, Oct. 7, 1843. 

The following list of Officers, Professors, and Standing Committees were 
chosen for the ensuing year ; their term of office commences on the first 
Saturday in April, 1844, and terminates on the first Saturday in April, 
1845:— 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 43 

President. — Marshall P. Wilder^ 

Vice Presidents. — Benjamin V. French, Jonathan "Winship, Cheever New- 
hall, E. M. Richards. 

Treasurer. — Samuel "Walker. 

Corresponding Secretary. — J. E. Tescheraacher. 

Recording Secretary. — Ebenezer Wight. 

Professor of Botany and Vegetable Physiology. — John Lewis Russell. 

Professor of Entomology. — T. W. Harris. 

Professor of Horticultural Chemistry. — S. L. Dana. 

Standing- Committees. 

Committee on Fruits. — Samuel Walker, chairman; P. B. Hovey, Otis 
Johnson, Samuel Pond, J. Lovitt, 2d, Jonathan Winship, David Haggers- 
ton, J. L. L. F. Warren, J. F. Allen, and Aaron D. Williams. 

Committee on Florvers. — Joseph Breck, chairman ; H. W. Dutton, Samuel 
Sweetser, S. R. Johnson, Josiah Stickney, W. E. Carter, and Parker 
Barnes. 

Committee on Vegetables. — J. A. Kenrick, chairman ; W. B. Kingsbury, 
J. C. Howard, Azel Bowditch, John Hill, J. H. Billings, and Samuel C. 
Mann. 

Committee on Library. — C. M. Hovey, chairman; C. K. Dillaway, J. E. 
Tescheraacher, Eben Wight, R. M. Copeland, and F. G. Shaw. 

Committee on Synonyms of Fruits. — M. P. Wilder, chairman ; B. V. French, 
Samuel Downer, and William Kenrick. 

Executive Committee. — M. P. Wilder, chairman; Enoch Bartlett, Augus- 
tus Aspinwall, F. W. Macondry, and John J. Low. 

Finance Committee. — Elijah Vose, chairman ; Cheever Newhall, and 
E. M. Richards. 



Meeting of the Society, November 25, 1844. 

Specimens of a seedling Pear, sent for exhibition from Messrs. Wilcomb 
& King, Flushing, N. Y. 
The following letter accompanied the fruit : — 

M. P. Wilder, President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society : 

Sir, — We send, by Harnden & Co's express, a box of pears ; if thee 
should think proper to present them to the Horticultural Society, we would 
thank thee to do so. It is a native of Flushing. It produces abundant 
crops every year ; is in eating over four months,— say from the tenth to 
second month, (from October to February). It is not inclined to rot or 
shrivel, as is the case with some of our winter pears. We think it pos- 
sesses as many good qualilies as any late fruit we have seen ; but this we 
leave to the better judgment of the Horticultural Society. The tree is of 



44 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

fair growth and very full of thorns, and appears to be a cross of (between) 
the old St. Germain and St. Michael, as it resembles both of them in wood, 
foliage, and fruit ; and there is no other variety in the neighborhood of it. 
We intended to have sent the fruit to Boston last year, but were disap- 
pointed. We call it the Lawrence pear. 

Eespectfully, 

WILCOMB & KING. 

The Committee of Fruits, on trial of the specimens, were of the opinion 
that the fruit might be classed with the very best pears, and on further 
trial of specimens sent (autumn, 1845) from the same tree, they are still 
of the opinion that it should be classed as first in quality. 



Meeting of the Society, January 6, 1844. 

A letter was read from Col. Van Mons, of Brussels, accompanying 
which were copies of a historical notice of Dr. Van Mons, presented by 
Col. Van Mons to the Society. A vote of thanks was passed, and the Cor- 
responding Secretary was authorized to transmit the same to Col. Van 
Mons, with a letter of condolence on the death of his father. 

The President, from the Committee appointed by a vote of the Society, 
on the 19th August, 1843, to contract for a building, or building lot, if 
either should present itself, reported that the Society had purchased the es- 
tate belonging to the city of Boston, known as the Latin School House, in 
School Street, containing 2952. feet of land, with the building thereon, for 
the sum of Eighteen Thousand Dollars. 

The report of the Committee was accepted, and a vote passed thanking 
the Committee for their attention to the subject, and the acceptable man- 
ner in which they had performed their duties : it w^as thereupon Voted, That 
Messrs. M. P. Wilder, Samuel Walker, J. E. Teschemacher, S. R. John- 
son, Josiah Stickney, J. J. Low, B. V. French, E. M. Richards, C. M. 
Hovey, F. W. Macondry, Cheever Newhall, H. W Dutton, and Joseph 
Breck, constitute the Building Committee, to take charge of the alterations 
and improvements of the premises lately purchased by the Society, and 
that the said Committee be farther directed to apply to the General Court 
for further powers to hold real estate. 

A letter was read from Prof. Fischer, of St. Petersburg, which accompa- 
nied a donation of seeds for the Society. 

The thanks of the Society w^ere voted to Prof. Fischer. 

The seeds were placed in the hands of Prof. Russell, to be assorted and 
reported on at a future meeting. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 45 



REPORTS OF THE COMMITTEES AWARDING PREMIUMS 

FOR 184L 

FRUIT COMMITTEE. 

The Committee on Fruits, after mature deliberation, award the following 
Premiums, agreeable to the appropriation made for that purpose for the 
present year : — 

Apples. — For the best summer apples, to Josiah Lovitt, a pre- 
mium of ...... . 

For the best fall apples, to J. L. L. F. "Warren, a premium of . 
For the best winter apples, to L. P. Grosvenor, a premium of , 
Pears. — For the best summer pears, to Samuel Walker, a premi- 
um of . 
For the best fall pears, to Elijah Vose, a premium of . 
For the best winter pears, to Marshall P. Wilder, a premium of 
Cherries. — For the best specimen of cherries, to Otis Johnson, a 
premium of . 
For the second best specimen of cherries, to George "Walsh, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 

Peaches under Glass. — For the best specimen of peaches grown 

under glass, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . 

For the second best specimen of peaches grown under glass, to 

Otis Johnson, a premium of . 

Peaches, out-door culture. — For the best specimen of peaches, to 

John Hill; a premium of .... . 

For the second best specimen of peaches, to S. & G. Hyde, 
a premium of . 
Apricots. — For the best specimen of apricots, to E. E. Bradshaw, 
a premium of . 
For the second best specimen of apricots, to John "Wells, a pre- 
mium of ...... . 

Nectarines. — For the best specimen of nectarineS; to David Hag- 
gerston, a premium of ..... 

Quinces. — For the best specimen of quinces, to John A. Kenrick, 

a premium of . 
Plums. — For the best specimen of plums, to Josiah Lovitt, a 
premium of . 
For the second best specimen of plums, to E. E. Bradshaw, a 
premium of . 

Gooseberries. — For the best specimen of gooseberries, to 

a premium of . ... 



$5 00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


4 


00 


2 


00 


5 


00 


3 


00 


5 


00 


3 


00 


5 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 


5 


00 


3 


00 


5 


00 



46 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



For the second best specimen of gooseberries, to J. F. Allen, a 
premium of . . . . . . . $3 00 

Currants. — For the best specimen of currants, to A. D. Williams, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 GO 

For the second best specimen of currants, to Josiah Lx)vitt, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Raspberries. — For the best specimen of raspberries, to Josiah 

Lovitt, a premium of . . . . . . 4 00 

For the second best specimen of raspberries, to Messrs. Hovey, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Strawberries. — For the best specimen of strawberries, to Messrs. 

Hovey, a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of strav/berries, to J. F. Allen, a 

premium of . . . . . . . " 3 00 

Mulberries. — For the best specimen of mulberries, to John Hovey, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Water Melons. — For the best specimen of "Water Melons, to John 

Gordon, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Green-fleshed Melons. — For the best specimen of Green-fleshed 

Melons, to John C. Howard, a premium of . . . 3 00 

Grapes grorvn under Glass previous to July 1. — For the best spec- 
imen of grapes grown under glass previous to July 1, to John 
C. Howard, a premium of . . . . . 8 00 

For the second best specimen of grapes grown under glass pre- 
vious to July 1, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . 5 00 

Grapes grown under Glass since July 1. — For the best specimen of 
grapes grown under glass since July 1, to David Haggerston, 
a premium of . . . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen of grapes grown under glass since 

July 1, to Otis Johnson, a premium of . . . 4 00 

Foreign Grapes from out-door culture. — For the best specimen of 
foreign grapes from out-door culture, to Kendall Bailey, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

Native Grapes. — For the best specimen of native grapes, to George 

Walsh, a premium of . . . ... . 3 00 



$140 00 



Your Committee recommend that the following gratuities be paid, partly 
from an unexpended balance of ten dollars, and the balance of twenty-three 
dollars from a new appropriation. The excellent exhibition of peaches and 
figs, the new seedling grapes, pears and apples, deserve something more 
substantial than a passing notice of merited praise. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 47 

To Wm. Quant, for a fine exhibition of white peaches, . . $3 00 
To J. F. Allen, for his monthly Fayal figs, which prove abundant 

bearers, and of fine flavor, . . . . . 5 00 

To Mrs. Diana Crehore, for her seedling Diana grape, grown from 

the seeds of the Catawba grape, and is the earliest and best 

native grape your committee know of, . . . 5 00 

To Messrs. Wilcomb & King, for the Lawrence pear, . . 5 00 

To Daniel Wilbur, Jr., for the Hull pear, . . . . 5 00 

To Goodale, for the McLaughlin pear, . . . 5 00 

To George Howland, for the 20 oz. pippin, . . . 5 00 

To A. D. Capen, for very large and beautiful apples, . . 5 00 



$38 00 

Your Committee consider the introduction of new and valuable varieties 
of fruits to the Society, with a view to have them diffused among its 
members, and finally to the public, as one of the great ends of our associ- 
ation, and every inducement within our limited means, should be made use 
of to that end. The Hull pear is from the same individual who introduced 
the Early Wilbur, and who has more than once contributed largely for the 
use of the members of our Society. The McLaughlin pears, from Mr. 
Goodale, and the Lawrence pears, from Messrs. Wilcomb & King, with the 
fine specimen and fine flavored 20 oz. pippins, from Mr. George Howland, 
are fruits that should be in every good collection ; they are natives, and 
rank with our very best fruits. 

In regard to the Wells premium, your Committee are of opinion there 
have been no apples presented that can have a preference to our known 
choice varieties, and consequently no premium can be awarded. 

Communications in regard to the Curculio have been received, particu- 
larizing the habits of the insect, made with much labor and nice observa- 
tion. As there appears nothing new in any of the communications that 
has not been communicated by the late Professor Peck, or by others since, 
and in all the remedies that have been suggested for this pest of our choice 
fruits, no one has been made that your Committee could deem thorough 
and eflectual, or if so, that the remedy would not be too burdensome to be 
compensated for by the crop of fruit. On this subject, they would suggest, 
for the consideration of the Society, whether a gratuity might not be grant- 
ed, in lieu of the full premium, as the subject appears to be exhausted, and 
there is no probability, in the opinion of your Committee, that for many 
years to come, there will much more be known of the Curculio than its 
habits. 

For the Committee on Fruits, 

BENJ. V. FRENCH, Chairman. 
Boston, Dec. 30, 1843. 



48 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

The Executive Committee approve of the above, so far as to the use of 
the amount of one hundred and fifty dollars, being the sum voted for the 
use of the Committee on Fruits for the present year ; but as the approving 
of gratuities granted by the Committee beyond the sum placed at their 
disposal might lead to a dangerous precedent, the Executive Committee 
would state that they agree with the Fruit Committee as to the propriety of 
granting these gratuities, but that the same be done by a special vote of 
the Society ; and that it be understood, by this action of the Society on the 
subject, that the several committees whose duty it is to award premiums, 
be strictly confined to an amount not exceeding the annual appropriations 
for this purpose. 

MAKSHALL P. WILDER,) 
F. W. MACONDRY, I ExecutiA^e 

£. BARTLETT, \ Committee. 

AUG. ASPINWALL, j 

February 22, 1844. 

FLOWER COMMITTEE. 

The Committee on Flowers beg leave to submit the following report of 
their doings. They have awarded the premiums oSered by the Society, 
viz : — 

Tulips. — For the best specimens of not less than 30 blooms, to 

S. Walker, a premium of . . . . . $4 00 

For the second best specimens of not less than 30 blooms, to 

S. R. Johnson, a premium of . . . . . 2 00 

Geraniums. — For the best display of cut flowers, to Wm. Meller, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

Pceonies. — For the best display of flowers, to Wm. E. Carter, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best display of flowers, to S. Walker, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

Pansies. — For the best display, to Joseph S. Cabot, a premium of 2 00 

Poses. — In classes as follows : 

Class 1. — Hardy kinds. 
For the best 20 dissimilar blooms, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 7 00 
For the second best 20 dissimilar blooms, to S. R. Johnson, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the third best 20 dissimilar blooms, to J. Breck & Co., a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Class 2. — Bourbon, Chinese, ^c. 
For the best display, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of . . 5 00 



5 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 49 

Class 3. — Perpetual and other Roses. 

For the best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . . $3 00 

For the second best display, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of . 2 00 
Finks. — For the best display of flowers, to S.AValker, a premium of 4 00 

For the second best display of flowers, to Wm. Meller, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Carnations, ^c. — For the best display, to J. Breck & Co., a premi- 
um of . 

For the second best display, to S. "Walker, a premium of 

For the best seedling, to J. Breck & Co., a premium of 
Balsams. — For the best display of cut flowers, to S. R. Johnson, a 

premium of . 
German Asters. — For the best display, to S. Sweetser, a premium of 

For the second best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 
Phloxes. — For the best display, to Wm. E. Carter, a premium of 

For the second best display, to S. "Walker, a premium of 
Dahlias. — Tn the following divisions and classes ; — 

DIVISION A. 
The Premier Prize. To J. Stickney, a premium of . .10 00 

Specimen bloom, to S. A. Walker, a premium of . . 3 00 

DIVISION B. 

CLASS I. 

For the best 24 dissimilar blooms, to John Robinson, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . * 7 00 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to J. L. L. F.Warren, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . , . 5 00 

CLASS III. 

For the best 6 dissimilar blooms, to S. A. Walker, a premium of 3 00 

DIVISION C. 

CLASS I. 

For the best 24 dissimilar blooms, to J. Stickney. a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 7 00 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to H. W. Dutton, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 5 00 

Gratuities. 

To S. Walker, for fine and continued displays of flowers during 

the season, . . . . . . . 7 00 

To Miss Russell, for fine and continued displays of flowers during 

the season, . , . . . , . 5 00 

7 



2 


00 


5 


00 


, 5 


00 


5 


00 


2 


00 



SO TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

To John Robinson, for seedling dahlias and rare specimens during 

the season, . . . . . . . $5 00 

To Mr. Oliver, of Salem, for a fine specimen of dahlia, var. 
Oakley's surprise, ...... 

To John A. Kenrick, for fine specimens of flowering shrubs, &c. 

To Wm. E. Carter, for a fine specimen of Achimenes longiflora. 

To J. L. L. F. "Warren, for fine bouquets during the season, 

To "Wm. "Wales, for fine specimens of tender roses, 

$150 00 
Per order 

S. WALKER, Chairman. 

Approved by the Executive Committee, February 22, 1844. 

VEGETABLE COMMITTEE. 

The Committee on Vegetables, for the year 1843, report the premiums 
awarded b}'' them as follows : — 

Asparagus — For the earliest and largest four bunches, to John Hill, 

a premium of . . . . , . . $3 00 

Rhubarb. — For the largest twelve stalks previous to first Saturday 

in July, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . . . 3 00 

Feas. — No premium awarded. 

Lettuce. — No premium awarded. 

Potatoes. — No premium awarded. 

Cucumbers under Glass. — Best pair exhibited in May, to J. L. L. F. 

Warren, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 

Cucumbers, open culture. — No premium awarded. 

Beans. — Large Lima, for the best 2 quarts, to Josiah Lovitt, 2d, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Earliest Dwarf, — no premium awarded. 

Cauliflowers. — No premium awarded. 

Brocoli. — No premium awarded. 

Celery. — No premium awarded. 

Egg Plants. — No premium awarded. 

Tomatoes. — No premium awarded. 

Squashes. — For the best display and the largest number of varieties 

at the Annual Exhibition, to Josiah Lovitt, 2d, a premium of 5 00 
For best display of various vegetables at the Annual Exhibition, 

(not including squashes,) to F. W. Macondry, a premium of 5 00 
To Josiah J^ovitt, 2d, for a remarkably large cauliflower, a gra- 
tuity of . , . . . . . 3 00 

$26 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 51 

The Committee regret that so little interest is taken in this department. 
Of many articles for which premiums were offered, no specimens have 
been exhibited ; and as it was presumed that the intention of the Society 
in making the appropriation was to give rewards only where they were 
merited, they have withheld premiums where, in their opinion, there was 
no excellence in the specimens exhibited; — and more than half the amount 
at their disposal will not be called for. 

JOHN A. KENRICK, Chairman. 

Approved by the Executive Committee, February 22, 1844. 



ISleeting of the Society, April 6, 1844. 

The following amendment of the Constitution, proposed at a previous 
meeting, was adopted : — 

That the officers of this Society shall be elected on the first Saturday of 
October, and enter upon their respective duties on the first Saturday of 
January, in the year 1846; and succeeding years, instead of the first Sat- 
iirday of April, as now provided ; and that the term of office of the re- 
spective officers who may be elected on the first Saturday of October, 1844, 
and whose term of office will commence on the first Saturday of April, 
1845, shall terminate on the first Saturday of January, in the year 1846, 
instead of the first Saturday of April, of said year. 

An account of a New Seedling Apple, v/ith an engraving of the fruit, 
its origin, &c. ; and also a notice of the Detroit Apple 5 in a letter of Mr. 
Ernst to the President of the Society : — 

" I had hoped to have met with a gentleman going to your city, who would 
be willing to take charge of a very small box of specimens of fruit for 
your inspection and that of our Society ; but in this I have been disap- 
pointed. I have prevailed on Mr. Mussey to take a few specimens, and a 
few scions ; I may have other opportunities before too late : if so, I shall 
Eiot fail to avail myself of the pleasure. 

Detroit. — No. 1, is the appk which is known here as the Detroit Apple, 
specimens of which, with its history, so far as I have been enabled to trace 
it, I sent you last winter. The present specimens are a fairer sample of 
what the fruit is. I will thank you for any information with regard to it, 
if it is known with you, and the estimation in which it is held. 

Cavnahan's Favorite. — No. 2, {fig- 7,) is a specimen of a seedling apple 
under the name of "Cannahan's Favorite." The original tree of this 
fruit stands on Mr. Cannahan's farm, thirteen miles north of this city, on 
the "Hamilton Road." The seed from which this tree originated was 



52 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

sown by Mr. Andrew Williams, at North Bend, (late the residence of the 
lamented Harrison,) from whom Mr. Cannahan procured it, with a parcel 




Cannahan's Favorite. 

of Other trees, and planted them on his farm above referred to, in the 
spring of 1799. I measured the tree last fall, four feet above the ground, 
and found it girted seven feet six inches It is still vigorous and healthy, 
and forms an immense spreading head. This is the only tree, out of a lot,, 
of seventy, which produced fruit worth preserving. You will probably 
think me very minute in my history, but as I have seen the sad effects of 
a want of being particular, I do not feel at liberty to take too much on trust 
and promulgate it in the same way. The fruit, as you will perceive, is 
very handsome, of good size, fine flavor, and an excellent keeper ; these 
are all desirable qualities which cannot fail to recommend it to favorable 
notice, and the only wonder is, that it should so long have existed in com- 
parative obscurity. I will not attempt to describe it ; I leave that for the 
more competent hand of yourself and the committee on fruits ; I shall be 
glad if my opinion of its merits are sustained, and it is thought worthy of 
promulgation, that a figure of it, with a description, be published in Hov- 
ey's Magazine of Horticulture. I send a few grafts for yourself and the 
members of the Society. 
I also send a few scions of a seedling pear, under the name of Hill's 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 53 

Fall Butter ; this pear I think highly worthy of propagation, so far as I 
am capable of judging, in the absence of some new and esteemed sorts 
ripening at the same time which have not yet fruited with us. You will 
oblige me if you will see that Capt. Lovitt, Mr. Breck, and Mr. Hovey get 
a few of each of the above scions. This pear, with its origin, history, and 
description, with an engraving, I have published in the November No. of 
the Farmer and Gardener, printed in this city, a copy of which I had the 
pleasure of sending you some time since. 

Yours with much respect, 

A. H. ERNST." 
Spring Garden, Cincinnati, Jan. 27, 1844. 



Meeting of the Society, June 1, 1844, 

Messrs. Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester, N. Y., sent handsome specimens 
of a new apple, called the Northern Spy, accompanying which was the 
following letter to the President of the Society : — 

Sir, — "We send, accompanying this, a few of the Northern Spy apple, to 
your address. It is considered a native fruit of western New York, the 
original tree having produced numbers of suckers, that are now bearing 
the identical fruit. It is esteemed here, one of our best fruits of this sea- 
son, and it commands almost any price in our market. They are sold at 
two to three cents each, now in the streets and at the fruit shops. The tree 
is one of the most vigorous and handsome growing, and bears abundantly. 
You will please present these specimens to the Society in our name. There 
are several quite superior fruits, considered natives of our region, that we 
will forward in season for inspection of your Society. We have now 
growing, over three thousand young trees of the Spy, that will be two 
years old next fall. 

Respectfully, 

ELLWANGER & BARRY. 
Mount Hope Botanic Garden and Nursery, 
Rochester, N. Y., May 23, 1844. 

The Northern Spy appears to be a very superior fruit ; size, large ; 
bright shining red, flesh yellowish-white; juicy, with a rich aromatic fla- 
vor; keeps till June. 



54 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Meeting of the Society, September 14, 1844. 

At a meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, held at their 
Rooms this morning, the Chairman, in behalf of the Building Committee, 
placed at the disposal of the Society, certain documents and" transactions, 
accompanied with a plate, upon which was inscribed a descriptive and 
historical account of the Society ; upon which it was 

Resolved, That the Society adjourn this meeting to the site of their new 
building, in School Street, and that the President be requested to perform 
the duty of laying the corner stone, depositing the plate, documents, &c., 
and to offer such remarks as he may deem suitable to the occasion. 

The plate was of silver, 8 by 6 inches, and bore the following inscrip- 
tion : — 

[on the obverse.] 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 

Incorporated the 12th day of June, A. D. 1829. 

Present number of Members, — Four Hundred and Twenty. 

President. — Marshall P. Wilder. 
Vice Presidents. — B. V. French, Jona. Winship, Cheever Newhall, E. M. 

Richards. 

Treasurer. — Samuel Walker. 

Corresponding Secretary. — J. E. Teschemacher. 

Recording Secretary. — Ebenezer Wight. 

Professor of Botany and Vegetable Physiology. — John Lewis Russell, A. M. 

Professor of Entomology. — T. W. Harris, M. D. 

Professor of Horticultural Chemistry. — S. L. Dana, M. D. 

Committee on Fruits. — Samuel Walker, chairman; P. B. Hovey, Jr., 

0. Johnson, S. Pond, J. Lovitt, 2d, L. P. Grosvenor, Jona. Winship, D. 

Haggerston, J. L. L. F. Warren, J. F. Allen, A. D. Williams. 

Committee on Flowers. — Joseph Breck, chairman; H. W. Button, S. 
Sweetser, S. R. Johnson, J. Stickney, W. E. Carter, P. Barnes. 

Committee on Vegetables.— '5 . A. Kenrick, chairman; W. B. Kingsbury, 
J. H. Billings, S. C. Mann, J. C. Howard, A. Bowditch, John Hill. 

Committee on the Library. — C. M. Hovey, chairman ; C. K. Dillawa)'-, 
F. G. Shaw, J. E. Teschemacher, E. Wight, R. M. Copeland. 

Committee on Synonyms of Fruit. — ]\I. P. Wilder, chairman; S. Downer, 
W. Kenrick, B. V. French. 

Executive Committee. — M. P. Wilder, chairman ; Enoch Bartlett, A. 
Aspinwall, F. W. Blacondry, J. J. Low. 

Finance Committee.— E. Vose, chairman; Cheever Newhall, E. M. 
Richards. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. B§ 

[on the reverse.] 

THIS EDIFICE IS ERECTED BY THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETy, 

For the purpose of encouraging and improving the Science and 

Practice of Horticulture. 

This Corner Stone laid on the 14th day of September, 1844. 

BUILDIN& COMMITTEE. 

Marshall P. Wilder, Samuel Walker, J. E . Teschemacher, Josiah Stick- 

ney, John J. Low, Benj. V. French, E. M. Richards, Samuel R. 

Johnson, CM. Hovey, Cheever Newhall, Joseph Breck, 

Henry W. Dutton, Fred. W. Macondry. 

Richard Bond, Architect. 

BUILDERS. 

Gardner Greenleaf, Nathaniel Adams, C. W. Cushing, Willard Sears, and 

Jonas Fitch. 

To this Society, the Community are indebted for the Foundation and Con- 
secration of 

Mount Auburn Cemetery. 

The documents alluded to, were the transactions, addresses, &c., of the 
Society ; a phial hermetically sealed, and encased in powdered charcoal, 
containing a great variety of dower, fruit and vegetable seeds 5 various 
horticultural, agricultural and political papers of the day, and a variety of 
the coins of the United States. The whole were sealed up in a leaden box 
and deposited in the stone at the northwest corner of the building, and the 
large column designed to stand upon it, lowered to its place. The stone 
being firmly secured, the President of the Society made a pertinent 
and appropriate address, in which he took a brief review of the rise 
and progress of the Society from its infancy ; from the day when lit- 
erally there were but "two or three gathered together," and contrasted 
that with its present mature and favorable standing. He alluded to 
the satisfaction it must afford its founders, some of whom were now 
present, and the members generally, that in their day the flourishing con- 
dition of the Society is such as to permit the erecting an edifice for the 
encouragement and promotion of a science which stands preeminently 
among the most popular and refined studies of mankind. 

He next referred to the patronage of the community, which had in- 
creased to an extent beyond the most sanguine expectations of the Society ; 
to the influence of its efforts in creating and disseminating a desire for 
horticultural pursuits and rural life ; to the improved character and unex- 
ampled increase of fruits and flowers since its organization ; to the uni- 
versal taste for gardening and ornamental cultivation inspired by the 
example of its members ; and to the active emulation excited by its public 



56 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

exhibitions and premiums. He alluded in a happy manner to the site of 
its new building, as being memorable, for more than a century, in the 
cause of education ; from whence had gone forth to bless the world, some 
of the most distinguished scholars of the age and brightest ornaments of 
society ; and that now to those halls of learning was to succeed a temple 
devoted to a science which has been honored by the great and good, from 
Solomon to Washington ; aad in our own time, by Knight and Van Mons, 
Buel and Lowell ; and concluded by referring to the act of the Society 
of establishing and consecrating the Mount Auburn Cemetery, — that 
hallowed resting place for the dead, — that " Garden of Graves" ; and he 
doubted not that this measure would redound to the credit of the Society, 
while this corner stone shall endure, and that it would be duly appreciated 
and held in grateful remembrance, when we and the members of this in- 
stitution are quietly reposing in its " Field of Peace," or sleeping beneath 
the sods of the valley. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL EXHIBITION 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 

On the 18th, 19th, 20th, and 21st of September 1844. 

On no former occasion had we so fine a display of fruit. Every table 
and stand that could be placed within the hall, without interfering with the 
space necessary for the accommodation of the visiters, was full to over- 
flowing ; indeed, much fine fruit sent for exhibition could not be placed on 
our tables the first day ; but, by the kindness of some of our friends, and 
the spirit of accommodation and self-denial which seemed to pervade all 
the contributors, specimens of nearly all of the varieties sent were exhibited, 
although a very large quantity of fine fruit still remained stored away. 
Another year, (when we shall occupy our new hall,). our accommodations 
will be on a larger scale. But we greatly mistake the signs of the times, 
if the contributions of future years will not increase to an extent far beyond 
our contemplated new arrangements. 

On Saturday, the 14th instant, in the presence of many of the citizens of 
Boston, the corner stone of the Massachusetts Horticultural Hall was laid 
by the President, M. P. Wilder, Esq., attended by the members of the So- 
ciety. The address on the occasion, by Col. Wilder, was just such an one 
as we should have expected from him; it w^as not only a history of the 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 57 

past transactions of the Society, but a vivid picture of the future, — ^just 
such a picture as a heart filled with the love of nature and the cultivation 
of the soil would portray, — pointing us to the blessings which unborn gen- 
erations will receive from our exertions, and to that peaceful " Mount Au- 
burn," which, be it forever remembered, was founded by this Society, as 
the place of repose, when we, and future generations shall have been, one 
after another, called away from our labors and are at rest. 

We trust we shall be pardoned for the digression respecting our new 
Hall, and will only add, that it gives us pleasure to state that the exhibi- 
tion was well attended, and that the public mind is alive to the interest of 
horticultural pursuits. 

We shall now proceed to give our report of fruits, flowers and veg- 
etables : — 

FRUITS. 

The specimens of fruits presented were not only numerous, but many of 
them very superior, — superior when compared with our best specimens of 
former years, and probably as fine as may be produced for some years to 
come. The number of new varieties was considerable, but as the leading 
cultivators have imported all the varieties of pears of any note in Europe, 
we shall not, for the future, look so much for nem varieties as for fine spec- 
imens of all the best sorts now under cultivation. 

The cultivators of pears were all on tiptoe to see and learn something of 
the "lion of the day," the ''Van Mons Leon le Clerc" pear. We are 
right glad to be able to state, that the President of the Society, M. P. 
Wilder, Esq., presented a specimen of this new variety, and that, by his 
politeness, the committee were permitted to cut up and taste his only spec- 
imen, which was in size first rate ; form, obtuse pyriform ; color, dark 
green ; skin, very thin 5 flesh, very tender ; juice, cool, rich and high fla- 
vored. But notwithstanding we say all this, it must be remembered that 
the specimen was wormy and prematurely ripe, — its time of ripening in 
Europe being November and December. 

In addition to the above, Mr. Wilder presented one hundred and two va- 
rieties of Pears, with several sorts of Apples and Plums. In this collec- 
tion we noticed beautiful specimens of the Columbian, Urbaniste, Duchesse 
d'Angouleme, Beurre Ranee, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Easter Beurre, Ha- 
con's Incomparable, Long Green, Beurre Diel, and Fondante d'Automne 
Pears. The specimens of the last named and the Comprette, we consider 
as of high flavor, and among the very best of pears. The collection of 
Mr. Wilder received the Society's first premium for the greatest number of 
kinds and the best grown. 

In the collection of the Hon. Elijah Vose, Ex-President of the Society, 
we noticed some very splendid Apples ; indeed, his collection of Apples 
8 



58 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



was beautiful. His dish of Hawthornden received the Society's premium 
as the best dish of Apples in the Hall, and the collection also received the 
Society's second premium for the greatest number of kinds and the best 
grown. 

Hon. B. V. French, of Braintree, Vice President of the Society, pre- 
sented ninety varieties of Apples, upwards of forty of which Were not 
shown, owing to the want of room. Enough was seen, however, by the 
Committee, to award him the first premium for the greatest number of va- 
rieties and iht best grown. IMany of the specimens in this collection were 
very fine. 

Cheever Newhall, Esq., of Dorchester, Vice President of the Society, 
exhibited some very superior specimens of Apples and Pears ; also, two 
var. of Grapes. Among the Apples we noticed the Gravenstein, Haw- 
thornden, Lady Apple, and some beautiful Crabs. 

J. P. Cushing, Esq., by Mr. David Haggerston, some very fine Grapes, 
and also a basket of splendid fruit, for which the Committee awarded to 
Mr. Haggerston the Society's first premium. The Seckel Pears were the 
largest we ever saw. 

J. S. Cabot, Esq., of Salem, presented some very fine specimens of 
Pears. His Columbian were beautiful. 

Many of the specimens of Capt. Lovitt, of Beverly, were remarkably 
large and fine. For his dish of Flemish Beauty Pears, was awarded the 
Society's premium. 

To J. F. Allen, Esq., of Salem, was awarded the Society's premium for 
the greatest number of kinds of Grapes. Mr. Allen's fruit was all fine, 
but his specimens of "Williams's Bon Chretien Pears were among the most 
beautiful specimens in the room. 

The collection from the Pomological Garden, Salem, consisted of 159 
varieties of Pears, 53 of Apples, 11 of Peaches, and 9 of Plums. Among 
these we found several new varieties, but as few were ripe, we must defer 
our opinion as to their respective merits, until they have been proved. 

"We are glad to see the sons of the lamented Manning so much engaged 
in the favorite pursuit of their father. They have our best wishes that 
their efforts may be crowned with success. Notwithstanding their soil is 
not rich or calculated to produce large specimens, yet their collection of 
Pears obtained the second prize for the greatest number of kinds and the 
best grown. 

The Committee awarded the Society's premium of five dollars, and a 
gratuity of two dollars, to the fine specimens of Black Hamburg Grapes 
presented by Mr. John Arnold, Jr., of Milton. 

To Mr. Samuel R. Johnson, of Charlestown, was awarded the premium 
of three dollars, for the best specimen of Grapes of out-door culture. 

It is due to Mr. D. Haggerston here to state, that he generously declined 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 59 

to enter into competition for the Society's premium for Grapes, or he 
would, (as he has done for many years,) have taken the first prize. 

Otis Johnson, Esq., of Lynn, made a fine display of his specimens of 
the Pear. Where all were so beautiful, we must decline to particularize, 
as we should be pleased to do, and shall proceed, to details : — 

By M. P. Wilder, President of the Society : Fears. — Van Mons Leon le 
Clerc, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Long Green, Franc Real d'Hiver, La Fortu- 
nee. Ah Mon Dieu, Cabot, Green Sugar, Ambrette, Thompson, Alpha, Bel- 
mont, Queen Caroline, Beurre d'Amalis, Comprette, Easter Bergamot, Green 
Catherine, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Wilkinson, Marie Louise, Dix, Na- 
poleon, Beurre d'Angleterre, Beurre Ranee, Heathcote, Pope's Quaker, 
Fondante d'Automne, Monsieur le Cure, Famenga, (?) Belle et Bonne, 
Bufiam, TJrbaniste, Beurre Diel, Ananas of Manning, do. of the French, 
Beurre d'Aremberg, Bon Chretien Fondante, Fulton, Golden Beurre of 
Bilboa, Glout Morceau, Prince's St. Germain, Columbian, Doyenne Blanc, 
Cumberland, Capiaumont, Uvedale's St. Germain, Bezi Vaet, Williams's 
Bon Chretien, De Tonneau, Beurre Bronze, Doyenne Dore, Hacon's In- 
comparable, Paquency, Beurre Gris, Brown Beurre, Chaumoniel, Ridelle, 
Beurre d'Hiver, Compte de Lamy, Bon Chretien d'Espagne, Crassane, 
Winter Crassane, De Swede, Green Pear of Yair, Ne plus Meuris, Autumn 
Superb, Beurre Royal, Gilogil, King Edward, Passe Colmar, Jaminette, 
Poire de Livre, Verte Longue d'Automne, St. Germain, Fondante du 
Bois, (?) Lewis, Catillac, Gushing, Black Worcester, Duchesse de Mars, 
Beurre d'Anjou, Bergamot, (?) Figue, Bon Chretien d'Hiver, SieuUe, 
Louise Bonne de Bologna, Belle de Brissac, (?) Colmar Nelis, Angelique 
de Rome, Belle Angevine, Seckel, Rouse Lench, Cuvelier, Striped St. Ger- 
main, Petit Rousselet, and 7 unnamed sorts. Plums. — Coe's Golden Drop, 
Corse's Admiral, St. Catherine, Blue Imperatrice, and a var. unknown. 
Apples. — Minister, Porter, Gravenstein, Fall Harvey, and a var. unknown. 

From Elijah Vose, Dorchester: Apples. — Gravenstein, Hawthornden, 
Boxford, Old Nonesuch, Lady Haley's Nonesuch, Hubbardston Nonesuch, 
King of the Pippins, Ortley Pippin, Pickman's Pippin, Ribston Pippin, 
Beilflower, Marigold, Gilliflower, Baldwin, St. Lawrence, Rhode Island 
Greening, Spitzemberg, Roxbury Russet, Autumn Harvey, Old Pearmain, 
Summer Pearmain, Wales, Spice, Williams's Favorite, Howe's Seedling 
Sweeting, Corlie's Sweeting, Mackay's Sweeting, Pumpkin Sweeting, Dan- 
vers Winter Sweeting, Tolman's Sweeting. Fears. — Napoleon, Flemish 
Beauty, Bufiam, Fulton, Pope's Quaker. 

From B. V. French, Braintree : Apples. — Flushing Seek-no-further, 
Black Apple, (of Coxe,) Wine, Fameuse, Canada du Reinette, .Baltimore, 
Fall Sops of Wine, Conway, Red Calville, Pearmain, Gloria Mundi, Sweet- 
ing, Spice, Lyscom, Rock, Ribston Pippin, Pomme d'Api, Long Nonesuch, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Burrasse, Gilliflower, Yellow Newton Pippin, Seaver Winter Sweet, Garden 
Striped, Danvers Winter Sweet, Newark King, Porter, Beauty of Kent, 
Garden Royal, Hawthornden, Sweeting, Hingham Seek-no-further, French's 
Sweet, Pomme Gris, Male Carle, Baldwin, Sugar Sweet, Greening, Dutch 
Codlin, True Nonesuch, Long Russet, Yellow Bellflower,"" 11 varieties, 
names unknown. The above were on the tables, and about 40 sorts not on 
the tables, for want of room. 

From Cheever Newhall, Dorchester : Apples. — Spitzemberg, Tolman's 
Sweet, Hightop Sweet, Golden Russet, Rhode Island Greening, Ribston 
Pippin, Williams's Early, Gravenstein, Jersey Pippin, Lady, Maryland 
Pippin, Chataignier, Minister, Snow, Crabs, 5 var., Hawthornden, Fall 
Pippin, Marigold. Pears. — Roi de Wurtemberg, Harrison's Fall Baking, 
Urbaniste, Orange, Beurre d'Amalis, Naumkeag, Beurre Blanc, Warden, 
Belle et Bonne, Beurre Ranee, Angleterre, Heathcote, Chaumontel," Beurre 
d'Aremberg, Catillac, and Cumberland. Grapes. — Isabella, Catawba. 

From J. P. Cushing, Watertown: Grapes. — Black Hamburg, Muscat of 
Alexandria, White Sweetwater, White Frontignan, Syrian, Poonah, Saint 
Peters. .Peaches. — Noblesse, Bellegarde, Mountain of Snow, New York 
Mignonne, Pears. — Brown Beurre, Seckel, Flemish Beauty. 

From J. S. Cabot, Salem : Pears. — Urbaniste, Columbian, Fulton, Cap- 
sheaf, Princess of Orange, Alpha, Smith's Pennsylvania, Surpasse Virga- 
lieu, Long Green, Marie Louise novo. Brown Beurre, Surpasse St. Ger- 
main, La Fortunee, Jalousie, Chaumontel, Henri Quatre, Mons. le Cure, 
Bon Chretien Fondante, Winter Nelis, Capiaumont, Louise Bonne de Jersey, 
Wilkinson, Seckel, Gendeseim, Wilbur, Green Pear of Yair, Van Assine, 
St. Ghislain, Flemish Beauty, Washington, Hericart, Hanna's, Brande's 
St. Germain, Bezi de la Motte, Thompson, Easter Beurre, Figue Extra, 
(Van Mons,) Williams's Bon Chretien, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Surpasse 
Marie Louise, Belle Lucrative, and Cabot's Seedling. 

From Josiah Lovitt, 2d, Beverly: Pears. — Flemish Beauty, King Ed- 
ward, Williams's Bon Chretien, Hessel, Bezi de la Motte, Seckel, Beurre 
Capiaumont, Easter Beurre, Bal Armuda, Wurmskale, (new,) Winter 
Nelis, Washington, Verte Longue" Marie Louise, Harvard, Petre. Pluiiis. — 
Coe's Colden Drop, Long Blue, Goliah, Reine Claude Violette. Apples. — 
Gravenstein, Minister, Dutch Codlin. 

From the Pomological Garden, Salem : Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, 
Beurre d'Amalis, Belle et Bonne, Dix, Brown Beurre, Alpha, Hawthorne's 
Seedling, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Long Green, (of Coxe,) Pope's Russet, 
Citron of Bohemia, Rousselet de Rheims, Hanna's, Frederick of Wurtem- 
berg, Cabot; Fulton, Bergamotte Sylvange, Doyenne Mons, Belmont, Louis 
of Bologna, Figue Extra, Angers, Sovereign du Princein, (?) Sousreine, 
Excellentissima, (?) Beauty of Winter, Beurre Witzcomb, Downion, Las 
Canas, Hampden's Bergamot, Bergamotte d'Automne, Jalousie, Easter 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. ' 61 i 

Beurre, Capiaumont, Turkish Bon Chretien, Pailleau, Mabille, Beurre 
d'Aremberg, Meuris d'Hiver, Surpasse Marie Louise, Wilkinson, Pennsyl- 
vania, Glout Moreeau, Beurre Bronzee, Napoleon, Kousselet de Meester, 
Colmar Epine, Henry IV, Andrews, Paradise d'Automne, Long Green of 
Duhamel, Chelmsford, Black Pear of Worcester, Surpasse Maurice, Hays, 
Green Pear of Yair, Whitfield, Steven's Genesee, Reine des Poires, Doyenne 
Nouvelle Boussock, Bezi d'Heri, Duchesse de Mars, Boucquia, Thompson's, 
Bouse Lench, Charles of Bologna, Bon Chretien Fondante, Beurre Beau- 
mont, Bezi de la Motte, Duchesse d' Angouleme, Ronville, Huguenot, Marie 
Louise, Form Urbaniste, Gushing, Quilletette, Emerald, Hericart, Beurre 
Diel, Bergamotte de Parthenay, French Iron, Bleeker's Meadow, Washing- 
ton, Flemish Beauty, Tucker's Seedling, Horticulture, Phillips, Michaux, 
Pitford, Styrian, La Fortunee, Mons. le Cure, Bonne Louise, Jalousie de 
Fontenay Vendee, Cuvelier, Shenk's, Winter Nelis, Croft Castle, Muscadine, 
Yutte, Prince's St. Germain, Duquesne, Passe Colmar, Seckel, Urbaniste, 
Capsheaf, Pound, Surpasse Virgoulouse, Beurre Bosc, Hacon's Incompar- 
able, King Edward, Caen du France, Sieulle, Chaumontel, Johonnot, 
Charles of Austria, Beurre Delbecq, Foster's St. Michael, Princess of 
Orange, Compte de Lamy, Althorp Crassane, Chat Grille, St. Michael, 
Clara, Grey Doyenne, Moccas, Bonne Louise Royal, Beurre Beauchamps, 
Commodore, Locke's, Beurre Van Mons, Ambrosia, Josephine, Seedling, 
Dundas, Alexander of Russia, Belle Lucrative, Bezi de Montigny, Pater- 
noster, Dumortier, Queen of the Low Countries, Catillac, Enfant Prodi ge, 
Harvard, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, St. Ghislain, Heathcote, Summer 
Thorn, Lewis, Buffam, Nos. 1590, 177, 51, 858, 1406, 108, 1028, 707, 432, 
of Van Mons. Apples. — Porter, Murphy, Snow Apple, Pear Tree Lot, 
Canada du Reinette, Pennock's, Minister, Ortley Pippin, Pound, Black 
Apple, Grey French Reinette, Fall Harvey, Winter Pearmain, Pigeonnet, 
Green Sweet, Kilham Hill, Tewksbury Blush, Rawle's Janet, Smokehouse, 
JEsopus Spitzemberg, Cambusnethan, Rose of Sharon, Sam Young, Mon- 
strous Pippin, Yellow Bellfiower, Gravenstein, Boxford, Triangle, Lyscom, 
Rambour d'Ete, Seek-no-further, Longueville's Kernel, Ribston's Pippin, 
Hoary Morning, King of the Pippins, Ice Apple, Kirk's Lord Nelson, 
Ananas, Downton Pippin. Winesap, Catshead, Cornish Aromatic, Cass or 
Coss, Enfield Pearmain, Dyer, Lovitt Sweet, Dutch Codlin, Pownal Spitzem- 
berg, Golden Sweet, Reddick, Black Coal, Mank's Codlin, Haskell Sweet. 
Plums, — Nota Bena, Brugn Gage, Coe's Golden Drop, Rogers's, St. Cath- 
erine, Dominie Dull, Blue Iraperatrice, Wilkinson, Purple Gage. Peaches. — 
Hastings's Rareripe, Jacques, Bonaparte, Yellow Rareripe, Robinson Cru- 
soe, Crawford's Early, Yellow Alberge, Nivette, Columbia, Clinton, Seed- 
ling. 

From John Arnold, Jr., Milton : Grapes. — Black Hamburg. 

From Otis Johnson, Lynn : Pears. — Passe Colmar, Louise Bonne de Jer 



62 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

sey, Calebasse, Jalousie, Washington, Uvedale's St. Germain, Belle et 
Bonne, Roi de Wurtemberg, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Princesse d'Orange, 
Williams's Bon Chretien, Rousselet de Rheims, St. Ghislain, Harvard, 
Easter Beurre, Dix, White Doyenne, Gilogil, Glout Morceau, Catillac, 
Mons. le Cure, Pope's Quaker, and two var. unknown. 

From J. W. Sever, Dorchester : Pears. — Monsieur le Cure, Rousselet de 
Rheims, Fondante d'Automne, Williams's Bon Chretien. Plums. — White 
Magnum Bonum. Seedling Peaches. 

From F. W. Macondry, Dorchester: Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, 
Poire d'Hiver, Seedling, Washington, Capsheaf, Passe Colmar, Queen of 
the Low Countries, Fall Sugar. Apples. — Dutch Codlin, Spice, Baldwin, 
Reinette, Gravenstein, Ribston Pippin, Golden Sweet, Gardner's Sweet, and 
other varieties without name. 

From Madam Bigelow, Medford : Apples. — Rambour Franc, Monstrous 
Pippin, Russet Sweeting. Pears. — Bon Chretien, (?) Dore, (?) Mandrakes. 
Peaches. — Heath. 

From Madam Howard, Brookline, by James Nugent : Pears. — Duchesse 
d'Angouleme, Williams's Bon Chretien, St. Germain, St. Michael, Beurre 
Diel, Pound, and a Pear unknown. Grapes. — White Sweetwater, open 
culture. Plums. — Blue Imperatrice. 

From J. S. Sleeper, Roxbury : Peaches. — Fine. 

From S. Phipps, Dorchester : Pears. — Easter Bergamot, Dix, Glout Mor- 
ceau, Easter Beurre, Urbaniste, Autumn Superb, Prince's St. Germain, 
Marie Louise, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Columbian, Beurre Spence, (?) 
Heathcote, St. Germain, Napoleon, Virgalieu. 

From John Rowland, New Bedford : Grapes. — Sweetwater, and Black 
Hamburg. Peaches. — President, Yellow Rareripe, and Old Newington. 

From Joseph Balch, Roxbury : Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, Rous- 
selet de Rheims, Summer Thorn, Williams's Seedling, Doyenne Gris. 

From L. P. Grosvenor : Apples. — Roxbury Russet, Summer Pearmain, 
Dan vers Winter Sweet, Fall Pippin, Hubbardston Nonesuch, Baldwin, 
Nonesuch, Rhode Island Greening, Spitzemberg, Clara, Porter, Hull's 
Sweeting, Black Squash, Quince, Gilliflower, Chandler, Tolman's Sweet- 
ing, Golden Russet, Yellow Stripe, Harvey, Lewis's Favorite, Ebene- 
zer, and Coat. Pears. — St. Michael, Seckel, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Ur- 
baniste, Autumn Superb, Easter Beurre, Bonne Louise, Heathcote, St. 
Germain, Hunt's, St. Ghislain, Hardenpont, Passe Colmar, Napoleon, Bon 
Chretien, Beurre Diel, Wilkinson, Belle Lucrative, Johonnot. 

From Hazen Haseltine, Haverhill : Grapes. — Black Hamburg, Zinfindal, 
Constantia, Frontignan, Sweetwater. 

From J. F. Allen, Salem : Pears. — Louise Bonne de Jersey, Long Green 
of Autumn, Seckel, Passe Colmar, Napoleon, St. Michael, Williams's Bon 
Chretien, Glout Morceau, Gansel's Bergamot, Beurre Capiaumont, Marie 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 63 

Louise, Ronville, Cabot. Grapes. — Black Hamburg, Black Prince, Zinfindal, 
Esperione, Muscat of Alexandria, Chasselas de Fontainebleau, Chasselas 
de Bar Sur Aube. Jacques's Rareripe Peach. 

From George Newhall, Dorchester : Fears. — Beurre Bosc, Urbaniste, 
Dix, Cumberland, Fulton, Seckel, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Gansel's Ber- 
gamot, Williams's Bon Chretien, St. Ghislain. Apples. — JEsopus Spitzem- 
berg, Gravenstein, Ribston Pippin. 

From Professor Farrar, Cambridge : Apples. — 3 kinds, Porter, Long 
Red, and Green Sweet. 

From E. Edes Bradshaw, Charlestown : Sweetwater Grapes. Williams's 
Bon Chretien Pears. Seedling Peach. 

From E. Wight, Dedham: Pears. — Napoleon, Long Green, Gushing, 
Passe Colmar, Easter Beurre. Plums. — Coe's Golden Drop. 

From Dr. J. Burnett, Southboro' : Lyscom Apples. 

From Wm. Stearns, Salem : Pears. — Seckel, Brown Beurre, Chaumontel, 
St. Michael, Piatt's Bergamot, Broca's do., Duchesse d' Angouleme, Winter 
Nelis, Summer Thorn, Napoleon, Long Green, Virgalieu, Surpasse Virga- 
lieu, Rousselet de Rheims, Wilkinson, Endicott. 

From Messrs. Winship, Brighton : Pears. — Gushing, Andrews, Cumber- 
land, Belle Lucrative, Glout Morceau, Easter Beurre, Passe Colmar, Poire 
d'Ananas, Bleeker's Meadow, St. Ghislain, Brown Beurre, Winter Nelis, 
Beurre Ranee, Doyenne Blanc, Pound, Fulton, Marquise, Beurre Capiau- 
mont, Seckel, Duchesse d' Angouleme, Beurre d'Aremberg, Surpasse St. 
Germain, Napoleon, Massachusetts, Golden Beurre, Moor Fowl Egg, Rush- 
more's Bon Chretien, Bezi Vaet, Sylvange, Rouse Lench, Kenrick, Mons. 
le Cure, Prince's St. Germain, Verte Longue Panachee, Beurre Diel, 
Beurre d'Auvernly, Wilkinson, Catillac, Beurre d'Ete, Williams's Bon 
Chretien, Imperiale a Feuilles de Chene, Beurre d'Amalis, Belle et Bonne, 
Grosse de Bruxelles, Beurre de Mons, Bergamotte Bernard, Vallee Franche, 
Crassane, Bezi de la Motte. Nectarines. — Red Roman, from a standard in 
the. open ground. 

From Aaron D. Williams, Roxbury : Pears. — Andrews, St. Michael, 
Seckel, Bon Chretien, Chelmsford. Apples. — Porter, Ramshorn, Daniel 
Wise, Doll, Nonesuch, Gilliflower, Harvey, Yellow Nonesuch, Spice, Thin- 
skin, and two var. not named. 

From Wm. Kenrick, Newton : Apples. — Ammidon's Late Pound Sweet, 
Ammidon's Fall Sweet, Danvers Winter Sweet, Orange Sweet, Sudbury 
Sweet, Garden Sweet. Pears. — Louise Bonne de Jersey, Capiaumont, Ful- 
ton, BuiFam, Duchesse d' Angouleme, Glout Morceau, Striped Swiss, Grosse 
Mouille Bouche, Urbaniste. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren, Brighton: Apples. — Baldwin, Roxbury Rus- 
set, Greening, Fall Pearmain, Blue Pearmain, Hubbardston Nonesuch, 
Ribston Pippin, Wine, New York Greening, Grand Sachem, Porter, Golden 



64 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Russet, River, Bellflower, Lancaster, Fall Bough, Danvers Winter Sweet, 
Minister, Dutch Codlin, Red and Green Stripe Sweet, or Mammoth, Pump- 
kin Sweet, Spice, Hawthornden, Fall Sopsavine, or Owen's Red, Red Si- 
berian Crab, and 4 other var. Pears. — "Williams's Bon Chretien, Duchesse 
d'Angouleme, Beurre Gris, Napoleon, Easter Beurre, St. Michael, Steven's 
Genessee, Rousselet de Rheims, Seckel, Summer Thorn, Martin Sec, Striped 
St. Germain, Bishop's Thumb, Autumn Bergamot, Buffam, Louise Bonne de 
Jersey, Pear of Austria, Beurre d'Amalis, Doyenne d'Hiver, and 4 var. un- 
known. Plums. — Simiana, Magnum Bonum. Peaches. — Late Mallacoton, 
Red and Yellow Rareripe, and a Seedling Clingstone. Quinces. — Pear, 
and Portugal. Schuylkill Grapes. 

From Samuel Pond, Cambridgeport : Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, 
Dix, Capiaumont, Belle Lucrative, Surpasse Virgalieu, Beurre Diel, Easter 
Beurre, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Heathcote, Andrews, Seckel, St. Ghislain, 
Marie Louise, Napoleon. Plums. — Coe's Golden Drop. Quinces. — Pyrus 
Japonica, or Japan Quince. 

From S. & G. Hyde, Newton: Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, An- 
drews, Tucker's Bon Chretien. Peaches. — Old Mixon, Mallacoton, Royal 
Kensington. Heath. Apples. — Newton Pippin, Pa^ony Apple, Detroit. 
French Nonpareil, Bough Harvest, Shop Apple, Ribslon Pippin, Roxbury 
Russet, Blue Pearmain, Gardner's Sweet, Long Nonesuch, York Russet, 
Rhode Island Greening, Belltlower, Spice, Baldwin, Hubbardston Nonesuch, 
Hightop Sweet, Spitzemberg, Williams's Favorite, Gravenstein, Andover 
Harvest, Yellow Apple, Seek-no-further, Porter, Fall Sopsavine, Striped 
Sweet, French, Dutch Codlin, Gillifiower, July flower. 

From Wm. Meller, Roxbury : Peaches. — 2 var., 3 dishes. Pears. — Var. 
2 dishes. 

By John Gordon, Brighton : Apples. — Unnamed, from Mr. Fagan. Porter. 
Pears. — Duchesse d'Angouleme, Napoleon, Williams's Bon Chretien, 
Moor Fowl Egg. Peaches. — 2 var. Grapes. — Isabella. 

From S. H. Colton, Worcester : Plums, variety not named. Pears.-. — 
St. Ghislain, Napoleon, Beurre d'Aremberg, Bon Chretien Fondante, Marie 
Louise, Seckel, Buffam, Belle Lucrative, Capiaumont, Flemish Beauty. 
Apples. — Pomme Royal, Golden Russet, of Worcester County, Peck's 
Pleasant, Pomme Water, Lyscom, Danvers Winter Sweet, Blue Pearmain, 
Nonesuch, Tefft's Sweeting, Tolman's Sweeting, Wine Sap, Honey Green- 
ing, Porter, Baldwin. 

From Wm. R. Prince, Flushing : Pears. — Comstock's Seedling, native 
of Washington County, N. Y., Rip Van Winkle, native of Orange County. 
Warren Grape, native of Georgia. Pawpaw, or Custard Apple. 

From Henry Vandine, Cambridgeport : Apples. — Gravenstein, Porter. 
Pears. — New Long Rosewater, Hardenpont, Seckel, Marie Louise, Turkish 
Bon Chretien, St. Michael, Spanish Bon Chretien, Duchesse d'Angouleme, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 65 

Prince's St. Germain, (No. IS,) Beurre d'Aremberg, Passe Colmar, (No. 
16,) Sucree de Hoyerswerda, (Nos. 18 and 19). Plums. — Coe's Golden 
Prop, White Gage, Large Yellow Gage, Duane's Purple, Blue Imperatrice, 
Smith's Orleans, Cloth of Gold, Italian Prune, Magnum Bonum, Nectarine, 
Seedling. 

From John Owen, Cambridge : Apples. — Porter, Blue Pearmain, Bald- 
win, Greening, Large Red. Pears. — Frederick of Wurtemberg, Bergamot, 
Baking. Peaches. — Lemon Rareripe, Red and Yellow Rareripe. Plums. — 
Green Gage. Grapes. — Isabella, Native Purple, Small Sweetwater. 

From Thos. Morey, Hingham : Apples. — York Russet. (?) 

From J. Macomber, Roxbury : Apples. — Pumpkin Sweet, and Porter. 

By S. Walker, from a Member of the Society : Rousselet de Rheims 
Pears. 

From George Walsh, Charlestown : Plums. — Green Gage, White Gage- 
Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, from grafts put in, in May, 1843, 
Golden Beurre of Bilboa. Apples. — 8 varieties. Grapes. — Red Hamburg, 
White Sweetwater, (open culture,) Gourds, and Isabella. 

From R. M. Copeland, Boston : Grapes. — Sweetwater. 

From James Peabody, Georgetown : Apples. — Gravenstein- 

From Kendall Bailey, Charlestown : 9 clusters White Sweetwater 
Grapes, (open culture). 

From John Rice, Portsmouth, N. H., by Major Henry Sheafe : Boa 
Chretien Pears. 

From Richard Ward, Roxbury : Pears. — Musk, Seckel, Williams's Bon 
Chretien, Andrews, and Cushing. 

From Mrs. S. W. Holbrook, Brighton: Crab Apples. 

From Wm. G. Lewis, Roxbury : Seedling Peaches. 

From Peter Corbett, Milford : Mammoth Peaches. 

From Dr. S. A. Shurtleff, Brookline : Apples. — Blue Pearmain, and 
Monstrous Pippin. 

From Joseph Prince, Jr., Hanover, N, H. : several specimens of Apples. 

From Wm. H. Smith, Brighton : Seedling Peaches. 

From Abraham Bartlett, Quincy : Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien- 
Quince. — Orange. 

From S. D. Hayden, Braintree : Apples. — Blue Pearmain, and Squash. 

From J. W. Boutelle, Fitchburg : Native Grapes, Seedling do. 

From J. C. Frothingham, Charlestown : Apples for a name. 

From J. T. Buckingham, Boston : Alexander Apples, fine, from dwarf tree. 

From Gilbert A. Smith, South Hadley : Cheeseboro' Russet, a large Ap- 
ple, measuring 13 inches in circumference, and weighing over 1 lb. 

From S. W. Cole, Boston: Peaches, from Walpole, (Allen Peach,) has 
loeen raised 40 years from seed, producing the like. 

From David Fosdick, Groton : Apples. — Porter, two specimens, fine. 
9 



66 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



From Haskell Dutch, Chelsea : Seedling Peaches, of high flavor. 

From F. A. Todd, Mount Pleasant, Roxbury : Apples.— Yd.v. Cole Black. 

From Wm. E. Carter, Botanical Garden, Cambridge: Williams's Bon 
Chretien Pears. 

From E. F. Dixie, Worcester: Seedling Peaches. 

From John Washburn, Plymouth : Fears. — Madotte, Pitt's Prolific, 
Easter Beurre, Flemish Beauty. Quinces. — Orange. Apples. — Greening. 

From Geo. P. Fowler, Plymouth: Pears. — Bergamotte de la Pentecote, 
Charles d'Autriche. 

From James Kelt, Weston : 2 var. Peaches, Rareripes. 

From A. H. Potter, Botanic Garden, Cranston, R. I. : Chinese Sam, (?) 
and Capsheaf Pears. 

From Philip P. Spaulding, Chelmsford: Fine Seedling Apples, good size, 
yellowish green, of an agreeable acid ; also, specimens of another Seed- 
ling, of character somewhat similar, color green. 

From J. B. Brockway, Chelsea : Quinces, very large and fine. 

From Samuel Walker, Roxbury: Fears. — Duchesse d'Angouleme, Wil- 
liams's Bon Chretien, Andrews, Mons. le Cure, Princess of Orange, Ma- 
dotte, Verte Longue d'Automne, Figae, Fondante d'Automne, Fondante 
Van Mons, Columbia, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Beurre d'Aremberg, 
Williams's Seedling, Thompson's, St. Michael, Johonnot, Seckel, Belle et 
Bonne, Beurre Diel. Apples. — Benoni, Gravenstein. 

FLOWERS. 

In consequence of the great variety and quantity of fruit sent in for ex- 
hibition, it was found necessary to confine the flowers to a much smaller 
space than has been customary, on similar occasions. The extreme 
drought which had prevailed for some time previous to the exhibition, was 
unfavorable for the perfection of many flowers, which are usually shown 
at this season of the year ; but notwithstanding the disadvantages which 
cultivators labored under, we were happy to witness a rich display 
of Dahlias, Asters, and Roses. The premiums offered by the Society for 
ornamental designs, had the desired efi'ect in bringing forward a few spec- 
imens, which were perhaps as good as could be expected, for the first efforts, 
considering the small encouragement held out by the Society in these pre- 
miums. The designs exhibited by Mr. Wm. Kenrick, of Newton, and 
executed by Miss Russell, had they been arranged in the hall as it was 
originally intended they should have been, would have appeared to much 
greater advantage. In consequence of their having been brought in at a 
late hour, the different parts of the design were, through necessity, sep- 
arated. They consisted of a spread eagle, and a star composed of Asters, 
and a large vase, covered with moss and evergreen, and filled with flowers. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



67 



Mr. John A. Kenrick exhibited a spread eagle, composed of Asters, ex- 
cepting the beak and legs, which were finely executed in wood ; it held in 
its beak a string of mountain ash berries, and stood upon a pedestal of 
Clematis virginiana flowers. Mr. Kenrick also exhibited a basket of 
flowers. 

From Samuel A. Walker, Brookline: a star and pyramid of Asters, 
wreath and large bouquet of Dahlias, with a border of Amaranth 
flowers. 

Mr. J. L. L. F. Warren exhibited a pyramid of Asters, in imitation of 
Bunker Hill Monument, a pyramid of Pansies and evergreen, and a large 
bouquet of Dahlias, which, on account of their being confined to a backing 
of moss, retained their freshness during the exhibition. 

Mr. James Nugent exhibited a large oval bouquet of Dahlias, with a 
border of Asters. 

From Thomas Wade, Roxbury : a very neat design of Bunker Hill 
Monument, covered with various sorts of moss. 

From W. E. Carter: 4 fine Bouquets, composed of a great variety of 
flowers, tastefully arranged. 

The wreathing, by Mr. Haggerston, was executed in his usual good 
taste, which, with the pots of greenhouse plants, and the designs noticed, 
and evergreens, comprised all the prominent decorations of the room. 

M. P. Wilder, Esq., President of the Society, filled three stands with 
superb Dahlias, many of them new and very fine. A new class of this 
favorite flower has appeared within the few last years, which has received 
a large accession the present season, through the unceasing efibrts of the 
President, in importing every new variety as soon as it is known in Eng- 
land. These are the variegated and tipped sorts, which will be eagerly 
sought after for showy border flowers, as they greatly excel the self-colored 
varieties in their appearance in the garden. In this class, we noticed on 
his stands the following varieties, viz : La Lione, white and light scarlet, 
beautifully striped ; Nihil, dark scarlet, with every petal tipped with pure 
white ; Madame de Schaunenfield, purple, tipped with white, very fine ; 
Alba purpurea, white, striped with bright purple ; Flambeau, scarlet, 
tipped with white, very brilliant ; Oakley's Surprise, purple, tipped with 
white, fine flower ; Miller's Charles XII, plum color, tipped with white, 
and other var. In the class of self-colored and shaded, w^ere Lady St. 
Maur, white, shaded with purple, finely cupped, and most perfect shaped ; 
Bragg'.? Antagonist, pure white, cupped, — the very best white ; Dodd's 
Prince of Wales, lemon color, very perfect; Essex Triumph, very dark 
maroon ; Caleb Cope, fine rose ; Mrs. Shelly, dark rose, shaded with lilac ; 
Hero of Stonehenge, dark mulberry, very fine ; Beauty of Sussex, delicate 
pink, deeply edged with cherry color ; Fleur de Gand, clear lilac, very 
fine ; Lady Ann Murray, and other fine sorts. Mr. Wilder also exhibited 



68 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Fuchsia exoniensis, meteor and Frostii. Achimenes rosea and longiflora, 
in pots, — fine plants. 

From Josiah Stickney: a great variety of Dahlias, of most beautiful 
sorts; also, German Asters. The best Dahlias' were Essex Triumph, 
Dodd's Prince of Wales, Argo, Catleugh's Eclipse, Eva, Pickwick, Andrew 
Hofer, Unique, Sir F. Johnson, Miranda, Oakley's Surprise, Ne plus Ultra. 

From H. AV. Dutton, a fine display of Dahlias, viz : Henry Clay, Oak- 
ley's Surprise, Dodd's Prince of Wales, Burnham Hero, Bridesmaid, 
Charles XH, Constantia, Andrew Ho-fer, Pickwick, Widnall's Queen, Hud- 
son's Prince Royal, &c. 

From Joseph Breck & Co. : 25 var. Verbenas, Zinnias, Centaureas, 
Elichrysums, Asters, and other cut flowers. Also, numerous var. of Dah- 
lias ; some of the finest were Lady St. Maur, Hodge's Competitor, dark 
shaded blood color, Bragg's Antagonist, Miller's Charles Xll, -Oakley's 
Surprise, Caleb Cope, Brown's Delight, cream veined, and tipped with pur- 
ple, Henry Clay, Marshal Soult, Miranda, Nihil, Rouge et Noir, Wash- 
ington Irving, Troubadour, white, with red centre, Bianca, cupped w^hite, 
Widnall's Queen. 

From Parker Barnes, a great variety of fine Dahlias, viz : Pickwick, 
Great Western, light lilac, Caleb Cope, Prince of Wales, Sufiblk Hero, 
Thomas C. Percival, large crimson, Henry Clay, Bridesmaid, white, tipped 
with purple, Bedford Surprise, Mrs. Hibbert, rosy pink. Lady Washington, 
&c. 

From Samuel Sweetser : Amaryllis belladonna, Ericas, Rochea, and 
other plants, in pots. Also, Cut Flowers, Bouquets, and a great var. of 
Dahlias. 

From John Gordon, Brighton : German Asters, and 3 Bouquets. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren : Asters, Pansies, and Dahlias. Also, Sta- 
pelia, and 4 Cactuses, in pots. 

From Edward Allen, Jr. : beautiful Dahlias, embracing some of the 
finest varieties, and to him was awarded the highest premium. In his col- 
lection were Victor, Eclipse, Lady Antrobus, Essex Triumph, Lady St. 
Maur, Henry Clay, Antagonist, Pioughboy, Tournament, Ann Kelley, &c. 

From Messrs. Hovey : Plants. — Achimenes granditiora, longiflora, rosea, 
pedunculata, and coccinea, Oxalis Boweii. Cut Flowers. 60 var. Tea, 
Noisette, Bengal, and Bourbon Roses. 12 var. German Asters, and 30 
var. Dahlias. 

From Wm. E. Carter: Cineraria lobata, Laurus camphora, Hakea 
saligna, Acacia grandiflora, Alpinia nutans, Coffea arabica, Ardisia 
crenulata, Brunsvigia multiflora, Magnolia grandiflora, Eugenia Australis, 
Prunus lusitanica, do. Laurocerasus, Jacksonia scorparia, Cactus mammil- 
laris, Tecoma grandiflora. Petunia hybrida. Antirrhinum striatum, Sedum 
Sieboldii, Lantana Cammara, Cactus stellaris, Acrostichum alcicorne, 



" TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 69 

Guarea Lindhemerii, Mandevillia, Abutilon striatum, Eugenia malaccensis, 
and other plants. Bouquets. Dahlias, among which were Sulphurea ele- 
gans, Archduke Palatinus, Countess of Liverpool, Constantia, Admiral 
Stopford, and others. 

From John Hovey : Dahlias, Bouquets, &c. 

From Messrs. Winship : Plants. — 3 pots of Fuchsia globosa, Arundo 
striata, or striped leaf, (beautiful,) bouquet of Tea and other Roses, bou- 
quet of LagerstrcEmia indica, and one of Azalea indica alba. Dahlias, 
viz : Admiral Stopford, Pickwick, Queen of Beauties, Constantia, Brides- 
maid, Argo, other vars., and 4 Seedlings. 

From Thomas Willet, East Cambridge: 2 plants of Lechenaultia for- 
mosa, — beautiful. 

From R. M. Copeland : 2 plants of Begonia, 1 of Colchicum, and 1 of 
Eugenia. Also, Dahlias, viz : Widnall's Queen, Pickwick. AnselFs 
Unique, &c. 

From S. A. Walker, Brookline : 2 gigantic Princes' Feathers. Cock's- 
combs. Asters, and a great var. of Dahlias, Bouquets, &c. 

From S. R. Johnson: fine German Asters, Roses of various sorts, and 
other Cut Flowers. 

From Wm. Meller : Dahlias ; — among them many fine varieties ,• a bloom 
of Widnall's Queen was observed in his stand, as fine as any other in the 
room. Bouquets, &c. 

From Wm. R. Prince, Flushing, L. I. : 68 var. of Dahlias ; they were 
somewhat injured by the journey, but among them were some which gave 
evidence of having been fine flowers. The same gentleman exhioited fine 
double German Slocks and Asters. Also, 6 or 8 var. of superb Cock'scombs. 
We are happy to see our horticultural friends from other Societies at our 
exhibitions, and hope to receive many such visits, not only from Mr. 
Prince, but from other gentlemen who are united with us, though at a 
distance, and in other Societies, in promoting the delightful pursuit of hor- 
ticulture. It would no doubt have a very happy effect, were there a more 
common interchange of visits on such occasions, am.ong those interested 
in the cause. 

VEGETABLES. 

From M. P. Wilder : 2 very large Squashes. 

From E. M. Richards, Dedham : 2 Italian Squashes, 114 and 98 lbs. 

From John Marland, Andover : a Squash, weighing 133 lbs. ; one of 
five, averaging about the same in weight, raised from one seed. 

From John A. Kenrick, Newton : 2 fine specimens of fruit of the Egg 
Plant. 

From Josiah Lovitt, 2d : Mountain Sprout, Imperial, Rock, Im- 
proved Maryland, and Bird's Eye Watermelons. Christiana, Smyrna, 



70 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Malta, Minorca, and Pennsylvania Prize Muskmelons. Smyrna, Malaga, 
South American, Indiana, Marrow, Buffalo, Canada, and Crookneck 
Squashes. 5 heads of Broccoli. Caldwell and Snowball Potatoes, — all 
very fine. 

From Madame Howard, Woodland : Crookneck Squash^ the growth of 
1843. 

From Ichabod Macomber, Jamaica Plain : Beets. 

From F. R. Bigelow, Medford : Massachusetts Squash aod Mandrakes. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren, Brighton : 3 Crookneck Squashes, growth of 
1843. 

From John Howland, New Bedford : Purple Egg Plant. 

From Geo. Walsh, Charlestown : Gourds. 

From Wm. B. Kingsbury, Roxbury : extra specimens of Drumhead 
Cabbages. 

From Rev. Jno. 0. Choules, of Roxbury : Squashes, from seed received 
from South America. 

From Hovey &c Co. : Fruit of Egg Plant, white and purple Marrow 
Squashes. Bassano Beets. Mammoth Squash, weighing 97 lbs. Musk- 
melons. Giant Tomatoes. 

From Wm. Curtis, Newton Lower Falls : Myatt's Victoria Rhubarb. 

From John Gordon, Brighton : Melons, — 3 Minorca, 3 Water. 3 Marrow 
Squashes. 3 Cucumbers. 

From Aaron D. Weld : Blood Beets. 

From B. V. French : Wisconsin Squash, 2 Squashes weighing 73 and 
94 lbs. 

From Aaron D. Weld and Wm. Mackintosh, West Roxbury : Marrow 
Squashes. Drumhead Cabbages, (remarkably large,) and Savoys. 

For the Committee, 

SAMUEL WALKER, Chairman. 



Meeting of the Society j October 5, 1844. 

This being the meeting for the choice of Officers, Professors, and Stand- 
ing Committees, whose term of office commences on the first Saturday of 
April, 1845, and terminates on the first Saturday of January, 1846. The 
following persons were chosen : — 

President. — Blarshall P. Wilder. 

Vice Presidtnts. — Benjamin V. French, Jonathan Winship, Cheever New- 
hall, E. M. Richards. 

Treasurer. — Samuel Walker. 

Corresponding Secretary. — J. E. Teschemacher. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 71 

Recording Secretary.— Ehenezer "Wight. 

Professor of Botany and Vegetable Physiology. — John Lewis Russell. 

Professor of Entomology. — T. W. Harris. 

Professor of Horticultural Chemistry. — Samuel L. Dana. 

Standing- Committees. 

Committee on Fruits. — Samuel "Walker, chairman ; P. B. Hovey, Jr., Otis 
Johnson, Josiah Lovitt, 2d, Jonathan "Winship, David Haggerston, J. F. 
Allen, George Newhall, A. D. "Williams, F. "W. Macondry, William 
Thomas. 

Committee on Florvers. — Joseph Break, chairman ; H. W. Dutton, Samuel 
Sweetser, S. R. Johnson, Josiah Stickney, "W. E. Carter, Parker Barnes. 

Committee on Vegetables, — "W. B. Kingsbury, chairman 5 J. A. Kenrick, 
Azell Bowditch, John Hill, J. H. Billings, S. C. Mann, Josiah Newhall. 

Committee on the Library. — C. M. Hovey, chairman ; C. K. Dillaway, J. E 
Teschemacher, E. "Wight, R. M. Copeland, Francis G. Shaw. 

Committee on Synonyms of Fruits. — ^M. P. Wilder, chairman ; B. V. French, 
S. Downer, W. Kenrick. 

Executive Committee. — M. P. Wilder, chairman 5 Enoch Bartlett, A. 
Aspinwall, J. J. Low, Joseph Balch. 

Finance Committee. — Cheever Newhall, chairman; E. M. Richards, 
George Hallett. 



Meeting of the Society, November 19, 1844. 

The President presented to the Society several copies of impressions 
taken from the plate which was placed beneath the corner stone of the 
Society's Hall, in School Street. It was 

Voted, That a bound copy of the same be placed with the Society's val- 
uable papers ; — 

That a copy be presented to the Antiquarian Society, Worcester, together 
with copies of the Transactions of this Society ; — 

That a copy be presented to the Historical Society, Boston, with a copy 
of the Transactions of this Society. 

Two communications were read from Mons. "Victor Paquet, correspond- 
ing member, residing at Paris. The communications were accompanied 
by two works, by the same gentleman. 

The letter from Mr. Brookhouse, laid over from the last meeting, was 
taken up, read and passed over to the Committee whose duty it is to at- 
tend to the subject ; and it was 

Voted, That ihe sum of two hundred and fifty dollars be paid over to the 
executor of the late Robert Manning, upon restrictions and constructions 
of the report, passed at a meeting held March 4, 1843. 



72 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Meeting of the Society, January 4, 1845. 

The President laid on the table the copy of an Act in addition to an Act, 
passed February 2, 1844, by which the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
is authorized to purchase and hold real estate to the amount of fifty thou- 
sand dollars. Accepted, and ordered that the copy be placed with other 
valuable papers belonging to the Society. The following is a copy of 
the Act : — 

AN ACT IN ADDITION TO AN ACT TO INCORPORATE THE MASSACHU- 
SETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Eepresentatives, in General Court 
assembled, and by the authority of the same^ as follows : 

Sect. 1. The Massachusetts Horticultural Society are hereby authorized 
to purchase and hold real estate to the amount of fifty thousand dollars. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. [Ap- 
proved by the Governor, Feb. 5, 1844.] 



REPORTS OF THE COMMITTEES AWARDING PREMIUMS 

FOR 1844. 

FRUIT COMMITTEE. 

At a meeting of the Fruit Committee, held on Saturday, January 18th, 
1845, they awarded the following premiums for the year 1844, viz : — 

At the Annual Exhibition in September. 

Apples. — For the greatest number of kinds and the best grown, to 

B. V. French, a premium of . . . . . $6 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to Elijah Vose, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 

Fears. — For the greatest number of kinds and the best grown, to 

M. P. Wilder, a premium of . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to J. S. Cabot, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 

Grapes. — For the greatest number of kinds and the best grown, to 

J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . . . 7 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to Jno. Arnold, a premium of $5 00, and a gratuity of $2 00, 7 00 
Assorted Fruits. — For the best basket of fruit of various kinds, to 

David Haggerston, a premium of . . . . 7 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 73 

For the best dish of apples, not less than 12 specimens, to Elijah. 

Vose, a premium of . . . . . . $3 00 

For the best dish of pears, not less than 12 specimens, to 

J. Lovitt, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Exhibited during the Season. 

Apples. — For the best summer apples, to Otis Johnson, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the best fall apples, to Elijah Vose, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the best winter apples, to S. Downer, a premium of . 5 00 

Pears. — For the best summer pears, to J. S. Cabot, a premium of 5 00 
For the best fall pears, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the best winter pears, to M. P. Wilder, a premium of . 5 00 
Cherries. — For the best specimen of cherries, to Otis Johnson, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

For the second best specimen of cherries, to George Walsh, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

.Peaches under Glass. — For the best specimen of peaches grown 

under glass, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of peaches grown under glass, to 

Wm. Quant, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Peaches y out-dMor culture. — For the best specimen of peaches, to 

John Hill; a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of peaches, to J. Lovitt, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Apricots. — For the best specimen of apricots, to E. E. Bradshaw, 

a premium of . . . . , . . 4 00 

Nectarines. — For the best specimen of nectarines, to J. F. Allen, 

a premium of . . . , . . . 5 00 

Quinces. — For the best specimen of quinces, to Samuel Pond, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Plums. — For the best specimen of plums, to S. R. Johnson, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of plums, to E. E. Bradshaw, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Gooseberries. — For the best specimen of gooseberries, to J. Hovey, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best specimen of gooseberries, to A. McLellan, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Currants. — For the best specimen of currants, to A. D. Williams, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best specimen of currants, to A. D. Weld, 

a premium of , . . . . . 2 00 

10 



74 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Raspberries, — For the best specimen of raspberries, to J. F. 
Allen, a premium of . 
For the second best specimen of raspberries, to S. Pond; 
a premium of . . . . 

Strawberries. — For the best specimen of strawberries, to J. Lovitt, 
a premium of ... . . , 

For the second best specimen of strawberries, to J. F. Allen, a 
premium of . 

Watermelons. — For the best specimen of watermelons, to J, 
Lovitt, a premium of . 

Mushnelons. — For the best specimen of muskmelons, to J. 
Lovitt, a premium of . 

Grapes grown under Glass previous to July 1. — For the best spec- 
imen of grapes grown under glass previous to July 1, to J. F. 
Allen, a premium of . . . ... 

Native Grapes. — For the best specimen of native grapes, to Ken- 
dall Bailey, a premium of . 

Gratuities. 

To James Nugent, for fine display of grapes, &c., during the 

season, . , . . . . . . 5 00 

To Mrs. Manning, for fine display of pears at the Annual Exhi- 
bition, . . . . . . . . 5 00 

To Messrs. Winship, for display of fruit at Annual Exhibition, fee, 5 00 

To H. Vandine, for fine specimens of Coe's Golden Drop Plum, 

and other fruits during the season, . . . . 5 00 



$4 00 


2 00 


5 00 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


5 00 


3 00 



$178 00 
For the Committee on Fruits, 

SAMUEL WALKER, Chairman. 

Approved by the Executive Committee, Feb. 10, 1845. 

FLOWER COMMITTEE. 

The Flower Committee beg leave to submit the following report. 
They have awarded the following premiums and gratuities for the year 
1844 :— 

Geraniums. — For the best' 12 varieties, to Wm. Meller, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . $3 00 

Tulips. — For the best 30 varieties, to Samuel Walker, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

For the second best 30 varieties, to Joseph Breck 6c Co., a 

premium of . . . . . . 2 00 



- TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 75 

Pansies.— For the best 6 flowers, to Wm. Meller, a premium of $2 00 

Hawthorns. — For the best display of cut flowers, to John A. Ken- 
rick, a premium of . . . . . . 2 00 

Hardy Azaleas. — For the best display of cut flowers, to John A. 

Kenrick, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Ranunculuses. — 'For the best display of flowers, to Samuel Walker, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

3Iagnolias. — For the best display of cut flowers, to Wm. E. Car- 
ter, a premium of . . . . . , 2 00 

Pinks. — For the best 6 distinct varieties, to Samuel Walker, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Herbaceous Pcconies. — For the best 12 flowers, to Wm. E. Carter, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best 12 flowers, to Joseph Breck & Co., a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Roses.-An classes as follows : 

Class 1. — Hardy kinds. 

For the best 30 dissimilar blooms, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 5 00 
For the second best 30 dissimilar blooms, to Joseph Breck & 

Co., a premium <jf . . . .. . , 4 00 

For the third best 30 dissimilar blooms, to John A. Kenrick, a 

premium of . . . . . - . 3 00 

Class 2. — Bourbon, Chinese, <^c. 
For the best 12 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premium of , 3 00 

Carnations and Picotees. — For the best 6 varieties, to Joseph Breck 

& Co., a premium of . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best 6 varieties, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of 2 00 
Phloxes. — For the best 6 varieties, to Wm. E. Carter, a premium 

of , . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best 6 varieties, to Samuel Walker, a premium of 2 00 
Herbaceous Plants. — For the best display through the season, to 

Joseph Breck & Co., a premium of . . . . 5 00 

For the second best display through the season, to Wm. E. Car- 
ter, a premium of . . . . . . 3 00 

Indigenous Plants. — For the best display through the season, to 

Joseph Breck & Co., a premium of . . . . 3 00 

Chrysanthemums. — -For the best 12 varieties, to Joseph Breck & 

Co., a premium of . . . . . . 4 00 

For the second best 12 varieties, to Edward Allen, a premium of 3 00 

For the third best 12 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 2 00 

China Asters. — For the best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 2 00 

For the second best display, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of . 1 00 



re 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Balsams. — For the best display, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of .^2 00 

For the second best display, to Joseph Breck & Co., a premium 

of . . . . . . . . 1 00 

Dahlias. — In the following divisions and classes ; — 

DIVISION A. 

The Premier Prize. To Edward Allen, a premium of . . 4 00 

Specimen bloom, to Wm. E. Carter, a premium of . . 2 00 

DIVISION B. 

CLASS I. 

For the best 18 dissimilar blooms, to Parker Barnes, a premi- 
um of . . . . . , . . 4 00 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to Joseph Breck & Co., a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 2 50 

CLASS III. 

For the best 6 dissimilar blooms, to Edward Allen, a premium of 1 50 

DIVISION C. 

CLASS III. 

For the best 6 dissimilar blooms, to Wm. l^Ieller, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 1 50 

For the second best 6 dissimilar blooms, to H. W. Dulton, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 1 00 

Bouquets. — For the best display at the Annual Exhibition, to "Wm. 

E. Carter, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 
For the second best display at the Annual Exhibition, to James 

Nugent, a premium of . . . . . 2 00 

For the third best display at the Annual Exhibition, to J. L. L. 

F. Warren, a premium of . . , . . 1 GO 
Designs. — For the best at the Annual Exhibition, to Wm. Ken- 
rick, a premium of . . . . . . 7 00. 

For the second best at the Annual Exhibition, to John A. Ken- 
rick, a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

For the third best at the Annual Exhibition, to S. A. Walker, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 



^118 50 
Gratuities. 

To M. P. Wilder, President of the Society, for the first introduc- 
tion and successful cultivation of superb varieties of lilies, 
speciosum and laiicifolium, . . . . . S3 GO 

Also, for 8 expensive and rare varieties of tree pseonies, . 3 GO 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



77 



For 7 superb varieties of fuchsias, in pots, . 

For a splendid display of dahlias. 

For 12 pots of chrysanthemums, magnificent specimens, 
To Samuel Sweetser, for fine specimens of tender roses, in pots 
To Madam Bigelow, for specimens of a splendid double white 

flowering peach, ..... 

To Josiah Stickney, for fine successive displays of dahlias late in 

the season, . . . . 

To H. W. Button, for fine successive displays of dahlias late in 

the season, ...... 

To Edward Allen, for superb dahlias, 

To S. R. Johnson, for displays of double pomegranates and roses 
To Miss Russell, for fine displays of flowers through the season 
To Messrs. Hovey & Co., for a great variety of neat bouquets 

through the season, ..... 
To J. L. L. F. "Warren, for a great variety of neat bouquets 

through the season, ..... 
To Edward A. Story, for a fine display of flowering shrubs, &c 
To Wm. E. Carter, for fine seedling phloxes. 
To Wm. Meller, for fine seedling geraniums, 
To J. Arnold, for fine displays of China and other roses, . 
To J. E. Teschemacher, for his successful experiments with gua- 
no and charcoal on geraniums, 
To Parker Barnes, for a fine specimen of fuchsia exoniensis. 
To An Amateur, for a magnificent specimen of rochea falcata 
To Joseph Breck & Co., for display of annuals through the season 

Amount of gratuities, ...... 

Amount of premiums awarded, ..... 

Amount in the hands of the Committee to be appropriated for pre- 
miums and gratuities for camellias and greenhouse azaleas. 



13 00 
5 00 
3 00 
3 00 

3 00 

3 00 

3 00 

3 00 

3 00 

3 00 

3 00 



3 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


3 


GO 


3 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


$63 00 


118 


50 



18 50 



$200 00 



For the Committee on Flowers, 

JOSEPH BRECK, Chairman. 
Approved by the Executive Committee, Feb. 10, 1845. 



VEGETABLE COMMITTEE. 

The Committee on Vegetables, for the year 1844, report the premiums 
awarded by them as follows : — 

Asparagus — For the best and earliest, to George Walsh, a premi- 
um, of . . . . . . , . $3 00 



78 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Rhubarh. — For the largest and best 12 stalks, to J. A. Kenrick, a 

premium of . . . . . . . $3 00 

Peas. — For the earliest and best peck, to John Hill, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 4 00 

Lettuce. — For the finest 6 heads, open culture, to Josiah Lovitt, 

a premium of . . . . . , . 2 00 

Potatoes. — For the best peck of earliest; to Josiah Lovitt, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Cucumbers under Glass. — For the best pair, to A. D. Weld, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Cucumbers, open culture. — No premium awarded. 

Beans. — Large Lima, for the earliest and best, to Josiah Lovitt, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

CauUflorvers. — For the best and largest, to J. Lovitt, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

Drumhead Callages. — For the earliest and best, to "Wm. Mcintosh, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Brocoli. — For the best and largest, to Josiah Lovitt, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

Celery. — No premium awarded. 

Egg Plants. — For the finest, to John A. Kenrick, a premium of 3 00 

Tomatoes. — No premium awarded. 

Squashes. — For the best display and the largest number of 
varieties at the Annual Exhibition, to Josiah Lovitt, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the best display of vegetables at the Annual Exhibition, 
(not including squashes,) to Josiah Lovitt, a premium 

of 

For the second best display of vegetables at the Annual Exhi- 
bition, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 



GRATmTIES. 

To Mr. James Nugent, for fine cucumbers under glass, 
To Mr. James Nugent, for fine early peas, 
To Mr. Wm. B. Kingsbury, for fine drumhead cabbages. 
To Mr. Samuel Walker, for fine specimens of rhubarb, 



$12 GO 

The Committee regret that so little interest has been manifested in this 
department ; and are of opinion that the principal cause of this apparent 
want of interest, arises from the insufficiency of the amount appropriated for 



5 00 


3 00 


Ul 00 


$3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 79 

premiums ; and are confident that the only way to raise this department to 
its proper elevation, is, to give it its just proportion of the aggregate sum 
granted by the Society for premiums. 

For the Committee, 

JOHN A. KENRICK, Chairmmi, 

Approved by the Executive Committee, February 10, 1845. 



Meeting of the Societij, April 5, 1845. 
The following letter from John J. Lov/, Esq., Boston, was read : — 

To Col. M. P. Wilder, President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society : 

Deak Sir, — Feeling an interest in our excellent Institution, " The Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society," and also a desire to add to the appearance 
of our beautiful Hall, I have caused to be placed there a clock, which will 
not only be in a degree ornamental, but also serve to prompt us all to make 
the best use of the moments as they so rapidly pass away. 

Will you ask the Society's acceptance of the same, together with my 
best wishes for its prosperity . 

Very respectfully yours, 

JOHN J. LOW. 
Boston, April 5, 1845. 

The thanks of the Society were presented to John J. Low, Esq., for his 
beautiful and valuable donation of a clock. 



DEDICATION OF THE NEW HALL OF THE MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

This ceremony took place on Thursday Evening, May 15, 1845. The 
services were not only of an appropriate, religious character; but, in their 
very nature, refined and elevating. The Hall itself, in its finish and 
order, is chaste and beautiful, whilst the floral decorations of the festal oc- 
casion, arranged with admirable taste by Messrs. Haggerston, Quant, and 
McLeilan, made it glow like a garden, and took captive both the sense of 
sight and smell. 

The pot plants used for the decorations were superb specimen plants. 
The Acacias and Fuchsias, from M. P. Wilder, Esq's conservatory; the 
splendid Pelargoniums, from Mr. Quant, gardener to T. H. Perkins, Esq., 
and Mr. Haggerston, from the conservatory of J. P. Cushing, Esq. ; the 



80 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

gorgeous rose tree, (var. Madame Desprez,) literally covered with several 
hundred fine blooms, ten feet in height, was the growth of Mr. Sweetser ; the 
Ericas, Cactuses, and a variety of small plants were from Mr. Meller 5 the 
beautiful basket of flowers upon the piano forte, and the centre bouquet upon 
the wall, were put together by Miss Russell, noted for her uniform good taste 
in such matters ; the splendid bouquets to the right and left upon the wall, 
were made by Mr. Quant ; the small bouquets upon the desk, and those in 
the hands of the Queen of Flowers, and her attendant, were from Mr. 
Bowditch and Mr. Meller 5 and there were plants from several other con- 
servatories in the vicinity. 

The members of the Society generally, with their ladies, and various in- 
vited guests, filled the room. Among those upon the platform with the 
President of the Association, were the Hon, John Quincy Adams, Gov. 
Briggs, Lt. Gov. Reed, Ex-Governor Armstrong, Ex-Mayor Brimmer, 
Hon. James Arnold, Hon. Samuel Hoar, Hon. S. H. Walley, Jr., and 
several members of the Executive Council. 

The order of exercises consisted of a brief introductory, by the Pres- 
ident, M. P. Wilder, Esq. • reading from the scripture, by the Rev. Geo. 
Putnam ; and prayer, by the Rev. W. M. Rogers. Also, an original song, 
composed by Thomas Power, Esq., and a Hymn by the Rev. WilliaL.1 Cros- 
well, followed by an Address by the Hon. George Lunt, of Newburyport.* 
Mr. Maeder presided at the Piano, aided by Misses Stone and Enimons, 
and Messrs. Marshall and Aiken as vocalists. The poetical contributions, 
which were given with good eflect, were as follows : — 

FLORAS INVITATION.! By Thomas Power, Esq. 
[Written expressly for this occasion.] 

Come ! come ! I'll be a guide to thee, 

Where fragrant flowers are twining j 
Where Beauty's smile shall care beguile, 

With joyous thoughts combining, " • 

Chorus. — No longer roam, while Flora's home 

Invites to dearest pleasure 3 
But the passing hour, at her favored bower. 

In memory's dream still treasure. 

In time of Sprin/}:, when birds shall sing, 

The air soft music tehing, 
Then blossoms fair to each I'll bear, 
To deck my own loved dwelling. 
Chorus. — No longer roam, &c. 

* The Address of the Hon. George Linit will be found at the end of tins vohune. 
t The Queen of Flowers is supposed to give her invitation in the Solos ; and her Attendant 
Spirits are supposed to respond to the Invitation in the Chorus, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 81 

When roses bright, in Summer Hght, 

Their perfumed sweets are throwing, 
I'll then be seen the Floral Queen, 

My bounteous gifts bestowing. 
Chorus. — No longer roam, ifec. 

E'en Autumn gray its hand shall stay, 

When near my home delaying 5 
And this shall be my own decree, 

'Mid Nature's bloom decaying. 
Chorus,— No longer roam, &c. 

Though Winter storms, in threatening forms, 

Around my hall are ringing, 
Each genial ray, that lights the day, 

Shall grace the flowers I'm bringing. 
Chorus. — ^No longer roam, &c. 



ORIGINAL HYMN. By Rev. William Croswell. 

[Written expressly for this occasion.] 

Thou ! who hast taught us how to prize 

The truths, which Nature's fragrant maze. 
In glories of unnumbered dyes, 

To our enraptured sense conveys, — 
Be with us in this festal hour, 

And, while the clouds of incense swim 
In homage from each chaliced flower, , 

Accept, with these, our grateful hymn ! 

Amid the city's stunning din, 

Thy mute, but radiant power, we bless, 
That, through its dusty depths, pours in 

Such gleams of vernal loveliness : 
That here thy odorous blooms impart, 

Above all art or man's device, 
A spell to soothe pale Labor's heart. 

As with the airs of Paradise. 

Nor let the influence rest, till all 

The dear delights in Eden nurst. 
Recovered from their primal fall. 

Like these, shine brightly as at first : 
Till man himself, redeemed from stain. 

His heaven-taught work in Christ complete, 
And, through One Greater Man, regain 

An entrance to the blissful seat. 
11 



82 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Meeting of the Society, June 7, 1845. 

The following letter was read from Josiah Bradlee, Esq., Boston : — 
M. P. Wilder, President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society : 

Dear Sir, — I have the pleasure of sending to your care, a pair of China 
Flower Vases, which I beg you to present to the Massachusetts Horticultu- 
ral Society for their elegant new Hall. 

With great regard, your obedient servant, 

JOSIAH BRADLEE. 

Boston, June 3, 1845. 

Resolved, That in accepting the very appropriate, useful and truly elegant 
pair of Chinese Vases, presented to the Society by our esteemed mender, Jo- 
siah Bradlee, Esq., we recognize the liberal feeling and enlarged views of 
a Boston merchant, the patron of horticulture, and a generous friend ; 
therefore, — 

Voted, That the thanks of the Society be presented to Josiah Bradlee, 
Esq., for his very valuable and timely present of a rich pair of Chinese 
Vases. 

Prof. Russell reported as follows on the package of seeds received from 
Prof. Fischer, of the Botanic Garden, St. Petersburg : — 

To the President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society : 

Sir, — The package of seeds received from Prof. Fischer, accompanied 
by a note bearing date of May, 1844, I have inspected, and on it report as 
follows : — 

Seeds for the Florist. 

Tulipa altaiaca, Rosa Silverhigmii : erythrocarpa, 

Galanthus plicatus, Rosa Silverhigmii B : melanocarpa, 

Ornithogalum latifolium, Clematis gebleriana, 

Allium azureum, Delphinium speciosum, 

Frittilaria leucantha, Statice eximia, 

Hyacinthus amythestinus, Malthiola odoratissima, 

Eremurus Caucasicus, Althaea ficifolia,- 

Eremurus tauricus, Sevvatala coronata, 

Iris setosa, . 'Dipsacus azureus. 

Potentilla bifurca, 

Most of the above are already known, or else of interest, on account of 
being co-genera or co-species. 

Also, Ephedra Monostachya, a curious Siberian shrub. (Vide Loudon's 
Encyc. of Plants, No. 14,065). 



TRANSACTIONS OP THE SOCIETY. 83 

Nitrana Schoberi, a shrub growing near nitre works in Siberia, a speci- 
men of which cost Linngeus 20 years' patience and experiment to make it 
flower. (Loudon's Encyc. p. 396.) 

Several older species well known, viz : — 

Echinops Ritro L. Loudon's Encyc, 12,780 
Sophora alopecuroides, " " 5,675 

Thermopsis fabacea, " " 5,680 

Zygophyllum fabaso, " - " 5,870 

Also, a species of Rheum, (Rhubarb,) allied to Rh. tartaricum, which 
may be worth trying, for economical purposes. 

A large proportion are Composite and Umbelliferous plants, having gen- 
erally flowers of not much beauty. 

As these seeds are more than a year old, some difficulty may be experi- 
enced in vegetating them, the more especially as they have borne a foreign 
voyage. But as it is familiar to culturists, that these seeds will sometimes lie 
in the ground dormant for considerable time after planting and finally grow, 
and also that old seeds may be facilitated in their vegetation by the use of 
alkalies, or acids, or the harder shelled ones by boiling in watej:, it may be 
well to endeavor to sow the contents of this package, hoping thereby to 
rear something new or rare, among several kinds of which we know noth- 
ing in the works of Botany at our disposal. 

I remain, with sentiments of respect, 

Yours, &c., 

JOHN LEWIS RUSSELL, A. A. S., &c., 

Prof, of Botany and Vegetable Physiology to the Mass. Hort. Society. 

To M. P. Wilder, President of the Mass. Hort. Society, Boston. 



Meeting of the Society, September 13, 1845. 

The Committee to whom was referred the propriety of bestowing Medals 
instead of money as premiums and gratuities, ask leave to Report : — 

Your Committee believe that nearly all similar societies have adopted 
the system of awarding medals to meritorious members, instead of money, 
as practised by this Society. 

Your Committee recommend to this Society, to obtain suitable dies for 
gold and silver medals, to be called the Society's medal, and that it be 
awarded, by a vote of the Society, to such persons as shall have merited 
distinction. That it shall be the duty of the several standing committees 
to include medals of gold and silver in their annual list of prizes to be 
awarded. 



84 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Your Committee were further instructed to inquire into the expediency 
of having the medals on hand, and as to the propriety of bestowing them 
at the time of the exhibition, both of which they recommend be left for the 
future action of the Society. 

CHEEVER NEWHALL, Chairman. 
Boston, September 13, 1845. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL EXHIBITION 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 

On the 16th, 17th, and 18th of September.. ....1845. 

The first Annual Exhibition of the Society in the new Hall, was of a 
character, quite diiferent from any of those which have preceded it. This 
was owing to two causes : first, the increased amounts ofiered for floral 
designs, and the second, to the tables of the hall, which admitted of a 
greater display of large objects. The display of pot plants was not so 
large as usual, but no effort was made to procure such, as the increasing 
quantity of fruit required more space than heretofore. Their absence, 
however, was more than made up, in the magnificence of the designs, 
which were indeed the attracting feature of the exhibition. 

The entrance staircase was covered with a bower of evergreen ■ opposite 
this, at the semicircular end of the hall, stood the Floral Temple of Mr. 
Haggerston, and the Chmese Temple of Messrs. Hovey & Co. ; in the 
rear of these were arranged a quantity of evergreens and fine pot plants, 
in front of which stood a table of fruit containing the splendid basket of 
fruit from Mr. Haggerston. At the other end of the hall was placed the 
Gothic pyramid, from. Mr. Quant. On the sides of the room were the 
smaller designs and large bouquets, and around the clock was displayed 
the elegant wreathing from Mr. S. A. "Walker ; the whole forming a tout 
ensemble truly grand. The cut flowers consisted mostly of asters, the dry 
summer having been very unfavorable to the growth of the dahlia, and 
this superb autumnal flower, for the first time, was eclipsed by its rival, 
the aster. 

Of the pot plants, there were some fine specimens, particularly of fuch- 
sias, from the President of the Society, and Messrs. Hovey & Co. ; also, 
large plants of Achimenes, from the same. Messrs. Hovey & Co. showed 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 85 

a splendid specimen of the Lisianthus Kussellianus, and one of the Glad- 
iolus gandavensis. Among the cut flowers, the most prominent objects 
were a Chromatella rose from Messrs. Breck & Co., very beautiful, and 
twenty-four varieties of new phloxes, from Messrs. Hovey & Co, 

The collection of fruit was very extensive, and contained some of the 
finest specimens we have ever seen. 

The President of the Society contributed upwards of one hundred and 
twenty varieties, and Mr. Manning, of Salem, two hundred and forty va- 
rieties of pears, among which were very large specimens of Van Mons 
Leon le Clerc. Upwards of sixty varieties were sent by the Hon. J. S. 
Cabot, of Salem. Mr. Lovitt's specimens were very fine, particularly his 
Flemish Beauty. Messrs. Hovey & Co. exhibited Van Mons Leon le Clerc, 
Dunmore, Vicompte de Spoilberch, &c. The two largest collections of 
apples were from Mr. French, and Mr. Deane. Mr. Allen's grapes were 
very handsome, but the finest shown were the Muscat of Alexandria, from 
Mr. Quant, and Wilmot's new Black Hamburgh, from Messrs. Hovey & 
Co., the berries of which were perfectly black, and as large as plums, 
Mr. Russell, gardener to Horace Gray, Esq., exhibited some excellent 
grapes. The best display of peaches was by John Hill, who sent two 
dishes as the Lemon Hareripe, but which proved to be Crawford's Late 
Melacaton. 

The vegetables, we regret to say, were less numerous than in previous 
years : liberal premiums were offered, but from some cause there does not 
appear to have been scarcely any competition for the prizes. The egg 
plants and Drumhead cabbages were the only articles of note. 

The weather, during the days of the exhibition, was remarkably fine, 
and a large number of visiters thronged the room. 

Plants. — From the President of the Society, four fine fuchsias, two pots 
of Achimenes pedunculata, one of A. longiflora, and one of Gesnera 
zebrina, with its singularly beautiful velvety leaves, banded with dark 
green. From J. A. Lowell, two plants of Eugenia sp. each 12 feet high, 
Doryanthes excelsa, Ardisia serrulata, nine feet, and two lauristinuses six 
to seven feet high. From Messrs. Hovey & Co., six large fuchsias, from 
three to four feet high, viz. : Defiance, Chauvierii, Majestica, Eppsii, Ox- 
oniensis, and Pride of Peckham ; one pan of Achimenes pedunculata, one 
of A. longiflora, one of A. grandiflora, a superb specimen of the very rare 
Lisianthus Russellianus, with four of its large, deep blue flowers fully ex- 
pantled, and the brilliant Gladiolus gandavensis. 

From W. E. Carter, forty pot plants, among which were Melaleucas, 
Dracaena fragrans, Cereus senilis, Amaryllis Belladonna, Gloxinia alba, 
rubra, &c., four plants of Achimenes longiflora, A. grandiflora, Salvia 
splendens, Hedychium Gardnerianum, &;c. &c. From W. Meller, Achim- 



86 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

enes longiflora, Eugenia myrtifolia, &c. From Messrs. Winships, orange 
trees in fruit, Agapanthus umbellatus in bloom, and other plants. 

Designs. — This was an entirely new feature in the present year's exhi- 
bition ; they added greatly to the interest of the show, especially in the 
absence of dahlias and good specimens of pot plants. 

From D. Haggerston, a Floral Temple, seven feet wide, and fifteen high, 
in the Grecian style : it consisted of a hexangular base, with six columns, 
supporting an entablature and ribs of a dome, six feet in diameter. The 
columns were elegantly wreathed, and the entablature was composed of 
white eternal flowers, upon which was inscribed, " Dedicated to Flora," 
inlaid with purple amaranths ; in the centre of the base, was a beautiful 
imitation of the Warwick vase, inlaid with purple asters : the whole being 
a most chaste and appropriate design. 

From W. Quant, a Gothic pyramid, five feet in diameter, and' eighteen 
high, surmounted by a cross ; the ground work of green moss, and inlaid 
with asters, marygolds, amaranths, and other flowers, so well executed, as 
to have the appearance of Mosaic work. 

From I\Iessrs. Hovey 6c Co., a Chinese Temple, six feet wide at the 
base, and upwards of eighteen feet high, made three stories high, and ter- 
minated with a pyramid of flowers. It was constructed of moss, of sev- 
eral colors, evergreens, and various flowers, principally asters. It was 
made and completed in less than two days. 

From W. Kenrick, a beautiful harp, executed with great taste : the 
frame was covered with evergreen, and the strings formed of winter green 
and arbor vitee. From I\Iiss Pwusseil, a Newfoundland Dog. carrying a bas- 
ket of flowers ; his covering was executed with pressed black hollyhocks, 
and greyish moss, to imitate spots. This was a very capital design, and 
"Tray" seemed to have stalked into the room alive. From J. A. Kenrick, 
a spread eagle, executed wholly of various colored asters, and holding a 
string of beads in his beak, made of rose hips. From E. A. Story, a 
plough, made of asters, and other flowers, with a motto, ''By the plough 
we live, Flora follows the plough." 

From J. "W". Russell, a design in imitation of an ancient lyre, composed 
of evergreens and flowers, forming a frame work for suspending a choice 
collection of grapes. 

From S. A. Walker, ninety feet of beautiful wreathing. 

Bouquets. — From T. Motley, Jr., a large flat bouquet, inlaid with as- 
ters of various colors. From Mr. Doyle, Jos. Nugent, and J. L. L. F. 
Warren, similar bouquets. 

From Miss Bowker, an elegant bouquet, composed of indigenous grasses 
and grain of various kinds, and grouped with exquisite taste. 

Miss Russell exhibited a large bouquet. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 87 

Bouquets were also furnished by W. Meller, T. Mason, W. E. Carter, 
S. A. "Walker, and others. 

Cut Flowers, Asters, Dahlias, &c. — From the President of the So- 
ciety, fifty dahlias, and a collection of roses. From Messrs. Hovey & Co., 
upwards of two hundred German asters, in ten distinct varieties, twenty- 
five kinds of verbenas, fine seedling pansies, and twenty-four new and 
superb phloxes, viz. : Amsenissima, Almerine, Apollo, Artabanes, Blanc 
de Neuilly, (pure white,) Charles, Mazeppa, Princess Marianne, (striped,) 
Pyrame, Revesii, nana, rosea superba. La Nymph, Alphonsine, Hum- 
boldtii, (Euil de Lynx, Coldriana, Longeracemosa, new blush, superbissima, 
Altaclerensis, &c. &c. From S. Sweetser, German asters. From W. Mel- 
ler, dahlias, and cut flowers. From S. Ropes, Salem, thirty fine dahlias, 
and a basket of flowers. Dahlias were also contributed by E. Winslow, 
H. W. Dutton, Hovey & Co., P. Barnes, Breck & Co., S. A. Walker, 
T. Mason, W. B. Richards, and others. From J. Breck & Co., a variety 
of annuals, new phloxes, &c. From S. A. Walker, fine cock'scombs, and 
Prince of Wales Feathers. From P. Barnes, asters, roses, verbenas, 
pansies, &c. From Messrs. Winships, cut flowers. 

Fruits. — From the President of the Society: Fears. — Andrews, D' Amour, 
Ananas, (of the French,) Ananas d'Ete, Burnett, Belle et Bonne, Beau 
Present d'Artois, Belmont, Angleterre, Beurre d'Aremberg, Beurre Diel, 
Beurre de Capiaumont, Brown Beurre, Beurre d'Anjou, Beurre d'Amanlis, 
Beurre Kenrick, Beurre Coloma, (?) Beurre Van Mons, Beurre Ranee, 
Beurre Bronzee, Beurre d'Hiver, Beurre Gris d'Hiver Nouveau, Beurre 
Thouin, Easter Beurre, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Bergamotte Cadette, Bezi 
de la Motte, Belle de Flanders, Bleeker's Meadow, Bon Chretien Summer, 
Bon Chretien d'Espagne, Buffam, Gushing, Catillac, Chaumontelle, Compte 
de Lamy, Comprette, Comtesse de Lunay, Columbia, Colmar, Crassane, 
(Winter,) Cumberland, Dix, Doyenne Panache, Doyenne Blanc, Doyenne 
Sieuille, Doyenne d'Hiver Nouveau, Doyenne Roux, Duchesse d'Angou- 
leme, Duchesse de Mars, Enfante Prodige, Eyewood, Epine d'Ete, Figue 
de Naples, Fondante d'Automne, Fortunee, Fulton, Franc Real d'Hiver, 
Gil o-gil, Glout Morceau, Green Sugar, Hacon's Incomparable, Hericart, 
Heathcote, Josephine, King Edward's, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Marie Lou- 
ise, Messire Jean, Le Cure, Napoleon, Paquency, Passe Colmar, Petre, 
Pope's Quaker, Pound, Reine Caroline, Rousselet de Rheims, Sansparielle, 
St. Germain, St. Germain Prince's, St. Germain Striped, Seckel, Surpasse 
Virgoulouse, Urbaniste, Vallee Franche, Van Mons Leon le Clerc, Verte 
Longue, Verte Longue Panache, Verte Longue d'Automne, Tressor 
d' Amour, De Tonneau, Wilkinson, Winter Nelis, Angleterre, (Noisette,) 
Epine Dumas, the same from Orleans, Ridelle, Gros Romain Carmelite, 
Bergamotte Bernard, Cassolette, Voix aux Pretres, Belle d' Angers, Belle 
Angevine, Beurre Beaulieu, Figue, St. Denis, St. Laurens, Royal d'Hiver, 



88 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Angelique de Bordeaux, Louise Bonne de Bologne, (this is the Van Mons 
Leon le Clerc,) Duvernay, Easter Bergamot, Garnons, Parmentier, Lewis, 
Belle Caennaise, Rouse Lench, Rousselet Gros, Poire de Livre, "Williams's 
Bon Chretien. 

From R. Manning, Salem : Pears. — Huguenot, Whitfield, Marie Louise 
double Extra, Jean de Witte, Cross, Doyenne Boussock Nouvelle, Doyenne 
Mons, Doyenne d'Hiver, Doyenne Blanc, Doyenne Gris, Doyenne Sieulle, 
Van Mons Leon le Clerc, Late Deschamps, Delices d'Hardenpont, Wilbur, 
Lincoln, Surpasse Mearis, Colmar Epine, Belle de Flanders, Beurre 
d'Amanlis, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Brown Beurre, Beurre Van Marum, 
Beiirre de Capiaumont, Beurre Whiizumb, Beurre Easter, Beurre Preble, 
Beurre Kenrick, Beurre d'Aremberg, Beiirre Delbecq, Beurre Ranee, 
Beurre Duquesne, Beurre Beauchamps, Beurre Beaumont, Beurre Bosc, 
Beurre Diel, Beurre Picqaery, Plombgastel, Wilkinson, Glout 'Morceau, 
Bruno de Borco, (?) Knight's Seedling, Green Pear of Yair, Harvard, Las 
Canas, Jalousie, Pennsylvania Hampden's Bergamot, French Autumn Ber- 
gamot, Stevens's Genest^ee, Fowle's Large, Pitt's Marie Louise, Dumas, 
Gros Hativeau, Downton, Calebasse Monstreuse, Mabille, Turkish Bon 
Chretien, Hays, Excellentissirna, Verte Longue, Black Fear of Worcester, 
Pailleau, Paternoster, Reine des Poires, Superfondante, Pound, Belle Lu- 
crative, Andrews, Endicott, Bleeker's Meadow, St. Germain Prince's, 
Winter Nelis, Columbia, Surpasse Virgoulouse, Muscadine, Shobden Court, 
Seckel, Hadley, Paradise d'Automne, Verte Longue, (of Europe,) Eye- 
wood, Henry IV, Forme Urbaniste, Cspsheaf, Pilford, Frederic of Wur- 
lemberg, French Iron, Styrian, Soverain de Printemps, Napoleon, Passe 
Colmar. Ne plus Meuris, Phillips, Angers, (? Augeries,) Calebasse. Mon- 
arch, (?) Bergamotte Parthenay, Dumortier, Ramillies, Belle et Bonne, 
Sur-reine, Tucker's Seedling, Crassane, (Winter,) Rousselet de Meester, 
Capucin, (V. M.,) Petre, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Hericart, Emerald, 
Figue Extra, Quetelet, Princesse d'Orange, Poire Celestin, (will probably 
prove to be Van Mons Leon le Clerc,) Althorpe Crassane, Girardin, St. 
Germain Tilloy, Des Trois Tours, Urbaniste, Louise Bonne Royal, Figue 
de Naples, Moccas, Croft Castle, Heathcote, Comprette, St. Bruno. Con- 
stantinople, Angleterre, Calliot Rosat, Clara, Belmont, Vacat, Brougham, 
Caen du France, Josephine, Dix, Epine d'Ete, Seedling, Rouse Lench, 
Cabot, Commodore, Fulton, Dundas, Gill, Lewis, Bezi de Montigny, Reine 
des Pays Bas, Compte de Lamy, Maiie Louise, Boucquia, Rousselet de 
Rheims, Belle Fondante, Sylvange Bergamot, Thompson's, Cuvelier, King 
Edward's, Hacon's Incomparable, Wurzer d'Automne, Duchesse d'Orleans, 
Brugmansbirne, Chaumontelle, Johonnet, Brandes's St. Germain, Parmen- 
tier, Pope's Russet, Bezide laMotte, Jubin, Alpha, Gushing, Louise Bonne 
de Jersey, Hathorne's Seedling, Fondante Van Mons, Sullivan, Locke, 
Leon le Clerc, Burgomestre, Alexander of Russia, Gil-o-gil Echasserie, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 89 

Bon Chretien Fondante, Dunmore, Bishop's Thumb, Javardel, Henriette, 
Messire Jean, Navez, Royal d'Hiver, St. Andre, John Dean, Michaux, 
Merveille de Charneax, Great Citron of Bohemia, Lederbirne, BufFam, 
Rameau, Fantasie Van Mons, Welbeck Bergamot, Swiss Bergamot, En- 
fante Prodige, Franc Real d'Hiver, Coter, St. Herblain d'Hiver, Hannas, 
Poire de Livre, Duchesse de Mars, Jalousie de Fontenay Vendee, Berga- 
mot Fortunee, Meuris d'Hiver, Ananas d'Ete, and Nos. 177, 1028, 432, 
1036, 858, 1082, 51, 968, 1402, 1344, 108, 797, 1242, 1325, 1253, 1258, 
1406, 546, 1154, 969, 1074, 1586, 1295, 1590, 173, 135, 879, of Van Mons ; 
63 varieties of Apples, among which were Corse's Sweeting, Orange Rei- 
nette. Knight of Brockville, &c. ; 20 varieties of Peaches, and 10 
varieties of Plums. 

From the Hon. J. S. Cabot, Salem : Pears. — St. Ghislain, Hannas, Ja- 
lousie, Marie Louise Nova, Fortunee, Marie Louise, Beurre Beaumont, 
Beurre Diel, Beurre de Capiaumont, Beurre d'Aremberg, Brown Beurre, 
Oolden Beurre of Bilboa, Beurre Easter, Surpasse Virgouleuse, Surpasse 
St. Germain, Pennsylvania, Hericart, "Washington, Urbaniste, Doyenne 
Blanc, Andrews, Copea, Althorp Crassane, Enfante Prodige, Thompson's, 
Reine des Pays Bas, Winter Nelis, Capucin, Cumberland, "Wilkinson, 
Frederic of Wurtemberg, "Wilbur, Henry IV, St. Andre, Dundas, Compte 
de Lamy, Verte Longue, Williams's Bon Chretien, Belle de Flanders, 
Louise Bonne de Jersey, Josephine, Belle et Bonne, Alpha, Muscadine, 
Capsheaf, Columbia, Figue de Naples, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Bezi de la 
Motte, Coffin's Virgouleuse, Pitt's Prolific, Croft Castle, Cross, Louise 
Bonne Real, Seedling, Cabot, Reine d'Hiver, Seckel, Michaux, Fulton, 
Princesse d'Orange, Gendesheim, Fig Extra of Van Mons ; — 64 varieties. 

From Josiah Lovitt, 2d : Fears, — Beurre Diel, Beurre Bosc, Beurre 
d'Anjou, Beurre Easter, Beurre d'Amanlis, Beurre Ranee, Beurre d'Arem- 
berg, Beurre de Capiaumont, Brown Beurre, Duchesse d'Angouleme, 
Seckel, Hessel, Williams's Bon Chretien, Dix, Great Citron of Bohemia, 
Sucree de Hoyerswerda, Marie Louise, Andrews, Urbaniste, Passe Colmar, 
Queen of Belgium, St. Ghislain, Chaumontel, Louise Bonne de Jersey, 
Pound, Catilla/C, King Edward's, Calebasse, Doyenne Blanc, Crassane, 
(Winter,) Epine d'Ete, Hericart, Napoleon, Harvard, Figue de Naples, 
Surpasse Virgoulouse, Verte Longue d'Automne, Lewis, Madotte, Bleek- 
€r's Meadow, Dearborn's Seedling, Musk Summer Bon Chretien, Ronville, 
Petre, Washington, Fondante d'Automne, Bezi de la Motte, Belle de Flan- 
dres, Belle Angevine, Glout Morceau, Prince's St. Germain, Cumberland, 
Franchipane, Jalousie, Wilkinson, Winter Orange, Julienne, Le Cure, 
Pitt's Prolific, 7 varieties without name ; — 68 varieties in all. 5 varieties 
of Peaches, 6 of Plums, and 6 of Melons. 

From 0. Johnson : Fears. — Passe Colmar, Washington, Jalousie, Duch- 
esse d'Angouleme, Pope's Quaker, Belle et Bonne, Henry IV, Vallee 
12 



90 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Franche, Prince's St. Germain, Beurre Diel, Beurre d'Amanlis, Beurre 
d'Aremberg, Beurre Easter, Rousselet de Rheims, Seckel, Princesse d'Or- 
ange. Gushing, Buflfam, Williams's Bon Chretien, Rousselet Panache, 
Epine d'Ete, Doyenne Blanc, Napoleon, Harvard, Frederic of Wurtem- 
berg, Hericart, Dix, Bleeker's Meadow, Calebasse, XJvedale's St. Germain, 
Messire Jean, Loaise Bonne de Jersey, Le Cure, Urbaniste, Figue de Na- 
ples. Also, 4 varieties of Peaches, and Black Hamburg, and Zinfindal 
Grapes. 

From Messrs. Hovey & Co. : Pears. — Van Mons Leon le Clerc, Dun- 
more, Vicompte de Spoilberch, (V. IM.,) Sargeret, (V. M.,) Napoleon, 
Beurre Remain, Beurre Ranee, Beurre d'Amanlis, Belle et Bonne de Hee, 
Bergamot Parthenay, Fulton, (?) Doyenne Gris, (?) Poire de Louvain, 
Verte Longue d'Automne, Cross, Seckel, Crassane, (Winter). Grapes. — 
Wilmot's new Black Hamburg, St. Peters, Black Prince, Esperione, White 
Frohtignan, Royal Muscadine, and Black Hamburg. Also, Drap d'Or 
Apples. 

From S. Walker: Fears. — Belle de Flandres, Eyewood, Fondante Van 
Mons, Madotte, Fondante d'Automne, Van Mons Leon le Clerc, Winter 
Nelis, Beurre Duval, Beurre Ranee, Beurre d'Amanlis, (?) Beurre Diel, 
Beurre de Capiaumont, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, St. Ghislain, Hampden's 
Bergamot, Figue, Columbia, Johonnot, Compte de Lamy, Autumn Su- 
perbe, (?) Williams's Bon Chretien, Urbaniste, Andrews, Catillac, Duch- 
esse d'Angouleme, Seckel, Passe Colmar, Princesse d'Orange, Louise 
Bonne de Jersey, Glout Morceau, Verte Longue d'Automne, Doyenne 
Blanc, Napoleon, Le Cure, Figue de Naples. 

From J. F. Allen : Pears. — Ronville, Doyenne Blanc, Napoleon, Wil- 
liams's Bon Chretien, Cabot, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Seckel, St. Ghislain, 
Urbaniste, Glout Morceau, Lewis, Petit Rousselet, Gansel's Bergamot. 
Violette Hative Nectarines. 3 varieties of Peaches. Grapes. — Black Ham- 
burg, Wilmot's new Black Hamburg, Red Chasselas, Early Black July, 
Verdelho, Black Prolific, Red Traminer, Zinfindal, Black Portugal, Varie- 
gated Chasselas, Muscat of Alexandria, Hansteretto, White Chasselas, 
Chasselas Bar-Sur-Aube, West's St. Peter's, Tottenham Park Muscat, Es- 
perione, White Gascoigne, Syrian, Grizzly Frontignan, White Frontignan, 
Purple Constantia, Black Prince, Golden Chasselas. 

From J. P. Gushing, Esq., a splendid basket of Grapes and Nectarines. 
From S. Phipps, Dorchester: Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, Duchesse 
d'Angouleme, Marie Louise, Urbaniste, Heathcote, Doyenne Blanc, Easter 
Beurre, Moorfowl Egg, Glout Morceau, Napoleon, St. Germain, Passe Col- 
mar, Frederic of Wurtemberg, Bicknell, Prince's St. Germain, Colum- 
bia, Gansel's Bergamot, Andrews, Pound, Franc Real d'Ete, Beurre 
Spence, (?) Angleterre. From W. Kenrick : Pears. — Belle de Flandres, 
Marie Louise, Pitt's Prolific, Napoleon, Williams's Bon Chretien, Beurre 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 91 

Diel, Bezi Dore, Beurre Beaumont, Beurre Van Mons, Beurre d'Amanlis, 
Beurre de Capiaumont, Beurre Easter, Fulton, Louise Bonne de Jersey, 
St. Michael Archange, Bon Chretien Fondante, 707 Van Mons, and 2 or 3 
others without name. 

From C. Newhall : Pears. — Frederic of Wurtemberg, Beurre d'Arem- 
berg, Beurre Diel, Beurre d'Amanlis, Doyenne Blanc, Dix, Urbaniste, 
Bleeker's Meadow, Johonnot, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Grosse de Bruxelles ; 
also, 2 varieties of Peaches. From E. Wight : Pears. — Wilkinson, Passe 
Colmar, Buffam, Surpasse St. Germain, Dix, Marie Louise, Verte Longue, 
Gansel's Bergamot, Napoleon, Epine d'Ete, Vallee Franche, Easter 
Beurre, Ambrette d'Hiver ; Apples. — Boxford Sweet, Lyscom, Jonathan, 
Danvers Winter Sweet, Pennock's Red Winter, Seek-no-Further, Thin 
Skin, (a seedling,) Red and Green Sweet, Baldwin, Gilliflower, Smith. 
From E. Vose : Pears. — St. Ghislain, Urbaniste, Napoleon, Verte Longue, 
Gushing, Columbia, Gansel's Bergamot, Bezi de la Motte, Andrews, Fred- 
eric of Wurtemberg, and Belle de Flandres ; Apples. — Gravenstein, Haw- 
thornden, St. Lawrence, Lady Haley, Boxford. Hubbardston Nonesuch, 
King of Pippins. 

From B. V. French : 40 varieties of very handsome Apples ; — Canada 
Reinette, Yellow Bellflower, Gloria Mundi, Nonesuch, Long Nonesuch, 
Pomme de Neige, Blenheim Pippin, Royal, Burrasoe, Lady Apple, Pear- 
main, Hawthornden, Porter, Holland Pippin, Conway, ^sopus Spitzem- 
berg, Winter Gillitiower, Hubbardston Nonesuch, Ribstone Pippin, Sugar 
Sweet, Ross Nonpariel, Beauty of Kent, Scarlet Nonpariel, Fearns Pippin, 
Greening, Roxbury Russet, Wells Pippin, Gardner's Sweet, French's 
Sweet, Ruggles, Red Calville, Adams Sweet, &c. &c. Pears. — Wilkinson, 
Passe Colmar, Le Cure, Heathcote, Harvard, Duchesse d'Angouleme, and 
Williams's Bon Chretien. 

From J. M. Ives : Pears. — Belle Lucrative, Beurre Bosc, Golden Beurre 
of Bilboa, Hericart, Fourcroy, (?) Andrews, Washington, Winter Nelis, 
Fulton, Gushing, Bon Chretien Fondante, Verte Longue, Striped St. Ger- 
main, • Muscadine, and Petre ; Apples. — Danvers Winter Sweet, Skinless, 
Minister, and Boxford ; Plums. — Blue Perdrigon, Green Gage, Washington, 
Goliath, Roe's Autumn Gage, Gruger's Scarlet, Reine Claude Violette, and 
Knight's Large Green Drying ; 5 varieties of Peaches. From George 
Newhall : Pears. — Gushing, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Doyenne Blanc, 
Beurre de Capiaumont, Beurre Bosc, Andrews, Fulton, Pound, Iron, Dix, 
Gansel's Bergamot, Passe Colmar, Catillac, Seckel, Urbaniste, and Wil- 
liams's Bon Chretien; Apples. — Porter, Tolman's Sweet, Hubbardston 
Nonesuch, ^sopus Spitzemberg, and others ; Isabella Grapes. From 
John Washburn, Plymouth : Peers.— Flemish Beauty, Marie Louise, Van 
Mons Leon le Clerc, Catillac, Pitts Prolific, Doyenne Blanc, and Williams's 
Bon Chretien. 



92 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



From J. A. Kenrick : Pears. — Pound, Easter Beurre, Beurre de Capiau- 
mont, Doyenne Blanc, Andrews, and St. Ghislain ; PZwrns.— Smith's Or- 
leans, Lombard, Semiana, and Imperial €rage ; .Apples. — Hubbardston 
Nonesuch, Dyer, R. I. Greening, and others. From A. D. Williams: 
Fears. — Summer Bon Chretien, Winter Bon Chretien, Williams's Bon 
Chretien, Dix, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Doyenne Blanc, Seckel, Cushing, 
Sylvange, Beurre de Capiaumont, Easter Beurre, and 7 other kinds un- 
named ,• Apples. — Fall Sops of Wine, Fall Harvey, Porter, Spice, Hub- 
bardston Nonesuch, and other varieties ; also. Seedling Plums. From E. 
M.Richards: Fears. — Cushing, and Williams's Bon Chretien; Apples. — 
Fall Sops of Wine, Rambour Franc, Porter, Benoni, Sweet, Walpole, Box- 
ford, and President ,• Seedling Peaches. From E. E. Bradshaw: Flums. — 
White Gage, and Washington ; Peaches ; Fears. — Williams Bon Chretien ; 
Grapes. — Isabella, and Sweetwater. From S. A. Walker : Fears. — Fred- 
eric of Wurtemberg, Andrews, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Heathcote, Seck- 
el, and Williams's Bon Chretien ; Isabella Grapes. From Jas. Munroe, 
Jr. : Fears. — Le Cure, Beurre de Capiaumont, Calebasse, Louise Bonne de 
Jersey, Chelmsford, and other varieties without name; Apples. — Orange 
Sweeting, and Golden Sweet. 

From Rev. A. B. Muzzey, Cambridgeport : Diamond Plums ; Williams's 
Bon Chretien Pears ; Golden Sweet Apples. From J. A. Hall : Apples.— 
Raynham, Tender Sweet, Boyden Sweet, Nonesuch, Tolman's Sweet, 
Peck's Pleasant, and others. From John Owen. Cambridge : Apples. — 
Porter, Newtown Pippin, Canada Reinette, Blue Pearmain, and others ; 
Fears. — Beurre Diel, Glout Morceau, Styrian, Passe Colmar, Gil-o-gil; 
Peaches; Grapes. From John Clapp, Leicester: Fears. — Seckel, Doyenne 
Gris, Burlingame, and Williams's Bon Chretien ; Apples. — Porter, Pump- 
kin Sweet, Lyscom, and others ; Flums. — Washington, Orleans, and Blue 
Mogul. From P. Barnes : Doyenne Blanc Pears ; Apples, &c. From S. 
G. Whitney : Fears. — Seckel, and a Seedling. From W. Meller : Fears. — 
Seckel, Doyenne Blanc, Andrews, Williams's Bon Chretien, and others ; 
Apples; Peaches. From W. B. Richards : a basket of assorted fruit, com- 
prising grapes, peaches, pears, nectarines, &c. 

From Jacob Deane, specimens of nearly 60 varieties of apples, viz. : 
Pumpkin Sweet, Pommewater, Blue Pearmain, Hayboy, Boyden Sweet, 
Tolman Sweet, Vermont Sweet, Seedling Sweet, English Pearmain, Sweet 
Russet, Spice Apple Sweet, Sage Apple, Red Sweet, (from Vermont,) 
Peck's Pleasant, Tender Sweet, Lyscom, White Apple, Red Streak, Superb 
Sweet, Sweet, (no name,) Fluted Pumpkin, Goosepen Sweet, Golden Rei- 
nette, Gilliflower, Black Gilliflower, Lady's Finger, Striped Sweet, Quince 
Apple, Nonesuch, Sugar Sweet, Seek-no-Further, Benoni, African Prince, 
Summer Pearmain, AVine Apple, Plymouth Pearmain, Sops of Wine, R. I. 
Greening, Roxbury Russet, Drying, (?) Seedling, Baldwin, Nonpariel, 



. " TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 93 

Cambridge, Winter Sweet, Bicknell, Boxford, Fall Spice, Isaac, Monstrous 
Pippin, Spitzemberg, Hightop Sweet, and several others. From J. L. L. 
F. Warren, a variety of fruits, of which the Committee have no list of 
names. From F. W. Macondry : Pears. — Belle Lucrative, Reine des Pays 
Bas, Passe Colmar, Figue de Naples, and others j also, a variety of Apples. 

Fruits of various kinds were contributed by J. Fenno, Chelsea 5 Josiah 
Richardson, Cambridgeport ; Wm. Thomas, Boston ; Mrs. Pratt, Water- 
town ; M. W. Green, W. Roxbury ; W. Hewens, Boston ; K. Bailey, 
Charlestown ; A. Chase, Worcester ; S. R. Johnson, Charlestown 5 G. W. 
Fowler, Plymouth ; J. Hooper, Jr., Marblehead ; Messrs. Winship, Brigh- 
ton ; R. Bates, South Weymouth ; A. G. Stimpson, Boston ; T. Gay, Bos- 
ton ; D. Leland, Sherburne ; J. Bloodgood, Flushing ; J. H. Bates, Cam- 
bridge ; Wm. Richardson, Dorchester ; George Fitz, Newburyport ; N. 
Swift, Andover; D. Roberts, Salem; E. D. Woodford, Westbrook ; S. W. 
Cole, Boston ; J. Eustis, South Reading ; T. Baldwin, Mt. Vernon, Ble. ; 
C. Ellis, Dedham ; T. Mason, Roxbury ; B. D. Emerson, Jamaica Plain ; 
Madam Bigelow, Medford ; John Gordon, Brighton ; Dr. Hart, Roxbury. 

Vegetables. — The show of vegetables was much inferior to previous 
years. From Capt. Josiah Lovitt, South American, Indiana, Crookneck, 
Buffalo, and Autumnal Marrow Squashes. From A. D. Williams, Blood 
Beets, Carrots, and very fine Drumhead Cabbages. From J. Nugent, 
Crookneck and Autumnal Marrow Squashes, and Melons. From W. H. 
Tilden, Seedling Potatoes. From Mrs. Pratt, Watertown, fine Egg 
Plants. From M. W. Green, Egg Plants. From P. Barnes, Hercules 
Club Gourds. From 0. N. Towne, fine Egg Plants. From A. Bowditch, 
Lima Beans. From the President of the Society, White's Blood Red, and 
Bassano Beets. From J. Owen, Crookneck Squashes, and Yellow Toma- 
toes. 

Designs, Wreaths, and Bouquets. — The following is the report of the 
Committee, appointed to award premiums for Designs, Bouquets, &c. : — 

To David Haggerston, is awarded the first premium of $30, for his Tem- 
ple, "dedicated to Flora;" a beautiful and chaste design, universally ad- 
mired for its classical shape and proportions. 

To William Quant, is awarded the second premium of $20, and a gra- 
tuity of $5 in addition, for his beautiful pyramidal Temple, surmounted 
with a cross. 

To Messrs. Hovey & Co., is awarded the third premium of $15, with a 
gratuity of $5 in addition, for their Chinese Pagoda. 

To William Kenrick, a premium of $10, for a beautiful Harp. 

To Miss Russell, a gratuity of $6, for a Newfoundland Dog, with a bas- 
ket of flowers in his mouth ; a beautiful design. 

To John A. Kenrick, a gratuity of $5, for a spread Eagle. 

To Edward A. Story, a gratuity of $4, for a Plough. 



94 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

To J. W. Russell, a gratuity of $3, for an ornamental frame work for 
grapes. 

To Thomas Motley, Jr., a gratuity of S3, for a fanciful design by John 
Galvin, Jr. 

To Samuel A. Walker, the first premium of $10, for 90 feet of fine 
wreathing. 

To William Doyle, gardener to John A. Lowell, Esq., the first premium 
for bouquets, of f 6. 

To James Nugent, gardener to Mrs. Howard, the second premium of $5. 

To Miss Russell, the third premium of $4. 

To Miss Bowker, a gratuity of $5, for a beautiful bouquet, composed of 
a great variety of indigenous grasses. 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, a gratuity of $3, for a bouquet of dahlias and 
asters. 

Joseph Break, H. W. Dutton, S. R. Johnson, Ebenezer Wight, J. W. 
Russell, judges. 



THE FESTIVAL. 

The 17th Anniversary of the Society was celebrated at Faneuil Hall, 
by a fete prepared in accordance with the occasion, — a " feast of fruits," 
most abundantly showing the rewards yielded to the liberal cultivator, by 
that Protecting Power which alone " giveth the increase." Simple con- 
fections, of attractive display, and very pleasant to the taste, prepared 
under the direction of Madame Meyer, composed the remainder of the 
banquet, and Flora and Pomona held their gay court in the old Cradle of 
Liberty. The choicest autumnal gems of the floral kingdom gave a 
joyous efiect to the whole decorations of the gala. 

The decorations of the Hall were both chaste and pleasing ; large trees 
from the forests tilled up the space between the pillars of the galleries, 
whilst the pauels and columns were ornamented with graceful festoons, 
and tastefully entwined with flowers. At the east end of the gallery, an 
inscription upon an arch read as follows : — 

"MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, SEVEN- 
TEENTH ANNUAL EXHIBITION." 

On the west end, there was suspended from the portraits of Washington, 
and Peter Faneuil, a motto bearing the following appropriate quotation : — 

" In Flowers and Blossoms Love is wont to trace, 
Emblems of Woman's Virtues and her grace." 

The panels around the galleries bore the names of the leading botanists 
and cultivators of foreign lands, as well as of our own : Linnaus, Jussieu, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 95 

Loudon, Knight, Van Mans, De Candolle, Duhamel, Douglas, Plumier, Low- 
ell, Buel, Fessenden, Manning, Prince, and Michauz. 

Marshall P. Wilder, Esq. presided on the occasion, being assisted in his 
arrangements by the indefatigable attention of the gentlemen who had 
been appointed Marshals. The large assembly occupied the whole floor of 
the hall, and were extended along thirteen tables, numbering in all about 
six hundred persons, — ladies and gentlemen. On the right of President 
"Wilder, sat the venerable widow of Alexander Hamilton, (the daughter of 
Gen. Philip Schuyler,) and the Rev. Dr. Codman, the officiating clergyman 
on the occasion. On the rostrum, in front of the President, were seated 
the following guests : — 

Hon. Edward Everett, Hon. Daniel "Webster, Ex-President Quincy, Hon. 
R. C. Winthrop, Hon. Caleb Gushing, Hon. J. G. Palfrey, His Honor the 
Mayor, Hon. Jonathan Chapman, Rev. Mr. Choules, Hon. S. H. "Walley, 
Jr., Hon. Mr. Maclay, Hon. Mr. Meigs, Geo. S. Hillard, Esq., George G. 
Smith, President of the Mechanic Association ; Delegates from Queen's 
County, L. I., and other parts of New York, and from New Jersey. 

The opportune arrival of our late Minister at the Court of St. James 
was the exciting event of the occasion, and the hearts of both men and 
women beat proudly, as they welcomed in Faneuil Hall their honorable 
and honored ambassador. 

The company being comfortably seated, it was announced by the Chief 
Marshal, that the Committee appointed to wait on His Excellency Edward 
Everett, and solicit his attendance, had arrived. 

Mr. Everett's entrance was notified by the President to the audience, 
who rose to receive him. He was conducted to the rostrum, by Messrs, 
Josiah Bradlee and Stephen Fairbanks, where the former gentleman, with 
a few appropriate remarks, introduced the distinguished guest to the Pres- 
ident. 

Mr. Wilder addressed the audience as follows : — 

Ladies and Gentlemen, — It is with feelings of high gratification, that I 
am enabled to present to you a distinguished member of our association, 
who, after an absence of several years of honorable service at the Court 
of St. James, has this day arrived on the shores of his own New England. 
I introduce to your cordial greeting, — His Excellency Edward Ev- 
erett. 

The announcement of a name so loved and honored, so familiar and so 
connected with proud associations, made the hall echo with welcomings. 
Order being again restored, the Throne of Grace was invoked by the Rev. 
Dr. Codman, after which, the material part of the banquet was discussed, 
and the products of a rich horticulture abundantly and most satisfactorily 
tested. After a reasonable time thus spent, the President arose, and ad- 
dressed the assembly as follows : — 



96 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Ladies and Gentlemen, — It has been remarked, that our country's glory 

is its cultivated soil. The tilling of the earth was the first employment 
given by the Supreme Ruler to the human race ; it has ever been 
the first step to civilization, and those nations that have been the most 
distinguished fi)r their devotion to this calling, have also -been the most 
celebrated for literature, science, and the fine arts. It is the founda- 
tion of all national and individual prosperity and wealth 5 the basis 
on which rest commerce, manufactures, and all the various great in- 
terests that unite to make up the sum of human happiness ; and, in 
the language of our own Washington, whose benign countenance seems, 
from the canvas, [here the President pointed to Stuart's portrait,] to 
repeat again, "It is the most healthful, the most useful, and the most 
noble employment of man." 

Horticulture and Floriculture, and their kindred branches, are but high- 
er and more advanced departments of the science ; the arts that teach us 
to develop and improve the rich fruits and floral beauties that lie treasured 
in the lap of mother earth, and to adorn and embellish her luxuriant bosom 
with the endless diversity of her productions, as she displays her ever-va- 
rying charms, in tree, fruit, and flower, from the lofty cedar of Lebanon, 
to the humble lily of the valley. 

It were easy to cite a long list of the illustrious men who have bestowed 
on this pursuit their distinguished approbation ; of poets who have sung 
its praises ; of theologians and philosophers who have extolled its virtues 
and pleasures ; of heroes and statesmen, and the master spirits of the 
world, who, having received all the honor and glory that could be conferred 
on them by their fellow-men, have retired to its calm and peaceful labors, 
to spend the evening of a busy life, in the contemplation of all that is 
beautiful and sublime in creation, and to enjoy "God's blessings as they 
spring fresh from the earth." 

The recurrence of another anniversary, suggests a review of the pro- 
gress and condition of our institution. 

Sixteen years ago this day, its first exhibition was held in the Exchange 
Cofiee House, in this city, and as an illustration of the great success and 
prosperity that has attended the efibrts of its members, I quote from the 
published Report of the Society. 

The number of contributors on that occasion was thirty-two. 

The baskets and dishes of fruits were less than one hundred, and the 
amount of premiums offered, less than two hundred dollars. 

During the present anniversary, there have been placed on our tables 
more than fourteen hundred dishes of fruits, and the premiums offered by 
the Society this year, exceed thirteen hundred dollars. 

And as a further illustration, I notice by this Report, that the contribu- 
tion of Robert Manning, the great Pomologist of America, consisted of 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 97 

but one basket of peacheS; while, at the present exhibition; the family of 
that lamented man have sent us two hundred and forty varieties of the 
pear. And in a note that I received from him but a short time previous to 
his decease, he stated that he had gathered into his own collection, from a 
point of time but a few years antecedent to the formation of this institu- 
tion, nearly two thousand varieties of fruits. 

Similar advances have been made by other members, and those whose 
names were not then borne on its roll, and some who had not even com- 
menced the good work, are now among its largest contributors, presenting 
forty, fifty, and a hundred varieties, and the same success and correspond- 
ing increase has been attendant on the productions of the floral and veg- 
etable kingdom. 

Among the pleasing incidents of the present year, may be noticed the 
completion and occupancy of our new edifice, in School Street; but who 
would have predicted, that ere the present exhibition closed, there would 
still exist a demand for further and enlarged accommodations ? 

I congratulate the Society on the liberal and increasing patronage of the 
community ; on the addition of more than one hundred new members to 
its ranks during the last few months ; on the continued improvement in 
the productions exhibited ; on the honorable and elevated standing our in- 
stitution sustains, both at home and abroad ; and on the harmony and 
union that prevail among us. 

"We have assembled to commemorate its seventeenth anniversary. We 
are met in this Temple of Liberty, whose time-honored walls have oft re- 
sounded to deeds of patriotism and benevolence ; and we, too, have come 
up hither for a benevolent object. We have not come to prepare by excit- 
ing debate for the political contest, nor for the discussion of those subjects 
that agitate society to its very centre. We are not here to share the spoils 
of party, or to rejoice in the victories of the sword that has poured out the 
blood of our fellow-beings like water on the earth. No ! we come for a 
richer and nobler object. "We come to celebrate the peaceful triumphs of 
Horticulture ; to advance a science that tends to the preservation and hap- 
piness of our race ; that adds to the enjoyments and refinements of life ; 
that administers to the luxuries and comforts of our neighbor ; — a pursuit 
that renders home still more lovely and attractive ; that invigorates the 
body, tranquiUizes the mind, chastens the affections, elevates the thoughts, 
and, rightly viewed, should fill the soul with emotions of gratitude and de- 
votion to that bountiful Creator, who 

" Sends Nature forth, the daughter of the skies, 
To dwell on earth, and charm all human eyes." 

Amidst the array of beauty, intellect, and learning that I witness around 
me, I have not the presumption to detain you from the rich intellectual re- 
13 



98 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

past with which you will be favored, in the remarks of others. I cannot 
conclude, however, without alluding to the grace and elegance bestowed 
on our feast by Woman ; to her, who 

" Still is fairest found, where all is fair." 

Ladies, we welcome you, with all our hearts. Without the light of your 
countenances, and the smiles of your approbation, our emulation and en- 
terprise would languish and decline ; and we rejoice with gratitude in the 
beautiful and glorious results that have flowed from your efforts in the cul- 
tivation of the mental fruits ; In training intellectual plants for honor and 
usefulness here, and for a habitation in the celestial fields, where may you 
be rewarded with a crown of never fading flowers, — a harvest of immortal 
fruit. Ladies and Gentlemen, I propose for your consideration, as a sen- 
timent, — 

Cultivation, Manual, Mental, and Moral, — The three great sources 
of wealth, fame, and happiness. 

The President then announced the following sentiment : — 

New England, — The home of the Pilgrims, the birthplace of Liberty ; 
her rude soil, cultivated by hard hands, now teems with the choicest 
products of every clime. 

The Governor of the Commonwealth, — From the rough and rocky soil 
of the Berkshire Hills, he appears to have learned the art of raising a large 
crop of esteem in every county in the State. 

In the absence of Governor Briggs, John G. Palfrey, Esq., the Secretary 
of the Commonwealth, was called upon to respond to the latter sentiment, 
and spoke as follows : — 

Mr. President, and Ladies and Gentlemen, — I learn more and more every 
day, how imprudently I have acted in taking upon me the humble oflice 
which has been the occasion of this call upon me. This is not the first 
time I have suffered in this way. You pay your respects to your Gov- 
ernor, who is rearing quietly, as you so justly say, his crop of esteem in all 
parts of the State, and, in his absence, you call upon one humble individ- 
ual, as his representative, to face an audience, which it would require more 
boldness than he claims as an attribute of his, to meet. 

Mr. President, time was, when Massachusetts had a Governor who was 
oil the spot, and accustomed to respond for himself to any call that might 
be made upon him. Thank God, he is among us again this evening! 
(Great cheering.) Thank Heaven, fhat he is here safe and sound to receive 
our hearty welcome, and to respond to us in those eloquent tones to which 
this hall has so often resounded ! 

Mr. President, I have seen the time when I was hard pushed for matter 
for a discourse, and I was glad of a good text. And you have this eve- 
ning given me a good text in the sentiment which you have offered in com- 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 99 

pliment to the Chief Magistrate of this Commonwealth. But I will reserve 
that subject for another occasion, when another audience shall throng the 
floor and galleries of this venerable hall, I will now speak, not of the 
Governor of Massachusetts, but of Massachusetts herself. How has Prov- 
idence blessed us in making us citizens of the good old Commonwealth ! 
With what a profusion of bounty has Providence surrounded us in appoint- 
ing here our lot ! We often speak in admiration of the wonders of art, 
and the triumphs of machinery. What shall we say of that amazing 
mystery which transforms the brown earth, insipid water, and invisible 
air, into delicious fruits, and beautiful and fragrant flowers ! AVhat shall 
we say of the delicate machinery of the little seed, which gives to the oak 
its strength, to the flower its beautiful tints, and to the fruit its exquisite 
flavor ! — of that beneficent Power which surrounds us under a Northern 
sky, with the gorgeousness of an Asiatic summer ! We have heard it 
said, that the only products of Massachusetts are granite and ice ; she has 
been called the State of hard bargains and hard granite, of icy lakes, and 
— icy hearts, I will not add, for that has long been an obsolete idea, — but 
I will conclude with giving you as a sentiment, — 

Massachusetts, — The land of granite and ice, of fruits and flowers, of 
arts and men ; the stern mother, who rears her children by a rugged disci- 
pline 5 the generous mother, who endows them with bountiful gifts of 
mind, body, and estate. 

The President then announced the following toasts : — 

Our Puritan Forefathers, — The children of faith as well as of fancy ; 
they trusted their lives and fortunes in a May-flower. 

Our late Minister to the Court of St. James, — We honor him as a 
scholar, we respect him as a statesman, and we love him as a noble spec- 
imen of the fruits of New England culture. (Loud cheering.) 

The Hon. Edward Everett, in reply, said : — 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen, — I am greatly indebted to you for 
this cordial reception. I cannot but feel under great obligations to the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society, of which I have long had the honor 
of being a member, — though a very unprofitable one, — that the first voice 
of salutation which reached me on returning home, proceeded from them. 
Our respected fellow citizens, Messrs. Josiah Bradlee and Stephen Fair- 
banks, on their morning stroll through East Boston, were good enough, 
before I had set foot on terra firma, to convey to me your kind invitation, 
and here, fellow citizens and friends, amidst this attractive display of the 
bounties and beauties of nature, surrounded by so many of those who 
most adorn and honor the community, drinking in the breath of sweet 
flowers, and the sweeter breath of friendly voices, I have the happiness, 
after a long absence, to stand in your presence, and to enjoy the honor of 
your welcome. (Applause.) 



100 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

I regret that I am so little able to thank you in a proper manner. I 
have been so lately rocking upon the Atlantic, whose lullaby is not always 
of the gentlest, that I am hardly fit for a rocking in the " Old Cradle of 
Liberty," to which your kind note of this morning invited me. I almost 
unconsciously catch at the table to steady myself, expecting that the flow- 
ers and fruits will fetch away in some lee lurch ; and even the pillars of 
Old Faneuil Hall, not often found out of the true plumb line, seem to reel 
over my head. But as I look around and behold so many well-remember- 
ed countenances, and as I listen to the friendly cheers with which you are 
so kind as to receive the announcement of my name, I feel at length that 
I am indeed at home. 

Something of this grateful feeling has been, for some days, growing upon 
my mind. We seemed almost to have reached the goal, when we found 
ourselves, a week ago, on the edge of the Grand Bank ; we were in sound- 
ings in American waters, and in the ancient and favorite field of New 
England industry. The shores of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, as we 
coasted along them, seemed to have a claim upon us as a part of our na- 
tive continent, and made us feel that we had at length crossed the world- 
dividing deep ; and when, about sunrise this morning, after stretching 
down from Halifax against a stiff southvvester, I beheld Cape Ann light- 
house, at a dim and misty distance, I must say that I thought it one of the 
most beautiful pieces of architecture I ever beheld. I do not know to what 
particular order it belongs, nor the proportion of the height to the diameter. 
And as to the ornaments of the capital, Mr. President, whether they are 
acanthus or lotus, or any other flower in your conservatory, I am quite un- 
able to say ; but this I will say, that after seeing many of the finest build- 
ings in the old world and the new, I came to the conclusion, at about six 
o'clock this morning, that Cape Ann lighthouse beat them all. (Great ap- 
plause.) 

It would be impossible, sir, to describe the emotions awakened in my 
mind by the different objects on the well-known coast, as we dashed rapidly 
up the bay, borne on the iron wings of steam, till at last the welcome 
sight of Boston burst upon me, as she sits enthroned between her sister 
heights, presenting to me, as it were, within her family embrace and im- 
mediate vicinage, every spot most dear to a man on earth, — the place of 
my birth and the haunts of my childhood, the scenes of my education and 
early life, the resting-place of my fathers, — every thing, in short, which a 
tender and dutiful patriotism comprehends in the sacred name of home. 

Ladies and Gentlemen, I cannot say much to you this evening. I need 
repose, bodily and mental, and would gladly find it in listening to the elo- 
quent voices of those around me. Some painful feelings crowd upon me. 
I heard at Halifax the mournful news of an event which has deprived us 
this evening of the presence of one, whose countenance was the light of 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 101 

every circle he entered ; whose death will be felt not in America alone as 
a public calamity ; from whose long-tried friendship I had promised my- 
self a cordial welcome on my return. Allow me, sir, the gratification and 
solace of being a listener ; and let me only express the hope, that after 
more than five years' absence, during which period, time, I dare say, has 
been doing his work on the outer man, you will find the inner man un- 
changed in all that you ever honored with your indulgent and friendly 
regard, and to assure you that I return with no wish or ambition but to 
engage with you in the performance of the duties of a good citizen ; in 
the hope of sharing with you the enjoyment of the prosperity, with which 
a gracious Providence has been pleased to bless the land in which we 
live. 

The President then gave, — 

Horticulture, — The ne plus ultra of tillage, the Poetry of Agriculture. 

The Chair then announced, — 

The Marshfield Farmer, — " All head in counsel, all wisdom in speech ;" 
always ready to defend the soil and to make the soil more and more worth 
defending. 

The Hon. Daniel Webster then rose and said, — 

Ladies and Gentlemen, — There are far better farmers in Marshfield than 
I am, but as I see none of them present, I suppose I am bound to take the 
compliment to myself. 

Mr. President, I had the honor of partaking in the origin and organiza- 
tion of this Society, and you will bear me witness, that it was then a dear 
and cherished object to me, and I may add, that among those who coop- 
erated in that organization, no one was more assiduous or effective than 
that great man whose departure has just been so feelingly alluded to. It 
has so happened, that, since that time, the circumstances and pursuits of 
my life have rendered it impossible for me to be present at many of your 
meetings, yet I have seen with pleasure and delight, the continued progress 
of the institution. 

Mr. President, as it has been said from the Chair, and in the sentiments 
around the table, it is our fortune in New England to live beneath a some- 
what rugged sky, and till a somewhat hard and unyielding earth; but 
something of hardness, of unfavorable condition and circumstances, seems 
necessary to excite human genius, labor, and skill, and bring forth the re- 
sults most useful and honorable to man. I greatly doubt whether all the 
luxuriance of the tropics, and all that grows under the fervid sky of the 
equator, can equal the exhibition of flowers made to-day, amid these 
northern latitudes. Here, there is all the brilliancy of color and all the 
gorgeous display of tropical regions ; but there, the display is made in 
swamps and jungles, abounding in noxious reptiles ; it is not the result of 
cultivation, taste, and human labor working on the capacity of nature. 



102 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Sir, I congratulate you that our flowers are not 

" born to blush unseen, 
And waste their sweetness on the desert air." 

The botany we cultivate, the productions of the business of horticulture, 
the plants of the garden are cultivated with us, by hands as delicate as 
their own tendrils, viewed by countenances as spotless and pure as their 
own petals, and watched by eyes as brilliant and full of lustre as their own 
beautiful exhibitions of splendor. (Applause.) 

Horticulture is one pursuit of natural science, in which all sexes, ages, 
and degrees of education and refinement unite. Nothing is too polished 
to see the beauty of flowers, nothing too rough to be capable of enjoying 
them. It attracts, gratifies, and delights all. It seems to be a common 
field where every degree of taste and refinement may unite and find op- 
portunities for their gratification. 

Mr. President, I will take the occasion to accord to the sentiment of the 
honorable Secretary of the Commonwealth, and congratulate you on the 
return of our worthy friend who has just spoken. He finds here no en- 
emy, and in the exhibition of the talent which he possesses, of his classical 
learning and his popular oratory, he finds only one rival, but a very dan- 
gerous rival ; if he maintains the competition with that rival he has noth- 
ing to fear, and that rival is his own reputation. 

Mr. President, we, who belong to the class of farmers, are compelled to 
bring nothing but our applause to those whose taste, condition, and posi- 
tion enable them to contribute these horticultural excellencies which we 
see around us. But the honor belongs to the State, and I shall not trespass 
beyond the bounds of reason and justice, if I say that there could nowhere, 
nowhere be a more perfect and tasteful exhibition of horticultural products 
than we have witnessed in this town the present week. Let this good 
work speed. May this useful and good work go on prospering and to 
prosper. And as we live in a country which produces a race of hard- 
working men, and the most useful fruits of the earth, so let us show every 
year that it is not less productive of beautiful flowers, as it certainly is not 
of graceful hands to wreathe and entwine them. (Applause.) 

The following song, written for the occasion by the Hon. George Lunt, 
was then sung : — 

In elder days and softer climes, beneath the reign of Jove, 
When Oreads peopled every hill, and Dryads filled the grove, 
Oft as the fields in ripened charms the autumn suns imbrowned, 
With garlands bright the simple swains their votive altars bound. 

And old and young alike before the verdant shrines appear, 
With blushing flowers and golden fruits that blessed the closing year ; 
With wreaths and chaplets girt around, the long procession came, 
And swelling pipes and vocal joy the harvest hour proclaim. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 103 

Yet vainly rose the grassy turf, and vainly pipe and song 
Led on through many a moonlit dance the festal hours along 5 
For kindly summer's ripening beam and showers of gentle rain. 
To false and fabled gods they raised their hearts and hands in vain. 

But we with Truth's enlightened eye behold the ample store, 
When every whispered hope has swelled to perfect joy once more 5 
With nobler homage bless the Power, whose bounty fills the board, 
And join to praise with grateful songs the universal Lord. 

Not theirs, alas, the glorious thoughts that range above the sky, 
" Come, let us eat and drink," they said, " to-morrow shall we die ;" 
For us in every golden sheaf and glittering flower is given 
The symbol of immortal hopes beyond the bending heaven. 

Then oh, as each returning year with clustering fruits is crowned, 
And flushed with joy the smiling land in beauty brightens round. 
With grateful hearts and honors loud His praises let us own, 
Whose endless goodness lives for us, eternal as His throne ! 

The next regular toast was, — 

The Mayor of the City of Boston, — The first specimen of a native 
seedling, watched with great care, and giving promise, each day, of having 
come from good stock. 

His Honor, Thomas A. Davis, said in reply : — 

Had I the physical ability to address this meeting, under the existing 
circumstances I should not attempt it ; but I will give you, as a sentiment, — 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, — A most excellent institu- 
tion, if we may judge from its fruits. 

Faneuil Hall, — The birthplace, cradle, and home of the liberties of our 
country. Liberty loves to greet here, in her palace, Nature^ s Noblemen. 

Harvard University, — The flower bed of the State, the garden that 
produces plants whose bloom is perennial. 

Music, — " Fair Harvard.''^ 

The Hon. Josiah Quincy replied : — 

Having been told by the Chairman that this being a sentiment in honor 
of Harvard University, it was expected that he should respond to it, he 
should do it most willingly 5 although he was no longer officially connected 
with that institution, and now claimed only the enviable distinction, which 
he had enjoyed for two days, of being a citizen of Boston. He had come, 
however, to that meeting with no purpose of speaking, but with the sole 
intention to enjoy. He had attended the exhibition, and, while there, had 
exhausted every superlative of honor in the English language, in express- 
ing his gratification and delight. In the Horticultural Hall, he had wit- 
nessed the wonders wrought by the Florist's hand ; he had there seen what 
man could do, by labor and taste, to enlarge, beautify, and multiply the 
bounties of nature ; he had seen how art, and wisely employed capital. 



104 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

were permitted by Heaven to improve its own gifts ; and had felt how im- 
possible it was by language to express the beauty of fruits and flowers, 
which nature and art had combined to improve. Nor could he refrain 
from reflecting that all, — all was the work of well-directed industry ; under 
the influence of which thought, he asked leave to propose, as a sentiment, — 

The BLEssmas of well-directed Industry, — " The source of every gen- 
tle art, and all the soft civilities of life." 

The following quartette, written for the occasion by Thomas Power, 
Esq., was then sung : — 

Solo.— When fairest things of beauteous earth 
Awake each dearest feeling, 
How pure the throb of chastened mirth 
That o'er the heart is stealing ! 
Chorus. — When fairest things, &c. 

Solo. — To that Creative Power above 

Each grateful thought is tending, 
For genial rays, on field or grove, 
For watery clouds impending. 
Chorus.— It is our welcome festal day, 

And fruits and flowers surround us j 
When fruits and flowers shall pass away. 
The ties shall live that bound us. 
Ties shall live, 
Ties shall live, — 
When fruits and flowers shall pass away, 
The ties shall live that bound us. 

Solo. — See generous fruits, in forms of grace, 
And beauteous hues, before us, 
Their rich and varied sweets to trace 
Invitingly implore us ! 
Chorus. — See generous fruits, &c. 

Solo. — Thus gathered on our festal day, 
May changing seasons find us 5 
And friendly thoughts, though far away. 
Of social hours remind us. 
Chords. — It is our welcome festal day, &c. 

Solo.— How sweet, when summer hours are here, 
To mark the flowers that, gaily. 
In robes of beauty soft and clear, 
Bring pleasures to us daily ! 
Chorus.' — How sweet, &c. 

Solo. — We'll gather blossoms while we may. 
For storms may come to-morrow : 
Though perfumed flowers shall find decay, 
No thought of pain we'll blifrow. 
Chorus. — It is our welcome festal day, &c. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 105 

The following toasts were then announced : — 

The Ladies, — Lilies and Roses in themselves, and always pinks of per- 
fection -y to gentlemen their hearfs ease ; may they never be lack-a-daisy. 

The Clergy, — While their labors are confined to the cultivation of the 
moral and religious affections, they are cheered with a rich hope of a plen- 
tiful harvest for the future life, and enjoy more than all others the fruits of 
the present. 

The Eev. Dr. Codman, in responding to the last sentiment, remarked 
that the object of the association could not but commend itself to the min- 
ister of the religion whose doctrines were peace on earth and good will to 
men, for it led him to anticipate the glad day when men should beat their 
swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks, and not 
learn war any more. He had returned from a short tour in Europe, to 
compare our magnificent sunsets proudly with the so much lauded "sunny 
skies of Italy," and, after suffering much inconvenience from the late cold, 
wet, and disagreeable season in England, which threatened great difficulty 
in the ingathering of the harvest, he could not but feel with gratitude that 
our lines were cast in pleasant places, and that we had a goodly heritage. 
He highly appreciated the advantages of cultivation, and trusted that this 
institution would bring the science of horticulture to its greatest perfection. 
He concluded with this sentiment : — 

The Patrons of Horticulture, — Whose names adorn these walls. 
They are entitled to the gratitude of mankind. 

The Chair called upon the clergymen present to respond to the previous 
toast, and the Rev. Mr. Choules followed : — 

He observed that his profession was accustomed to calls j this was one 
he would decline ; but as he was not demanded to speak on probation, he 
would, at the call of the Chair, offer a few remarks, simply to state an his- 
torical fact. 

Mr. Shepherd, the accomplished conservator of the Botanical Gardens, 
at Liverpool, is the authority for the following anecdote respecting the in- 
troduction of that elegant fiowery shrub, the Fuchsia, into the greenhouses 
of Europe. Old Mr. Lee, a well-known Nurseryman and Florist, at 
Greenwich, near London, about fifty years ago, was one day showing his 
variegated treasures to a person, who suddenly turned and said, " Well, 
you have not, in your whole collection, so pretty a flower as one I saw to- 
day in a window at Wapping!" "Indeed, and what was this Phoenix 
like ?" "Why, the plant was beautiful, and the flowers hung down like 
tassels from the drooping branches ; their color was the deepest crimson, 
and, in the centre, a fold of rich purple." 

Particular inquiries were made as to the exact whereabouts, and Mr. Lee 
posted off to the place, where he discovered the object of his pursuit, and 
immediately pronounced it a new plant. He saw and admired. 
14 



106 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY, 

Entering the humble dwelling, he said, ''My good woman, this is a nice 
plant of yours, I should like to buy it." 

" Ah, sir ! I could n't sell it for no money, it was brought to me from 
foreign parts by my husband, who has gone again, and I must keep it for 
his sake." 

"But I must have it." 

"No sir, I can't spare it." 

" Here," emptying his pockets, " here is gold, silver, and copper," (his 
stock amounting to more than eight guineas.) 

" Well-a-day ! sure this is a power of money." 

" 'Tis yours, and the plant is mine, my good woman. I'll give you one 
of the first young ones I rear to keep for your husband's sake. I will, 
indeed." 

The bargain was struck, a coach called, in which old Mr. Lee and his 
apparently dearly purchased flower were deposited. On returning home, 
his first work was to strip off" and destroy every blossom and bud ; the 
plant was divided into small cuttings, which were forced into bark beds 
and hot beds, and again subdivided. Every effort was employed to multi- 
ply the plant. Mr. Lee became the delighted possessor of three hundred 
fuchsias, all giving promise of fine blossom. The two which first expand- 
ed were placed in his window. A lady came in, " "Why Mr. Lee, my dear 
Mr. Lee, where did you get this charming flower?" 

" 'Tis a new thing, my lady, pretty is it not ? " 

"Pretty ! 'tis lovely! its price?" 

" A guinea, your ladyship ;" and one of the two plants that evening 
stood in beauty on her ladyship's table in her boudoir. 

"My dear Charlotte, where did you get that elegant flower?" 

" Oh, 'tis a new thing! I saw it at old Mr. Lee's- pretty is it not?" 

" Pretty ! 'tis beautiful, what did it cost ?" 

" Only a guinea, and there was another left." 

The visiter's horses trotted to the suburb, and a third beauteous plant 
gTaced the spot from whence the first had been taken. The second guinea 
was paid, and the fuchsia adorned another drawing-room of fashion. This 
scene was repeated, as new calls were made by persons attracted by the 
beauty of the plant. Two plants, graceful and bursting into flower, were 
constantly seen on the same spot. He gladdened the faithful sailor's wife 
with the promised flower, and before the season closed, nearly three hun- 
dred guineas jingled in his purse, the produce of the single shrub from the 
window at Wapping, as a reward of old Mr. Lee's taste, skill and de- 
cision. 

I am happy to be present on this joyous occasion. I wish many of my 
brethren were here ; the place is full of instruction, and is a field for use- 
fulness. Some of my most pleasurable reminiscences are connected with 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 107 

agricultural and horticultural employments. They are in unison with 
God's planSj and human nature. At your last festive occasion, one of the 
ornaments of our community observed, that " he felt delighted when he 
saw the laboring man walk through the streets of Boston carrying home a 
potted plant under his arm, because he felt convinced of the love of nature 
and virtue that was exhibited." Sir, the mechanic cannot come into com- 
petition with your rich men's gardens and greenhouses. You have no re- 
ward to stimulate such humble skill as belongs to the cultivation of the 
window plant. I have the pleasure to say, that I am authorized by a lib- 
eral friend to announce a medal at the disposal of this society, for the best 
single potted plant produced by the mechanic, female, or child, at your 
next exhibition. I cannot trespass on such an occasion, in this presence 5 
suffer me to give as a sentiment, — 

The State of Louisiana, — whose representative I am glad is in our 
assembly. 

The Hon. Mr. Henning, of the Louisiana Bar, said that he was very 
much obliged to the Society for noticing Louisiana in this manner, and 
that he was very happy to be present at a festival so interesting in itself, 
and so honorable to New England. He would give as a sentiment, — 

The Fair of New England, — The brightest flowers in the continent of 
America. 

The Chair then gave, — 

The Genealo&ical Tree, — An exotic from the shores of Old England. 
New England will always cherish it whilst it produces a Winthrop. 

The Hon. Robert C. Winthrop replied as follows : — 

I am greatly honored, Mr. President, by the sentiment which you have 
just offered, and I beg the ladies and gentlemen before me to accept my 
most grateful acknowledgments for the kindness and cordiality with 
which they have responded to it. I heartily wish that the compliment 
were better deserved. I wish that even in reference to matters of Horti- 
culture, I had done more to keep up the credit of that old Genealogical 
Tree. One of your anniversary orators told us, some years ago, if I re- 
member rightly, that among the earliest records in regard to the production 
of fruit in this neighborhood, was the account of ''a good store of pippins," 
which was forthcoming, upon some occasion, from Governor Winthrop's 
garden. It would be thought no great things to raise a good store of pip- 
pins now-a-days, I suppose. But two hundred years ago, it must have 
been something of an achievement. Our fathers had not many apples to 
regale themselves with. The fruits to which they were obliged to turn 
their attention, were of a more substantial and practical character. There 
is an old song still extant, entitled '^Forefather's Song," supposed to have 
been written in 1630, or thereabouts, which gives us an amusing insight 
into the Horticultural labors of those early days, and shows us what prod- 



108 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

ucts of the soil were mainly relied upon, both for refreshment and nourish- 
ment. One of the verses is in this wise : — 

'' Instead of pottage and puddings, and custards and pies, 
Our pumpkins and parsnips are common supplies ; 
We have pumpkins at morning, and pumpkins at noon, 
If it was not for pumpkins we sliould be undone." 

Nor did the praises of the pumpkin end here. Our fathers seemed to 
have found in it an ingredient of one of their choicest drinks, as well as 
the material of so much of their more solid food. They had no grapes 
from which ^^to crash the sweet poison of misused mne," and yet, with 
all their other virtues, they do not appear to have learned how to carry 
through a feast, as we are now doing, upon cold water. Another verse of 
the old song says, — 

" If barley be wanting to make into mah. 
We must be contented and think it no fault ; 
For we can make liquor to sweeten our lips, 
Of pumpkins and parsnips, and waJnut tree chips." 

That must have been a lip-sweetener indeed, Mr. President ! We have 
all heard of bran bread, and even saw dust has not been without its com- 
mendations in some quarters, as a valuable esculent ; but neither the 
genius of temperance, nor of dyspepsia, has ever, in our time, conceived 
the idea of extracting an agreeable beverage from pumpkins and parsnipS; 
and walnut tree chips ! 

All this, Mr. Winthrop said, went to prove that it was something of a 
Horticultural exploit, on the part of his ancestor, to raise a good store of 
pippins. It was one, at any rate, with which some of the younger branch- 
es of the Genealogical Tree had nothing to compare. He could point to 
no apples of his own raising. He could not even exhibit that variety of 
apples, — the only sort which the society had not abundantly furnished to 
our hand, — those "apples of gold set in pictures of silver," which the 
Wise Man of old had given as the synonyme of " a word in season ;" a 
synonyme of which he was always reminded, when listening to the golden 
words and silver tones of the distinguished friend, whom they had just 
welcomed home from England. 

Mr. Winthrop said there was a time when he might have claimed some 
fellowship with the cultivators of the soil. He had once eaten the produce 
of his own dairy; but the experiment by no means proved that he knew 
on which side his bread was buttered, and he was glad to fall back on the 
excellent supplies of his friend Hovey. 

He had never cultivated dowers, not even the flowers of rhetoric ; and 
as to the sentimentalities of the subject, Mrs. Caudle had quite exhausted 
them in a single sentence of one of her last lectures, where she told her 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 109 

husband how " She was born for a garden ! There's something about it 
makes one feel so innocent ! My heart always opens and shuts at roses." 

Yet though he might not employ either the language of sentiment, or of 
science, Mr. Winthrop thanked Heaven that he could feel as deep an ad- 
miration for the exquisite productions of Horticulture, as if he were an 
adept in all the processes and technicalities which belonged to it. It was 
one of the great glories of such an exhibition, that it yielded delight to 
every eye, and touched a chord in every heart. There was nothing exclu- 
sive about Nature. She was no respecter of persons. The rose and the 
honeysuckle smelt as sweet to the village beggar, as they did to Victoria ; 
and the most scientific cultivator whose name adorned these walls, had no 
more relish for his luscious clusters, than those of us who hardly knew a 
Sweetwater from a Black Hamburgh. 

Nor did these exhibitions appeal only to the eye and to the senses. As 
he was visiting the new and beautiful rooms of the Society this morning, 
Mr. Winthrop said he could not help recalling some associations of a time, — 
more years ago than he might care to confess in that presence, — when he 
was climbing the stairways over that spot upon another errand, and in a 
different character, — "with satchel and shining morning face, creeping 
like a snail unwillingly to school." Nor could he forbear regretting at 
first, that the site should have been diverted from the exalted purpose to 
which it had been so long devoted. But it needed only for him to enter 
the hall, and give a moment's time for the moral of the scene to impress 
itself on his mind, to lose all such regrets ; to feel that the genius of the 
place had not departed ; that education was still going on there ; education 
for the heart as well as for the understanding ; a moral education, without 
which the mere learning of the schools would be hardly better, than the 
knowledge which our first parents derived from the forbidden tree. 

The day had gone by, (Mr. Winthrop said,) when the dissecting knife of 
the economist could be permitted to make one of its merciless cuts between 
utility and beauty. If the progress of invention had taught us to see 
something of beauty in mere utility, the progress of humanity had taught 
us, also, to find a great deal of utility in mere beauty. No one, at any 
rate, would dare to disparage the intrinsic value of beauty, before such an 
audience as he was then addressing. 

Shakspeare had, indeed, pronounced it to be wasteful and ridiculous ex- 
cess, "to paint the lily or throw a perfume on the violet." And so it 
would be. Nature had displayed some master-works, which man could 
not improve. The violets had been called " sweet as the lids of Juno's 
eyes, or Cytherea's breath ;" and of the lilies, it had been divinely said, 
that "Solomon in all his glory, was not arrayed like one of these." Both 
had already a grace beyond the reach of art. But to multiply the varieties 
of fruit and flowers ; to increase their abundance, and scatter them with a 



110 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

richer profusion along the waysides of life ; to improve their quality, and 
coloring, and fragrance, wherever it was possible to do so : this, the great 
poet of Nature would have been the last person to call wasteful. Its util- 
ity would only be questioned by those, who counted it useless, to extend 
the range of innocent recreation and virtuous enjoyment ; unless to 
brighten and strengthen the chain of sympathy which binds man to man ; 
or unless to excite a fresher or more frequent glow of grateful admiration 
in the human breast, towards the Giver of all good ! No one could take 
an afternoon's ride along any part of our environs, and witness the beau- 
tiful lawns and flower gardens which encircle, as with emeralds and rubies, 
the neck of our beloved city, without feeling that he was inhaling some- 
thing better than mere fresh air and fragrant perfume, and physical health ; 
nor without mingling, with other and holier feelings, a tribute of gratitude 
to the skilful cultivators by whom these improvements had been carried on. 

Mr. Winthrop concluded by offering the following sentiment, which he 
trusted the late Minister to the Celestial Empire, at his elbow, would not 
construe into any depreciation of his successful services : — 

HoRTicuLTUKE, — It has done what diplomatic negotiation and desperate 
valor have attempted in vain ; it has penetrated to the very heart of the Cen- 
tral Flowery Kingdom, and brought away its richest spoils. (Great applause.) 

The President then gave, — 

The Ce>-tral Flowery Nation of China, — "We welcome the man who 
has united by closer ties the gardens of the East and the gardens of the "West. 

The Hon. Caleb Gushing replied as follows : — 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen, — I pray you to accept my most 
hearty acknowledgments for the favor and indulgence with which you 
have given and received the sentiment just announced, still more for the 
privilege I have enjoyed of witnessing your beautiful exhibition, and above 
all. for the opportunity you have afforded me of being present at this in- 
tellectual feast, and of joining with you in your cordial and affectionate 
welcome of our eminent countryman and your fellow townsman, — to whom 
allow me to embrace this opportunity, the first that has offered, of tender- 
ing my warmest thanks for important and even indispensable services, 
which, in the midst of his own important and almost overwhelming oflEicial 
duties, he found time to extend to me at the antipodes. 

I am also, Mr. President, most thankful for the opportunity of gazing on 
a spectacle like this, on the delicate and beautiful fruits and flowers before 
us, and on their introduction on an occasion like this. All our associations 
of beauty and taste are blended with flowers. They are our earliest tokens 
of affection and regajrd. They adorn the bridal brow at the wedding, they 
are woven in garlands around the head of the conqueror, they are strewn 
on the coffins of the dead. And here is another of their most grateful and 
beautiful uses, — ornamenting the table at a festival, enlivening the scene 
and enchanting the eye. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETYo Hi 

In that " central flowery land," this is the case at all festivals ; flowers 
there adorn the table and meet the eye in every direction, on all festal oc- 
casions. But they are not there accompanied by what we here enjoy. 
Here alone, — here and in Christian lands, — woman enchants and beautifies 
with her presence the festive scene. Woman, — our equal,- — shall I not say 
our moral superior. It is only here, that such a scene can gladden the hu- 
man eye. I regard this exhibition as a striking proof of the point which 
education and intellectual refinement have reached in our country ; that 
we have got beyond mere utility, and, ceasing to inquire how far it is in- 
compatible with beauty, have found that the beautiful is of itself useful. 
"We have learned to admire art, to appreciate painting and sculpture, and 
to look upon fruits and flowers as models of delicacy and beauty. And 
although it is said that Massachusetts produces nothing but the ice of her 
lakes and the granite of her hills, yet we know that she also produces 
men, — free-hearted, high-minded, noble-purposed men and women, — the 
fairest and best. They are also the beautiful growth of our land. It is 
here that we have the best proof of the intellectual and moral elevation to 
which our favored State has ascended. And I trust that hereafter men, — 
natives of our soil, born, bred, living here, enjoying the bracing air, the 
high qualities, the strength of character, the high privileges, and more 
than all, the high principles and aspirations after all good things which we 
so highly prize, — may ever be, as now, the indigenous product of the soil 
of Massachusetts. 

The Chair then gave the following sentiments, of a kindred nature to 
each other : — 

The Ladies, — The blossoms of loveliness ! Our "lasting treasures," 
our amaranthine flowers ! 

Woman, — The earliest gatherer of fruits. By picking the first apple, 
she caused the first pair to fall. 

The Ladies and Flowers, — Ministering angels to man. 

An ode, written expressly for the occasion by R. H. Bacon, Esq., was 
then sung : — 

Once more, while Autumn's sober smile 

Shines out o'er hill and valley, 
And, high the golden sheaves to pile, 

A-field the farmers rally,—- 
We come, a kindred joy to share, 

With fruits and flowers laden, 
Cheered by the voice of matrons fair 
And many an arch-eyed maiden. 

Dame Nature, with a woman's art, 

Exchanging her attire, is, 
Her forest green will soon be seen 

To take the hues of Iris. 



4P 



112 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

But still she decks her smiling brow 

With coronals of flowers : 
And, glad as in the spring-time, now 
FJy on the laughing hours. 

The robin warbles on the hills ; 

The lark sings from the meadow 5 
The partridge^ by the bubbling rills, 

Creeps in the maple's shadow. 
So high the hawk sails in the air, 

You scarce can hear his whistle ; 
And half he seems the downy seed 

Flown upward from a thistle. 

Now in the orchard climbs the boy 5 

The spreading bough he grapples, 
And, singing some rude song of joy, 

Shakes down the blushing apples. 
His joy we feel, while gathered here. 

Half sportive, half in duty j 
A keener joy, too, since are near 

The lip and eye of beauty. 

Fruits and flowers that chain the eye. 

Here in their sweetness are there 3 
The luscious Belle-fleur seeks to vie 

With the rich Seek-no-farther ! 
At Beauty's feet the Hare-bell's cast 5 

The Azalea blossoms o'er her 3 
And ere the Jasmine bloom, at last. 

The Myrtle shall adore her ! 

The Chair then gave, — 

Our Merchant Princes, — Their ships have ploughed the sea, and fur- 
rowed the ocean ; their enterprise garners up rich crops, which their liber- 
ality now dispenses with an unsparing hand. 

Mr. Wilder added : — In the remarks that I had the pleasure to submit 
this evening, I intended to express the hope, that some of the wealth and 
private munificence that was overflowing to other institutions, might reach 
us, and establish a permanent fund, the interest of which should be dis- 
pensed in Gold and Silver Medals, bearing the name of the donor, (after 
the manner of the Gold and Silver Banksian and Knightian Medals of the 
London Horticultural Society,) but, ere my desire was expressed, the hope 
was anticipated by the following communication from one of our oldest 
and most respectable members, a citizen who enjoys a large share of the 
love and esteem of the community, and has, by his liberal donations, 
blessed the cause of Education, and made the heart of the widow and 
orphan to leap for joy : — 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 113 

Boston, September 15th, 1845. 
To M. P. Wilder, President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society : — 

Sir, — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 
8th instant, with a polite invitation from the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society to attend their Seventeenth Anniversary, on the 17th, 18th, and 
19th instant, at Horticultural Hall, in School Street, to be consummated 
with a Festival at Faneuil Hall, on the 19th, at 5 o'clock, P. M. For this 
very flattering invitation, I return to yourself, individually, and to the So- 
ciety, my sincere thanks, and I very much regret it will not be in my 
power to accept the kind invitation, and attend the Festival on the 19th. 

It would afford me great pleasure to meet with the Society that has done 
so much, within a few years, for the improvement of Horticulture, in the 
vicinity of Boston. Agriculture, the most useful, and Horticulture, the 
most pleasing of all arts, have fully kept pace with the rapid progress of 
the age, in other departments of activity, for which the community are 
largely indebted to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

With the view of giving further aid to the Society, in their very laudable 
exertions, I send you enclosed one thousand dollars, to be invested as a 
permanent fund, the interest accruing therefrom to be appropriated, annu- 
ally, in premiums, for improvements in the arts to which the Society are 
devoted, in such manner as it shall direct, for producing Trees good for 
food, and Flowers pleasant to the sight. 

I wish continued success to the Society, and that the Agriculturists, who 
make beds of roses, and bring forth such good fruits and beautiful flowers 
for others, may themselves be rewarded, and find, through life, a flowery 
path free from thorns. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, your most obedient, most 
humble servant, 

SAMUEL APPLETON. 

N. B. Should you think the following toast worthy the occasion, it is 
at your service : — 

Agriculture, Manufactures, Commerce, and Horticulture ; — Agri- 
culture gives us food; Manufactures gives us clothing; Commerce gives 
us cash ; and Horticulture, on the tables before us, speaks for itself in the 
language of Paradise more eloquently than any flowers of rhetoric can 
express. 

Mr. Webster then rose and said, — 

Ladies and Gentlemen, — I have obtained leave of the President to re- 
mind this company, that a venerable lady honors this occasion with her 
presence. She is the daughter of Gen. Phillip Schuyler, of the revolution- 
ary army, and the widow of Alexander Hamilton. (Loud and continued 
15 



114 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

cheering.) And, ladies and gentlemen, while devoted revolutionary ser- 
vices shall be remembered, and while great administrative talent finds a 
voice to sound its praises in our republic, neither one nor the other of these 
great names will be forgotten, nor can she cease to be held in the grateful 
remembrance of this republic, who was the daughter of one and the bosom 
companion of the other. I propose to you, — 

The health, prosperity, and long- life of Mrs. Hamilton. (Renewed 
applause.) 

The President said that he was requested by Mrs. Hamilton to return 
thanks for the cordial manner in which she had been received, and would 
most sincerely reciprocate the sentiment just offered, by wishing all 
present, health, happiness, and prosperity. 

He then said that a volunteer toast that had been handed to him, antici- 
pated one which he had been about to offer. It was, — 

The youngest officer that ever presided over our City affairs, — 
A Chap caught young, but a true man for efficiency. He can make a hun- 
dred speeches a day, and ought to speak on this occasion. 

Hon. Jonathan Chapman was called upon to respond to this sentiment. 
He said, — If I am the boy, Mr. President, to whom you intend to apply 
that compliment, which is so luxuriant, th*at I think it must have been raised 
by guano, there are two ways in which I might answer it. One is to get 
upon stilts, put myself upon my dignity, and gravely defend myself. But if 
I should attempt that, you might follow me up in the words, or nearly the 
words, of the old song of " The King and the Countryman :"— 

" What ! be that an ' Old Mayor' that I see there ! 
Why, I've seen a Chap at our village fair, 
Look more like an ' Old Major' than that Chap there." (Applause.) 

The other mode, and the one which on the whole I prefer, is, to " confess 
and avoid." And, therefore, if you will apply to me such epithets as those 
of your toast, I have only to say, in the language of another quite old 
piece of poetry : — 

" You'd scarce expect one of my age 
To speak in public on the stage ; (Laughter.) 
And if I chance to fall below 
Demosthenes or Cicero," 

[As Mr. Chapman pronounced this line, and indicated by a gesture two 
of the orators of the evening, as those to whom he alluded, the whole 
meeting greeted him with shouts of amusement and applause.] And, 
continued he, 

" Don't view me with a critic's eye, 
But pass my imperfections by." 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 115 

And, sir, whether as man or boy, in office or out, here or elsewhere, I 
stand so much in need of the charity invoked in those two last lines, that 
I repeat them from the bottom of my heart, 

" Don't view me with a critic's eye, 
But pass my imperfections by." 

Your toast, however, concludes with a requisition upon me for a speech. 
Oh, sir, that you could realize the enormity of that requisition, in a position 
like mine. It is said, sir, and I have no doubt with great truth, that the 
process of being hung is a very uncomfortable one. But though a person 
in that situation has nothing to stand upon, he has the relief of something 
to hold him up. But to rise here upon an occasion like the present, before 
such an audience, after such gentlemen have gone before me, I feel as if I 
had no support, either from top or bottom. 

The venerable President of Harvard College, in his remarks this even- 
ing, said "that he came here to enjoy, and not to" — and as he paused at 
this point, I felt as if he was going to say, "and not to suffer.''^ He actu- 
ally said, however, " and not to speak. ''^ Verily, I think the two words to 
be quite synonymous." 

It is not for want of will, that I thus decline to make a speech. Indeed, 
it is one of the difficulties — nay, it is one of the sorest trials of our frail 
human nature, that our desires, our aspirations, so far outrun our abilities. 

I want to make a speech, and my aspirations prompt me to make a good 
one. Even with the knowledge that such gentlemen as have already 
spoken were to be here, I have dared to aspire to making a speech as good 
as theirs. I cannot tell you how I have been exercised upon this matter, 
ever since I rose this morning — to say nothing of my sleeplessness last 
night — how I should rejoice to warm, and stir, and enkindle this audience. 
But the moment of action has come, and yet I am powerless. Truly, sir, 
my spirit is willing, but, alas, the flesh is weak. 

And then the topic appropriate to the occasion — what chance is there for 
any thing new? There is the garden of Eden — a capital thing in its pri- 
meval state. But such hosts of invaders have taken possession of it, that 
its guardian angel must have slept upon his post, and there is no room for 
another settler. Fruits and flowers have been so thoroughly sung, that 
they have almost withered before the quantity of wind that has been blown 
upon them. And as for woman, she has been so often toasted, that, as 
some wag once remarked, our directory would soon contain no other name 
than that of Brown. 

I heard a story the other day, which, as it illustrates this difficulty, and 
is a short one, permit me to repeat it. It was of an unmarried man, who, 
though he pretended that he was not married, because he had never tried, 
was yet known to have made more propositions, and received more rejec- 



116 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

lions, than probably any man living. He was in the habit, too, of making 
his propositions after a very short acquaintance. 

Upon one occasion, he met with a lady in a rail-road car, who particu- 
larly struck his fancy. He procured an introduction to her, and set about 
his usual attentions. The lady, having been informed of his habit, hu- 
mored the matter through the day. As they approached the end of the 
day's journey, the gentleman made his usual proposition of marriage. The 
lady replied with great seriousness, that the subject which he had proposed 
was a very important one, and ought not to be hastily decided ; that she 
would take a little time to consider it, and if he would call at her house in 
the morning, she would give him an answer, as in the mean time she could 
consult her husband. 

He had actually offered himself, Mr. President, to a married lady. Just 
such, sir, has been my fate all day, in seeking a subject for a speech to- 
night. Every one I applied to, has turned out to be either engaged or 
married to somebody else. And Heaven forbid that I should break off any 
match 1 

Beset by all these difficulties, sir, I repeat that I cannot make a speech 
to-night ; and as a memento of my sufferings all day, I give you as a 
sentiment, — 

The Misery of Table Public Speaking, — Equalled only by that of 
seeking a wife in vain. 

The President then gave, — 

The Ameeican Institute. — The entrenched guard for the rights of the 
agriculturist and the promotion of American manufactures. A union for 
great results and national honor. 

Hon. Mr. Meigs, of New York, responded on behalf of the Institute. 
He said that he was there as the servant of that body, which was full of 
admiration of the taste, genius, and unparalleled industr}' of Boston. Nor 
did any feeling of envy or jealousy exist in the minds of that institution. 
The delegates were instructed to offer a most cordial and earnest invitation 
to those present, to visit the Fair of the Institute, which was to be held in 
October next. This invitation was cordially received. Mr. Meigs offered 
the following toast : — 

Boston, and her splendid gardens, and her rail-roads to them. 

At this time, Mrs. Hamilton and several others of the distinguished 
guests retired, and all present rose as they passed from the room. 

The following sentiments were then announced from the Chair : — 

The Ladies, — The love-plants of earth's garden, who tT^ine their affec- 
tionate tendrils round man's nature, shielding him from noxious blasts, 
rejoicing with him in the full-leaved summer of his prosperity, and cling- 
ing to him with unaltered love through the dreary winter of ruin and 
decay. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 117 

The City of New York, — The giant granary of Uncle Sam's farm, 
whose sons are continually between the shafts of the plough of improve- 
ment, and are the factors of the profits of the establishment. 

The President having called upon the Hon. W. B. Maclay, member of 
Congress from the city of New York, he responded as follows : — 

Mr. President, and Ladies and Gentlemen, — In obedience to the call you 
have made upon me, I rise, but with great reluctance. After the feast of 
reason, with which you have been regaled, it would be arrogance in me 
even to disclaim any expectation of saying any thing worthy of your atten- 
tion. Yet, as a native of the city of New York, interested in its prosperity, 
and repeatedly honored by its confidence, — I ought not to hesitate to ex- 
press the gratification I have felt at the sentiment just proposed, and more 
especially at the manner in which it has been received by this numerous 
and respectable auditory. Boston can well afford to compliment New 
York. Whatever advantages of position, nature may have conferred upon 
the latter, have almost become equalized by the proverbial enterprise of 
New England, — an enterprise which has triumphed over every obstacle in 
connecting this city with that portion of our country to which the Star of 
Empire is so rapidly tending, — which has enabled your manufacturing- 
industry, yet in its infancy, to meet in the market any competitor ; and 
which has sent out your sons over the whole Union, diffusing the intelli- 
gence, and exemplifying the thrift, which has often been ridiculed, but has 
always been respected, as lying at the foundation not only of individual, 
but of national faith and prosperity. New York has her great Canal and 
Aqueduct, — the one, mingling the waters of the Lakes with those of the 
Atlantic ; the other, affording increased comfort and security to so large a 
portion of our population, and both exhibiting, in so striking a manner, the 
progress and the power of the City and State. But who here would feel 
compensated even with these for the absence of those memorials of our 
revolutionary history around him, presenting to the eye the most glorious 
record of past, and a bright pledge of future patriotism? If, like one of 
your distinguished guests, who, after so long an absence, has returned to 
his native shores, I could call Boston my home, my whole frame would 
dilate with the reflection, that to what distant point soever the adventurous 
spirit of our people may carry the boundaries of the republic, they must 
also carry with them the knowledge that here is the cradle where our infant 
Liberty was rocked, and that, through all future time, hither the traveller 
must come to behold the scenes, made memorable by an association with 
all that is enkindling in our annals. When the inhabitants of the good old 
town of Boston poured out their treasure like water, hesitated at no sacri- 
fice for the common defence, — 

" And when shower'd 
The death bolts deadliest the Ihinn'd files along, 
Even where the thickest of war's tempest lower'd/' 



118 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

■when every sacrifice had been apparently made, when Joseph was not; and 
Simeon was not, — sent forth Benjamin also to the defence of a bleeding 
country. 'Even if this were otherwise, in intelligence, in industry, in pub- 
lic spirit, in its number of distinguished men, some adding to our intellec- 
tual wealth, and others giving -'to the age and body of the time its form 
and pressure,'^ Boston would lose nothing by a comparison with any other 
portion of the country. The assemblage of intellect and beauty which 
adorns your board to-night, is an illustration of the truth of this remark. 
Those, who are here met, have gathered together to promote the objects, 
and may I not add, to participate in the triumphs of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society. From the feeble beginnings, — detailed by your 
President in his address this evening, your Society has reached a point, 
which need not be described to those who have seen the exhibition of the 
last three days. The encouragement which such an exhibition must 
afibrd, — the generous emulation which it must excite in all kindred socie- 
ties, wherever organized, are too obvious for comment. 

I may be pardoned, however, for alluding to one of the effects by which 
a cultivation of the pursuits of your society seems invariably accompanied. 
Let him who will deny the utility (using that word in its narrowest sense) 
of one of the departments of horticulture, fto me the most delightful.) yet 
will he deny that it furnishes auxiliaries to virtue by substituting, for more 
exciting pleasures, a pure and rational employment? I never pass through 
the crowded streets of my own city, by any habitation from which flowers 
are visible, without feehng (however humble that habitation may be, that 
there dwells beneath its roof something of taste, and refinement, and vir- 
tue. "Who here is prepared to say, that these fair and delicate creations of 
the Divine Benignity are not designed, as they most assuredly are adapted, 
to awaken other and higher emotions in our bosoms than any which a 
mere perception of the beautiful has power to excite ? ^' Consider the lilies 
of the field, how they grow," is the injunction of that wisdom which has 
connected moral sentiments with natural objects: so that the student of 
nature may regard not only the forms, and coloring, and delicate pencil^ 
lings which are the characteristics of these objects, but also the sensibilities 
which they awaken, and the qualities of which they are expressive. Take 
the meanest flower that scents the gale, inhale its perfume, (''sweet as the 
breath of morn,'") see its varied hues, (which art can imitate, but cannot 
equal;) observe the harmony pervading its whole formation, mark the 
design of which the most insignificant portion of it gives evidence, call in 
your thoughts from the ordinary pursuits and selfishness of life, and aban- 
don yourselves for a moment to the images and associations of innocence 
and purity iof which it is so lovely an emblem, — and how secretly, yet how 
surely, is the mind elevated from the gift to the Giver ! 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 119 

" In that blest moment, Nature, throwing wide 
Her vale opaque, discloses, with a smile, 
The Author of her beauties, who, retired 
Behind his own creation, works unseen 
By the impure, and hears his power denied." 

Perhaps there is no State in the Union in which the science of horticul- 
ture can be more successfully pursued, or in which a fairer prospect of 
benefit, to great masses of the community, is held out from its cultivation, 
than the State of Massachusetts. 

The surface of your Commonwealth is dotted with beautiful villages and 
towns, the inhabitants of v/hich, deriving their livelihood from mechanical 
and manufacturing employments, furnish a ready and an increasing market 
for horticultural products. Nor to any one, who has at heart the prosperity 
of your State, can there be a more interesting contemplation, than to behold 
the obstacles which nature may have interposed in the character of the soil 
in the vicinity of these villages, gradually giving way before the instructed 
industry of the horticulturist. Lands reclaimed from absolute waste — the 
ruggedness of nature softened by the means and applications of art — neat 
cottages smiling amid gardens and orchards, where early and late fruits, 
those raised with much, and those with little care, are taught to grow in 
obedience to the skill of the cultivator. Thousands of poor but happy chil- 
dren, repaying, with their assistance, the love of their parents, and trained 
from infancy to habits of industry and observation, these are the results 
which the Society proposes for its aim and attainment. May every pros- 
perity attend its labors ! The formation of the habits to which I have 
alluded in the young, are of themselves, worth all the eiforts which have 
been made. Sir James Mackintosh once very politely and truly said, that 
we think from our opinions, but we act from our habits. 

I had anticipated much gratification from visiting your exhibition. A 
friend, now present, when in New York, had given me a description of 
what I might expect to see. I thought I had made sufficient allowances 
for the excusable enthusiasm of a resident of your State and a member of 
your Society ; but when I walked through the rooms of the beautiful edifice 
erected by the Society, above all, when this scene of beauty broke upon 
my view, I felt ready to exclaim, as the Queen of Sheba did when she 
came from afar to see the riches of Solomon, — '■'■ The half has not been 
told me." 

Without consuming any more. of your time, let me propose for a senti- 
ment, — 

Prosperity to the city of Boston and the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society. 

The President then remarked that one of the earliest and most important 
acts of this Institution was the purchase and consecration of Mount Auburn 



120 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

as a cemetery, — a measure, upon which, as has been observed, the fame of 
the Society may forever rest ; but while we record this noble deed, we are 
called upon by an all-wise Providence to mourn for the sudden removal of 
our beloved member ; for him, who, in the name of the Society, performed 
the sacred act of consecration, and in his own beautiful language declared 
that ''Mount Auburn, in the noblest sense, belongs no longer to the living, 
but to the dead." He then offered as a sentiment : — 

" The Memory of Joseph Story." 

This sentiment was received by the company in appropriate silence, and 
the band played Pleyel's Hymn. 

The President then gave, — 

The True Idea of a House of Kepresentatives, — One good Speaker 
and many good listeners. 

The Hon. Mr. Walley rose and said, that considering the lateness of the 
hour, and especially after what we had all seen, and heard, and felt, he 
would neither be guilty of the unkindness to his friends, nor the injustice 
to himself, of attempting to add a word by way of remark ; but would con- 
tent himself with tying up, in the form of a sentiment, the topics, upon 
which, under other circumstances, he might have ventured to say a few 
words. He would therefore propose the following : — 

The Trio of this Festival, — Flora, Pomona and the daughters of Eve ! 
There is no fair, so fair, as where the beauties of each of these are com- 
bined to lend enchantment to the scene. 

The Chair then read the following volunteer toast : — 

Boston Orators, on patriotic and literary occasions, — We know of one 
who has a love of flowers, and of fruits, and wait impatiently to hear him 
tell his story. Mr. G. S. Hillard was called upon to reply, and said : — 

As it is probably well known to many here present, I am in the habit of 
using frequently, perhaps too frequently, my vocal organs, but I feel that 
the time is now past for making a set speech. If, as has been before said, 
the position of a public speaker, on an occasion like this, is arduous, how 
much more so is that of him who speaks when the tide of attention is on 
the ebb ! for no one need be told, that when the hour of turn has once come, 
there is no refluent current. I feel further that they, who have gone before 
me, have reaped the whole field and left no green thing to be gleaned by 
those who come after. "Were the hour earlier, and your sense of hearing 
less taxed, I might speak on some of the many themes which the occasion 
affords. The exhibition of fruits and flowers, which we have seen to-day, 
is not only beautiful, but it is also suggestive. It is a record of successive 
triumphs of human skill and industry. When we compare the wealth of 
our gardens with the hips and haws, the sour crabs and austere berries 
which formed the forlorn desserts of the common ancestors of our own and 
our mother country, in the days of the Egberts and the Athelstans, we can 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 121 

appreciate the progress of society, and the diffusion of innocent gratifica- 
tions which we owe to the labor and knowledge of man, working upon the 
raw materials of nature. But the waning hour forbids me to go further in 
this path. 

As I have not the honor to be a member of the Horticultural Society, I 
can speak the more fully and freely of its claims and merits. I feel that I 
owe you a debt of gratitude, in common with the whole community. It is 
our privilege to live in a growing and improving region. Each successive 
year shows a marked progress in that beautiful belt of villages which 
clasps our city like a jewelled zone. Trim gardens are constantly en- 
croaching upon the uncultivated fields ; neat houses and tasteful cottages 
are peeping through their screens of foliage, and filling the mind and the 
eye with images of quiet beauty. Lovely are such scenes to the sense — 
more lovely to the soul. The moral beauty is even more than the mate- 
rial. I forget the houses in thinking of the homes. I delight to dwell 
upon the happiness that those roofs shelter, the manly and gentle virtues 
that are there nurtured, the domestic peace that endears, and the intelli- 
gence and worth that dignify those hearths ; my heart swells with a grate- 
ful emotion that my lot is cast in so favored a land. I feel that your 
Society has had its part in this good work, by diffusing a taste for those 
simple rural pleasures and the virtues of which they are the allies, and 
that you have helped to make our people happier and better. And you 
are reaping no scanty harvest of return. Your triumphs and successes 
are recorded upon a page wide as the living landscape and bounded by no 
margin less than that of the horizon. Every tree which waves in the 
wind is vocal with your good works, and every flower that holds up its 
painted cup to drink the dew of the morning, seems redolent of your 
praise. Allow me to conclude these remarks, which have been extended 
to a greater length than I had proposed, by a sentiment suggested alike by 
the scene now before us and by the associations which belong habitually 
to this hall, — 

The Gardens of our Country, — May the apple of discord never grow 
there, nor the serpent of disunion glide among their bowers. 
The Chair then gave, — 

The Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, — A rich bed of 
soil from which has grown not only some of the most ornamental, but 
many of the most useful members of society. 

Mr. George G. Smith, the President of the Association thus alluded to, 
said, that carried away by the tide of happy influences arising from the 
scenes of the day and evening, he might easily make a speech. But the 
time had passed, and he stood there as the representative of an association 
more famed for action than for words. He congratulated the Society on 
the triumphant success thus far of their enterprise. For himself he would 
16 



122 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

say, that although he was not much accustomed to cultivation, as all his 
digging had been upon a plate of metal from three inches to three feet 
square, he had never raised a crop that satisfied his ideas. He congratu- 
lated them that they appeared destined to awake, in the minds of those 
around them, the sentiment of the beautiful, that seemed to~have been im- 
planted by the Creator in the human breast as the great secret of happi- 
ness. He remembered that in the days of his youth the farmers had a 
distaste for ornament, and thought that a flower garden was not in place 
on a farm.- But the girls always insisted on a place for their posies. He 
would not say for the world that they would have their own way, but they 
did get their gardens ! and they had Sweet Williams in them and violets, 
and forget-me-nots, and bachelors' buttons, and cupid's delights, showing 
the delicacy and refinement of the female taste. Apple orchards were fre- 
quent, for farmers would have their cider in those days j but he well re- 
membered the first cherries that he saw, — except the common red cherry 
of the country, — and that was when he was nine years old, forty years 
ago, and a great rarity they were. Mr. Smith closed with the following 
sentiment : — 

The Sentiment of Beauty, Mokal, Physical, and Intellectual, — Im- 
planted by the Creator in the human mind. It is our duty, as well as our 
privilege, to cultivate and improve it. 

Mr. W. R. Prince, delegate of the Queen's County Horticultural Society, 
sent to the Chair the following sentiment : — 

The Flowers of Rhetoric and of the Floral Domain, — Entwined in 
perfect union : the one adds permanence, and the other imparts beauty to 
this glorious fabric of freedom. 

Mr. Prince, of Flushing, L. I., made some remarks upon the difierence 
of floriculture in the two hemispheres, and the improvement universally 
made in those from the east, by transplanting them to the west. The prin- 
ciple held in the animal, as well as the vegetable kingdoms ; and we ought 
to remember that the Saxon race was only here in a state of progress, and 
was destined to spread the blessings of civilization and her institutions 
over this whole wide-spread country. He closed with some remarks upon 
the beneficial effects of horticulture, both physically and morally. 

Dr. R. T. Underbill, of New York, then gave, — 

The people of New England prove their title good as the lineal descend- 
ants of the Pilgrim Fathers, by their energy in subjugating an un genial 
soil to all the useful purposes of life, their love of liberty, and by the tem- 
ples of their mechanical genius. 

Hon. S. Fairbanks gave, — 

Agriculture, Commerce, and the Arts, — "Whilst they are the best 
means and marks of civilization, they give to polished society its wealth, 
conveniences, respectability, and defence. May the American people be 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 123 

the last to frown upon these great branches of industry, which so much 
adorn and bless society ! 

Letters were received from several distinguished gentlemen, invited as 
guests, which the time did not permit of reading. 

The following sentiment was appended to a letter from Hon. Isaac Da- 
vis, President of the Worcester County Horticultural Society. 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, the Parent of all simi- 
lar Societies in New England, — May the children imitate the noble 
deeds of the parent ! 

The President here remarked, that it was less than forty years since the 
formation of the first Horticultural Society in the world, and at the time 
of our own organization, there were but two or three in this country ; that 
now many of the cities and populous towns of New England have these 
associations, and new ones are constantly rising up throughout the length 
and breadth of our land. That horticultural papers and periodicals had 
been the great agents,, and eminently promotive of diffusing a wide-spread 
influence and interest on this subject, one of which, in this city, had 
already reached its eleventh volume. He would give, — 

The Magazine of Horticulture, — Alike creditable to its author, and 
useful to the community. 

Mr. C. M. Hovey, the editor of the Magazine of Horticulture, addressed 
the Chair as follows : — 

Mr. President, — I had hoped that, among the great number of ladies and 
gentlemen who have been pleased to join our festival, you had forgotten 
the annual complimentary sentiment, which you, or others^ have been 
pleased to bestow on me ; and that I might have escaped the task of troub- 
ling you with any remarks, deeming ii preferable, sir, to be a listener to the 
rich flow of eloquence which has fallen from those who have preceded me, 
rather than that others should listen to me. But, sir, your compliment is 
one which I feel proud of, and I thank you for it. Standing alone, without 
a single cotemporary, I feel bound, however reluctant, to offer you a few 
brief remarks. 

You have alluded to the usefulness of horticultural publications in dis- 
seminating a taste for the pursuit of the science, and to the fact that our 
labors have extended to eleven volumes. Leaving to you and to others of 
our readers, among whom we are pleased to recognize so many now pres- 
ent, and to say how far they have aided in the object for which the Society 
was instituted, permit me to allude to the results which have already fol- 
lowed the periodical literature of gardening. 

To whom are we indebted for much of the zeal which actuated the orig- 
inal founders of this Society? To those, sir, whose names we now see 
inscribed upon these walls and in this glorious place, and whom we all 
know, all honor. First, and at the head, stands the name of Lowell, whose 



124 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

time, whose talents, and whose money, were given with a perfect prodi- 
gality to the spread of information upon every branch of horticulture. His 
published essays and papers in the IMemoirs of the Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural Society, are known only to a portion of our members, — Through his 
agency a correspondence was opened with 3Ir. Knight, and many of the 
varieties of fruit we now most esteem, were received, reared and dissemi- 
nated by him. Next comes the name of the late Judge Buel, whose zeal 
and practical knowledge, united to a sincere enthusiasm, enabled him to 
impart a vast amount of information through his Cultivator. Then we 
have our own Fessenden, less practical, but not less influential in promot- 
ing a taste for horticulture in our immediate vicinity. The memory of 
these will long continue to inspire others to equally useful results. 

But, Mr. President, casting our eye on the other side, we see foremost, 
and in bold relief, the name of Loudon. — he who sacrificed a life to the 
science of gardening. I would, sir, that I had the power to delineate and 
properly set forth ihe immense services which he rendered, not only to hor- 
ticulture, but to every thing which pertains to the necessities, the comforts, 
the luxuries, or the refinements of life. His works embrace Agriculture, 
Horticulture, Arboriculture, Botany, Landscape Gardening, Architecture, 
and Eural Improvement, and exceed those of any other writer, — indeed, 
he might be called the AValter Scott of horticultural literature. It is to his 
exertions that the present state of gardening, throughout the world, is 
greatly indebted. With an independent spirit, he at once struck out a new 
path, and opened new sources of pleasure to those who had followed the 
beaten track of their predecessors. To him belongs the credit of popular- 
izing and rendering familiar a science, long thought to consist wholly in 
the mere routine duties of the field and kitchen garden. No monument 
could more truly commemorate his life-long labors, than the great work 
which occupied the last ten years of his life, and to the completion of which 
he sacrificed his fortune and his time. 

Mr. President, — I will not prolong my remarks at this late hour. To the 
great object of disseminating information on the high pursuit of horticul- 
ture, our labors have long been, and we hope will long continue to be, 
devoted. If we succeed in awakening that latent love of flowers and 
fruits, which is implanted in almost every human being, we shall feel that 
we have not toiled in vain. I will, therefore, give you this sentiment, — 

The Trioiphs of Horticulture, — To open one new source of intel- 
lectual enjoyment, — to add one refinement to the heart. 
By Hon. Isaac Livermore : — 

Our Tables, — The delicious bounties which crown them, surpassed only 
by the exquisite beauties which surround them. 

The President then left the Chair, which was assumed by Hon. B. V. 
French, Vice President of the Society, who ofiered the following : — 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 125 

Marshall P. Wilder, Esq., President of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural SociETT, — His untiring zeal, his persevering and efficient efforts 
in promoting the highest interests of this association, commend him to the 
warm gratitude of his friends and the public. 
Vice President Jonathan Winship being called upon, gave, — 

This Occasion, — Adorned by flowers of the garden and of the home, — by 
the fruits of earth and the blossoms of female loveliness. 

By Mr. Richards, one of the Vice Presidents, — 

The Hall of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, — When the 
members pass over the threshold of its portals, let them only remember 
that they are horticulturists. 

Mr. Russell, Professor of Botany, &c., to the Society, said, that as the 
editor of the Horticultural Magazine had alluded to the names which 
adorned the walls, he wished to make the single remark, that they were 
names of men who connected together virtue with mental attainments, 
and joined natural science to religious and virtuous culture. He urged 
that this was the general result of such studies, and closed with the senti- 
ment, — 

Horticulture, — The younger and fairer sister of Agriculture, — her in- 
fluences are seen as much in the heart and mind as on the soil. 

By J. E. Teschemacher, Corresponding Secretary, — 

Horticulture and Agriculture, — Most efficient handmaids of religion 
in her endeavor to banish war from the world. 

By Mr. Breck,— 

Horticulture and Mental Culture, — The one, the cause, the other, the 
effect. 

By Mr. French, — 

Henry Colman, — The friend of Agriculture, Horticulture, and Floricul- 
ture ; after searching the old world for hidden knowledge, may he return 
richly laden with the fruits of his labors. 

Pomona and Flora, — Twin sisters as perfect in their varied works as 
they are elevated in their moral influences. 

By J. L. L. F. Warren,— 

The Child cradled among the Bulrushes and the Children rocked in 
the Cradle of Liberty, — The former led a host to the promised land ; the 
latter have taken possession of that land, made it to bud, blossom, and bring 
forth the fruits of peace, prosperity and happiness. 

By Dr. Wight,— 

The Horticulturist, — The garden that he cultivates in his youth is 
the resting-place of his old age, and his associates are the trees of his 
planting. 

By Professor Russell, — 

Our Horticultural Association, — It proves the botanical axiom, that 



126 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

the flowers and fruits of a Wilder growth are the most beautiful and admi- 
rable. 

The following appropriate song was written for the occasion by Mrs. M. 
D. Dean of Franklin : — 

As Adam was musing in glory one day, 

He asked for permission to visit this way, 

To see his dear children, a numerous race. 

Existing his likeness in temper and face. 

From the palace of rubies, and portals of gold, 

He hurries away on his errand so bold ; 

On wings of the morning, through chambers of light, 

Swift as eagle, his spirit sweeps on to alight. 

Horticulture had warning, and garnished his bowers. 
And called in sweet Flora, the mother of flowers j 
In robes like the rainbow, she came with her throng. 
And seated her numberless jewels along. 
With bright locks of amber, tho' aged with lime. 
Old King Horticulture appeared in full prime ; 
From his big horn of plenty, he scattered around. 
In wildest profusion, rich fruits of the ground. 

Arrived at the threshold, our invisible sire 

Came in to the shouting of timbrel and lyre ; 

As soft winds in concert were piping away. 

And his children were feasting, all blithsome and gay. 

Astonished, confounded, and lost in the view, 

From wonder to wonder, enraptured he flew ; 

He thought 'twas the Eden he once loved so well ! 

And wept that he lost it ! so strangely to tell. 

Among the sweet ladies, so full of delight. 

He looked for his rib, that was missing one night ; 

And wondered that with such an angel-like train. 

The bachelors ever should single remain. 

As he rose into ether, in ecstasies wild. 

His warning he whispered on low breezes mild j 

" Oh worship, ga}' children, the bountiful Giver, 

Or you may be banished from your Eden forever." 

By David Haggerston : — 

Cultivation, — Without judicious cultivation, the most precious shoots 
run to waste, and the richest ground produces nothing but brambles. 

By Capt. J. Lovitl of Beverly : — 

New Varieties of Fruits, — If he who made two blades of grass grow 
where one grew before, is entitled to the name of a public benefactor, how 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 127 

much more is he worthy of the name, who, from the austere pear, gives us 
the melting Dearborn, or from the sour plum the delicious Jefferson ! 

By E. A. Story:— 

Our Festivals, — Clustering together the products of the Garden and the 
loveliest gems of Society. 

By H. W. Button :— 

Flowers, — "Nature's illustrations :" for sweetness and earnest invoca- 
tion, better than the illuminated missals of the Pontiff; "each cup a pulpit, 
every leaf a book." 

By P. B. Hovey, Jr. :— 

Our Society, — In her onward path to prosperity, may she not forget 
those who in her infancy watched over and directed her steps to honor and 
usefulness ! 

By John S. Sleeper, editor of the Boston Journal : — 

Horticulture, — The earliest art, — taught by Angels in the Garden of 
Eden. No art contributes more to the civilization of society, or the hap- 
piness of mankind. 

The three splendid Specimens of Architectural Beauty at our 
RECENT Exhibition, — The Floral Temple, the Pyramid, and the Monu- 
ment, — Not, as is usual in such cases, — marks of honor to the illustrious 
dead, — but monuments of praise to their living authors. 

Seed Time and Harvest, — The Alpha and Omega of the cultivator. 
The seasons of hope and fruition. 

Nature and Art, — Their marriage, the union of Heaven with Earth; 
their offspring, civilization and refinement. 

Our Country, — A garden whose twenty-six parterres afford ample room 
for the growth of every virtue. In making additions to the domain, may 
the seeds of vice be eradicated and destroyed. 

The Vegetable World, — A world, the only desire of whose inhabitants 
is to confer pleasure, and whose only reward a smack of approval. 

By Otis Johnson : — 

The Gifts of Flora, — The emblems of the affections and the vocabu- 
lary of love. 

" They are love's paper written o'er 
With various hopes and fears, 
Their blushes are the smiles of love, 
And their soft dew love's tears." 

The Absent Friends of this Association, — While they remain behind 
preparing for a future festival, may we not forget them " while shouting 
the harvest-home." 

Such were the thoughts advanced on this bright, festal occasion, and 
uttered in the presence of a vast assembly of brilliant women who graced 



128 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

the celebration by their presence, the whole commemoration fully justify- 
ing the sentiment of the Hon. Mr. Walley, who gave, " The trio of this 
Festival, Flora, Pomona, and the daughters of Eve." As an entertain- 
ment, it gave the highest satisfaction, and it passed off like similar events, 
on the wings of time in rapid fleetness, leaving, however, -a very pleasant 
memory on the minds of every participator. 



Meeting of the Society, October Uh, 1845. 

This being the meeting for the choice of Officers, Professors, and Stand- 
ing Committees, whose term of office commences on the first Saturday of 
January, 1846, and terminates on the first Saturday of January, 1847. 
The following persons were chosen : — 

President. — Marshall P. Wilder. 

Vice Presidents. — B. V. French, Jona. Winship, Cheever Newhall, E. M. 
Richards. 

Treasurer. — Samuel Walker. 

Corresponding Secretary. — J. E. Teschemacher. 

Recording Secretary. — Ebenezer Wight. 

Professor of Botany and Vegetable Physiology. — John Lewis Russell, A. M. 

Professor of Entomology. — T. W. Harris, M. D. 

Professor of Horticultural Chemistry. — S. L. Dana, M. D. 

Standing- Committees. 

Committee on Fruits. — Samuel Walker, chairman; P. B. Hovey, Jr., 
0. Johnson, J. Lovitt, 2d., D. Haggerston, J. F. Allen, George Newhall, 
A. D. Williams, F. W. Macondray, J. S. Cabot, E. Wight. 

Committee on Flowers. — Joseph Brack, chairman ; H. W. Button, S. 
R. Johnson, P. Barnes, W. E. Carter, E. A. Story, Alex. McLennen. 

Committee on Vegetables. — W.B.Kingsbury, chairman; J. A. Kenrick, 
John Hill, Samuel C. Mann, Josiah Newhall, A. D. Williams, Jr., James 
Nugent. 

Committee on the Library. — C. M. Hovey, chairman ; C. K. Dillaway, 
J. E. Teschemacher, E. Wight, R. M. Copeland, J. Breck. 

Committee on Synonyms of Fruit. — M. P. Wilder, chairman; B. V. 
French, S. Downer, W. Kenrick. 

Executive Committee. — M. P. Wilder, chairman ; A. Aspinwall, J. J. 
Low, E. M. Richards, Otis Johnson. 

Finance Committee. — Cheever Newhall, chairman; E. M. Richards, 
Joseph Balch. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



129 



REPORTS OF THE COMMITTEES AWARDING PREMIUMS 

FOR 184§. 

FRUIT COMMITTEE. 

At a meeting of the Fruit Committee, held on Saturday, January 3d, 
1846, they awarded the following premiums for the year 1845, viz : — 

At the Annual Exhibition in September. 

Apples. — For the greatest number of kinds and the best grown, to 

B. V. French, a premium of . . . . . $10 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to C. Newhall, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

Pears. — For the greatest number of kinds and the best grown, to 

M. P. Wilder, a premium of . . . . . 10 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to J. Lovitt, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the third best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to J. S. Cabot, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Granges. — For the best exhibited, to Wm. Quant, a premium of . 10 00 
For the second best exhibited, to 0. Johnson, a premium of . 7 00 
For the third best exhibited, to B. D. Emerson, a premium of . 5 00 
For the greatest number of varieties and the best grown, to 

J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . . . 10 00 

For the second best greatest number of varieties and the best 

grown, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . . . 5 00 

Assorted Fruits. — For the best basket of fruit of various kinds, to 

David Haggerston, a premium of . . . . 10 00 

For the best dish of apples, to E . Vose, a premium of . . $5 00 

For the second best dish of apples, to Messrs. Winships, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the best dish of pears, to J. Lovitt, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the second best dish of pears, to J. F. Allen, a premium of 3 00 



$96 00 



Premiums during the Season. 

Apples. — For the best summer apples, to A. D. Williams, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best summer apples, to E . M. Richards, a pre- 
mium of ....... 4 

For the best fall apples, to 0. Johnson, a premium of . .6 

For the second best fall apples, to J. Lovitt, a premium of . 4 
17 



00 
00 
00 



130 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Fears. — For the best summer pears, to A. D. "Williams, a pre- 
mium of . . '. . . - . . $6 00 
For the second best summer pears, to J. F. Allen, a premium of 4 00 
For the best fall pears, to J. Lovitt, a premium of . . 6 00 
For the second best fall pears, to S. "Walker, a premium of . 4 00 
For the best winter pears, to J. Lovitt, a premium of . . 6 00 
Cherries. — For the best specimen of cherries, to Otis Johnson, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen of cherries, to A. D. Williams, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Teaches under Glass. — For the best specimen of peaches grown 

under glass, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen of peaches grown under glass, to 
Josiah Richardson, a premium of . . . . ' 4 00 

Peaches, out-door culture. — For the best specimen of peaches, to 

Galen Merriam, a premium of . . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen of peaches, to John Hill, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Apricots. — For the best specimen of apricots, to Hovey & Co., 

a premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of apricots, to E . E . Bradshaw, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Nectarines. — For the best specimen of nectarines, to J. F. Allen, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen of nectarines, to Wm. Quant, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Quinces. — For the best quality of quinces, to John A. Kenrick, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best quality of quinces, to Samuel Pond, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Plums. — For the best quality of plums, to J. Lovitt, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 6 OIJ 

For the second best quality of plums, to S. R. Johnson, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Gooseberries. — For the best flavored gooseberries, to 0. Johnson, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best flavored gooseberries, to John Hovey, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Currants. — For the best specimen of currants, to A. D. Williams, 

a premium of . . . , . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of currants, to A. D. Weld, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 131 

Raspberries. — For the best specimen of raspberries, to C. New- 
hall, a premium of . . . . . . -$5 00 

For the second best specimen of raspberries, to J. F. Allen, 

a premium of , . . . . . . 3 00 

Strawberries. — For the best specimen of strawberries, to A. 

Aspinwall, a premium of . . . . 8 00 

For the second best specimen of strawberries, to Hovey & Co., 

a premium of . . . . . . . 6 00 

For the third best specimen of strawberries, to J. Richardson, 
a premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

MusJcmelons. — For the best specimen of muskmelons, to John 

Nugent, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of muskmelons, to J. Lovitt, 

a pfemium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Figs. — For the best specimen of figs, to J. F. Allen, a premium of 5 00 
Grapes grorvn under Glass previous to July 1. — For the best spec- 
imens and the best varieties of grapes, grown under glass 
previous to July 1, to J). Haggerston, a premium of . .10 00 

For the second best specimens and the best varieties of grapes 
grown under glass previous to July 1, to J. Nugent, a pre- 
mium of . . . . ... . 7 00 

Grapes. — For the best specimen of grapes grown under glass sub- 
sequently to July 1, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . .10 00 
For the second best specimen of grapes grown under glass sub- 
sequently to July 1, to Wm. Quant, a premium of . . 7 00 
Native Grapes. — For the best specimen of native grapes, to Ken- 
dall Bailey, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of native grapes, to S. R. John- 
son, a premium of . . . . . . 3 00 



Gratuities. 

To Edward Humphries, for a seedling nectarine, . 

To E. M. Richards, for seedling apple, "Walpole seedling," 

To Mr. Newhall, Lynn, for seedling apricot. 

To Samuel Walker, for figue pear, 

To Mrs. Sheldon, for fine lemons, . 



$305 00 


. 5 00 


5 00 


5 00 


3 00 


3 00 



$326 00 



Total, 
For the Committee, 

SAMUEL WALKER, Chairman 
Approved by the Executive Committee, Jan. 15, 184G, 



132 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



FLOWER COMMITTEE. 

The Flower Committee of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, beg 
leave to submit the following Report : — 

The amount of money appropriated by the Society to be awarded in pre- 
miums and gratuities; at the discretion of the Committee, for the year 
1845, is as follows : — 

1st, — Amount voted by the Society, Feb. 15th, 1845, for various 
objects, as set forth in published schedule, . . . $400 00 

2d, — Voted for premiums and gratuities on bouquets and pot 

plants, at the weekly exhibitions, .... 100 00 

3d, — Balance on hand, Jan. 1, 1845, to be appropriated for Camel- 
lias and Azaleas, . . . . . .^ 18 50 



$518 50 

The Committee have awarded the premiums and gratuities, viz : — 
1st. — Premiums awarded to objects set forth in the Schedule. 

Camellias.— Yox the best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of $5 00 
Hyacinths. — For the best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 4 00 
For the second best display, to Jos. Breck & Co., a premium of 3 00 
Tulips. — For the best 30 varieties, to Joseph Breck & Co., a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 8 00 

For the second best 30 varieties, to Samuel Walker, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . ■ . 6 00 

For the third best display, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of . 3 00 
Harvthorns. — For the best display, to Messrs. Winships, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best display, to John A. Kenrick, a premium of 2 00 
Hardy Azaleas. — For the best display, to J. A. Kenrick, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best display, to Messrs. Winships, a premium of 2 00 

Magnolias. — For the best display, to W. E. Carter, a premium of 3 00 

For the second best display, to J. A. Kenrick, a premium of . 2 00 
Herbaceous Fcsonies. — For the best 12 flowers, to Joseph Breck & 

Co., a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best 12 flowers, to Wm. E. Carter^ a premium of 3 00 

For the best display, to Wm. Kenrick, a premium of . . 3 00 
Roses. — In the following divisions and classes : — 

DIVISION A. 

CLASS I. 

Hardy Eases. — For the best 30 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premi- 
um of 8 00 



5 00 
3 00 
2 00 

5 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 133 

For the second best 30 varieties, to A. Aspinwall, a premium of $6 00 
For the third best 30 varieties, to Joseph Breck & Co., a pre- 
mium of . , . . . • . 4 00 
For the best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . . 3 00 

DIVISION B. 

CLASS I. 

Noisette, Bourbon, Perpetual and other Roses. — For the best varie- 
ties, to Joseph Breck & Co., a premium of 
For the second best varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 
For the best display, to S. R. Johnson, a premium of . 
Carnations and Ficotee Pinks. — For the best 8 varieties, to Joseph 
Breck & Co., a premium of . 
For the second best 8 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premi 

um of . 
For the best display, to Joseph Breck & Co,, a premium of 
Phloxes. — For the best 6 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premi 
um of . 
For the second best 6 varieties, to S. Walker, a premium of 
For the third best 6 varieties, to J. Breck & Co., 
Balsams. — For the best display, to A. Bowditch, a premium of 

For the second best display, to J. Breck & Co., a premium of 
German Asters. — For the best display, to Hovey & Co., a premi 
um of . 
For the second best display, to Edward Allen, a premium of 
Dahlias. — In the following divisions and classes : — 

DIVISION A. 
For the best specimen bloom, to Edward Allen, a premium of . 4 00 

DIVISION B. 

CLASS I. 

For the best 18 dissimilar blooms, to James Nugent, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 8 00 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to James Nugent, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 5 00 

CLASS III. 

For the best 6 dissimilar blooms, to Hovey & Co., a premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best 6 dissimilar blooms, to John Hovey, a pre- 
mium of , . . . . . . 2 00 



4 


00 


3 


00 


5 


00 


4 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 


4 


00 


3 


00 



134 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

DIVISION C. 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12. dissimilar blooms, to "Wm. Meller, a premi- 
um of . . . . . . ■ . . $5 00 

For the second best 12 dissimilar blooms, to S. A. "Walker, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

CLASS III. 

For the best 6 dissimilar blooms, to W. B. Richards, a premi- 
um of . . . ... . . . . 3 00 

For the second best 6 dissimilar blooms, to S. A. Walker, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Chrysanthemums. — For the best 12 varieties, in pots, to Hovey & 

Co., a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

Herbaceous Plants. — For the best display through the season, to 

Breck & Co., a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best display through the season, to Messrs. Win- 
ships, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 

For the third best display through the season, W. E. Carter, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Annuals. — For the best display through the season, to Breck & 

Co., a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best display through the season, to Parker Barnes, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Bouquets. — For the best display through the season, to J. L. L. F. 

Warren, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best display through the season, to Miss RusseU, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

For the third best display through the season, to W. E. Carter, 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 



$199 OO 



Premiums and Gratuities awarded for Bouquets a?id Pot Plants, 
at the Weekhj Exhibitions. 

To Azael Bowditch, for two splendid bouquets at the opening of 

the Hall, . . . . . " . . $10 00 

Bouquet, . ... . . . . 1 00 

To Miss Russell, for bouquet, $2 00 • do. $2 00; do. $2 00 ; one 
do. $1 00 ; one do. $1 00 ; one do. |1 00 ; one do. $1 00; one 
do. $1 00; one do. $1 00; one do. $1 00, . . .13 00 

To Thomas Motley, Jr., bouquet, $1 00 ; do. $2 00, . .3 00 

To Hovey & Co., pot plants, $2 00 ; do. $2 00 ; do. f 2 00, . 6 00 

To Salisbury & Wiliot, for pot plants, . . . , 1 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



135 



$12 00 



3 


00 


1 


00 


8 


00 


2 00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


5 


00 


2 


00 



ToWm. Quant, bouquets, f 2 00 ; do. $2 00 ; do. $2 00 ; do. $2 00 

do. $2 00 ; do. $2 00, . 
To Parker Barnes, pot plants, $2 00 ; do. $1 00, . 
To Wm. E. Carter, bouquet, $1 00, 
To J. L. L. F. Warren, bouquets, $1 00 ; do. $2 00 ; do. $1 00 

do. $1 00; do. $1 00; do. $2 00, 
To Edward Allen, pot plants, $2 00, 
To S. A. Walker, for design. 
To Wm. Meller, pot plants, 
To David Haggerston, for superb bouquets, composed of rare 

greenhouse flowers, .... 
To Thomas Needham, for pot plants, 

$70 00 
Gratuities. 

To Marshall P. Wilder, President of the Society, (not a competitor 
for premiums,) the following gratuities, viz.: — 
For a fine display of camellias, . . . . $5 00 

For a fine display of tree pseonies, 100 blooms, embracing 15 

varieties, . . . . . . . 5 00 

For fine grown azaleas, in pots, . . . . 3 00 

For fine display of roses, . . . . . 5 00 

For repeated exhibitions of superb seedling Japan lilies, . 5 00 

For magnificent specimens of well grown fuchsias, in pots, . 5 00 

For fine specimens of well grown erica ventricosa, tricolor, &c. 3 00 

To J.E. Teschemacher, for fine specimen of echinocactus eryiesii, 3 00 

To Hovey & Co., for magnificent specimens of well grown Japan 

lilies, in pots, . . . . . . 5 00 

For repeated exhibitions of fine new gloxinias, achimenes 

and gladiolus, in pots, . . . . . 5 00 

For repeated displays of choice China tea and other roses, . 5 00 
For the introduction and exhibition of a great variety of new 
phloxes, . . . . , . . 5 00 

For continued displays of bouquets, rare cut flowers, and pot 

plants through the season, . . . . . 8 00 

To Orr N. Towne, for magnificent specimens of fuchsias, in pots, 3 00 
To Wm. Doyle, for a fine collection of large, well grown plants, 

at the Annual Exhibition, . . . . . 5 00 

To Samuel Sweetser, for a large rose bush, covered with a profu- 
sion of flowers, . . . . . . 3 00 

To David Haggerston, for a magnificent specimen of crinum 

amabile, . . , . . . . . 3 00 

To Thomas Mason, a gratuity for fine roses and dahlias, , , 5 00 



136 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



To Alexander McLennan, for fine ranunculus, . . " . 

To John Arnold', for repeated displays of China and other roses, . 

To Capt. Macondry, for fine displays of German asters and other 

flowers, ....... 

To Josiah Lovitt, for fine displays of seedling pinks and" pan- 
sies, ........ 

To Messrs. Winships, for repeated displays of fine shrubby plants, 
For fine displays of choice cut flowers, pot plants and bou- 
quets through the season, . . . . 

To Parker Barnes, for fine fuchsias, in pots. 
For fine grown azaleas, in pots. 
For fine displays of cut flowers, pot plants, &c., through the 
season, ...... 

To John A. Kenrick, for repeated displays of cut flowers. 
To J. S. Cabot, for exhibition of new perennials, paeonies, &c. 
To Wm. E. Carter, for fine displays of polyanthus, 

For well grown azaleas, .... 

For repeated exhibitions of choice greenhouse and hardy 
plants, ...... 

To Joseph Breck & Co., for a fine specimen of Wisteria sinensis 
For a fine specimen of Cloth of Gold rose, 
For rich displays through the season, of choice cut flowers, 
To Wm. Meller, for fine displays of geraniums, . 

For fine displays of bouquets, pot plants and cut flowers. 

To Samuel Walker, for displays of cut flowers and bouquets 

through the season, ..... 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, for fine display of cut flowers, &c. 

through the season, . . • . . 

To S. R. Johnson, for fine displays of roses and other cut flowers 
To Edward Allen, for seedling calceolarias, 
To Wm. Kenrick, for displays of cut flowers through the season. 
To Azael Bowditch, for bouquets and cut flowers through the 
season, ....... 

To Samuel Walker, for a beautiful seedling pansy, (the finest 
ever exhibited here), . . ... 

To Miss Russell, for continued displays of flowers, tastefully ar 

ranged in baskets and bouquets, through the season. 
To Thomas Motley, jr., for designs, bouquets and cut flowers. 
To William Quant, for fine grown geraniums. 

For fine grown plants, bouquets, &c.. 
To John Richardson, for seedling poeonies, 
To John Hovey, for displays of bouquets, &:c. 



13 00 
5 00 

2 00 



2 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 


8 


00 


3 


00 


5 


00 


2 


00 


3 


00 


8 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 


20 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 



5 00 

5 00 

6 00 

2 00 

3 00 

3 00 
3 00 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



$214 00 



TRANSACTIONS OP THE SOCIETY. 



137 



Recapitulation. 

Awarded for premiums, ...... $199 00 

Awarded for gratuities, . . . . . . 214 00 

Awarded for plants and bouquets, at the "Weekly Exhibitions, . 70 00 
Amount unappropriated and reserved for premiums and gratuities 

on camellias and azaleas, in February and March, . . 35 50 



$518 50 



Number of Exhibitions of each Contributor. 

the past year, have been 62. 
number of exhibitions by each contributor, is as follows : — 



The number of contributors during 



The 



Parker Barnes, 


18 


William Wales, 


1 


William E. Carter, . 


14 


Orr N. Towne, 


3 


Hovey & Co., . 


26 


Samuel Sweetser, . 


2 


M. P. Wilder, . 


18 


J. T. Buckingham, . 


3 


William Meller, ■ . 


12 


Miss Sumner, . 


2 


Breck & Co., . 


21 


A. Barrett, . . . 


1 


Samuel Walker, 


18 


Thomas Johnson, . 


1 


John A. Kenrick, 
Azael Bowditch, 


11 
12 


Salisbury & Willot, 
Professor Jackson, . 


3 
1 


J. L. L. F. Warren, 


15 


J. E. Teschemacher, 


3 


William Kenrick, . 


17 


Cheever Newhall, . 


3 


Messrs. Winships, . 
Thomas Needham, . 


20 
6 


J. Burton, 

J. M. Thorburn, 


1 
2 


A, Aspinwall, . 
John Hovey, . 
S. R. Johnson, 


5 
13 
10 


R. H. Kendall, 
George Whittemore, 
Dr. Parker, 


1 

. 1 

1 


William Quant, 
Edward Allen, 


11 

7 


Professor J. L. Russell, 
B. V. French, . 


. 1 
. 1 


Thomas Motley, jr., 
James Nugent, 
H. W. Button, 
W. B. Richards, 


5 

11 

5 

. 5 


Josiah Lovitt, 
J. W. Russell, . 
Thomas Warren, 
John Owen, 


. 3 
. 1 
. 1 
. 1 


Thomas Mason, 
S. A. Walker, . 
John Arnold, . 


. 6 

. 7 
7 


F. R. Bigelew, 
Josiah Stickney, 
Madam Bigelow, 


. 1 
. 3 
. 1 


William Doyle, 

F. W. Macondry, . 

Alexander McLennan, 


. 3 
. 6 
. 4 


R. M. Copeland, . 
Edward Winslow, . 
E. M. Richards, . 


. 3 
. 2 
. 3 


David Haggerston, . 
J. S. Cabot, . 


. 4 
. 3 


Kendall Bailey, 
J. Parker, 


. 1 

. 1 


John Kimball, . 
18 


. 1 


A Lady, by Col. Hatch, 


1 



138 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Amount Awarded to each Individual. 



To Hovey & Co , . 


. $78 00 


To Parker Barnes, . 


. $20 00 


To Breck & Co., 


. 74 00 


To J. L. L.F.Warren, 


. 18 00 


ToW.E. Carter, . 


. 26 00 


To Thomas Motley, -jr., 


. 5 00 


To S. R. Johnson, . 


. 11 00 


To Salisbury & Willott, 


1 00 


To Messrs. Winships, 


. 19 00 


To William Quant, . 


. 20 00 


To J. A. Kenrick, . 


. 10 00 


To David Haggerston, 


. 8 00 


To Wm. Kenrick, . 


. 6 00 


To M. P. Wilder, . 


31 00 


To Miss Russell, , 


. 20 00 


To J. E. Teschemacher, 


3 00 


To A. Aspinwall, . 


. 6 00 


To Orr N. Towne, . 


3 00 


To A. Bowditch, 


. 17 00 


To William Doyle, . 


5 00 


To Edward Allen, . 


. 11 00 


To Samuel Sweetser, 


3 00 


To Thomas Mason, . 


. 5 00 


To Alexander McLennan 


■ 3 00 


To James Nugent, . 


. 13 00 


To F. W. Macondry, 


3 00 


To John Hovey, 


. 4 00 


To Josiah Lovitt, 


3 00 


To Wm. Meller, 


. 17 00 


To W. B. Richards, 


3 00 


To S. A. Walker, . 


. 6 00 


To J. S. Cabot, 


5 00 


To J. H. Richardson, 


3 00 


To Samuel Walker, 


13 00 


To John Arnold, 


. 5 00 







In consequence of the necessity, occasioned by the issue of season tick- 
ets, to keep up successive shows from week to week, to meet the expecta- 
tions of the public, many of the contributors of flowers have been obliged 
to make strenuous efibrts to make the exhibition interesting j as the sale of 
flowers was prohibited in the hall by the vote of the Society, the Committee 
have taken a little more than usual latitude in awarding gratuities, that 
some compensation might be made in consideration of the great sacrifice, 
by a few of the members, in their free off'e rings of choice specimens of 
flowers, in great profusion, from week to week, during the exhibition. 

The Committee have taken unwearied pains to do justice to the numer- 
ous contributors of flowers, and make such disposition of the munificent 
sums appropriated by the Society, to the Flower Committee, as should give 
satisfaction to all concerned, and best promote the great interests for which 
it was designed. 

All which is respectfully submitted, ' 

JOSEPH BRECK, Chairman. 

Approved by the Executive Committee, Jan. 15, 1846. 



VEGETABLE COMMITTEE. 

The Committee on Vegetables, for 1845, make the following report : — 
The amount appropriated by the Society, and placed at the disposal of 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



139 



the Committee, was $150, and they have awarded the following sums in 
premiums and gratuities, as follows : — 

Asparagus — For the earliest and best 3 bunches, to A.D. Williams, 

a premium of . . . . . . . $5 00 

For a very fine bunch, to George Walsh, a gratuity of . . 5 00 

Beets. — For the best 12 roots, to James Nugent, a gratuity of . 3 00 

Brocoli. — For the best 3 heads, to Josiah Lovitt, a premium of . 5 00 

To John Hooper, a gratuity of . . - . . 2 00 

Beans. — For fine Chili string, to F. W. Macondry, a gratuity of . 2 00 
Lima Beans. — For the earliest and best, to F. W. Macondry, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best, to A. Bowditch, a gratuity of . . 2 00 
Shell Beans. — For the earliest and best, to F. W. Macondry, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

Cucumbers. — For the best pair, under glass, to James Nugent, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

For the second best pair, under glass, to Orr N. Towne, a pre- 
mium of . ... . . . . 3 00 

To John Bumstead, a gratuity of . . . . 2 00 

To Thomas Needham, a gratuity of . . . . 2 00 

Open Culture. — For the best, to John Hovey, a premium of . 3 00 

Caulifloroers. — For the best, to Josiah Lovitt, a premium of . 5 00 

For the second best, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . 3 00 
Cabbages. — For the best drumhead cabbage, to A. D. Williams, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

Celery. — For the best, to James Nugent, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the second best, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . 3 00 
Egg Plants. — For the best display during the season, to Orr N. 

Towne, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

To Thomas Motley, Jr., a gratuity of . . . . 3 00 

To W. Quant, a gratuity of . . . . . 3 00 

Lettuce. — For the best, to Josiah Lovitt, a premium of . . 3 00 

To A. D. Williams, a gratuity of . . . . 2 00 

Potatoes. — For the best and earliest peck, to A. D. Williams, a 

premium of . . . . . •. . 3 00 

To James Nugent, a gratuity of . . . . 2 00 

Rhubarb. — For the best, to Josiah Lovitt, a premium of = . 5 00 

To M. P. Wilder, a gratuity of . . . . . 2 00 

To A. D. Williams, a gratuity of . . . . 2 00 

To Messrs. Winships, a gratuity of . . . . 2 00 

Squashes. — For the greatest variety during the season, to Josiah 

Lovitt, a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 



140 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Tomatoes. — For the best, to A. D. Williams, a premium of 
To William Sealer, a gratuity of . . . 

Vegetables. — For the best display during the season, to Josiah Lov 
itt, a premium of . . . 

For the second best, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . ~ 
Puvipkins. — To John Marland, for a mammoth pumpkin, a gratu- 
ity of . 

Leaving unappropriated, 

S150 00 

Your Committee very much regret, that the display of vegetables has 

not been greater for the past season, but are much gratified with the very 

fine specimens exhibited, though few, — quality in some measure has made 

up for quantity. 

For the Committee, 

WM. B. KINGSBURY, Chairman. 

Approved by the Executive Committee, Jan. 15, i846. 



. 83 00 


2 


09 


10 


00 


5 


00 


2 


00 


$125 00 


. 25 


00 



Meeting of the Society, Jan. 10, 1846. 

The Special Committee to settle with Mount Auburn Cemetry Associa- 
tion, reported the following, — " Memorandum of sales of the Cemetery of 
Mount Auburn, for the last year, 1845, for settlement with the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society. 



Sales 


in January, . 


$200 00 


a 


" February, . . . . 


320 00 


11 


" March, 


308 00 


u 


«' April, 


903 73 


a 


" May, 


1,308 13 


(C 


" June, 


1,725 34 


iC 


" July, 


1,048 00 


(( 


" August, 


1,387 32 


u 


" September, 


636 00 


11 


'< October, . 


2,314 66 


a 


" November, 


548 00 


u 


" December, 
3 amount of sales. 


1,635 66 


Gross 


$12,334 84 


Less 


allowed for expenses, 
ng . 


1,400 00 


Maki 


$10,934 84 



Mass. Hort. Soc. proportion, one quarter, is $2,733 71 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 141 

The Committee further stated, that they had, agreeable to instructions, 
urged the Society's claim for its proportion of the amount, received for 
single interments. 

Accepted, and the Committee discharged. 



Meeting of the Society, January 2^th, 1846. 

The Annual Exhibition was appointed to be held on Wednesday, Thurs- 
day and Friday, the 16th, 17th, and 18th September, 1846. 

The following persons were chosen a Committee of Arrangements for 
the year 1846 : — 

Henry W. Button, chairman; Joseph Breck, E. M. Richards, David 
Haggerston, P. B. Hovey, jr., Josiah Lovitt, F. W. Macondry, Eben. 
Wight, Otis Johnson, Alexander McLennan, William Quant, A. D. Wil- 
liams, jr., Parker Barnes. 



Meeting of the Society, February 21s?, 1846. 

At a meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, on Saturday, 
Feb. 14th, 1846, a vote was passed directing the Committee on Flowers to 
take special notice of the fine Seedling Camellias, exhibited at that time, by 
Marshall P. Wilder, President of the Society. 

Agreeably to this vote, the Flower Committee submitted the following 
report : — 

The number of Seedling Camellias exhibited was five ; two of them 
were of surpassing beauty and perfection. As the committee have had 
the pleasure of often examining the extensive collection of the President, 
as well as those of other gentlemen in the vicinity, embracing the most 
perfect varieties known among amateurs, they feel themselves sufliciently 
acquainted with this beautiful class of flowers, to judge the comparative 
merits of the seedlings under consideration, and they have no hesitation 
in pronouncing them as varieties of the very first order, and such as will 
be difficult to surpass in this, or any other country. The production of 
two such remarkable varieties, by one person, we believe unprecedented, 
and will reflect much honor upon our President abroad, as well as upon 
the Society of which he is the head. 

We therefore recommend that a gratuity be awarded to the Presi- 
dent for these two superb American Camellias, and that it consist of a 



142 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

piece of plate of the value of $50, and of such form and design as he 
may elect. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JOSEPH BRECK, Chairman. 
[Accepted.] 



The Committee on Fruits, in accordance with a vote of the Society, re- 
ferring to them the expediency of awarding a Special Premium to the 
Messrs. Hovey, of Boston, for their superior strawberry, well known as 
" Hovey^s Seedlingy^ beg leave to report, that they have attended to the 
duty assigned to them, and, after due deliberation, 

Voted unanimously, to recommend to the Society, that a Silver Pitcher, 
with a suitable inscription, of the value o^ fifty dollars, be awarded to 
Messrs. Hovey, as a Special Premium, for their seedling strawberry, called 
"Hovey^s Seedling." 

Here it would be the duty of your Committee to close their report, but 
in the present instance, they feel they may be pardoned, if not justified, in 
further stating, that after a trial of trvelve years, they know of no straw- 
berry of superior merit, and when it is cultivated near other varieties, it 
will prove one of the best where all are good. 

For the Committee, 

SAMUEL WALKER, Chairman. 
[Accepted.] 



Meeting of the Society, February 28th, 1846. 

At a meeting of the Society, held on Saturday, February 28th, the fol- 
lowing Report from the Flower Committee was read : — 

" The Committee on Flowers held a meeting February 14th, 1846, — the 
subject of the new class of roses, produced by Samuel Feast, Esq., of Bal- 
timore, was discussed. 

The Committee were unanimous in the opinion, that some token of 
grateful remembrance, is due to Mr. Feast, from the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society, for the valuable varieties of roses he has produced by cross 
impregnation, particularly the Queen of the Prairies, that has given so 
general satisfaction to florists and others, and for which they feel under 
great obligations to this enterprising cultivator. 

Mr. Feast has given the type of a new class of roses, in his new variety 
Rosas rubifolia var. Queen of the Prairies. It is of the most hardy cha- 
racter } enduring the most severe New England winter, without injury. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 143 

even to its tender extremities ; of most luxuriant growth, making, in good 
soils, 15 to 20 feet of wood in a season. The flowers very double; color, 
light crimson, inclining to rosy lilac ; produced in large clusters, on lateral 
branches ; in bloom the beginning of July, after common hardy roses are 
out of flower. 

This rose is without a rival (in our climate) for pillars, arbors, etc. ; its 
only deficiency appears to be a want of fragrance. 

We trust, by the further efforts of Mr, Feast, we shall yet be in possession 
of a variety having this desirable quality. 

It was voted that the committee recommend that the large g^old medal 
of this Society, (or a piece of plate of like value) be presented to Samuel 
Feast, Esq., of Baltimore, for the production of his seedling Roses rubifo- 
lia var. Queen of the Prairies." 

For the Committee, 

JOSEPH BRECK, Chairman, 
[Accepted.] 

The President read the following letter : — 

Boston, February 21th, 1846. 

To M. P. Wilder, President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society : 

Dear Sir, — I have observed, with much interest, the very successful 
exertions made by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, to perfect the 
culture of Flowers and Fruits, and to diffuse through our State knowledge 
and taste, in useful and ornamental Gardening. I cannot, from my avo- 
cations, actively cooperate with them ; but I wish to contribute, in a mod- 
erate way, to the promotion of iheir object. For this purpose, I send you 
one thousand dollars, which I wish to have invested, the income to be ap- 
plied, as the managers may determine. 

I am, yours truly, 

J. A. LOWELL. 

Voted, That the warmest thanks of the Society be presented to John A. 
Lowell, Esq., for his most liberal donation oi one thousand dollars. 

Voted, That the amount be invested as a permanent fund, in the same 
manner as a like donation from Mr. Appleton, and that the income shall 
annually be distributed in Medals, to be called the Lowell Medals. 



Meeting of the Society, March 1th, 1846. 

The Committee charged with the erection of Horticultural Hall, here- 
with submit a report of their doings, with the estimated cost of said edi- 



144 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



fice, including interest and insurance, at the time of occupancy, May 15, 
1845. 



Cash paid the city of Boston, for the old Latin Schoolhouse and 
site, ....... 

Cash paid the city of Boston, for land to widen street, . 
" " to Mr. Bowditch, examination of title, &c., . 
" " " S. Brown, for negotiating loan, 
" " for architects' plans, . . . . 

" " lo S.R. Johnson, for stone work, at various 

times, viz., . . . . $1,500 GO 

1,000 00 

1,500 00 

1,500 00 

Balance, . . . 1,144 60 

It ti ci Greenleaf, Gushing & Adams, for ma- 
sonry, &c., viz., . . . $1,200 00 

1,200 00 
1,200 00 
264 91 
1,000 00 
1,263 64 

$800 00 

500 00 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 

700 82 

$100 00 
172 10 



Sears & Fitch, carpenters' work, viz. 



" " " Bates & Co., for painting. 



" " Harris & Stan wood, chandeliers and gas fixtures, 

" " Boston Gas Co., for fixtures, 

" " Bryent & Herman, for furnace, . 

•'« " Lows, Ball ^ Co., for silver plate and inscription 

deposited under corner stone, 

" " W. J. Hobbs, carving capitals, 

<' " Davis & Co., fixtures, &c., for store, 

" " R. Bond, architect, (services,) 

" " Theophilus Parsons, advice and drawing deeds, 

" " Adams & Hammond, iron blinds, &c., 

" " interest on loan of $15,000 to May 15, 1845, 



,000 00 

189 75 
12 50 
75 00 

190 33 



6,644 60 



6,128 55 



4000 82 



272 
392 


10 
25 


214 08 


148 


17 


36 


12 


70 


75 


252 


25 


500 


00 


20 


00 


78 74 


750 


00 



. 


. 


$30 00 


. 


. 


72 


40 


• 


^ 


117 


19 




^38,195 


60 


$202 82 






300 


00 


$502 


9P 









TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 145 



Cash paid to insurance, . . . 

" " " Sears & Fitch, bill for alterations, &c., 
" " " Davii- & Co., fixtures of hall, 

Deduct for sale of old materials, 

" " cash received of L. M. Sargent, Esq., for 
right of light, &c., . 



Total cost, .... $37,682 78 

By a statement of the Treasurer, it appears that the funds for accom- 
plishing the above, have been derived from the following sources, viz : — 

Cash received for sale of stocks, March 8, 1844, . . $6,055 27 
" loan secured by mortgage. May 8th, . . 15,000 00 
" sale of stocks, Oct. 9, 1844, . . . 4.544 00 
" " '" " Dec. 4, « . . . 5,970 33 
of Treasurer of Mount Auburn Cemetery, Jan- 
uary 6th, 1845, .... 3,350 81 
of Treasurer of Mount Auburn Cemetery, Jan- 
uary 5, 1846, 2,733 71 



(C 


il 


ii 


.1 


It 


ii 


cc 


ii 



$37,654 12 

Thus showing that the Furniture and Fixtures of the Library at an ex- 
pense of nearly two hundred and fifty dollars 5 the Premiums and Gratui- 
ties, the expenses of the Dedication, the Annual Exhibition, the Festival, 
and all other expenditures of the Society for the past year, have been paid 
by its income from membership, sale of tickets, and fees of admission to 
the Exhibitions. 

For the Committee, 

MARSHALL P. WILDER, Chairman. 

Boston, March 7, 1846. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Society be presented to the Building Com- 
mittee for their devoted attention and successful accomplishment of the 
duties assigned to them. 



Meeting of the Society, March 2lst, 1846. 

The Committee to whom the subject of Medals was referred, have deferred 
making their report, with the hope of availing themselves of the information 
that might be derived from inspecting the medals expected from Europe. 
19 



146 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



The Society having, several months since, authorized the President to 
place £50 sterling in the hands of the Rev. Mr. Colman, for the purpose 
of purchasing such as are used by various similar societies in England; 
this sum was promptly remitted, but no medals have yet been received. 

Your Committee deem it important to have the value "of the medals 
agreed upon in time to be published among the Transactions of the Society 
this year ; they therefore recommend that dies be obtained for stamping 
medals, of the following materials and value : — 



Society's large gold medal, valued 



$50 



" second u u u ^ ^ ^ ^ .30 

" silver medal, " . . . . .5 

" " " with heavy gold surface, valued, . . 15 

Appleton gold medal, valued . . . . . -.40 

« silver " " . . . . . .3 

" silver " with heavy gold surface, valued, . . 10 

Your Committee take pleasure in stating, that there is in this city an 
artist, on whom the Society may rely with great confidence, to execute the 
work in a style equal to any ever done in this country. They recommend 
an appropriation of the sum of four hundred dollars for the purpose of pro- 
curing, with as little delay as possible, two dies for stamping the medals 
proposed. 

The subject of the " Lowell Medal" has been referred to your Commit- 
tee, who request further time to consider and report thereon. 

Respectfully submitted, for the Committee, 

CHEEVER NEWHALL, Chairman. 

Accepted, — and the amount of $400 appropriated to procure the dies. 

Ordered, That the foregoing Report be recorded and published in the 
Transactions of the Society. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 

Boston, March 20th, 1846. 
To Hon. Samuel Appleton, 

Sir, — I have the pleasure to inform you, that your liberal donation of one 
thousand dollars, in aid of the objects of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society, has been invested in the Hospital Life Insurance Company, as a 
permanent fund, the income of which will be dispensed in gold and silver 
medals, to be denominated the Appleton Medals. Permit me, Sir, in behalf 
of the Society, to tender you their thanks for this act of munificence, and 
to assure you, that it will be held in grateful remembrance as a mark of 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



147 



your interest in the welfare of this institution ; and when, at last, " the 
silver cord" of your life is loosed, and the " golden bowl broken," your 
name will shine with a lustre far surpassing the brightness of the testimo- 
nials with which we perpetuate it. 

With sentiments of the highest esteem, and an ardent desire for a con- 
tinuance of your health and happiness, 

I have the honor to subscribe myself, 

Your most grateful and obedient servant, 

MARSHALL P. WILDER, President. 

Voted, To record the foregoing copy, and that the same be published with 
the Transactions, 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

Boston, March 20th, 1846. 
To John A. Lowell, Esq., Boston, 

Sir, — I have the honor, in behalf of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society, to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 27th ultimo, en- 
closing one thousand dollars for the purpose of diffusing ''through our State 
knowledge and taste in useful and ornamental gardening." I am instructed 
by the Society to inform you, that this sum has been invested as a perma- 
nent fund in the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company, and that 
the interest accruing therefrom is ordered to be annually distributed in 
medals, bearing the name of LorvelL 

The value of these memorials will be more highly appreciated, perpetu- 
ating as they do the name not only of the son but that of the sire ; of him, 
who was a pioneer in the horticulture of New England, and the early and 
warm friend of this Association, — a name also endeared to our city by an 
act of enlarged beneficence and good will to man. 

In transmitting the enclosed vote of thanks, permit me to assure you of 
the gratitude of the Society for this liberal token of your approbation. 

With great esteem, I am 

Your obedient servant, 

MARSHALL P. WILDER, President. 

Voted, That the foregoing copy of a letter to Mr, Lowell be published 
with the Transactions of the Society. 



148 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Meeting of the Society, March 28th, 1846. 

The following letter from Mr. Appleton was read, and ordered to be pub- 
lished in the Transactions of the Society : — 

To Marshall P. Wilder, Esq., 

President Mass. Hort. Society, — 

Sir, — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 
10th instant, informing me that the donation made by me of one thousand 
dollars, in aid of the objects of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 
has been invested in the Hospital Life Insurance Company, as a perma- 
nent fund, the income of which will be dispensed in gold and silver medals, 
to be denominated " the Appleton medals." 

This disposition of the money, were it less flattering, would meet my 
entire approbation ; as it is, the Society will please accept my best thanks 
for thus perpetuating my name in medals of gold and silver. 

For the kind expression of the Society, and of yourself, so beautifully 
conveyed in your letter, I offer my heartfelt thanks, with my best wishes 
for the continued success of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and 
may the President who shall succeed to your office, be ready as you have 
been uniformly in season and out of season, to advance the best interests 
of the Society. With wishes for your health and happiness, 

I have the honor to be. Sir, with great respect, 

Your sincere friend and most ob't serv't, 

Boston, March 2Ath, 1846. SAMUEL APPLETON. 



Meeting of the Society, August 29th, 1846. 

The President read the subjoined letter from the Hon. Theodore Lyman : — 

To Marshall P. Wilder, Esq., 

President Mass. Hort. Society, — 

Sir, — I beg to hand enclosed a check for a thousand dollars, payable to 
your order. I have only to request that this sum may be invested in a 
permanent manner, and the proceeds of the investment appropriated in the 
shape of prizes, for the encouragement of the growth of such kind or kinds 
of fruit as the government of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society may 
deem it advisable to select. 

I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 
BrooJcline, Aug. 21st, 1846. THEODORE LYMAN. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 149 

Voted, That the thanks of this Institution be tendered to the Hon. Theo- 
dore Lyman, for his munificent donation of one thousand dollars. 

Voted, That the Society entertain the highest respect for the liberality 
that prompted so substantial a token of interest in its welfare. 

Voted, That this donation be permanently invested by the Finance Com- 
mittee ; that it take the name of the Lyman Fund ; and that the income 
be distributed in medals or plate, as the Society may hereafter direct. 

Voted, That the Recording Secretary transmit a copy of the foregoing 
votes to Mr. Lyman. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL EXHIBITION 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 

On the 16th, 17th, and 18th of September... .1846. 

The Annual Exhibition of Fruits, Flowers, Floral Decorations, and 
Vegetables, took place in the Hall of the Society, School Street, on Tues- 
day, Wednesday, and Thursday, September 16th, 17th, and 18th, 1846, 
and the Committee who had charge of the general arrangements con- 
gratulate the Society on its entire success. The weather during the three 
days was delightful, and the Hall was filled to its utmost capacity, a 
greater portion of the time by our most estimable citizens, strangers that 
thronged the city at that busy season of the year, and the members of the 
Society with their families, thus fulfilling a prediction of a former com- 
mittee, that the time would soon come when a more spacious room would 
be required to display the rapidly increasing productions of the members 
of the Society. The sub-committee to whom was assigned the duty of 
preparing the Hall for the reception of the different products, added another 
centre table, which gave more space for the display of Fruits, but deemed 
it expedient to leave the Hall as it was left by the architect to show its own 
fair proportions, and not attempt any studied decorations other than such 
as might be offered by the several contributors in the shape of wreaths, 
bouquets, and Floral designs, and by a judicious disposition of them, to 
avoid an excess of ornament and a display of sombre green, calculated to 
withdraw the attention of the visiters from the really valuable contribu- 
tions of the members. This course your committee believe was generally 
acceptable. 



150 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Three other sub-committees were also appointed, to receive and make a 
record of the Fruits, Flowers, and Vegetables. These several committees 
have faithfully performed their respective duties, and made reports of the 
specimens offered. The report on Fruits was made by Mr. Walker ; that 
on Flowers and Floral Decorations by Mr. Breck ; that on Vegetables by 
Mr. A. D. Williams, Jr. ; which are incorporated in this report, and will 
be found below in the order enumerated, under their several heads. 

REPORT OF FRUIT EXHIBITED. 

The specimens of Fruit on our tables on the present occasion, exceeded 
in number of varieties those of any former exhibition. In the coUeclions 
of the President, Messrs. French, Manning, Cabot, Gushing, Perkins, 
Walker, Macondry, Winship, Hovey, Williams, Lovett, Allen, Ives, 
Wight, Warren, Hyde, and others, we noticed very many specimens of 
extraordinary growth and beauty. It would be unpardonable to make 
comparisons where all was so choice, so fair, and so deserving of atten- 
tion, — but we cannot refrain from stating that our President takes the lead 
in the good work, and that others, with a zeal worthy of the cause in 
which they are engaged, are pressing forward in their favorite pursuit, 
with an energy that will crown their labors with success. 

From M. P. Wilder, President of the Society, 154 varieties of Pears. 
The list having been mislaid, we quote only the following : — Alpha, Ange- 
lique de Rome, Ananas, (of France,) Ambrette, Andrews, Autumn Superb, 
Beurred'Aremberg, Beurre Diel, Beurre d'Amalis. Beurre d'Anjou, Beurre 
de Capiaumont, Beurre Bronzee, (from Liseaux,) Beurre Kenrick, Beurre 
Ranee, Beurre Cutter, Beurre Bronzee, (from Orleans,) Beurre Incompar- 
able, (?) Beurre d'Hiver, Beurre Thouin, Beurre Bosc, Beurre Picquery, 
Beurre Brown, Beurre Easter, Belle et Bonne, Belle Angevine, Bergamotte 
de Paques, Bergamotte Cadette, Bergamotte d'Automne, Bergamotte 
Suisse, Bezi Montigny, Bezi de la Motte, Bezi Vaet, Belmont, Bleeker's 
Meadow, Black Worcester, Bon Chretien Spanish, Bon Chretien Winter, 
Belle Henriette, Bufi'am, Brougham, Charles X, Caillot Rosat, (from 
France,) Chaumontel Anglais, Cushing, Comtesse de Lunay, Columbia, 
Chaumontel, Crassane, Crassane Winter. Catillac, Cuvelier, Comprette, 
Calebasse Bosc, d'Angleterre, Dunmore, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Duchesse 
de Mars, Dix, Doyenne Oris, DoyennC Oris d'Hiver Nouveau, Dumortier, 
Doyenne Blanc, (Euf de Cygne, Epine Dumas, Epine d'Hiver, Eyewood, 
Figue de Naples, Frederic of Wurtemberg, Fondante de Louvain, Fon- 
dante de Lisle, Fondante d'Automne, Flemish Beauty, Fulton, La Fortu- 
nee, Figue d'Ete, Franc Real d'Hiver, Gilogil, Graccioli, Golden Beurre of 
Bilboa, Glout Morceau, Green Sugar, Grosse Romain Carmelite, Hericart, 
Heathcote, Imperiale, Julienne, Jaminette, Louise Bonne, (of Jersey,) 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 151 

Lansac, Long Green, Monarch, Marie Louise, Mon. Le Cure, Madotte 
d'Hiver, Messire Jean, Milan Blanc, March Bergamot, Ah! MonDieu, Miel 
de Waterloo, Martin Sec, Napoleon, Naigly, Nouvelle Boussock, Naum- 
keag, (?) Ne plus Meuris, No. 65 Van Mons, Passe Colmar, Parfum 
d'Hiver, Poire de Livre, Poire de Suisse, Poire de Tonneau, Poire de 
Glace, Paquency, Petre, Rousselet de Rheims, Rousselet Gros, Reine 
d'Hiver, Ridelle, Raymond, Tressor d'Amour, Urbaniste, Wilbur, St. 
Germain, Prince's St. Germain, Voix aux Pretres, Verte Longue d'Au- 
tomne, Verte Longue Panachee, Uvedale's St. Germain, and 9 unnamed 
sorts. Flums. — Corse's (?), Imperatrice Violette. Early Crawford Peaches ; 
and a large bunch of Syrian Grapes, weighing 4 pounds. 

From R. Manning, Pomological Gardens, Salem : Pears. — Ronville, 
Figue Extra, Reine des Poires, Beurre de Capiaumont, Beurre Easter, 
Beurre d'Aremberg, Beurre Golden of Bilboa, Beurre d'Amalis, Beurre 
Ranee, Beurre Beauchamps, Beurre Brown, Beurre Diel, Beurre Bosc, 
Beurre Preble, Huguenot, Winter Nelis, Comprette, King Edward's, 
Gushing, Dix, Compte de Lamy, Bleeker's Meadow, Pennsylvania, Du- 
mortier, Fondante d'Automne, Hays, Steven's Genesee, French Autumn 
Bergamot, Turkish Bon Chretien, Croft Castle, Bezi Montigny, Andrews, 
Capsheaf, Napoleon, Verte Longue d'Automne, Passe Colmar, Marie 
Louise, Surpasse Virgouleuse, Jalousie, Hampden's Bergamot, Washington, 
Whitfield, Flemish Beauty, Endicott, Double Emploi, Columbe d'Hiver, 
Eyewood, Forme Urbaniste, Muscadine, Beauty of Winter, Jaminette 
d'Hiver, Lincoln, Doyenne Boussock Nouvelle, Doyenne Dore, Doyenne 
d'Hiver, Doyenne Gris, Doyenne Blanc, Colmar Epine, Dingier, Plomb- 
gastel, Van Mons Leon le Clerc, Cross, Pitt's Marie Louise, Quilletette, Las 
Canas, Pitfour, St. Ghislain, Paradise d'Automne, Wilkinson, Bezi de la 
Motte, Belle et Bonne, Glout Morceau, Urbaniste, Duchesse d'Angouleme, 
Petre, Harvard, Rousselet de Meester, Hericart, Augeries, Foster's St, 
Michael, Wilbur, Henry IV, Downton, Ne plus Meuris, Surreine, Reines 
des Pays Bas, Catillac, Marie Louise Nova, Seckel, Styrian, Pound, 
Columbia, Princesse d'Orange, French Orange, Bergamotte de Parthenay, 
Sovereign du Princein, Heathcote, Rousselet de Rheims, Beaumont, Ber- 
gamot Neil, Van Assene, Dundas, Fulton, Sullivan, Figue de Naples, 
Girardin, Bon Chretien de Bruxelles, La Fortunee, Jaminette, Henkil, 
Williams's Bon Chretien, Mon. Le Cure, Seedling, Alpha, Bergamotte Syl- 
van ge,Chaumontel, Hacon's Incomparable, Alexander of Russia, Ambrosia, 
Boucquia, Cabot, Caen du France, Lewis, Epine d'Ete, Johonnot, Lam- 
mas, Striped Suisse Bergamot, Enfant Prodige, Great Citron Pear of Bo- 
hemia, Lederberne, Hathorne's Seedling, Fondante Van Mons, Thompson's, 
Duchesse de Mars, Pope's Quaker, Juvardel, Rousselet St. Vincent, Long 
Green, Late Deschamps, Echasserie, St. Herblain d'Hiver, Trubschardy 
DuUe, Colmar d'Ete, Dunmore, Shakespeare, Schaching Vierry, Bishop's 



152 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Thumb, Coter, John Dean, Bonne Louise, Leon le Clerc, Charles of Aus- 
tria, Clara, Ramilies, Brando's St. Germain, Locke, Delices d' Harden pont, 
Bon Chretien Fondante, St. Bruno, BufFam, and No. 1036, 1454, 546, 858, 
135, 1253, 969, 173, 1590, 1258, 1028, 1602 Van Mons,— 176 varieties. 
Apples. — Marquis, Minister, Fall Harvey, Smokehouse,- Hubbardston, 
Nonesuch, Granny Earl, ^sopus Spitzemberg, Flag Boys, Swaar, Brabant 
Bellflower, Rose of Sharon, King of the Pippins, Acton Pumpkin Sweet, 
Swan's Pine, Republican Pippin, Detroit, Tapley Greening, Ipswich Cats- 
head, Pennock's Red Winter, Ribston Pippin, Green Sweet Pigeonette, 
Oravenstein, Morgan's Royal, Golden Ball, Porter, Pound, Sam Young, 
Black Apple, Conway, Rawles, Janet, Pelham Sweet, Baldwin, Ortley 
Pippin, Grey French Reinette, Cambuthuethum, Danver's Winter Sweet 
Gloucester, Triangle, River Apple, Acton Spice, Boxford, Jonathan, Ed- 
wards' Russet, Templeton Winter Sweet, White Apple, Garden Royal, 
Roman Stem, Rambour Franc, Murphy, Ramsdell's Red Pumpkin Sweet, 
Endicott Pippin, Mank's Codlin, Rhode Island Greening, Louis XVIIi, 
Worrasley Pippin, Greenups, Lyman's Summer Sweet Baldwin, Aldrith 
Russet, Cockle Pippin, Wmter Pearmain, French Crab, Winter Sweet 
Paradise, Roxbury Russet, Reinette de Caux, Salina, Large Burden, 
Beauty of Kent, Philadelphia Catshead, American Golden Pippin, York- 
shire Greening, Maiden's Blush, Jhoin, Sparhawk's President, Scarlet 
Pearmain, Cos or Cas, Lovet Sweeting, Fall Pippin, Aunt Hannah, Van- 
devere, Fearn's, Pippin, Boby Sweet, Roe's Sweet, Fenner's Red Striped, 
Golden Russet, Syke Plouse Russet, Pownal Spitzemberg, Belle Lamont, 
Annanas, Russet Pearmain, Pumpkin Sweeting, Lucombe's Seedling, 
Menagere, Kirk's Lord "Nelson, Yellow Bellflower, Haskell Sweet, Fallo- 
water, Ben or Eustis Fameuse, Rymer, Priestly, Beachamwells, Spice 
Sweet, Reinette Monstreuse, Winesap, Ipswich Seek-no-further, — 108 va- 
rieties. Plums. — Green Gage, Rogers, Belle de Riom, Yellow Gage, Blue 
Imperatrice, Roe's Autumn Gage, Wilkinson, St. Catharine, Downton Im- 
peratrice, — 9 varieties. Peaches. — Violette Haiive, Kenrick's Heath, 
Clinton, Early Viaeyard. Bellegarde, Late Admirable, Grosse Mignonne, 
Apricot, Old Mixon Freestone, Nivette, Van Zandt's Superb, Crawford's 
Early, Noblesse, Aston, Berger's Yellow, Yellow Rareripe, Morris's 
White Rareripe, Large Early York, Yellow Alberge, Jacques, Hastings, 
Yellow Admirable, Scott's Early Red Freestone, Flushing Rareripe, Ful- 
ler's Galande, Lemon Cling, Barrington, Cooledge's Favorite, English 
Swalsh, — 30 varieties. 

From J. S. Cabot : Pears. — Winter Nelis, Beurre Easter, Beurre Brown, 
Beurre de Noirchain, Beurre d'Aremberg, Beurre Diel, Beurre de Beau- 
mont, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Beurre de Capiaumont, Coffin's Virgou- 
leuse, Reine des Pays Bas, Enfant Prodige, Capucin Van Mons, Louis of 
Bologna, Thompson's, Compte de Michaux, Catillac, Seckel, Surpasse Vir- 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 153 

gouleuse, Long Green of Europe, Columbia, Compte de Lamy, Croft 
Castle, Wilkinson, Fulton, Chapman's Early, (?) Eurgomestre, Princesse 
d'Orange, Napoleon, Henry IV, Figue de Naples, Doyenne Blanc, Musca- 
dine, Alpha, Winter Orange, Green Pear of Yair, Frederic of Wurtemberg, 
Capsheaf, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Bezi de la Motte, Autumn Bergamot, 
Williams's Bon Chretien, St. Ghislain, Bon Chretien d'Ete, Bon Chretien 
Fondante, Urbaniste, Pennsylvania, Figue Extra, (Van Mons,) Washing- 
ton, Hericart, Marie Louise Nova, Chaumontel, Jalousie, Hannas, La 
Fortunee, Belle et Bonne, Plombgastel, Surpasse St. Germain, Andrews, 
Gendesheim, Flemish Beauty, Van Assene, Pitt's Prolific, Lewis, Brade's 
St. Germain, Citron of Bohemia, St. Andre, Dundas Seedling No. 2, Bouc- 
quia, Cabot's Seedling, Passans du Portugal, one variety, name unknown. — 
74 varieties. 

From S. Walker : Pears. — Andrews, Flemish Beauty, Catillac, Wil- 
liams's Bon Chretien, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Duchesse de Mars, Van 
Mons Leon le Clerc, Caillot Rosat, Urbaniste, Seckel, Mon. Le Cure, Belle et 
Bonne, Epine Dumas, MacLaughlin, Doyenne Dore, Doyenne Blanc, Wil- 
liams's Early, Figue, Beurre Easter, Beurre d'Aremberg, Beurre Diel, 
Beurre Duval, Beurre de Capiaumont, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Beurre 
Brown, Jargonelle, Messire Jean, Figue de Naples, Iron, Louise Bonne 
de Jersey, Johonnot, Fondante Van Mons, Fondante d'Automne, St. Ghis- 
lain, Josephine, (?) Fourcroy, Glout Morceau, Compte de Lamy, Princesse 
d'Orange, Eyewood, Verte Longue d'Automne, Marie Louise, (?) Pa- 
quency. Passe Colmar, and 3 unnamed sorts, — 45 varieties. Apples. — 
Hawthornden and Gravenstein, 

From S. Phipps, 16 varieties of Pears : Williams's Bon Chretien, Duch- 
esse d'Angouleme, Seckel, Marie Louise, Gansel's Bergamot, Beurre 
Knox, Beurre Easter, Winter Nelis, Urbaniste, Heathcote, Moor-fowl Egg, 
Columbia, Prince's St. Germain, Doyenne Blanc, and Autumn Sugar. 

From Josiah Lovett, 2d : Fears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, Beurre de 
Capiaumont, Beurre Bosc, Beurre d'Amalis, Beurre Diel, St. Ghislain, 
Harvard, Marie Louise Nova, Hessel, Marie Louise, Andrews, Julienne, 
Figue de Naples, Belle et Bonne, Lewis, King Edward's, Surpasse Vir- 
gouleuse. Winter Orange, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Seckel, Petre, Wilkin- 
son, and Stone, (of Ohio) ; also, 4 varieties of Plums, several of Peaches, 
and 6 of Melons. 

From F. W. Macondry : Fears. — Doyenne Gris, Passe Colmar, Mon. Le 
Cure Catillac, Heine des Pays Bas, Louise Bonne de Jersey; Epine d'Ete, 
Gushing, Calebasse Bosc, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Bon Chretien d'Hiver, 
Beurre Easter, Beurre Noirchair, Beurre Diel, Belle et Bonne, Napoleon, 
Winter Nelis, Andrews, Urbaniste, Washington, Long Green, Seedling, 
and 3 unknown kinds ; also, 8 varieties of Apples, 3 varieties of Peaches, 
and Brunswick (?), Figs. 
20 



154 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

From A. D. Williams & Son: Pears. — Rousselet de Rheims, Verte 
Longue d'Automne, Doyenne Blanc, Beurre Brown, Beurre d'Amalis, 
Beurre Easter, Flemish Beauty, Autumn Bergamot, Louise Bonne de Jer- 
sey, Seckel, Messire Jean, Dix, Andrews, Harrison's Fall Baking, Wil- 
liams's Bon Chretien, Williams's Early, Sylvange, Fondante d'Automne, 
Passe Colmar, Columbia, Epine d'Ete, Mon. Le Cure, Quince, and 18 sorts 
unnamed ; also, 30 varieties of Apples, several of Peaches and Grapes. 

From E. M. Richards : Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, and Beurre 
Bosc. Apples. — Boxford, Sops of Wine, and Lady Haly's Nonesach. 

From S. Philbrick, Brookline : Dix Pears. 

From John Fiske Allen, Salem : 20 varieties of Grapes, viz. : Isabella, 
Ferrar, Charlsworth Tokay, Red Chasselas, Constantia, Wilmot's Black 
Hamburgh, White Frontignan, Black Hamburgh, Zinfindal, Wortley Hall 
Seedling, Tottenham Park Muscat, Chasselas de Fontainebleau, Golden 
Chasselas, Lyzin, Esperione, Grizzly Frontignan, Muscat of Alexandria, 
and White Gascazque. 22 varieties of Pears, viz. : Summer Franc Real, 
Chaumontel, Marie Louise, Gansel's Bergamot, Seedling, Seckel, Dunmore, 
Renville, Cushing, Bezi de la Motte, Van Mons Leon le Clerc, Lewis, 
Quilletette, Easter Beurre, Glout Morceau, Roi de Wurtemberg, Verte 
Longue, Verte Longue d'Automne, Napoleon, Louise Bonne, (of Jersey,) 
Fondante Van Mons, and Williams's Bon Chretien. 4 varieties of 
Peaches : Bellegarde, Late Admirable, Norris's Red Rareripe, and a Seed- 
ling. 

From Abiel Stevens, Jr., Methuen : Peaches, several varieties. 

From Dr. W. C. Chandler, South Natick : Early Crawford Peaches. 

By Joseph C. AVest : Seedling Peaches. 

From the garden of Nathaniel Abbot : St. Michael Pears. 

From Wm. Briscott, Concord, N. H. : Seedling Apples. 

From Mrs. D. Crehore : Peaches. — Seedlings, 2 varieties. 

From James Eustis, South Reading : Porter Apples, — and Peaches, 
Martin, Seedlings, 

From Thomas Sinclair, Brighton : Bartlett Pears. 

From Isaac Fay, Cambridge : Peaches. — 5 varieties of Seedling, Red 
and Yellow Rareripe ; also of Plums, 2 varieties. Diamond and Lombard. 

From Major Sheafe, Rye, N. H. : 3 varieties of Apples, for a name j 
and 2 varieties of Seedling Pears. 

From P. Cook, Roxbury : Black Hamburgh Grapes. (?) 

From J Breck & Co. : Pgors.^Beurre d'Amalis, Beurre Ranee, Ber- 
gamotte de Paques, Summer Bon Chretien, Messire Jean, Bergamotte 
Suisse, Duchesse d'Angouleme. Louise Bonne de Jersey, Doyenne Blanc, 
St. Germain, Augeries, (?) and 3 varieties, names unknown. 

From A. J. Downing, Newburgh, N. Y. : Pears.— Doyenne Blanc, Ful- 
ton, Bezi de la Motte, Beurre Diel, Beurre Brown, Beurre de Capiaumont, 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 155 

and Urbaniste. Apples. — Beauty of Kent, Dutch Mignonne, raised by 
W. H. Denning, Esq., of Presque Isle. Fruit of the Osage Orange ; ditto 
Paper Mulberry. 

From John Arnold, Jr., Milton : 5 bunches Black Hamburgh Grapes ; 
one bunch weighed three pounds. 

From W. G. Lewis, Roxbury : 2 varieties Seedling Peaches. 

From Hovey & Co. : Pears. — Madotte, Van Mons Leon le Clerc, (old,) 
Doyenne Blanc, Doyenne Gris, Bergamotte de Parthenay, Jalousie de 
Fontenay Vendee, Limon, (of Louvain,) Muscat Lallemand, New Swan's 
Egg, Beurre Dial, Beurre Moire, Belle Henriette, Duchesse d'Angouleme, 
Figue de Naples, Epine de Toulouse, (?) Belle et Bonne de Hee, and Du- 
quesne d'Ete (?). Grapes. — Wilmot's Black Hamburgh, Black Hamburgh, 
Frankenthal, (?) White Frontignan, Grizzly Frontignan, Esperione, Ali- 
cant, (?) Chasselas of Fontainebleau, Macready's Early White, Black 
Prince, Pitmaston White Cluster, and St. Peter's. Peaches. — White Ball, 
and Cambridge Belle, (new seedlings,) George IV, Bellegarde, Old Mixon 
Free, Early Crawford, Cutter's Yellow, Early Robinson Crusoe, and 4 
other sorts. Plums. — Cruger's Seedling, and Semiana. 

From Hon. B. V. French, the following kinds of Apples : Murphy, 
Fameuse, Blenheim, Pomme d'Api, Hawthornden, Gloria Mundi, Canada 
Reinette, Sweet Greening, Yellow Newton Pippin, Lyscom, Danvers Win- 
ter Sweet, Red Winter, Large Striped Red, Beer, Holland Pippin, Porter, 
Pumpkin Sweet, and Nonesuch, with 57 other sorts, not placed upon the 
tables ; also, Beurre Bosc Pears, and Crawford's Early Peaches. 

From Messrs. Winship : Pears. — Delbecq, Belle de Bruxelles, Passans 
du Portugal, Beurre Easter, Beurre d'Aremberg, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, 
St. Ghislain, Seckel, Rousselet d'Hiver, Glout Morceau, Fulton, Passe Col- 
mar, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Andrews, Ambrette, La Fortunee, Gansel's 
Bergamot, Dearborn, (of Van Mons,) Rushmore's Bon Chretien, Bezi 
Vaet, Poire d' Amour, Frederic of Wurtemberg, Kenrick, (of Van Mons,) 
Williams's Bon Chretien, Winter Nelis, Fondante d'Automne, Muscadine 
Moor-fowl Egg, and several other varieties ; also, Grand Sachem Apples 
and 6 kinds of Plums. 

From 0. Johnson : Pears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, Pound, Beurre 
d'Amalis, Beurre Easter, Beurre d'Aremberg, Beurre Diel, Pope's Russet, 
Belle et Bonne, Princesse d'Orange, Henry IV, Epine d'Ete, Washington, 
Rousselet de Rheims, Buffam, Calebasse, Rousselet Panachee, Urbaniste, 
Harvard, Cushing, Vallee Franche, Napoleon, Passe Colmar, St. Ghislain, 
Duchesse d'Angouleme, Hericart, Gilogil, Franc Real d'Hiver, Jalousie, 
Louise Bonne de Jersey, Dix, Prince's St. Germain, Doyenne Blanc, Mon. 
Le Cure, Verte Longue d'Automne, Bleeker's Meadow, Julienne, Messire 
Jean, Winter Nelis, Johonnot, Fondante d'Automne, and Hacon's Incom- 



156 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

parable ; also, several varieties of Apples, Peaches, Black Hamburgh 
Grapes, and Melons. 

From J. M. Ives : Pears. — Fulton, "Williams's Bon Chretien, Dix, Bezi 
de la Motte, Bezi Montigny, Wilkinson, Fondante d'Automne, Long Green, 
Beurre Diel, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Beurre Bose, Beurre de Capiau- 
mont. Napoleon, Andrews, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Lewis, Bleeker's 
Meadow, Washington, Gushing, Passe Colmar, Cabot, and Jalousie ; also, 
Reine Claude Violette, and 3 other sorts of Plums, 11 kinds of Apples, 
and 9 kinds of Peaches. 

From Rev. J. M. Lord, Boston, by E. N. Gutterson, Shelter Island, 
N. Y. : 1 large Watermelon, weighing 30 pounds. 

From D. Haggerston, gardener to J. P. Gushing : Grapes. — Black Ham- 
burgh, Poonah, Syrian, Muscat of Alexandria, White Nice, White Fron- 
tignan. Black Prince, White Portugal, and other sorts ; also,- splendid 
Nectarines, and eight or ten kinds of Peaches. 

From J. W. Russel, gardener to Horace Gray : Grapes. — Muscat of 
Alexandria, White and Black Frontignan, Black Constantia, Black Prince, 
Black Hamburgh, and Chasselas of Fontainebleau. 

From W. Quant, gardener to Hon. T. H. Perkins: Grapes. — Reigne de 
Nice, Black Raisin, Black Hamburgh, White Frontignan, Muscat of Alex- 
andria, Black Prince, Frankindale, and Syrian. Peaches. — George IV, 
Bellegarde, and Hill's Madeira. 

From T. Needham, gardener to 0. H. Mather : Grapes. — Black Ham- 
burgh, Gannon Hall Muscat, Frankindale, Black Prolific, Black Lom- 
bardy, (?) White Frontignan, While Portugal, and Muscat of Alexandria j 
also, a vine in fruit in a pot, and 2 kinds of Pears. 

From W. Young, gardener to J. Arnold, Esq., New Bedford : Grapes. — 
Syrian, Royal Muscadine, Victoria, (?) White Frontignan, and Black Ham- 
burgh. 

From S. & G. Hyde : Apples. — Gravenstein, Porter, Hubbardston None- 
such, Yellow Bellflower, Codlin, and Fall Sops of Wine; also, Ohio ever- 
bearing Raspberries. 

From S. A. Walker : Pears. — Seckel, Williams's Bon Chretien, Heath- 
cote, Andrews, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, and Frederic of Wurtemberg; 
also, 2 kinds of Peaches. 

From N. Stetson, Esq., Bridgewater : 2 kinds of Peaches, fine. 

From J. Owen : 4 kinds of Peachos, Beurre Diel Pears, Green Gage 
Plums, Apples, and Grapes. 

From Jas. L. L. F. Warren : Pears. — Andrews, Autumn Bergamot, 
Beurre d'Amalis, Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Beurre Easter, Beurre Diel, 
Beurre Gris, Burnett, Bufifam, Bezi de la Motte, Bezi Montigny, Belle et 
Bonne, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Bartlett, Catillac, Doyenne, Duchesse 
d'Angouleme, Heathcote, Julienne, Jalousie, Iron, Martin Sec, Mon. Le 
Cure, Marie Louise, Madotte, Napoleon, Rousselette de Rheims, Striped 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 157 

Spice, Swan's Egg, Seckel, Verte Longue d'Automne, Wilhelmine, Wil- 
kinson, Washington. Apples. — 30 varieties : Baldwin, Blue Pearmain, 
Captain, Calville Rouge, Danvers Winter Sweet, French Russet, Gloria 
Mundi, Golden Russet, Grand Lachine, Hubbardston Nonesuch, Haw- 
thornden, Lyscom, Minister, Old Pearmain, Prince's Noble, Porter, Pigeon- 
ette, Roxbury Rasset, Reinette Canada, Sweet Russet, Striped Spice, 
Yellow Bellflower, Red Gilliflower, Red Siberian Cxab. Plums. — Reine 
Claude Violette, White Egg, Lombard, and Semiana. 4 varieties of Figs. 
Orange and Portugal Quinces. 

From George Newhall : Fears. — Dix, Williams's Bon Chretien, Catillac, 
Seckel, Fulton, Cumberland, Black Pear of Worcester, Frederic of War- 
temberg, Louise Bonne de Jersey and Beurre Bosc. 

From E. Wright : Fears. — Williams's Bon Chretien, Buffam, Winter 
Nelis, Napoleon, Gansel's Bergamot. 

From J, W. Sever : 3 sorts of peaches and 1 of plums. 

From George P. Foster, Plymouth : splendid SieuUe pears. 

From George Walsh : 7 kinds of Pears, 6 of Apples, 5 of Peaches, White 
Nectarines and Grapes. 

From W. H. Hayes, South Berwick : 12 large Apples. 

From C. Newman, Reading: 2 sorts of Seedling Peaches. 

From Joseph Balch : Fears. — Golden Beurre of Bilboa, Doyenne Blanc, 
Brown Beurre, and Williams's Bon Chretien. 

From K. Bailey : Sweet Water Grapes, open culture. 

From E.Bartlett: Fears. — Napoleon, Gansel's Bergamot, Frederic of 
Wurtemberg and Williams's Bon Chretien. 

From P. P. Spaulding, Lowell : Porter and Chelmsford Seedling Apples, 
and 3 kinds of Peaches. 

From B. Harrington, Lexington: Porter Apples, Early Crawford and 
late Crawford Peaches. 

From S. W. Holbrook, Brighton : Blue Pearmain Apples. 

From T. Mason : Black Hamburgh and St. Peter's Grapes, Peaches and 
Plums. 

From E . Tufts, Cambridge : an Apple called Tuft's Baldwin, said to be 
a Seedling, and 4 other kinds of Apples. 

From 0. N. Towne : Black Hamburgh and Sweet Water Grapes, Red 
Roman Nectarines and Peaches. 

From S. R. Johnson : Urbaniste, Dix, Andrews, Beurre Diel, and Wil- 
liams's Bon Chretien Pears, and Sweet Water Grapes. 

From A. Clark, South Framingham : Nonesuch (?) Peaches. 

From Benj. Wheeler, Framingham: Peaches.— Nonesuch (?) and a very 
handsome Seedling Cling. 

From G. Merriam : 5 kinds of Peaches. 

From E. Vose, Esq. : Hawthornden Apples. 

From H. Dutch : Seedling Peaches, 



158 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

From Joseph Richardson : Early Crawford Peaches. 
From the Endicott Family, Danvers : Endicott Pears from the original 
tree, planted in 1630. 

REPORT OF FLOWERS EXHIBITED. 

The annual exhibitions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society have 
generally been noted for a grand display of Dahlias, as this is the season 
when they are generally in the greatest perfection. Amateurs had made 
large additions to their collections of this showy and sportive flower, and 
much was anticipated by growers and others in having an opportunity to 
compare flowers, and discuss the merits of the new varieties ; but in this 
they were disappointed, for the failure was great, and, although there were 
some exceptions, the flowers in general were very imperfect, and the num- 
ber unprecedeutedly small. The extreme heat of the month, absence of 
rain^ insects, and, to crown the whole, a high wind breaking and bruising 
the flowers the day previous to the exhibition, were the causes of this fail- 
ure. The scarcity of the improved German aster, and some other autumnal 
flowers, may be attributed to the same cause. But, notwithstanding these 
prominent flowers did not appear on this occasion with their accustomed 
splendor and perfection, the floral ornaments and decorations more than 
made up the deficiency in the cut flowers ; andj taken as a whole, Fruits^ 
Flowers, Designs and Decorations combined, — no exhibition ever was more 
attractive than the present one. There was an apparent improvement in 
the style and finish of the designs which ornamented the hall on this occa- 
sion, over those of the last year, and we can hardly do justice to the taste 
of those who executed them. 

William Quant, gardener to Hon. T. H. Perkins, exhibited a very beau- 
tiful and chaste Grecian Floral Temple, supported by eight pillars in cor- 
rect architectural style, finished with moss and flowers. Much taste was 
displayed in arranging the color of the flowers, which were finely blended, 
producing a pleasant effect. Four Moss Vases, containing plants of finely 
grown dwarf cockscombs, ornamented the corners of the Temple. Mr. 
Quant also contributed twelve fine plants of Dwarf Cockscombs ; a large 
plant, five feet high, of Ardisia crenulata, loaded with its scarlet berries ^ a 
large Orange plant with fruit, Jerusalem Cherry, and other pot plants. 
Also, four fine pyramidal Bouquets -for one of the Bradlee vases. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren, a Swiss Cottage. This was a beautiful de- 
sign ; had it been a little more elevated from the floor, it would have ap- 
peared to much greater advantage ; as it was, it received much praise from 
the admiring spectators. This was finished with moss and flowers, and 
reflected much credit on the designer and maker, Mr. Cadnis, Mr. W.'s 
gardener. Mr. Warren also exhibited a very curious and unique pyramidal 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 159 

bouquet of vegetables, composed of ears of corn, cabbages, carrots, beets, 
asparagus, &c., producing a very pleasing effect, and worthy of a place in 
one of the new marble vases, which it occupied. Dahlias, some of them 
finC; and other cut flowers in variety. Also, a Bouquet of French mari- 
golds and evergreens, and others of different construction ; one large pyra- 
midal Bouquet, composed of Dahlias of every shade, very beautiful. 

From Walker & Co., a Chinese Pagoda. This was a very beautiful de- 
sign, finished principally with moss, and decorated with flowers. The China 
tea merchant, who stood in the centre of the structure, politely bowing his 
head to the crowd of spectators, attracted as much attention as the building 
itself. Four fine plants of Fuchsia, placed at the four corners of the design 
within the structure, added much to the beauty of the whole. The design 
and decorations were in perfectly good taste. 

From R. "West, by Mr. Sheehan, a Gothic Monument fourteen feet high. 
The architecture of this design was perfect ; it made a fine appearance ; 
was finished with moss, evergreens, and flowers. This, as well as the 
other designs, was much admired, and did credit to the author. 

From Thomas Motley, Jr., by John Galvin, a Gothic Bower. This de- 
sign was finished with moss and flowers ; it was placed at the door to the 
private stairway, forming a fine Gothic Arch. 

From S. A. "Walker, one hundred feet of Wreathing, composed of cocks- 
combs, amaranths, French marigolds, evergreen, and other permanent ma- 
terials. It was tastefully suspended in the centre of the top of the hall 
between the chandeliers. Also, a beautiful flat fancy design of large 
dimensions, presenting a surface wrought with asters, amaranths, and 
other flowers, with the words "Horticultural Exhibition, 1846," inscribed 
in a border around it, wrought with immortal flowers : on the top of the 
design was an eagle composed of flowers : this was the best flat design in 
the room. Also, a beautiful pyramidal Bouquet for one of the Bradlee 
vases, cockscombs, dahlias, and other cut flowers. 

From Samuel Walker, a large flat Bouquet for the walls. 

From Miss R. Bowker, a large pyramidal Bouquet composed of over 60 
varieties of native grasses and grains. Also, a circular Wreath of great 
beauty of the same materials. These productions were arranged with 
much taste, and very much admired. 

From John D. Williams, by James McNeil, a large flat design repre- 
senting a vase and Bouquet wrought with asters, amaranths, marigolds, 
zinnias, dahlias, and other flowers of high colors, producing a brilliant 
effect. 

From William Kenrick, an ancient Lyre, wrought with evergreen and 
immortal flowers, — a very beautiful design. Also, a fine Harp, wrought 
with evergreens, (beautiful.) the same as exhibited last year. 



160 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

From 0. H. Mather, by Thomas Needham, a vase covered with moss, 
ornamented with immortal flowers, in which was a handsome pyramidal 
Bouquet, — very chaste and neat. 

From Mrs. E. A. Story, a tall pyramidal Bouc[uet, comprising a great 
variety of grasses gathered in Brighton. Also, a fanciful- circular Shield 
design, neatly arranged in figures, with amaranths and other immortal 
flowers. 

From Parker Barnes, by his daughter, a Basket and Arbor of flowers and 
evergreen, (very neat.) 

From Edward Allen, Lowell, a large flat design composed of dahlias, 
asters, marigolds, dec, edged with evergreen. 

From James Nugent, two large shield-like designs or flat Bouquets for 
the wall; composed of asters, dahlias, &c., edged with evergreen. 

From J. L. Gardiner, by Daniel Crowley, two fine shield-like designs of 
Bouquets for the wall, wrought with dahlias, and asters, finely intermingled 
with privet leaves, producing a fine effect. Also, a pyramidal Bouquet. 

From Orr N. Towne, one circular shield-like design, composed of dahlias, 
asters, &c. ; also, two Bouquets, Dahlias, and other cut flowers. 

From Miss Russell, a large flat Bouquet for the wall, composed of fine 
flowers on an evergreen back. Also, a Moss Vase with " Flora's Gift " 
inscribed upon it, wrought with everlasting, filled with choice flowers. 

From M. P. "Wilder, President of the Society, a" great variety of Dahlias, 
some of them fine. 

From Winship's Nursery, Dahlias and cut flowers. 

From J. Breck & Co., Dahlias, Roses, and cut flowers. 

From Hovey & Co., Dahlias and Asters; two flat Bouquets ; two mantel 
or table do. ; two hand do. ; and one fine large pyramidal Bouquet for one 
of the marble vases. 

From W. E. Carter, Dahlias and cut flowers in great variety; also five 
Bouquets. 

From John A. Kenrick, two tall plants of Abutilon striata. . . 

From Thomas Mason, Dahlias, Asters, and cut flowers in gr^it va- 
riety. 

From H. W. Dutton, Dahlias and cut flowers in great variety. 

From William Meller, Dahlias and cut flowers in great variety. 

From John Arnold, a fine display of Roses. 

From W. B. Richards, Dahlias and cut flowers. 

From John Parker, Dahlias, &c. 

From John Hovey, Dahlias. 

From Edward Winslow, Dahlias and Asters. 

From Madam Bigelow, of Medford, a magnificent specimen of Cactus 
triangularis. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 161 



REPORT OF VEGETABLES EXHIBITED. 

We regret to say that the exhibition of vegetables was rather meagre, 
notwithstanding the important place which their cultivation holds in 
horticulture. The specimens which were exhibited, however, were almost 
universally excellent of their kind. They were as follows : — 

From F. W. Macondry, Dorchester, Egg Plants, Carrots, Blood Beets, 
Celery, Parsnips, field Corn, and 6 varieties of Tomatoes. 

From A. D. Williams, Roxbary, Canada Squash, Marrow do., Long 
Blood Beets, Turnip do.. Sweet Corn, Carrots, Broccoli, Savoy Cabbage, 
Drumhead do., Red do.. Celery, Tomatoes. 

From Eben Wight, Dedham, four squashes from one vine, weighing 
respectively 87, 79, 78, and 68 pounds. 

From Thomas Motley. Jr., Dedham, Egg Plants, Lima Beans. 

From Enoch Bartlett, Roxbury, Club Gourd. 

From Orr N. Towne, Somerville, Egg Plants, 2 varieties. 

From J. Fisk Allen, Salem, Tomatoes. 

From N. Stetson, Bridgewater, Tomatoes. 

From Edward Allen. Lowell, Celery. 

From Samuel Walker, Roxbury, Tomatoes, 2 varieties. 

From P. Cook, Roxbury, Tomatoes. 

From J. L. L. F. Warren, Brighton, Squashes of the growth of 1845, 
Wreath of Corn, 12 varieties, Egyptian Wheat and Millet. 

From William Quant, Brookline, Egg Plants. 

It may here be remarked, that at no former exhibition has it closed 
when the Fruits, Flowers, and Floral decorations were left in so fine a 
condition. The Committee would again congratulate the Society on the 
successful result of the exhibition, which it is hoped will act as an incentive 
to future efforts in a cause which is doing so much for our common 
country. 

For the Committee, 

HENRY W. DUTTON, Chairman. 



Meeting of the Society, October 3d, 1846. 

This being the meeting for the choice of Officers, Professors, and Stand- 
ing Committees, whose term of office commences on the first Saturday of 
January, 1847, and terminates on the first Saturday of January, 1848, the 
following persons were chosen : — 
21 



162 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

President.— ^laLTshsll P. Wilder. 

Vice Presidents.— B. V. French, Jonathan Winship, Cheever Newhall, 
E. M. Eichards. 

Treasurer. — Samuel Walker. 

Corresponding Secretary. — J. E. Teschemacher. 

Recording Secretary. — E. C. R. Walker. 

Professor of Botany and Vegetable Physiology. — John Lewis Russell, A.M. 

Professor of Entomology. — T. W. Harris, M. D. 

Professor of Horticultural Chemistry. — S. L. Dana, M. D. 

Standing- Committees. 

Committee on Fruits. — Samuel Walker, chairman ; P. B. Hovey, Jr., Otis 
Johnson, Josiah Lovett, David Haggerston, J. F. Allen, Eben. Wight. 

Committee on Plants and Flowers. — Joseph Breck, chairman ; H. W. Dut- 
ton, W. E. Carter, Alex. McLellan, E. A. Story, William Quant, William 

B. Richards. 

Committee on Vegetables. — A. D. Williams, Jr., chairman ; W. B. Kings- 
bury, A. D. Williams, Josiah Newhall, James Nugent, Azell Bowditch, E. 

C. R. Walker. 

Committee on Library. — C. M. Hovey, chairman : C. K. Dillaway, R. M. 
Copeland, Joseph Breck, W. B. Richards. 

Committee on Synonyms of Fruit. — M. P. Wilder, chairman ; B. V. French, 
C. M. Hovey, J. S. Cabot, The Chairman of the Fruit Committee. 

Executive Committee. — The President, chairman ; The Treasurer, A. As- 
pinwall, E. BI. Richards, Otis Johnson. 

Committee for establishing Premiums. — The Chairman of the Committee 
on Fruits, chairman ; The Chairman of the Committee on Flowers, The 
Chairman of the Committee on Vegetables, C. M. Hovey, David Hag- 
gerston. 

Finance Committee. — Josiah Stickney, chairman; Joseph Balch, F. W. 
Macondry. 

Committee of Publication. — J. E. Teschemacher, chairman; C. K. Dflla- 
way, Eben. Wight, Recording Secretary, Chairman of the Committee on 
Fruits, Chairman of the Committee on Flowers, Chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Vegetables. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 163 



REPORTS OF THE COMMITTEES AWARDING PREMIUMS 

FOR 1846. 

FRUIT COMMITTEE. 

The Committee of Fruits would respectfully submit the following list of 
premiums, which they have awarded during the year 1846 : — 

Awarded at the Annual Exhibition in September, 

Apples. — For the greatest number of kinds and the best grown, to 

B. V. French, a premium of . . . . . $10 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best 

grown, to Geo. Hyde, a premium of . . . . 5 00 

For the third best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to F. W. Macondry, a premium of . . . . 3 00 

Pears. — For the greatest -number of kinds and the best grown, to 

M. P. Wilder, a premium of . . . . . 10 00 

For the second best greatest number of kinds and the best 

grown, to S. Walker, a premium of . . . . 5 00 

For the third best greatest number of kinds and the best grown, 

to J. S. Cabot, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Grapes. — For the best exhibited; to David Haggerston, 1st premi- 
um of . . . . . . . . 10 00 

For the next best exhibited, to Thomas I^eedham, 2d premium of 7 00 
For the next best exhibited, to Hovey & Co., 3d premium of . 5 00 
For the greatest number of varieties and the best grown, to J. 

F. Allen, a premium of . . . . . 10 00 

For the next best greatest number of varieties and the best 

grown, to Wm. Quant, a premium of . . . 5 00 

Assorted Fruit. — For the best basket of fruit of various kinds, to 

Otis Johnson, a premium of . . . . . 10 00 

For the best dish of apples, not less than 12 specimens of one 

variety, to Hyde & Co., a premium of . . . 5 00 

For the second best dish of apples, not less than 12 specimens 

of one variety, to Otis Johnson, a premium of . . 3 00 

For the best dish of pears, not less than 12 specimens of one 

variety, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . 5 00 

For the next best dish of pears, not less than 12 specimens of 

one variety, to S. Walker, a premium of . . . 3 00 

Assorted fruits in baskets wer-e not entitled to any other than the 

premium for such. 
The above premiums were awarded on the first day of the Exhi- 
bition . 



164 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Premiums during- the Season. 

Apples. — For the best summer apples, on or before the 1st Sep- 
tember, to Otis Johnson, a premium of . . . $6 00 

For the next best summer apples, on or before the 1st Septem- 
ber, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . 4 00 

For the best fall apples, on or before the 1st December, to Geo. 

Hyde, a premium of . . . . . . 6 00 

For the next best fall apples, on or before the 1st December, to 

Otis Johnson, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 

For the best winter apples, on or before the 1st March, to Geo. 

Walsh, a premium of . . . . . . 6 00 

For the next best winter apples, on or before the 1st March, to 

Samuel Walker, a premium of . . . . 4 00 

Fears. — For the best summer pears, on or before the 1st Septem- 
ber, to Otis Johnson, a premium of . . . . 6 00 

For the next best summer pears, on or before the 1st Septem- 
ber, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . . 4 00 

For the best fall pears, on or before the 1st December, to J. F. 

Allen, a premium of . . . . . . 6 00 

For the next best fall pears, on or before the 1st December, to 

Samuel Walker, a premium of . . . . 4 00 

For the best winter pears, on or before the 1st March, to Josiah 
Lovett, a premium of . . . . . . 10 00 

For the next best winter pears, on or before the 1st March, to 

J. S. Cabot, a premium of . . . . . 6 00 

Cherries. — For the best specimen, not less than two quarts, to Otis 

Johnson, a premium of . . . . . 00 

For the second best specimen, not less than iwo quarts, to Geo. 

Walsh, a premium of . . . . . . 4 00 

Peaches. — For the best specimens grown under glass, to J. F. Al- 
len, a premium of . . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimens grown under glass, to William 

Quant, a premium of . . . , . , 4 00 

For the best specimen grown in open culture, to Galen Merriam, 

a premium of . . . . .. . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen grown in open culture, to Josiah 

Lovett, a premium of . - . . . . . 4 00 

Apricots. — For the best specimen of apricots, to Hovey & Co., a 

premium of . . . . . . . 6 00 

For the second best specimen of apricots, to E. E. Bradshaw, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Nectarines. — For the best specimen of nectarines, to J. F. Allen, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 6 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 165 

For the second best specimen of nectarines, to S. Downer, Jr., 

a premium of . . . . . . . f 4 00 

Quinces. — For the best specimens of the best kind of quinces, to 

Samuel Pond, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimens of the best kind of quinces, to 

VVm. Quant, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Plums. — For the best plums of the best flavor, not less than two 

quarts, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . . 6 00 

For the next best plums of the best flavor, not less than two 

quarts, to E. E. Bradshaw, a premium of . . . 3 00 

Gooseberries. — For the best flavored and finest specimens, two 

boxes, to Alexander McLennan, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the second best flavored and finest specimens, two boxes, to 

J. Hovey, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Currants. — For the best flavored and finest specimens, two boxes, 

to Otis Johnson, a premium of . . . , 5 00 

For the second best flavored and finest specimens, two boxes, to 

A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . . 3 00 

Raspberries. — For the best specimens of raspberries, not less than 

two boxes, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimens of raspberries, not less than two 

boxes, to Cheever Newhall, a premium of . . . 3 00 

Strawberries. — For the best specimens of strawberries, not less 

than two boxes, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . . 6 00 

For the next best specimens of strawberries, not less than two 

boxes, to Josiah Richardson, a premium of . . . 4 00 

Water Melon. — For the best specimen of water melon, to Otis 

Johnson, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen of water melon, to R. S. Macin- 
tosh, a premium of . . . . . . 3 00 

Musk Melon. — For the best muskmelon, to William Quant, a pre- 
mium of , . . . . , . 5 00 

For the second best muskmelon, to Alexander McLennan, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

B,gs. — For the best specimen of figs, to J. F. Allen, a premium of 5 00 
For the second best specimen of figs, to F. W. Macondry, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Grapa. — For the best specimens and the best variety of grapes, 
grown under glass previous to July 1st, to D. Haggerston, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 10 00 

For the second best specimens and the best variety of grapes, 
grown under glass previous to July 1st, to J. F. Allen, a pre- 
mium of . . . • . . . . 7 00 



166 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



For the best specimen and variety of grapes, grown under glass 

subsequently to July 1st, to J. F. Allen, a premium of . $10 00 

For the second best specimen and variety of grapes, grown un- 
der glass subsequently to July 1st, to Hovey & Co., a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . - . 7 00 

Grapes, Native. — For the best specimen and variety of native 

grapes, to Kendall Bailey, a premium of . . . 5 00 

For the second best specimen and variety of native grapes, to 

J. F. Allen, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

The Committee on Fruit held a session and awarded the premi- 

• ums on summer apples and pears, on the 1st Saturday in 
September. On fall apples and pears, on the 1st Saturday in 
December. On winter apples and pears, on the last Saturday 
in December. — '■ 



$326 00 



10 00 



5 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


, 5 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 



Gratuities. 

To J. F. Allen, for fine display of grapes during the season. 

To J. F. Allen, for his seedling Montmorency cherry, 

To Josiah Lovett, for fine display of blackberries. 

To Josiah Lovett, for the best muskmelon, open culture, . 

To Charles E. Grant, for fine native grapes. 

To W. H. Denning, by A. J. Downing, for Beauty of Kent apples 

To James Arnold, by W. Young, for fine specimen grapes, 

To Horace Gray, for fine specimen grapes, 



$371 00 
SPECIAL PRIZE LIST OF FRUITS. 
The Society is also authorized, by the liberality of a gentleman desirous 
of advancing Horticultural Science, to ofier, in addition to the regular pre- 
miums, the sum of One Hundred Dollars, yearly, for three years, for a list 
of a few of the best varieties of Fruits, adapted to this climate. 

AWARDED IN THE YEAR 1846, TWENTY PRIZES OF FIVE DOLLARS EACH. 

2 prizes for the two best varieties and specimens of Summer Apples, 

To Otis Johnson, for Red Astrachan, and Early Bough, . $10 00 

2 prizes for the two best varieties and specimens of Autumn Apples, 

To Geo. Hyde, for Gravenstein, , 5 00 

To Otis Johnson, for Porter, 5 00 

2 prizes for the two best varieties and specimens of Winter Apples, 

To Geo. Walsh, for Baldwin, 5 00 

To Samuel Walker, for R. I. Greenings, 5 00 

2 prizes for the two best varieties and specimens of Summer Pears, 

To Otis Johnson, for Jargon&Ue, . . . . . . 5 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 167 

To Samuel Pond, for Williams's Bon Chretien, (Bartlett,) . $5 00 
2 prizes for the two best varieties and specimens of Autumn Pears, 
To Samuel Walker, for Fondante d'Automne, . 
To S. Downer, Jr., for Louise Bonne de Jersey, 

2 prizes for the two best varieties and specimens of Winter Apples, 

To J. S. Cabot, for Beurre d'Aremberg, .... 
To J. Lovett, for Winter Nelis, 

3 prizes for the three best varieties of Cherries, 

To Otis Johnson, for Black Tartarian, .... 

To Geo. Walsh, for New Large Black Bigarreau, . 

To J. F. Allen, for Sweet Montmorency, .... 
3 prizes for the three best varieties of Plums, 

To J. F. Allen, for Green Gage, 

To S. R. Johnson, for Washington, 

To J. Lovett, for Reine Claude Violet, . . . . 
2 prizes for the two best varieties of Peaches, 

To J. F. Allen, for Bellegarde, 

To J. Lovett, for Grosse Mignonne, 



5 


00 


. 5 


00 


. 5 


00 


, 5 


00 


. 5 


00 


. 5 00 


, 5 


00 


. 5 


00 


. 5 


00 


. 5 


00 


. 5 


00 


. 5 


00 



20 prizes, at $5 each, = SlOO 00 

The specimens presented for the above prizes, consisted of not less than 
three specimens of each variety of Apples, Pears, and Peaches, not less 
than one dozen Plums, and two dozen Cherries ; all of which were at the 
disposal of the Committee of Fruits. 

FLOWER COMMITTEE. 
The Flower Committee award the following premiums, according to the 
Schedule published by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, at the 
commencement of the season : — 

Hyacinths. — For the best display of not less than 20 varieties, to 

Breck & Co., a premium of . . . . . $5 00 

For the second best display of not less than 20 varieties, to R. 

M. Copeland, a premium of . . . . . 4 00 

Tulips. — For the best 30 varieties, to Breck & Co., a premium of 8 00 

For the second best 30 varieties, to S. Walker, a premium of 6 00 

For the third best 30 varieties, to W. Quant, a premium of . 4 00 
Pansies — For the best 12 distinct varieties, to Hovey & Co., a 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Green House Plants in Pots. — June lOth. 

Geraniums. — For the best 6 varieties, to W. Quant, a premium of 6 00 

For the second best 6 varieties, to Wm. Doyle, a premium of , 4 00 

Calceolarias. — For the best 4 varieties, to Wm. Quant, a premium of 3 00 



168 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Cactus. — For the best 6 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premium of ^3 00 

For the second best 6 varieties, to Wm. Doyle, a premium of . 2 00 

Fuchsias. — For the best 6 varieties, to W. Qaant, a premium of . 6 00 

For the second best 6 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a premium of 4 00 

Various Sorts. — For the best display, not less than 12 pots, to 

Hovey & Co., a premium of . . . . . 8 00 

For the second best display, not less than 12 pots, to "William 

Doyle, a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

Hawthorns. — For the best display, to Winships, a premium of . 3 00 
For the second best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . 2 00 
Hardy Azaleas. — For the best display, to D. Haggerston, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the second best display, to Winships, a premium of . 2 00 
Shrulby PcEonies. — For the best display, to Joseph Breck 6z; Co., a . 

premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Herbaceous Fceonies. — For the best 12 flowers, to J. S. Cabot, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best 12 flowers, to Breck & Co., a premium of 3 00 

For the best display, to "William Mellar, a premium of . . 3 00 
Pinks. — For the best 6 distinct varieties, to William Mellar, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

For the second best 6 distinct varieties, to Breck & Co., a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

For the best display, to William Mellar, a premium of . 3 00 

Ranunculus. — For the best display, to S. Walker, a premium of . 5 00 

For the second best display, to Breck & Co., a premium of , 3 00 

Anemones. — For the best display, to Breck & Co., a premium of . 5 00 

For the second best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . 3 00 

DIVISION A. 

CLASS I. 

Hardy Roses. — For the best 30 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 8 00 

For the second best 30 varieties, to Breck ^ Co., a premium of 6 00 
For the third best 30 varieties, no claimant. 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 varieties, to D. Crowley, (no competitor in this 

class,) a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

DIVISION B. 

CLASS I. 

For the best display of Noisette, China, Tea, &c., no flowers 
ofiered. 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 169" 

CLASS II. 

Hardy Perpetuals. — For the best 6 varieties, to Hovey & Co., a 

premium of . . . . . • . $4 00 

For the second best 6 varieties, to Breck & Co., a premium of 3 00 
Hollyhocks. — For the best display, to D. Crowley, (no other com- 
petitor,) a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

Magnolias. — For the best display through the season, to J. Ken- 
rick, a premium of . . . . • , 3 00 

For the second best display through the season, to "W. E . Car- 
ter, a premium of . . . . . . 2 00 

Carnation and Picotee Pinks. — For the best 8 varieties, to J. L. L. 

F. "Warren, a premium of . . • . . 5 00 

For the second best 8 varieties, to Breck & Co., a premium of 4 00 
For the best display, to William Mellar, a premium of . 3 00 

Hardy Rhododendrons. — Best display during June, none offered. 

For the second best display during June, none offered. 
Phloxes. — For the best 10 varieties, to J. S. Cabot, a premium of 5 00 
For the second best 10 varieties, to S. Walker, a premium of 4 00 
For the third best 10 varieties, to Breck & Co., a premium of 3 00 
Balsams. — For the best display, to W. Quant, a premium of . 3 00 
For the second best display, to J. L. L. F. Warren, a premium of 2 00 
For the third best display, to Walker & Co., a premium of . 1 00 
German Asters. — For the best display, to Wm. Quant, a premium of 4 00 
For the second best display, to Hovey & Co., a premium of . 3 00 
For the third best display, to J. W. Mandel, a premium of . 2 00 
Indigenous Plants. — For the most interesting display, to G. Gil- 
bert, a premium of . . . . . . 3 00 

Herbaceous Perennials. — For the best display through the season, 

to J. Breck &; Co., a premium of . . . . 6 00 

For the second best display through the season, to Winships,^a 

premium of . . . . . . . 4 00 

For the third best display through the season, to P. Barnes, a ' 
premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Annuals. — For the best display through the season, to Breck & 

Co., a premium of . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best display through the season, to Parker 
Barnes, a premium of . . . . > . 4 00 

For the third best display through the season, to Walker & Co., 

a premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

DIVISION A. 

Dahlias. — For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to W. Quant, a pre- 
mier prize of . . . . . . 8 00 

22 



170 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

For specimen bloom, to William Quant, a prize of . . $4 00 

For specimen blooms of various colors, 6 varieties, to William 

Quant, a prize of $1 each, , . . . . 6 00 

For specimen blooms of various colors, 2 varieties, to William 

Mellar, a prize of $1 each, . . . ... 2 00 

DIVISION B. 

CLASS I. 

No premium awarded. 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to J. L. L. F. Warren, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best 12 dissimilar blooms, to Hovey & Co., a 
premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

CLASS III. 

No premium awarded. 

DIVISION C. 

CLASS I. 

No premium awarded. 

CLASS II. 

For the best 12 dissimilar blooms, to William Quant, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best 12 dissimilar blooms, to William Mellar, a 
premium of . . . . . . . 3 00 

CLASS III. 

For the best 6 dissimilar blooms, to Henry Reed, a premium of 3 00 
Chrysanthemums. — For the best 12 varieties, to Daniel Crowley, a 

premium of . . . . . . . 5 00 

For the second best 12 varieties, to James Nugent, a premium of 4 00 
For the third best 12 varieties, no claimant. 



$270 00 



Gratuities and Premiums awarded for Pot Plants, Bouquets, Designs, and Flow- 
ers, not included in the Schedule. 

Camellias. — Feb. 15. — To Hovey & Co.; for a fine display, a gra- 
tuity of . . .~ . . . . S5 00 

To William Quant, for the second best display, a gratuity of . 4 00 

To W. E. Carter, for the third best display, a gratuity of . 3 00 
Azaleas. — March. — To W. E. Carter, for well grown plants, a 

gratuity of . . . . . . , 3 00 

To Salisbury & Willot, for well grown plants, a gratuity of . 3 00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



171 



Calceolarias.— May 29.— To M. P. Wilder, President of the Soci- 
ety, for collection of splendid seedlings, a gratuity of 
To N. J. Becar, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for splendid seedling, a 
gratuity of . 
Moss Rose Plant, — To Daniel Crowley, for a fine plant, a gratuity 

of 

Pot Plants. — To William Quant, 1st premium of . 

To Alexander MacLennan, 2d premium of 
Bouquets. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 

To Winships, 2d premium of . 
Pot Plants. — May 27. — To William Quant, 1st premium of 

To Daniel Crowley, 2d premium of 
Bouquets. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 

To William Quant, 2d premium of 
Pansies. — June 3. — To J. S. Cabot, for splendid variety, a gratuity 

of . . . 

Pot Plants. — To William Quant, 1st premium of . 

To Walker & Co., 2d premium of 
Fuchsias. — To Thomas Needham, for well grown plants, a gratu 

ity of . 
Bouquets. — To William Quant, 1st premium of 

To Winships, 2d premium of . 
Pot Plants. — June 13. — To William Mellar, 1st premium of 

To Parker Barnes, 2d premium of 
Bouquets. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, 2d premium of . 
Design. — To Winships, for a design composed of a great variety 

of loose flowers, a gratuity of 
Bouquets. — June 6. — To Messrs. Winships, 1st premium of 

To Miss Russell, 2d premium of 
Roses. — June 20. — To M. P. Wilder, for a splendid display, a gra 
tuity of . . 

To Messrs. Winships, for a fine display of Prairie, a gratuity of 
Pot Plants. — To Hovey & Co., 1st premium of 

To Walker & Co., 2d premium of 
Bouquets. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 

To Walker & Co., 2d premium of . . 

Design.— To Messrs. Winships, for a handsome design, a gratuity 

of ... . 

Veronica Spicata. — To Hovey & Co., for a well grown plant of 

Veronica Spicata, a rare species, a gratuity of 
Bouquets. — June 27. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 
Designs. — To Walker & Co., for a design, a gratuity of 



$5 00 



3 00 



1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


3 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


5 


00 


4 00 


2 


00 


1 


00 


2 


00 


1 


00 



2 00 

5 00 
2 00 
2 00 



172 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



To R. West, by Wm. Sheehan, for a design, a gratuity of 
Stephanotus Floribundus. — To W. Quant, for a fine truss, a gratu- 
ity of . 
Pot Plants. — July 11. — To Hovey & Co., for well grown plants, 

gratuity of 
Design. — To R. West, by W. Sheehan, a gratuity of 
Bouquet. — To J. L. L. F. Warren, a gratuity of -, 
Bouquets. — July 18. — To R. West, by W. Sheehan, 1st premium of 

To Miss Russell, 2d premium of . . . 

Lilies, <^c. — To M. P. Wilder, for a fine display of Japan Lilies 

Gladiolus christianus. Gloxinias, &c., a gratuity of . 
Seedling Picotees. — To J. L. L. F. Warren, a gratuity of 
Hollyhocks. — July 25. — To Parker Barnes, for a fine display of 

double hollyhocks, a gratuity of 
Japan Lilies. — To Hovey & Co., for a fine display of Japa.n Lilies 

a gratuity of . 
Bouquets. — To Messrs. Winships, 1st premium of 

To Miss Russell, 2d premium of 
Design. — To R. West, by W. Sheehan. a gratuity of 
Bouquets. — Aug. 1. — To R. West, by W. Sheehan, 1st premium of 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, 2d premium of 
Designs. — To Miss Russell, a gratuity of . 

To William Doyle, a gratuity of 
Bouquets. — Aug. 8. — To William Doyle, 1st premium of 

To Miss Russell, 2d premium of 
Scilla Maritima. — To W. E. Carter, for a fine plant, a gratuity of 
Phloxes. — Aug. 15. — To W. E. Carter, for fine seedlings, a gra- 
tuity of .... 
Bouquets. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, 2d premium of 
Designs. — To James Nugent, a gratuity of 

To William Doyle, a gratuity of 
Cattleya Harrisona. — To W. Doyle, for a fine plant, a gratuity of 
Bouquets. — Aug. 22. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of . 

To Parker Barnes, 2d premium of . . . 

Designs. — To William Doyle, a gratuity of . " . 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, a gratuity of . 
Hedychium Gardenarium. — To W. E. Carter, for a fine plant, 
gratuity of ...... 

Aloe Variety. — To Messrs. Winships, for a fine plant, in bloom, a 
gratuity of . . . . 

Bouquets. — Sept. 5. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, 2d premium of 



$2 00 

3 00 

2 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 00 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 



00 
00 
00 
GO 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 

00 
00 



1 00 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



2 00 

2 00 
.2 00 
1 00 



TRANSACTIONS OP THE SOCIETY. 173 

Designs. — To ■William Doyle, a gratuity of . . . $1 00 

To J. W. Mandel, a gratuity of . . . . . 1 00 

To R. West, by W. Sheehan, a gratuity of . . . 1 00 

Stanhopea occulata. — To Wm. Doyle, for a fine plant, a gratuity of 2 00 

Bouquets. — Sept. 26. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of . . 2 00 

To R. West, by W. Sheehan, 2d premium of . . . 1 00 

Dahlias. — To M. P. Wilder, for a rich display, a gratuity of . 5 00 

Ipomopsis picta. — To Parker Barnes, for splendid specimens, a 

gratuity of . . . . . . . 2 00 

Gladiolus Belviderus. — To J. L. L. F. Warren, for splendid speci- 
mens, a gratuity of . . . . . . 2 00 

Stove Plants. — To David Haggerston, for a splendid display, a 

gratuity of . . . . . . . 5 00 

Bouquet. — Oct. 10. — To Miss Russell, 1st premium of . . 2 00 

Annuals. — To Walker & Co., for fine displays through the season, 

a gratuity of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Perennials, (f-c— To W. E. Carter, for fine displays through the 

season, a gratuity of . . . . . . 3 00 

Annuals, ^c. — To William Quant, for fine displays through the 

season, a gratuity of . . , . . . 3 00 

Flowers. — To William Mellar, for fine displays through the sea- 
son, a gratuity of . . . . . . 3 00 

To Hovey & Co., for fine displays through the season, a gratu- 
ity of . . . . . . . . 3 00 

To W. B. Richards, for fine displays through the season, a gra- 
tuity of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Noisette, Tea, China, and other Roses. — To A. Aspinwall, for a fine 

display in May, a gratuity of . . . . . 5 00 

To Davenport, Milton, for a fine display of roses in autumn, a 

gratuity of . . . . . . . 3 00 

Shrubs. — To Messrs. Winship, for a fine display through the sea- 
son, a gratuity of . . . . . . 5 00 

Yucca. — To Messrs. Winships, for fine specimens of var. gloriosa 

filimentosa, and superba, a gratuity of . . . 2 00 

Polyanthus. — To W. E. Carter, for a fine display, a gratuity of . 2 00 

Spiria Japonica, and Pentestemone Murryana. — To W. E. Carter, 

for fine plants, a gratuity of . . . . . 2 00 



$206 00 
Amount brought forward from the Schedule Premium List, . 270 00 

To Messrs. Brack & Co., for their general display of rare and 

choice flowers during the season, a gratuity of , .24 00 

$500 00 



174 TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 

Amount of money voted by the Society at the disposal of the 

Flower Committee, ...... $500 00 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

JOSEPH BRECK, Chairman Flower Com. 

COMMITTEE ON DECORATIONS AND DESIGNS. 

The Committee to whom was assigned the duty of awarding the Socie- 
ty's Premiums for Designs and Floral Decorations, at the Annual Exhi- 
bition, Sept. 16, 17, and 18, having attended to that duty, respectfully sub- 
mit the following report : — 

To Wm. Quant, gardener to T. H. Perkins, for his beautiful Gre- 
cian floral temple, 1st premium of . . . .. $40 00 

To Walker & Co., for their much admired Chinese Pagoda, 2d 
premium of . 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, for his neat Swiss cottage, 3d premium of 

To W. Sheehan, gardener to R. West, of Salem, for his fine Gothic 
monument, 4th premium of . . . 

To John Galvin, gardener to Thomas Motley, Jr., for his Gothic 
bower, 5th premium of ..... 

To Daniel Crowley, gardener to J. L. Gardener, for the best pair 
of large flat bouquets for the walls, 1st premium of • 

To James Nugent, for the second best pair of large flat bouquets 
for the walls, 2d premium of . . . . . 

To Hovey & Co., for the best round pyramidal bouquet for the 

Society's vases, 1st premium of . . . . 8 00 

To S. A. Walker, for the second best round pyramidal bouquet for 
the Society's vases, a premium of . 

To Hovey & Co., for the best pair of mantel or table bouquets, 
1st premium of ..... . 

To W. E. Carter, for the second best pair of mantel or table bou- 
quets, a premium of . 

To Hovey & Co., for the best pair of hand bouquets, 1st premium 
of 

No claimant for the second premium. 

To Miss R. Bowker, for the best design of native grasses or moss- 
es, 1st premium of . ; 

To Mrs. E. A. Story, for the second best design of native grasses 
or mosses, 2d premium of • . 

Gkatuities. 

To Miss R. Bowker, for a very tasteful wreath of grasses for the 

clock, . . . . . . . . 5 00 



30 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


5 


00 


10 


00 


5 


00 



5 


00 


5 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 


10 


00 


5 


00 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



175 



To S. A. Walker, for a beautiful flat design, . . . $10 00 

To S. A. Walker, for 100 feet of beautiful wreathing, . . 8 00 

To Mr. McNeil, gardener to J. D. W. Williams, for a flat design, 5 00 
To Miss Barnes, Dorchester, for a basket and bower of flowers 

and evergreens, . . . . . . 2 00 

To Orr N. Towne, for a flat design, . . . . 2 00 

To William Kenrick, for an ancient lyre, . . . . 5 00 

To Edward Allen, for a large flat design, . . . . 3 00 

To Miss Russell, for a large bouquet and moss vase, . . 8 00 

To Samuel Walker, for a large flat bouquet, . . . 3 00 
To Thomas Needham, gardener to 0. H. Mather, for a beautiful 

vase and bouquet, . . . . . . 6 00 

To Mrs. E. A. Story, for a beautiful circular design, . . 3 00 
To Hovey & Co., for a pair of flat bouquets, . . . 2 00 
To Charles Mayert, for designs for landscape gardening, . 4 00 
To J. L. L. F. Warren, for a unique pyramidal bouquet, com- 
posed of vegetables, . . . . , . 5 00 

To William Quant, for a pyramidal bouquet, . . . 2 00 

To Messrs. Winships, for a pyramidal bouquet, . . . 2 00 
To William Quant, for 12 plants of fine dwarf coxcombs, and 

other pot plants, . . . . . . 5 00 

JOSEPH BRECK, ^ 

DAVID HAGGERSTON, I 

C. M. HOVEY, j. Committee. 

H. W. DUTTON, 

ALEXANDER McLENNAN, 



PREMIUMS FOR VEGETABLES. 

The Committee for awarding premiums on Vegetables, respectfully re- 
port the following as the result of their examination : — 

Asparagus. — For the earliest and best, not less than 3 bunches, to 

Wm. Quant, a premium of . . . . . $5 00 

Beets. — For the best, (pure blood beet,) during the season, not less 

than 12 roots, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . 5 00 

Broccoli.— For the best 3 heads, to J. Lovett, a premium of . 5 00 

Beans. — For the best and earliest peck of string beans, to Thomas 

Needham, a premium of . . . . . 3 00 

For the best and earliest Lima beans, not less than two quarts, 
to F. W. Macondry, a premium of . . . . 3 00 

Cucumbers. — For the best pair under glass, previous to the first 

Saturday of June, to Orr N. Towne, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the second best pair under glass, previous to the first Sat- 
urday of June, to D. Crowley, a premium of . , 3 00 



176 



TEANSACTIONS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Cauliflowers. — For the best and largest during the season, not less 

than 3 heads, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . $5 00 

Corn. — For the best and earliest sweet corn, not less than 12 ears, 

to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . • . . 3 00 

Cabbage. — For the best drumhead cabbage during the season, not 

less than 3 heads, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . 5 00 

For the best Savoy cabbage during the season, not less than 3 

heads, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . 3 00 

Egg Plants. — For the best display during the season, to Orr N. 

Towne, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

Lettuce. — For the best 6 heads before the first Saturday in July, to 

Thomas Needham, a premium of . . . . 3 00 

Potatoes. — For the best and earliest peck previous to August 1, to 

A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . . - 3 00 

Peas. — For the best and earliest peck in June, to F. W. Macon- 

dry, a premium of . . . . . . 3 00 

Rhubarb. — For the largest and best previous to the first Saturday 

in July, not less than 12 stalks, to Josiah Lovett, a premium of 5 00 

Squashes. — For the best pure Canada squashes, not less than 6 in 

number, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . 5 00 

Tomatoes. — For the best and earliest, not less than 1 dozen, to A. 

D. Williams, a premium of . . . . . 5 00 

Vegetables. — For the best display and greatest variety at the week- 
ly exhibitions, during the season, to A. D. Williams, a pre- 
mium of . . . . . . . 10 00 

For the second best display and greatest variety at the weekly ex- 
hibitions, during the season, to F. W. Macondry, a premium of 5 00 
For the best display and greatest variety at the annual exhibi- 
tion, to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . 10 00 
For the second best display and greatest variety at the annual 

exhibition, to F. W. Macondry, a premium of . . 7 00 

Celery. — For the best and largest blanched, not less than 6 roots, 

to A. D. Williams, a premium of . . . . 5 00 

Gratuities. 

To J. L. L. F. Warren, for a wreath of corn, 12 varieties, . 3 00 

To E . Wight, for variety of squashes, . . . . 2 00 

To Wm. Quant, for early tomatoes, . . . . 3 00 

To J. Hovey, for six heads of lettuce, . . . , 2 00 

To Thomas Needham, for a display of early cucumbers, . . 3 00 



$124 00 



For the Committee, 

AT). WILLIAMS, Jr., Chairman. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



177 



MEMBERS 



OF THE 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 



A * DENOTES THE MEMBER AS DECEASED. 



MEMBERS FOR lilFE. 



Adams, Daniel, Newhury. 
Allen, John Fisk, Salem. 
Amory, Charles, Boston. 
Amory, James S., " 
Appleton, Nathan, " 
Apple ton, Robert, " 
Armstrong, Samuel T., Boston. 
Aspinwall, Augustus, Brookline. 
Austin, William, Dorchester. 



Crocker, Uriel, Boston. 
Crowninshield, George C, Boston. 

Denny, George, Westhoro. 
Denny, R. S., Dorchester. 
Downer, Sam'l, Jr., " 

*Edwards, Elisha, Springfield. 
Elliot, Samuel A., Boston. 



Barnard, Rev. C. F., Boston. 
Bartlett, E., Nervburyport. 
Barrows, Thomas, Dedham. 
Bemis, Amory, Cambridge. 
Blake, George B., Boston. 
Bond, George W., Roxbury. 
Bowditch, J. Ingersoll, Boston. 
Bradford, Samuel D., W. Roxhury. 
*Bradlee, Joseph P., Boston. 
Breed, Andrew, Lynn. 
Breed, Henry A., " 
*Brewer, Eliab Stone, Roxbury. 
Brown, Ebenezer, Lynn. 

Carruth, Nathan, Boston. 
Chase, Hezekiah, Lynn. 
Cleveland, Ira, Dedham. 
Codman, John, D. D., Dorchester. 
Crafts, Ebenezer, Roxbury. 
23 



Fairbanks, Stephen, Boston. 
Fearing, Albert, " 

Fenno, John, Chelsea. 
Fisher, Warren, Roxbury. 
*Fiske, Oliver, Worcester. 
French, Benjamin V., Braintree. 
French, Jonathan, Roxbury. 

Gardner, W. F., Salem. 
Gibson, Kimball, Boston. 
Gilmore, Addison, " 
Grinnell, Joseph, Nerv Bedford. 
Groom, Thomas, Dorchester. 

Harris, William T., Cambridge. 
Hastings, Edmund T., Boston. 
*Hedge, Isaac L., Plymouth. 
Hezeltine, H., Boston. 
Hooper, John, Jr., Marblehead. 



178 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Hooper, Robert C, Boston. 
Hovey, C. M., Cambridgtport. 
Howe, Jabez C, Boston. 
Howe, Hall J., S. Boston. 
Howe, John, Brookline. 
Howland, John, Jr., New Bedford. 

Johnsoti, Otis, Lynn. 
Jones, Thomas, Boston. 

Kimball, A. P., Boston. 
King, Franklin, Dorchester. 

Leavens, S. Davis, Boston. 
Lee, George, Watertorvn. 
Lewis, A. S., Roxhury. 
Lincoln, Levi, Worcester. 
♦Lincoln, Wm., " 
Lyon, Henry, Charlestoron. 

March, Andrew S., 'Roxhury. 
Marland, J., Andover. 
Merriam, Charles, West Newton. 
Mixter, Charles, Boston. 
Motley, Thomas, Jr., Dedham. 
Morse, Samuel F., Boston. 
Mudge, E. R., Lynn. 
Mudge, Geo. W., " 

Newhall, Cheever, Dorchester. 
Newhall, George, " 

Newhall, John M., « 
Newhall, Josiah, Lynnfield. 
Newman, Henry, Roxhury. 
Nuttall, Thomas, of England. 

Paige, James W., Boston. 
Paine, Robert T., •' 
Parker, Daniel P., " 
Parker, William A., " 
Parkman, Rev. Francis, Boston. 
*Parsons, Gorham, Brighton. 
^Parsons, William, Boston 



Perry, John, Sherburne. 
Prescott, C. H., Cornwallis, N. S. 

Richards, Edward M., Dedham. 
Richards, William B.,~ " 
Rotch, William, New Bedford. 
Russell, George R., West Roxhury. 

*Seaver, Nathaniel, Roxhury. 
Sever, J. W., Dorchester. 
Shaw, Robert G., Boston. 
Silsby, Enoch, Bradford. 
Smith, Stephen H., Providence. 
Springer, John, Sterling. 
Stetson, Nahum, Bridgewater. 
Stickney, Josiah, Boston. 
Story, F. H., Salem. 
*Story, Joseph, Camhridge. 
Sturgis, William, Wohurn. 

Tappan, Charles, Boston. 
Teschemacher, J.E., " 
*Thomdike, Israel, " 
Towle, Lyman, " 

Tremlett, Thomas, Dorchester. 

Wainwright, Peter, Roxhury. 
* Waldo, Daniel, Worcester. 
Walker, Edward C. R., Boston. 
Walker, Samuel, Roxhury. 
Walker, Samuel A., Brookline. 
Webster, Joshua, Lynn. 
Webster, Nathan, Haverhill. 
West, Thomas, " 

White, B. C, Boston. 
Whiting, Nathaniel, Brookline. 
Wight, Ebenezer, Dedham. 
Wilder, Marshall P., Dorchester. 
Williams, Aaron D., Roxhury. 
Williams, Aaron D., Jr., " 
Wolcott, Edward, Fawtucket. 
Worthington, William, Dorchester. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



179 



ANNUAL MEMBERS. 



DENOTES THE MEMBER AS DECEASED. 



Adams, Benjamin, Boston. 
Adams, Charles F., Quincy. 
Adams, Joseph H., Boston. 
Adams, Z. B., " 

Allen, Amos, Newton. 
Allen, E., Dracut. 
Amory, Charles, Dorchester. 
*Andrew, John H., Salem. 
Andrews, Alfred A., Rozbury. 
Andrews, Ebenezer T., Boston. 
Andrews, Ferdinand, " 

Arnold, John, Dorchester. 

Bachelder, Samuel, Cambridge. 
Bacon, William, Roxbury. 
Bailey, Kendall, Charlestorvn. 
Baker, Walter, Dorchester. 
Balch, Joseph, Roxbury. 
Ballister, Joseph, Dorchester. 
Banks, Thomas S., Roxbury. 
Barker, D. C, Lynn. 
Barnard, Samuel, Watertown. 
Barnes, Parker, Dorchester. 
*Barrett, Geo. C, Boston. 
Bartlett, Enoch, Roxbury. 
Bartlett, Levi, Boston. 
Barton, Jabez W., Boston. 
Bates, Thomas, " 
Belknap, A. E., " 
Berry, Richard N., " 
Billings, Joseph H., West Roxbury. 
Bingham, Daniel, Dedham. 
Blainey, J. M., Boston. 
Blake, Francis S., " 



Blanchard, John A., Boston. 
Boott, William, " 

Bowditch, Azell, Rozbury. 
Bowman, Francis, Cambridge. 
Bradbury, Charles, Boston. 
Bradford, Charles F., Rozbury. 
Bradlee, Henry, Boston. 
Bradlee, J. B., " 

Bradlee, Joseph, " 
Bradshaw, E. Edes, Charlestorvn. 
Breck, Joseph, Brighton. 
*Bridge, Nathan, Charlestown. 
Brimmer, Martin, Boston. 
Brown, Frederick, " 
Brown, James, Cambridge. 
Buckingham, J. T., " 
Bullard, Calvin, Boston. 
Bullard, Lewis, Dedham. 
Burnett, Joseph, Boston. 
Butler, J. S., South Boston. 

Cabot, Joseph S., Salem. 
Cabot, Samuel, BrooMine. 
Cadness, John, New York. 
Caines, William, " 
Capen, F. L., South Boston. 
Carter, 0. C. B., Boston. 
Carter, Richard B., " 
Carter, William E., Cambridge. 
Chamberlain, Edward, Jr., Boston. 
Champney, John, Rozbury. 
Chapin, C. F., Cambridge. 
Chickering, Jonas, Boston. 
Clapp, John, South Reading. 



180 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Clapp, W. W., Boston. 
Clark, E. B., " 
Clarke, Albert, " 
Clarke, John W., " 
Clarke, W. G., Chelsea. 



Dodge, Pickering, Salem. 
Downer, Samuel, Dorchester. 
Dowse, Thomas, Cambridgeport. 
Doyle, William, Roxbury. 
*Dudley, David, " 



Cleveland, H. W. S., Burlington, N. /.Duncan, James H., Haverhill. 



Cleveland, Stephen H., Dedham. 

Cobb, Elijah, Boston. 

Cobb, Jonathan H., Dedham. 

Cole, S. W., Boston. 

Collamore, John, Jr., Boston. 

Comstock, B. W., Providence. 

Copeland, R. M., Boston. 

Cornell, Rev. "William M., Boston. 

Cotting, William, West Cambridge. 

Courtis, William, Boston. 

Crane, Joshua, " 

Crowley, Daniel, Roxbury. 

Crowninshield, Benjamin W., Boston. Yimmons, John L., Boston. 



Duncklee, George, Brighton. 
Dutton, Henry W., Boston. 

Eastburn, John H., Boston. 
Eaton, William, '< 

Eddy, Caleb, " 

Edmonds, J. W., " 

Edwards, Henry, " 
Edwards, Thomas, " 
Elbridge, J. S., " 

*Eldridge, Chas. H., " 
Emerson, Benj. D., Roxbury. 



Crowninshield, George C, 
Gumming, John, Jr., 
Curtis, Edward, Pepper ell. 
Curtis, William, Newton. 
Cutter, Edward F., Somerville. 

Dane, John, Boston. 
*Daniell, Josiah, " 
Daniell, Otis, " 
Darracott, Geo., " 
Davenport, Geo., " 
Davenport, Lewis, Milton. 
Davis, Barnabas, Boston. 
Davis, Dorrance, " 
Davis, Isaac P., " 
Davis, N. M., Plymouth. 
Davis, William A., Dorchester. 
Deane, John, Jr., Boston. 
^Dearborn, Henry, Roxbury. 
Dennison, J. N., Boston. 
Derby, E. H., Salem. 
*Derby, John, " 
Dillaway, Charles K., Roxbury. 
Dixwell, J. J., Boston. 



Eveleth, Joseph, " 

Farnsworth, Walter, Roxbury. 
Faxon, Nathaniel, Boston. 
Fay, Isaac, Cambridge. 
*Fessenden, Thomas G., Boston. 
Fisher, Freeman, Dedham. 
*Fitch, Jeremiah, Boston. 
Flynt, William N., Monson. 
Foord, Enos, Dedham. 
Foster, James G., Charlestown. 
Foster, John H., Boston. 
Francis, David, " 
Frothingham, Sam'l," 
Fussell, John, /. P., Roxbury. 

Gaffield, James, Gloucester. 
Gardner, Francis, Boston. 
Gardner, John, Dedham. 
Gilmore, George L., Newton. 
Gordon, George W., Boston. 
Gordon, John, " 

Gray, George H., " 

Gray, John, " 



LIST OP MEMBERS. 



181 



Gray, John C, Boston. 

Green, Charles W., /. P., Roxhury. 

Green, John, Worcester. 

Green, Mathew W., /. P., Roxbury. 

Greenough, D. S., /. P., Roxhury. 

*Greenough, David S., " 

Grosvenor, L. P., Fomfret, Conn. 

Guild, Benjamin, Boston. 

Haggerston, David, Watertown. 
Hall, Dudley, Medford. 
Hall, Theodore N., Boston. 
*Hallett, George, " 

Harris, Richard D., " 
Hartshorn, Eliphalet P., Boston. 
*Hayden, John, BrooTdine. 
Hayward, George, Boston. 
*Heard, John, " 

Henshaw, John, Cambridge. 
Hewens, Whiting, Roxbury. 
*Higginson, Henry, Boston. 
Hill, Jeremiah, " 

Hill, John, <' 

*Holbrook, Amos, Milton. 
Hollis, Thomas, Jr., " 
Horton, Henry K., Boston. 
Hosmer, H., Watertown. 
Hosmer, Z., Cambridge. 
Hovey, John, Roxbury. 
Hovey, P. B., Jr., Cambridgeport. 
^Howard, John C, Brookline, 
Howe, Rufus, Mount Auburn. 
Howe, George, Roxbury. 
Hubbard, G. G., West Needham. 
Hunt, Charles S., Boston. 
Huntington, Rev. F. D., Roxbury. 
Huston, John, Charlestorvn. 
Hyde, George, Nervton. 
*Hysop, David, Brookline. 

Jackson, James, Boston. 
Jarves, Deming, Sandwich. 



Jenks, J. H., Boston. 
Johnson, Samuel R., Charlestorvn. 
Jones, James Jj., Chelsea. 
Jones, Cyrus W., Boston. 
Joy, Joseph G., " 

Kelt, James, Jr., Boston. 
Kenrick, John A., Nervton. 
Kenrick, William, " 
Kidder, Samuel, Charlestorvn. 
Kingsbury, William B., Roxbury. 

*Lamb, John A. W., Boston. 
Lawrence, Abbott, " 

Lawrence, Amos, " 

Lee, Thomas, Brookline. 
Lee, John C, Salem. 
Leighton, Thomas, E. Cambridge, 
*Lemist, John, Roxbury. 
Lewis, William G., " 
Little, C. C, Boston. 
Livermore, Aaron, " 
Livermore, Isaac, Cambridgeport. 
Liversage, Henry, Miltoji. 
Liversage, Thomas, " 
Loring, Benjamin, Boston. 
Loring, C. G., « 

*Loring, AVilliam J., '•' 
Lord, Rev. Daniel M., Boston. 
Lovitt, Josiah, 2d, Beverly. 
Low, John J., Boston. 
*Lowell, John, Roxbury. 
Lowell, William B., Nervton. 

Macintosh, R. J., Roxbury. 
Macintosh, William M., Roxbury, 
*Mackay, John, Boston. 
Macondry, F. W., Dorchester. 
Mandall, J. W., Roxbury. 
Mann, J. N. E., Dedham. 
Mann, Samuel C, " 
*Manning, Robert, Salem, 



182 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



*IVIcIntire, Daniel, Framingham. 
McLellan, Alexander, Watertown. 
Mellar, William, Eoxhury. 
Merriam, Galen, W. Newton. 
Millar, John L., Boston. 
Miller, David, South Boston. 
*Miller, Edward, Boston. 
Mills, Lewis, " 

*Minns, Thomas, " 
Morse, Robert M., " 
Morton, W. T. G., West Needham. 
Mudge, George W., Lynn. 
Munroe, James, Jr., Roxbury. 
Muzzey, A. B., Cambridge. 

Needham, Thomas, Brighton. 
*Newell, Joseph "W., Charlestown. 
^Nicholson, Com., (U. S. N.) 
Norton, Joshua, Boston. 
Nugent, James, Brookline. 

Oliver, William, Dorchester. 
Olmstead, E. Holton, Boston. 
Osgood, Peter, Andover. 
Otis, Harrison G., Boston. 
Owen, John, Cambridge. 

Palmer, John P., Boston. 
Parker, Harvey D., " 
Parker, Isaac, " 

Parris, Alexander, Pembroke. 
Parsons, Theophilus, Boston. 
Pay son, Samuel E.., Roxbury. 
♦Penniman, Elisha, Brookline. 
Perkins, Thomas H., Boston. 
Perry, Rev. G. B., E. Bradford. 
Pettee, Otis, Newton. 
Phillips, Stephen C, Salem. 
Phipps, Samuel, Dorchester. 
Pierce, Dana, Somerville. 
Pierce, S. B., Dorchester. 
Pond, Samuel, Cambridgcport. 
Porter, Z. B., Cambridge. 



*Pratt, William, Jr., Watertown. 
*Prescott, William, Boston^ 
Preston, John, Dorchester. 
*Priest, John F., Boston. 
*Prince, John, Roxbury. 
Prouty, Lorenzo, Boston. 

Quant, William, Brookline. 
Quincy, Josiah, Jr., Boston. 

Rand, Edward S., Newburyport. 
Randall, George, New Bedford. 
Reed, Charles M., Boston. 
Rice, Henry, " 

Richards, Joseph, Braintree. 
Richardson, Josiah, Cambridge. 
Robbins, Charles, South Boston. 
Robbins, Edward H., Boston. 
Robbins, Henry, " 

Robbins, P. G., Roxbury. 
Rodman, Benjamin, New Bedford. 
Rogers, 0. T., Quincy. 
*Rollins, Ebenezer, Boston. 
Rowe, Joseph, Milton. 
Ruggles, Micah H., Fall River. 
Russell, John, Roxbury. 

Sargent, Howard, Dorchester. 
Savage, William, Boston. 
Sawyer, M. P., " 

Scudder, M. S., " 

Seabury, Pardon E., New Bedford. 
Seaver, Benjamin, Boston. 
Seaver, William, Roxbury. 
Shaw, Charles B., Dedham. 
Shaw, Francis G., West Roxbury. 
Shaw, Lemuel, Boston. 
Sheafe, Henry, Portsmouth, N. H. 
Sheehan, Jeremiah, Salem. 
Sigourney, Henry, Boston. 
Simpson, Michael H., " 
Simpson, Paul, " 

Skinner, John, Charlestown. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



183 



Sleeper, J. S., Roxbury. 
Smallwood, Thomas, Newton. 
Smith, Edmund, Brighton. 
Smith, Melancthon, Roxbury. 
Spofford, George, Georgetown. 
Stearns, Charles, Springfield. 
Stearns, William G., Boston. 
^Stevens, Isaac, " 

Stone, Leonard, Watertown, 
Storey, E. Augustus, Brighton. 
Swan, Daniel, Medford. 
Sweetser, Samuel, Wbburn. 

Tappan, John G., Boston. 
*Taylor, Charles, Dorchester. 
Thaxter, Levi, Watertown. 
Thayer, Gideon F., South Boston. 
Thomas, William, Boston. 
Thresher, Rev. Ebenezer, Dayton, 0. 
Tidd, Marshall, Woburn. 
Towne, Orr N., Boston. 
Trull, John F., " 
Tucker, John L., " 
Tucker, Nathaniel, Louisville. 
Tudor, Frederick, Boston. 
Tufts, Elbridge, Cambridge. 
Tuttle, Hugh M., Boston. 
Tyler, John, " 

Upton, J. A., Boston. 



Vose, Elijah, Dorchester. 

Waldo, Henry S., Roxbury. 
*Waldron, R. R., (U. S. N.) 
Wales, William, Dorchester. 
Walley, Samuel H., Jr., Roxbury, 
Walsh, George, Charlestown. 
Ward, Richard, Roxbury. 
*Ward, Samuel, '' 
Warren, J. L. L. F., Brighton. 
Washburn, John, Plymouth. 
Weld, Aaron D., Jr., Boston. 
Wellington, Andrew, E, Lexington. 
Wentworth, James, Boston. 
Wheeler, A. B., " 

* Wheelwright, William W., Boston. 
Whitaker, Edgar K., E. Needham. 
White, Ferdinand E., Boston. 

* White, Stephen, " 
Whitmarsh, Samuel, Northampton. 
Whitmarsh, Thomas, Boston. 
Whitney, William F., " 
Wilkins, John H., « 
*Williams, Francis L., Roxbury. 
Williams, Nehemiah D., " 
Winchester, William P., Boston. 
Winship, Jonathan, Brighton. 
Worcester, Joseph E., Cambridge. 
Wyath, Jonas, 2d., " 
*Wyatt, Robert, Boston. 



Vandine, Henry, Cambridgeport. 
Vila, James, Boston. 



Young, Willwood, New Bedford. 



184 LIST OF MEMBERS. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



A * DENOTES THE MEMBER AS DECEASED. 

HON. JOHN Q. ADAMS, Quincy. 

WILLIAM T. A [TON, Esq., Curator of the Royal Gardens, Kew. 

JOHN ABBOTT, Esq., Brunswick, Me. 

*BENJAMIN ABBOTT, LL. D., Exeter, N. H. 

HON. SAMUEL APPLETON, Boston. 

JAMES ARNOLD, Esq., New Bedford. 

L'ABBE BERLESE, Paris. 

LE CHEVALIER SOULANGE BODIN, Secretaire-General de la Soci- 

ete d' Horticulture de Paris. 
EDWARD N. BANCROFT, M. D., President of the Horticultural and 

Agricultural Society of Jamaica. 
JAMES BEEKMAN, Esq., New York. 

J. BUEL, Esq., President of the Albany Horticultural Society. 
*ROBERT BARCLAY, Esq. 
*PHILIP P. BARBOUR, Esq., Virginia. 
* NICHOLAS BIDDLE, Esq., Philadelphia. 
*MRS, BIGELOW, Medford. 
JOSIAH BRADLEE, Esq., Boston. 
HON. HENRY CLAY, Kentucky. 
*AUGUSTIN PYRAMUS DE CANDOLLE, Geneva. 
*ZACCHEUS COLLINS, Esq., Philadelphia. 
*ADMIRAL SIR ISAAC COFFIN, Bart., England. 
*WILLIAM COXE, Esq., Burlington. 
*ISAAC CHAUNCY, Esq., U. S. Navy, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
*LEWIS CLAPIER, Esq., Philadelphia. 
J. P. CUSHING, Esq., Walertown^ Mass. 
GEN. H. A. S. DEARBORN, Roxbury. 
CHARLES W. DABNEY, Esq., Fayal. 
JAMES DICKSON, Esq., Vice President of the London Horticultural 

Society. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 185 

DON KAMON DE LA SAGRA, Cuba. 

*SIR HUMPHREY DAVY, London. 

*MRS. DOROTHY DIX, Boston. 

*HON. JOHN DAVIS, LL. D., Boston. 

HON. EDWARD EVERETT, Cambridge, Mass. 

HON. HORACE EVERETT, Vermont. 

CHARLES A. EVANSON, Esq., St. Johns, N. B. 

*HON. STEPHEN ELLIOT, Charleston, S. C. 

*CAPT. JESSE D. ELLIOT, U. S. Navy. 

F. FALDERMANN, Curator of the Imperial Botanic Garden, at St. Pe- 
tersburg. 

DR. F. E. FISCHER, Professor of Botany of the Imperial Botanic Gar= 
den, at St. Petersburg. 

HON. THEODORE FREYLINGHUYSEN, President of the American 
Agricultural Society. 

JOSEPH GALES, Jr., Esq., Washington. 

JOHN GREIG, Esq., Geneva, State of New York. 

MRS. MARY GRIFFITH, Charlies Hope, New Jersey. 

*MRS. REBECCA GORE, Waltham. 

^STEPHEN GIRARD, Esq., Philadelphia. 

*GEORGE GIBBS, Esq., New York. 

*HON. ROBERT H. GOLDSBOROUGH, Talbot County, Maryland. 

HERICART DE THURY, Le Vicomte, President de la Societe d'Horti- 
culture de Paris. 

THOMAS HOPKIRK, Esq., President of the Glasgow Horticultural So- 
ciety. 

LEWIS HUNTS, Esq., Huntsburg, Ohio. 

S. P. HILDRETH, M. D., Marietta, Ohio. 

*DAVID HOSACK, M. D., President of the New York Horticultural So- 
ciety. 

*GEN. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, late President of the United 
States. 

JOSEPH R. INGERSOLL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

*GEN. ANDREW JACKSON, late President of the United States. 

*THOMAS ANDREW KNIGHT, Esq., President of the Horticultural 
Society of London. 

*MRS. MARTHA JOHONNOT, Salem. 

*JOHN C. LOUDON, Esq., London. 

BARON H. CAROL VON LUDWIG, Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope. 

LE COMPTE DE LASTEYRIE, Vice-President de la Societe d'Horti- 
culture de Paris. 
24 



186 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



FRANKLIN LITCHFIELD, Esq., Porto Cabello. 

JOSHUA LONGSTRETH, Esq., Philadelphia. . 

NICHOLAS LONGWORTH, Esq., Cincinnati. 

*GEN. LA FAYETTE, La Grange, France. 

*JACOB LORILLARD, Esq., President of the New York Horticultural 
Society, New York. 

JOHN A. LOWELL, Esq., Roxbury. 

HON. THEODORE LYMAN, Brookline. 

BARON JUSTUS LIEBIG, Geissen, Germany. 

PROF. J. LINDLEY, Secretary of the London Horticultural Society. 

MONS. F. A. MICHAUX, Paris. 

MOSSELMAN, Esq., Antwerp. 

HON. CHARLES F. MERCER, Virginia. 

D. S. M'CAULEY, Esq., Tripoli. 

MRS. CHARLOTTE MARRYATT, Wimbledon, near London. 

*HON. JAMES MADISON, late President of the United States. 

*HON. JAMES MUNROE, late President of the United States. 

*LEWIS JOHN MENTENS, Esq., Bruxelles. 

^SAMUEL L. MITCHELL, LL. D., New York. 

*HON. ISAAC McKIM, President of the Horticultural Society of Mary- 
land. 

A. MUNSON, M. D., President of the New Haven Horticultural Society. 

BARON OTTENFELS, Austrian Minister to the Ottoman Porte. 

MONS. POITEAU, Professor of the Institut Horticole de Fromont. 

*JOHN H. POWELL, Esq., Powellton, Pennsylvania. 

^WILLIAM PRINCE, Esq., Long Island, New York. 

JOHN PALBIER, Esq., Calcutta. 

*HENRY PRATT, Esq., Philadelphia. 

HON. THOMAS H. PERKINS, Brookline, Mass. 

ARCHIBALD JOHN, Earl of ROSEBERRY, President of the Caledonian 
Horticultural Society. 

JOHN SHEPHERD, Esq., Curator of the Botanic Garden, Liverpool. 

JOHN S. SKINNER, Esq., Baltimore. 

^JOSEPH SABINE, Esq., Secretary of the London Horticultural Society. 

*SIR WALTER SCOTT. 

*WILLIAM SHAW, Esq., New York. 

*JUDGE STRONG, Rochester. 

STEPHEN H. SMITH, Esq., President of the Rhode Island Horticultural 
Society. 

M. TOUGARD, Rouen, France. 

JOHN TURNER, Esq., Assistant Secretary of the London Horticultural 
Society. 

=* JAMES THACHER, M. D., Plymouth. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 187 

GRANT THORBURN, Esq., New York. 

HON. JOHN TALIAFERRO, Virginia. 

M. DU PETIT THOURS, Paris, Professor Poiteau of the Institut Horti- 

cole de Fromont. 
COL. W. TONSON, President Horticultural Society, Washington, D. C. 
NATHANIEL TOWNSON, Esq., Washington, D. C. 
HON. JOHN TYLER, late President of the United States. 
REV, JOSEPH TYSO, Wallingford, England. 
MONS. P. P. A. VILMORIN, Paris. 
*J. B. VAN MONS, M. D., Brussels. 
PETTY VAUGHAN, Esq., London. 

HON. MARTIN VAN BUREN, late President of the United States. 
JOSEPH R. VAN ZANDT, Esq., Albany. 
FEDERAL VANDERBURG, M. D., New York. 
^BENJAMIN VAUGHAN, Esq., Hallowell, Maine. 
^GEN. STEPHEN VAN RENSALEAR, Albany. 
HON. DANIEL WEBSTER, Marshfield, Mass. 
HON. JOHN WELLES, Boston. 
NATHANIEL WILLICH, M. D., Curator of the Botanic Garden, Cal- 

cutta. 
*JAMES WADSWORTH, Esq., Genesee, New York. 
MALTHUS A. WARD, Professor Franklin College, Athens, Georgia. 
^FREDERICK WALCOTT, Esq., Litchfield, Conn. 
ASHTON YATES, Esq., Liverpool. 



188 LIST OF MEMBERS. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



A * DENOTES THE MEMBER AS DECEASED. 

JOHN ADLUM, Esq., Georgetown, District of Columbia. 

THOMAS ASPINWALL, Esq., London. 

DON FRANCISCO AQUILAR, of Moldonada, in the Banda Oriental. 

A. B. ALLEN, Esq., Editor American Agriculturist, New York. 

NOEL J. BECAR, Esq., Brooklyn, New York. 

JOSEPH BERNARD BAUMANN, Esq., Bolwiller, France. 

ACJGUSTIN BAUMANN, Esq., " " 

NAPOLEON BAUMANN, Esq., " " 

EUGENE ACHILLE BAUMANN, Esq., " « 

MONS. TRIPET LE BLANC, Paris. 

DR. NEHEMIAH BRUSH, East Florida. 

ALEXANDER BURTON, Esq., Cadiz. 

*E. W. BULL, Esq., Hartford, Conn. 

JOHN W. BROWN, Esq., Fort Gaines, Georgia. 

*ISAAC COX BURNETT, Esq., Consul, Paris. 

REV. HENRY W. BEECHER, Editor Western Farmer and Gardener. 

ROBERT BUIST, Esq., Philadelphia. 

WILLIAM D. BRINKLE, M. D., Philadelphia. 

EDWARD BECK, Esq., Worton College, Isleworth, near London, Eng. 

ROBERT CARR, Esq., Philadelphia. 

JAMES COLVILL, Esq., Chelsen, England. 

FRANCIS G. CARNES, Esq., New York. 

REV. HENRY COLMAN, Boston. 

S. L. DANA, M. D., Lowell. 

JAMES DEERING, Esq., Portland, Me. 

A. J. DOWNING, Esq., Newburgh, New York. 

*H. F. DICKEHUT, Esq. 

HON. HENRY L. ELLSWORTH, Washington. 

EBENEZER EMMONS, M. D., Williamston. 

A. H. ERNST, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 189 

MICHAEL FLOY, Esq., New York. 

JOHN FOX, Esq., Washington, D. C. 

NATHANIEL FELLOWS, Esq., Cuba. 

WILLIAM R. FOSTER, Esq., Baltimore. 

=*HENRY J. FINN, Esq., Newport, R. I. 

*HON. RUSSELL FREEMAN, Sandwich. 

*BENJAMIN GARDNER, Esq., Consul U. S. at Palermo, 

ROBERT H. GARDNER, Esq., Gardiner, Me. 

ABRAHAM P. GIBSON, Esq., St. Petersburg. 

CHARLES W. GORDON, Esq., Boston. 

R. GLENDENNING, Esq., Chiswick, near London, England. 

CAPT. JAMES P. GERRY, U. S. Navy. 

PROF. ASA GRAY, Cambridge, Mass. 

CHARLES H. HALL, Esq., New York. 

JOHN HAY, Esq., Architect of the Caledonian Horticultural Society. 

ABRAHAM HALSEY, Esq., New York. 

*REV. T. M. HARRIS, D. D., Dorchester. 

T. W. HARRIS, M. D., Cambridge. 

=^ISAAC HEAD, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

ISAAC HUNTER, Esq., Baltimore. 

THOMAS HOGG, Esq., New York. 

BERNARD HENRY, Esq., Philadelphia. 

I. I. HITCHCOCK, Esq., Baltimore. 

PROF. E. M. HORSFORD, Cambridge. 

EDWARD JONES, M. D., Dorchester. 

WILLIAM J. JOHNSON, M. D., Fort Gaines, Georgia. 

DAVID LANDRETH, Esq., Corresponding Secretary of the Pennsylvania 

Horticultural Society. 
E. S. H. LEONARD, M. D., Providence. 
HON. GEORGE LUNT, Newburyport, Mass. 
MONS. LAFFAY, Bellevue, near Paris, France. 
C. MACINTOSH, Esq., Dalkeith Palace, near Edinburgh. 
* JAMES MAURY, Esq., Consul, Liverpool. 
JOHN MILLER, M. D., Secretary of the Horticultural and Agricultural 

Society, Jamaica. 
STEPHEN MILLS, Esq., Long Island, New York. 
DR. JAMES MEASE, Philadelphia. 
ALLAN MELVILLE, Esq., New York. 
WILLIAM S. M'LEAY, Esq. 
HORATIO NEWHALL, M. D., Galena, Illinois. 
JAMES OMBROSI, Esq., Florence. 
^DAVID W. OFFLEY, Esq., U. S. Agent, Smyrna. 
*JOHN L. PAYSON, Esq., Consul, Leghorn. 



190 LIST OF MEMBERS. 

*ANDREW PARMENTER, Esq., Long Island, New York. 

JOHN PARKER, Esq., Amsterdam. 

*DAVID PORTER, Esq., Charge des affaires of the United States at the 

Ottoman Porte. 
JOSEPH PAXTON, Esq., Chatsworth, England. 
WILLIAM R. PRINCE, Esq., Long Island, New York. 
ALFRED S. PRINCE, Esq., Long Island, New York. 
M. C. PERRY, Esq., U. S. Navy. 
JOHN J. PALMER, Esq., New York. 
J. B. RUSSEL, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
THOMAS RIVERS, Esq., Sawbridgeworth, England. 
GEORGE R. RUSSELL, Esq., Manilla. 
*THOMAS ROTCH, Esq., Philadelphia. 
*WILLIAM FOSTER REDDING, Esq., Baltimore. 
CAPT. WILLIAM S. ROGERS, U. S. Navy. 
M. D. REYNOLDS, Esq., Schenectady, New York. 
J. S. ROGERS, Esq., Hartford, Conn. 
*JOHN H. RICHARDS, M. D., Illinois. 
REV. JOHN LEWIS RUSSELL, S. Hingham. 
MONS. J. RINZ, Jr , Frankfort on the Maine. 
^WILLIAM SHALER, Esq. 

DANIEL D. SMITH, Esq., Burlington, New Jersey. 
GIDEON B. SMITH, Esq., Baltimore. 
WILLIAM SHAW, Esq., New York. 
JUDGE STRONG, Rochester, New York. 

THOMAS H. STEPHENS, Esq., U. S. Navy, Middletown, Conn. 
*CALEB R. SMITH, Esq., New Jersey. 
HORATIO SPRAGUE, Esq., U. S. Consul, Gibraltar. 
FRANCIS SUMMEREST, Esq. 
WILLIAM F. STRANGE WAY, Esq., British Secretary of Legation at 

Naples. 
*JAMES P. STURGIS, Esq., Canton. 
GEORGE C. THORBURN, Esq., New York. 
JOHN TILLSON, Jr., Esq., Illinois. 

PROF. TENORE, Director of the Botanical Garden at Naples. 
J. E. TESCHEMACHER, Esq., Boston. 
PROF. TINIO, Director of the Botanical Garden at Palermo. 
ROBERT THOMPSON, Esq., London. 
CAREY TYSO, Esq., Wallingford, England. 

LUTHER TUCKER, Esq., Editor of the Cultivator, Albany, New York. 
LEWIS VAN HOUTTE, Ghent. 
J. F. WINGATE, Esq., Bath, Me. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 191 

JOSHUA WINGATE, Esq., Portland. 

JOSEPH A. WINTHROP, Esq., South Carolina. 

MONS. EMILIEN DE WAEL, Antwerp. 

*WILLIAM WILSON, Esq., New York. 

J. AMBROSE "WIGHT, Esq., Editor of Prairie Farmer, Chicago, Illinois. 



CATALOGUE OF BOOKS 



IN THE 



Ctbrarg of tl)e Ulaasac^traetts horticultural Soctetg, 

FEBRUARY 7, 1847. 



ABERCROMBIE, J.— The Practical Gardener's Companion. Edited by- 
John Abercrombie. 6th edition. 24to. London. 1829. 
Do. do. 3d edition. London. 1823. 

ADLUM, John. — Memoir on the Cultivation of the Vine in America. 2d 
edition. 12mo. 1828. 

ALOYSII COLLA.— Illustrat. et Icon. Rar. Stirp Quae in Ejus Horto, &cc. 
1827-8. 

AITON, Wm.— General Report of Scotland. Chap. 14. Glasgow. 1812. 

ANDERSON; James. — Introduction to the Knowledge and Practice of 
Gardening. By Chas. Marshall. To which is added an Essay on 
Quick Lime. By Jas. Anderson. 12mo. 2 vols. 1799. 

ARNAUD, C. P. — Recueil de Tombeaux des Quatre Cemetieres de Paris. 
8vo. 2 vols, in one. Paris and Bruxelles. 1825. 

ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE D'HORTICULTURE DE PARIS.— 8vo. 
5 vols. Paris. 1827-9. 

Do. do. (Jan., Fev., Mar., Avril, Mai, Aout, Sept., 

Novem., Decemb., 1830.) 

AUDUBON. — The Birds of America, from drawings made in the United 
States and other Territories. By John James Audubon. 8vo. New 
York. 3 vols. 1840-41. 

BELGIUM. — Pomographie Belgique. Engravings of Pears, presented by 

Prof. Van Mons. 1831. 
BENOIT, Louis.— Physiologic de la Poire. 8vo. Paris. 1832. 
24 



186 CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 

BERLESE, L'Abbe. — Iconography du Genre Camellia. 3 vols. 4to. 
Paris. 1843. 
" Monographic du Genre Camellia. — Par L'Abbe Berlese. 8vo. 

Paris. 1840. 
" do. Translated by H. A. S. Dearborn. 8vo. Boston. 1838. 

BIGELOW, Jacob.— American Medical Botany. 3 vols. 8vo. 1820. 
" " Florula Bostoniensis. — A Collection of Plants of Bos- 

ton and its vicinity. 2d edition. 8vo. Boston. 1824. 
BLAKE, Stephen.— The Compleat Garden Practice. Small 4to. 1670. 
BLTSS, G.— The Fruit Grower's Instructor. 8vo. London. 1825. 
BOSTON JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY.— 3 vols. 8vo. Bos- 
ton. 1835-41. 
BOUTCHER, Wm.— A Treatise on Forest Trees. 4to. Edinburgh. 1775. 
BRADLEY, Richard, — New Improvements of Planting and Gardening. 

8vo. London. 1717. 
BRIDGEMAN, T.— The Young Gardener's Assistant. 12mo. New York. 

1832. 
BROWNE, D. J.— Trees of America. 8vo. New York. 1846. 
BRYANT, Charles.— Flora Digetetica; or History of Esculent Plants, both 

Domestic and Foreign. 8vo. London. 1783. 
BUIST, R.— Flower Garden Directory. Philadelphia. 1839. 

CHAPTAL, Le Comte, &c. — Trate Theorique et Pratique sur la Culture 

de la Vigne. 2d edition. 2 vols. Paris. 
. 8vo. 1801. 
" " " Chimie Appliquee a rAgriculture. 2 vols- 

8vo. 2d edition. Paris. 1829. 
COLORED FRUITS.— Author unknown. (Engravings.) 
COXE, William.— A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees. 8vo. Phil- 
adelphia. 1817. 
CRUIKSHANK, Thomas.- The Practical Planter. 8vo. London and 

Edinburgh. 1830. 
CULLEY, George. — Observations on Live Stock. 4th edition. 8vo, Lon- 
don. 1807. 
CURTIS, William. — Practical Observations on the British Grasses. 6th 
edition. With additions by Johi Lawrence. With a short account, 
&c., by Sir Joseph Banks. '8vo. London. 1824. 
Do. do. 5th edition. London. 1812. 

CURTIS, Samuel.— The Florist's Directory; with an Appendix. 8vo. 

London. 1822. 
DAVY, Sir Humphrey .—Elements of Agricul. Chemistry. London. 1827. 

Do. do. New York. 1815. 

DARWIN, Erasmus.— Phytologia; or the Philosophy of Agriculture and 
Gardening. 8vo. Dublin. 1800. 



CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 187 

DEANE, Samuel, D. D.— The New England Farmer. 3d edition. 8vo. 

Boston. 1822. 
DELPIERRE, Leocade.— Traite des Bois et Forets. 24to. Paris. 1829. 
" " Traite de Culture Kurale. 12mo. 2 vols. 1828. 

DICTIONNAIRE UNIVERSELLE D'AGEICULTURE.— 8vo. 16 vols. 

Paris. 1821-2-3. 
DOWNING, A. J.— Landscape Gardening. 2 copies. 8vo. 1844. 

" " FruitsandFruit Trees of America. 3 copies. 8vo. 1845. 

" " Cottage Residences. 8vo. New York. 1844. 

EVELYN, John. — Silva; or a Discourse of Forest Trees. 2 vols. 4to. 
New York. 1812. 
" '' Kalendarium Hortense. 12mo. London. 1691. 

FESSENDEN, Thomas G.— New American Gardener. 12mo. Boston. 

1828. 
FARMER, Genessee.— Vols. 1st, 2d, and 3d. 4to. Rochester. 

" New England. — 21 vols. 4to. Boston. 

" Yankee.— Vol. VL 4to. Boston. 1840. 
FUSEE AUBLET.— Histoire des Plantes. 4 vols. 4to. Londres. 1775. 

HARRIS, T. W.— Treatise on some of the Insects of New England. 1842. 

HAYNES, Thomas.— A Treatise on the Improved Culture of the Straw- 
berry, fee, 3d edition. 8vo. London. 1823. 

HAYWARD. Joseph.— The Science of Horticulture. 2d edition. Lon- 
don. 1824. 

HEPBURN.— See Gardener. 

HERBERT, Rev. W.— On Bulbous Plants. 8vo. London. 1837. 

HERICART de THURY.— Notice sur un Moulin Cribleur de 1' invention 
de M. Moussi. 12mo. Paris. 1821. 

HINTS FOR AMERICAN HUSBANDMEN, with Communications to the 
Pennsylvania Agricultural Society. 

HITCHCOCK, Edward.— Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany and 

Zoology of Mass. 8vo. Amherst. 1835. 
" " Atlas to do. 

" " Final Report on the Geology of Mass. Vols. I 

and II. 4to. 1841. 

HOLLAND. — General View of the Agriculture of Cheshire. By Henry 
Holland. 8vo. London. 1813. 

HOOKER, William. — Pomona Londiensis. Containing colored engrav- 
ings of the most esteemed Fruits in the British Gardens. 4ro. Vol. 
I. London. 1818. 

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY OF LONDO^"^.— Catalogue of Fruits for 
1842. 6 copies. 



188 CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, Transactions of— Vol. I 

Part I. London. 1807. 
HORTICULTURAL TRANSACTIONS OF LONDON.— Vols. I to VI. 

1812 10 1826. 
HORTICULTURAL TRANSACTIONS OF LONDON.— Vol. I. 3d edi- 
tion. 1830. 
HORTICULTURE.— Our Neighborhood; or Letters on Horticulture and 

Natural Phenomena. New York. 1831. 
HOSACK, David. — Essays on various subjects of Medical Science. 2 
vols. 8vo. 1624. 
" " and J. W. FRANCIS.— Medical and Philosophical 

Register. 4 vols. 2d edition. 8vo. New York. 
1814- 
" " Essays on various subjects of Medical Science. Vol. 

III. New York. 1830. 
" " Memoir of De Witt Clinton. 4to. New York. 1829. 

HOTTON.— Manuel de 1' Elaqueur. 16mo. Paris. 1829. 
HOVE Y, C. M.— Magazine of Horticulture. Vols. I. to XII. 1835 to 1847. 
8vo. Boston. 

JARDINIER.— Le Bon Jardinier. Almanach pour 1' annee 1829. 12mo. 
Paris. 1829. 
" Le Bon Jardinier. Almanach pour 1' annee 1830. 12mo. 

Paris. 1830. 
" Le Bon Jardinier. Almanach pour 1' annees 1836 et 1841. 

JAMAICA. — Proceedings of the Society for the Encouragement of Horti- 
culture, &c. 8vo. 1825. 

JOLIMONT, E.G.T.De.— LesMausoleesFrangois. Folio. Paris. 1821. 

JULLIEN. — Topographic de tous les vignolles connus. Par A. Jullien. 
8vo. Paris. 1816. 

KENRICK, William.— The American Silk Grower's Guide. 16mo. Bos- 
ton and New York. 1835. 
" " The New American Orchardist. 2d edition. 2 

copies. Boston. 1835. 

KOLLAR, Vincen.— A Treatise on Insects. 12mo. London. 1840. 

LANG, W. B.— Views, with Ground Plans of the Highland Cottages, Rox- 

bury. 1845. 
LANGLEY.— Pomona. Folio. 1729. 

LARDNER, Rev. Dionysius.— The Cabinet Cyclopedia. 8vo. Lond. 1829. 
LAWRENCE, John, M. A.— The Clergyman's Recreation; or the Art of 

Gardening. 4th edition. 8vo. London. 1716. 



CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 189 

LAYTON.— Book on Farming. 

LEMOINE, M. Leonor. — Legons Theor. et Prat, sur la plant, la cult, et la 
taille des Arbres a fruits et de la Vigne. Troisieme edition. 24to. 
Paris. 1828. 
LINDLEY, G. — Guide to Orchard and Kitchen Gardens. 8vo. London. 

1831. 
LINDLEY, J.— Theory of Horticulture. 1840. 

LOUDON.— Suburban Gardens. By J. C. Loudon. 8vo. London. 1838. 
" Arboretum et Frut. Brit, or the Trees and Shrubs of Britain, 

8 vols. 8vo. London. 1834 to 1838. 
" A Treatise on Forming, Improving, and Managing Country 

Residences. In two volumes. Vol. I. 4to. London. 1806. 
•" An Encyclopsedia of Plants. 8vo. London. 1829. 

" " " " " Another copy. 2d edition. 

« " " « Gardening. 8vo. 3ded. London. 1825. 

« " . <( '< Agriculture. 8vo. London. 1825. 

" <' " " Architecture. London. 1839. 

'* Remarks on the Construction of Hot Houses. 4to. London. 

1817. 
" Observations on laying out Farms. Folio. London. 1812. 

" Gardener's Magazine. 4 vols. London. 1826. 

" Repton on Landscape Gardening. London. 1840. 

LOUDON, Mrs.— Bulbs. 4to. London. Beautiful colored plates. 
" " Perennials. 4to. " " '• 

" " Annuals. 4to. London. 1840. Beautiful colored plates. 

MADDOCK, James. — The Florist's Directory. With an Appendix by 

Samuel Curtis. 8vo. London. 1822. 
MALIPHANT, Geo- — Designs for Sepulchral Monuments. 4to. London. 
MARCHANT DE BEAUMONT.— Manuel et Itineraire du Cuvieur. 

Cemet. Pere la Chaise. Paris. 1828. 
MARSHALL, Mr.— On Planting and Rural Ornament. 3d edition. In 
2 vols. 1803. 
" On Flowers. 12mo. Vol. 11. 

MARSHALL, Charles— On Gardening. With 
Lime, by James Anderson. 
MAWE, Thos.— Gardener's Calendar. 14th edit. 
McINTOSH.— Green House. By Chas. Mcintosh. 
" Flower Garden. « « 

" Orchard and Fruit Garden, including the Forcing Pit. 

18mo. 1840. 
MEMOIRS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. 
Svo. Philadelphia. 1824. 



an Essay on 


Quick 


Vol.1. Boston. 


1799. 


12mo. Dublin. 


1798. 


12mo. London. 


1838. 


(( (C 


1839. 



190 CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 

MERAULT, A. J.— L' Art du Jardinier. 16mo. Paris. 1827. 
MICHAUX, Andrew. — Flora BorealL Americana. 8vo. 2 vols. Parisiis. 

1803. 
MICHAUX,F. Andrew.— N.American Sylva. Vol. II. 8vo.. Paris. 1829. 
MILLER, Philip. — The Gardener's and Botanist's Dictionary. With ad- 
ditions by Thomas Martyn. In two Parts of two vols. each. 4 
vols. Folio. London. 1807. 
M'MAHON, Bernard. — The American Gardener's Calendar. 8vo. Phil- 
adelphia, 1806. 
MONCEAU, Duhamel du. — La Physique des Arhres. Avec une Disserta- 
tion sur r utilite des Methodes de Botan- 
iques, &c. &c. 2 vols. 4to. Paris. 1758. 
'•' " Des Semis et Plantations des Arbres.j et de 

leur Culture. 1 vol. 4to. Paris. 1760. 
" " Des Semis et Traite des Arbres Fruiiiers. 7 

vols. Folio. Paris. 

NATURALIST.— Edited by D. J. BROWNE. 20 numbers. Boston. 

Not complete. 
NICOL, Walter.— The Practical Planter; or Forest Planting. 2d edition. 
2 copies. 8vo. London. 1803. 
" " The Planter's Kalendar. 2d edit. 8vo. Edin. 1820. 

u a ei c a ^[\^ a a a 1822. 

" " " Villa Garden Directory. 16mo. Edinburgh. 1814. 

NOISETTE; Louis.— Manuel Complet du Jardinier, &c. 2d; 3d, 4th vols. 

8vo. Paris. 1825-6. 

" " Manuel Complet du Jardinier, &c. Supplm't. 1828. 

NORFOLK — Agricultural Survey of. By the Secretary of the Board. 

8vo. London. 1813. 
NUTTALL, Thomas, F. L. S.— Journal of Travels into the Arkansas Ter- 
ritory during the year 1819. 8vo, Phil-, 
adelphia. 1821. 
" " " An Introduction to Systematic and Physio- 

logical Botany. Cambridge. 1827. 

OBSERVATIONS ON MODERN GARDENING.— Illustrated by De- 
scriptions. Author unknov\'n.~ London. 1770. 

PASCALIS, Felix. — Practical Instructions and Directions for Silkworm 

Nurseries. Vol. I. 1829. 
PHILLIPS, Henry, F.H.S.—PomariumBritannicum. 8vo. London. 1823. 

K ;i f.' u u u II 1827. 

" " " History of Cultivated Vegetables. In two 

vols. 2d edition. Svo. London. 1827. 



CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 191 

PHILLIPS, Henry, F.H.S.—SylvaFlorifera. 2 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1823- 
PHILTPPART, Fr. — Voyage Agronomique en Angleterre en 1829. Paris. 

1830. 
PLANTING AND RURAL ORNAMENT.— Author unknown. Vols. I 

and II. 8vo. London. 1796. 
POMOLOGICAL MAGAZINE— and Descriptions of the most important 
varieties of Fruit cultivated in Great Britain. 8vo. Vol. I. 1828. 
Vol.11. 1829. Vol. III. 1830. 
PONTEY, William.— The Profitable Planter; a Treatise on the Theory 

and Practice of Planting Forest Trees. With an 
Appendix. 8vo. London. 1828. 
" « The Forest Pruner ; or Timber-Owner's Assistant. 

4th edition. 8vo. Leeds. 1826. 
" '•' The Rural Improver. 4to. London. 1822. 

PRINCE, William R.—Pomological Manual. 8vo. New York. 1832. 
" " " Treatise on the Vine. 8vo. New York. 1830. 

PRINCE, William.— A Short Treatise on Horticulture. New York. 1828. 
PROCEEDINGS OF THE BOSTON SOCIETY OF NATURAL HIS- 
TORY.— Vol. I. 1841 to 1844. 
PRUSSE. — Jardins du Roi de Prusse, (Engravings.) 

QUINCY, Hon. Josiah. — History of Harvard University. 2 vols. Cam- 
bridge. 1840. 

QUINTINE, La.— The Compleat Gardener. In six Books. 4to. Lon- 
don. 1693. 

RAMON DE LA SAGRA.— Historia de la Isla de Cuba. Par Don Ramon 

de la Sagra. 4to. Habana. 1831. 
" " '• " Memorias de la Institucion Agronoraa de la 

Habana. 8vo. Habana. 1834. 
REPTON, H. — Enquiry into the changes of Taste in Landscape Garden- 
ing. 8vo. London. 1806. 
" " Observations on the Theory and Practice of Landscape 

Gardening. London. 1813. 
'' " Sketches and Hints on Landscape Gardening, London. 

1794. 
" '' Designs for the Pavilion at Brighton, London. 1806, 

ROGERS.— Fruit Cultivator. London. 1837. 
RONALDS, Hugh, F.H.S.— Pyrus Malus Brentfordiensis ; or a Concise 

Description of Selected Apples. 4to. London. 1831. 
ROUEN.— Bulletin de la Societe d' Horticulture. Annee 1836. 
RURAL IMPROVEMENT— The Modern and approaching Style of. Au- 
thor unknown. (Engravings.) 



192 CATALOGUE OF BOOKS. 

SAY, Thomas. — American Entomology. A Description of the Insects of 
North America. 8vo. Vol. II. Philadelphia Museum. 1825. 
Do. do. Vol. III. " " 1828. 

SAYER. — Treatise on the Cactus and Dahlia. Boston. 1839. 

SINCLAIR, Sir John. — An account of the Systems of Husbandry of Scot- 
land. Vol. II. Edinburgh. 1814. 

SMITH, Gerard Edwards. — A Catalogue of Phamogamous Plants in South 
Kent. London. 1829. 

SPEECHLY, William.— A Treatise on the Culture of the Vinej also of 
the Pine Apple. 3d edition. 8vo. London. 1821. 

STEPHENS.— Book of the Farm. 2 vols. 1842. 

SWEET, Robert, F.L.S.— The Florist's Guide, and Cultivator's Directory. 
London. Vol.1. 1827-9. Vol.11. 1829-32. 

THACHER, James, M. D.— The American Orchardist. 12mo. 2d edi- 
tion. Plymouth. 1825. 
" " " A Practical Treatise on the Management of 

Bees. 12mo. 1829. 
THOUIN, Andre.— Cours de Culture, &c. Atlas. Paris. 1827. 

" " Cours de Culture et de Naturalisation des Vegetaux. 

3 vols. 8vo. Paris. 1827. 
THOUIN, Gabriel. — Plans Raisonnes de Toutes les Especes de Jardins. 

Folio. Paris. 1828. 
TRANSACTIONS of the New York State Agricultural Society. 1843. 
" of the Mass. Horticultural Society. Vol. I. Boston. 

TURTON, William, M. D.— A General System of Nature. Translated 
from Gmelin's last edition of the celebrated Systema Naturae. By 
Sir Charles Linne. 7 vols. 8vo. Swansea. 1804. 

VATISMENIL.— Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, &c. 2 cop- 
ies. Paris. 1829. 

VENTENAT, E. P.— Description des Plantes Nouvelles et Peu Connues. 
1 vol. Folio. An VIII. 

WESTON,R.— The Gardener's and Planter's Calendar. 3d edition. 12mo. 

Dublin. 1782. 
WILSON, Alexander. — American Ornithology. Volume of Plates. 

" " American Ornithology ; or the Natural History of 

the Birds of the United States. 3 vols. New 

York and Phila. 1828-9. Also, 1, 4to. Plates. 

WORLIDGE, J.— Vinettum Britannicum ; or a Treatise on CIDER. 

16mo, London. 1691. 

YOUNG, Arthur.— The Farmer's Calendar. 8vo. London. 1809. 



AN 



ADDRESS 



DELIVERED BBFOBE THE 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 



DEDICATION OF HORTICULTURAL HALL, 



MAY 15, 1845. 



BY GEORGE LUNT. 



PRINTED BY DUTTON AND WENTWORTH 

No. 37, Congress Street. 

1845. 



Massachusetts Hobticultukal Sooibtt, 
Boston, May 17th, 1845. 

At a meeting of the Society, held tliis day, it was 

Voted, That the thanks of the Society be presented to the Hox. Geokge Lunt, of Newburyport, 
for the truly poetical and highly classical Address, delivered by him, on the occasion of the dedication of 
the New Hall of the Association. 

Voted, That Messrs, Isaac P. Davis, Josiah Bradlee, and Stephen Fairbanks be a Committee to solicit 
a copy for publication. 

^ Attest, 

EBENEZER WIGHT, Recording Secretary. 



BOSTON, MAY 20th, 1845. 
Hon. George Lunt, 

Dear Sir, 

The undersigned have the honor to communicate to you the annexed 
vote of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, requesting for publication, a copy of your Address, 
delivered on the evening of the 15th instant. 

In the performance of this pleasing duty, we gladly avail ourselves of the opportunity, to convey to 
you our personal satisfaction with the excellent and appropriate sentiments so eloquently expressed : 
and for the honor of the literature of our Country, and the good of the Society, which we represent, we 
trust you wiU readily consent to the promulgation of an Address of such rare merit. 

We are, with great esteem. 

Your friends and obedient servants, 

ISAAC P. DAVIS, 

JOSIAH BRADLEE, ^ Committee. 

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS, 



NEWBURYPORT, MAY 21, 1845. 
Gentlemen,— 

With a grateful sense of your kind appreciation of my performance, whose merits, whatever they 
may be, must be attributed to my heartfelt interest in the subject, I have the honor to submit it entirely 
to your disposal. 

I remain, gentlemen, 

With great respect. 

Truly your friend and servant, 

GEORGE LUNT. 
I. P. Davis, 
Josiah Beadlee, 
Stephen Fairbanks, Esqes. 



ADDRESS, 



Mr. President, and Gentlemen of the Society : 

It is a touchingj and to some of you, perhaps, familiar 
incident related of a celebrated English traveller,* whose 
genius and misfortunes have long closely allied him with 
every human sympathy. He was engaged upon his first 
adventurous enterprise into a distant and unknown land. 
He had penetrated the interior solitudes of Africa. He 
was in the midst of the vast deserts of a barbarous clime. 
He was hundreds of miles away from the very outskirts 
of civilization, and surrounded on every side by the beasts 
of the wilderness, and by men scarcely less ferocious. 
He had suffered every privation and every ill. He was 
alone in the dismal waste, with a worn and failing body 
and a sinking mind. It was while the chance of life 
appeared a thing almost too hopeless for conjecture, and 
a thousand natural emotions thronged upon his soul ; 
while the present seemed to crowd into its narrow hour 
the accumulated memories of all the past, and offered 
him but the prospect of a miserable death upon the bar- 
ren sands, for the home which he had left with such eager 
and buoyant expectations, and the loved and lovely things 
he was to behold no more ; it was at this moment of 
despondency and distress, that an object caught his eye, 

*^ Park. 



which, perhaps, from the heedless or the happy, would 
scarcely have attracted a passing glance. It was a small 
moss, of extraordinary beauty, in the process of germina- 
tion ; and, as he contemplated the delicate conformation 
of its roots and leaves, the thought forced itself irresisti- 
bly upon his mind, that the same bountiful and eternal 
Providence, which protected this minute but lovely object 
in obscurity so complete, and in the region of perpetual 
barrenness, could not be unmindful of one of his intelli- 
gent beings, the highest in the order of intellectual crea- 
tion. It was the reflection thus suggested which banished 
his despair, and nerved his heart to those renewed efibrts 
which secured his eventual return to his native land. 

There could be no more striking illustration than this 
of the benevolent order of the universe ; which so often 
vindicates itself under circumstances apparently fortui- 
tous, by demonstrating the purpose and value of those 
things, whose utility a cold philosophy had endeavored to 
discover in vain. It were, indeed, too much to say, that 
the minutest atom which floats in infinite space, or the 
meanest flower that blows upon the bosom of nature, 
have been created for no valuable end. If the purposes 
of existence were less than they really are in the eye of 
reason and enlightened philosophy, we might have been 
subjected to a very diflerent constitution of external na- 
ture. To surround us merely with those things which 
might minister to our actual necessities, were to deprive 
our senses themselves of their very noblest attributes, and 
to contract within the narrowest limits the circle of our 
capacities and desires. Take from us, indeed, those love- 
ly manifestations of the external world ; those sweet, and 
graceful and glorious things, which tend much more, per- 
haps, to the promotion of our present happiness, as well 
as to the perfection of our immortal destiny, than all 



which the world counts most worthy of its pursuit, — 
and our minds were dark, and our hearts dead within us, 
instead of kindling with the glowing earth, as, radiant 
with brightness and beauty, she smiles to meet the em- 
braces of the returning Spring. 

The very savage, indeed, must derive some moral ele- 
vation from the contemplation of external nature. For 
his untutored soul, as well as for the mind of the most 
cultivated student of the works of creation, that orient 
pavilion, flushed with a thousand gorgeous and shifting 
hues, from out whose dazzling portals issue the outgoings 
of the morning; the deepened loveliness of that softer 
heaven, which ushers universal nature to repose ; the 
changing year, as its advancing seasons ripen into mel- 
lower beauty ; — yes, all and each, within the rudest re- 
cesses of the primeval wilderness as well as amidst the 
refinements of a more polished taste, in their turn have 
given wing to a sublimer imagination, widened the sphere 
of intellectual exertion, and dignified the reflections and 
aspirations of the moral being. The Indian maiden, who 
decks her jetty tresses with the wild flowers plucked by 
the margin of the forest brook, drinks in from them the 
same images of grace, fragility and beauty, which they 
are fitted to inspire in the proudest bosom that beats in 
regal halls ; where every silken tint that art has curiously 
embroidered, and every radiant gleam that glitters from 
clustered gems, were incomplete without these simpler 
charms, furnished by the cheap provision of nature, yet 
more resplendent in their freshness than the array of Solo- 
mon in all his glory ! 

But if such be the universal influence of natural beau- 
ty ; if over even the soul of a barbarian it exerts this in- 
wrought power to charm the imagination and elevate the 
mind ; surely, amidst the hourly cares which, in more 



8 

civilized life, press upon the hearts of men, they can find 
no relief so easily attained, and, at the same time, so re- 
freshing and salutary, as the contemplation of those lovely 
things, which our common mother, for the common use 
and entertainment of her children, hangs sparkling with 
dew-drops upon every tree, or flings with bounteous pro- 
fusion over her luxuriant bosom. 

Whoever enters upon the attentive examination of these 
objects, in the spirit of rational philosophy, will be certain 
to attain a reward at least commensurate with his exer- 
tions ; for if it acquire him no other possession, it will at 
least bring him that priceless one of an innocent heart 
and a gentle mind : and a student of nature, who should 
become sensual and debased, would present as strange an 
anomaly as an undevout astronomer. 

The human mind itself is indeed deeply imbued with 
the spirit of love for natural beauty. Perhaps there is no 
one who has so entirely lost the impress originally stamped 
by the hand of God upou the soul of man, — no one who 
is so thoroughly '' of the earth, earthy," as to have lost 
all conscious enjoyment of the glorious creation around 
him, crowned by every revolving season with its own 
peculiar magnificence and beauty. Of the tendency of 
many of the great pursuits of life, when they are modi- 
fied by no controlling influence, to render us sordid and 
selfish, there can exist no doubt. The very refinements 
of existence corrupt as well as polish. The human char- 
acter insensibly dwindles amidst the pursuits of civilized 
society. The range of our ^eelings becomes contracted 
under the weight of the conventionalisms of life. The 
sphere of thought itself grows narrower in the plodding 
routine of daily occupations. Confined amongst the ways 
and thoroughfares of populous existence, and man be- 
comes almost necessarily assimilated, in thought and 



9 



habit, to those with whom he is associated. He conforms, 
and, perhaps, degrades his being, by conformity with the 
settled maxims and theories around him ; and often, 

Like a drop of water, 
That in tlie ocean seeks another drop,— 

confounds himself, and loses the identity of his own pecu- 
liar, and perhaps nobler characteristics. 

Consider, then, the mother of the seasons in some of 
her infinite manifestations. You wander into the fresh 
fields and gather the flowers of spring. In crystal vases, 
resting, it may be, upon sculptured marble, you cherish 
these frail children of the sun and showers. You renew 
them before they wither, and gaze with exquisite delight 
upon their delicate texture and the manifold perfection of 
their hues. They appeal forever to your inmost heart, as 
silent mementos of all things sweet, and beautiful, and 
pure. They are eloquent of perpetual suggestions to the 
answering soul. They fill your mind more than all that 
lives upon the canvass of the mightiest master. The 
least and meanest of them all more satisfies your imagi- 
nation than the choicest statue wrought by the divinest 
hand. To your cultivated mind they address themselves 
in their momentary beauty, like images of things more 
perfect in immortal loveliness. They are emblems of the 
affinities of your moral being with whatever is complete 
in infinite glory beyond the skies. Like the eternal stars, 
that, on the brow of midnight, assure us, with their un- 
speakable eff'ulgence, that Heaven and its hopes are yet 
there, so these, the stars of earth, spring upon her verdant 
bosom, the mute memorials of an inscrutable immortality. 
In the humble dwelling-place of the poorest laborer, in 
some crowded city's dim alley, into which the golden 
light of day pours scarcely one beam of all his abounding 
flood, you may often discern some simple flower, which 
2 



10 

indicates the longing of our more spiritual being; which 
recalls to the mind's eye of the wearied man the green 
fields of his boyish days, and impresses him again and 
again, — oh, not in vain ! — with the gentler and purer 
emotions of his childhood. They come upon him, amidst 
the dust and heat, and perhaps the wretchedness, of his 
daily lot, like outward manifestations of the inner spirit- 
world. They are the signals of thoughts 

Commercing with the skies. 

They are like gleams of a fairer and brighter sunshine, 
from realms " beyond the visible diurnal sphere." 

The time does, indeed, come to all men, when they 
would gladly escape from the crowd and confusion of 
common life, and 

Forth issuing on a summer's morn, to breathe 
Among the pleasant villages and farms, 

would forget the thronging cares which have exhausted 
their hearts, in company with the lilies of the field^ that 
toil not^ neither do they spin. It is, indeed, by influences 
such as these that we acquire not only fresher impulses to 
duty, but far higher and nobler principles of action. Ex- 
perience, it is true, teaches us that the mere drudgery of 
rural pursuits can have little effect in raising the private 
or social condition of the man. To turn the verdant soil 
for the mere sustenance of life, would as little impress his 
mind with the true sentiment of his occupation, as the 
gloomy grandeur of ocean enters into the soul of the tem- 
pest-tost and weather-worn mariner. The rustic laborer 
might forever follow his plough upon the mountain side, 
and trample with heedless foot upon the brightest flowers, 
that appealed with dewy eyes in Vain to his plodding 
sensibilities ; and the village maiden, obeying those truer 
and nobler instincts, inseparable, I believe, from every 



11 

woman's heart, with every returning Spring, might gather 
and weave them into her rustic coronal. But to fulfil 
their highest ministry they must have become blended 
with their kindred associations. They must have linked 
themselves, as they have done, with the domestic, and 
public and religious story of the world. Their sweet and 
gentle names must have floated upon the voice of song. 
They must have given language of eloquent significance 
to the passionate impulses of the human heart. They 
must have spoken of the fragility of life under that 
sweetest and most soothing of all sad similitudes, — '• a 
fading flower." They must have crowned the wine- 
cup amidst the revels of " towered cities," and mingled 
with the sunny locks of the queen of May upon the vil- 
lage green. They must have waved upon the brow of 
the returning victor, wreathed their modest tints amongst 
the tresses of the blushing bride, and reposed in pale and 
tranquil beauty upon the marble bosom of death. They 
must have proved their power to sound the secret well- 
springs of our hearts, and to draw up the sweeter waters 
beneath, hidden, as with a veil, by the intertangled sophis- 
tications and falsehoods of the world. They must have 
been won from their wild and unseen solitudes, and nur- 
tured and cherished with a dear and reverent love. 

But much as we love to meet them in their green re- 
treats, on the fragrant meadow, by the rural road-side, or 
in the wild recesses of the rocks, it is as the friends and 
companions of our daily duties that we most welcome 
their sweet and holy ministry. Nurtured by our own 
hands, they become indeed the faithful solace of our cares, 
and the rich reward of all our pleasant toil. And then 
how more than strange is this wonderful result with 
which beneficent Nature repays our fostering charge ! 
What miracle so marvellous, as this mysterious develop- 



12 



merit, which we so disregard, because we call it the com- 
mon course and order of creation ! When the returning 
season fills our hearts anew with its returning hopes, we 
take the unsightly and insignificant seed. We bury it 
out of our sight beneath the dark, insensate earth. The 
dews and the showers fall upon what might well seem to 
be its eternal bed. The sun reaches its secret resting 
place with a vital and incomprehensible energy. It awa- 
kens from its slumber, and no apparent elements of its 
original conformation remain. It starts into being imder 
newer and ever-varying aspects, — till 

from the root 
Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence the leaves 
More aery, last the bright consummate flower 
Spirits odorous breathes. Par. Lost. 

And then, what human philosophy is competent to ex- 
plain the unseen cause, which, from elements apparently 
so inadequate, brings up the slender and tapering stalk, 
shoots forth the verdant leaf, and embellishes its lustrous 
crown with inimitable purple, or the flowering gold ! 
What wonderful chemistry is this, which so filters the 
moisture of the earth and the dew of heaven, and com- 
bines and diffuses the just proportions of the vital air 
through every intricate fibre, till it blushes in the bloom 
of the queenly Rose, and makes the virgin Lily the em- 
blem of purity and light ! With what unerring skill 
they are blended or contrasted in their infinite variety of 
" quaint enamelled dyes" ! With what exquisite order 
and precision their gorgeous retinue appears, each at its 
accustomed season, and gathers the successive harvest of 
its transient glory ! 

Daffodils, 
That come before the swallow dares, and take 
The winds of March with beauty ; violets dim 



13 



But sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes 

Or Cytherea's breath j pale primroses, 

That die unmarried ere they can behold 

Bright Phcebus in his strength 5 ^ * 

* * *^ bold oxlips, and 

The crown-imperial 5 lilies of all kinds, 

The flower-de-luce being one. Winter's Tale. 

Of all the gentle and welcome company, not one but lifts 
its starry cup or hangs its clustering bells upon the spiral 
stem. And oh, still stranger transformation, when this 
treasured darling of an hour, so rich in glowing charms 
and fragrant with delicious sweetness, yields to the immut- 
able law of its destiny : refolds the vital principle of its 
being within the shapeless and scentless husk, and flings 
itself once more to its wonted repose in the embraces of 
the fulfilling earth ! 

It were, perhaps, too much to allege that for our use 
and pleasure alone were created these loveliest objects of 
the natural world, so curious in contrivance, so matchless 
in surpassing beauty, so eloquent in the lessons of uner- 
ring wisdom. Of the original inevitable relation between 
things beautiful and things morally good, we may form 
some not irrational conjecture. That they are sadly dis- 
joined, under our present condition, we well know. But 
if, as we are told, 

Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth, 

Unseen, both when we wake and when we sleep, — Par. Lost. 

it were not unreasonable to conclude, that, to their celes- 
tial apprehension, the lovely aspects of creation may aflbrd 
a delight commensurate with the primal relations between 
all things in themselves excellent ; that to them, as to the 
Infinite Author, the loveliness of creation may seem very 
good. Nor are we capable of understanding how far the 
inferior orders of being are susceptible of enjoyment from 
the same sources with ourselves. That their organs are 



14 

affected to some extent by the same sights, as well as 
sounds, which address themselves to our own sensations, 
and that they do appreciate some of the properties of the 
vegetable world, we have the most abundant evidence. 
That the " grazed ox" would trample, in the fragrant 
meadow, upon the springing blossoms, that fill the soul 
of the merest child with irrepressible delight, is no less 
true, than that the bee lingers upon the flowery bank, in 
pursuit of his sweet repast, or that the wild bird trills his 
spontaneous song where dews are brightest, amongst 
leaves and flowers. Yet we may be sure, that to us 
alone of the common dwellers upon earth is given the 
power of justly appreciating these munificent gifts of the 
benevolent Author of all things. To us alone has been 
aflbrded the faculty of deriving the most innocent enjoy- 
ment from their cultivation and care ; and, since the first 
habitation assigned to our common parents was indeed a 
Paradise,* we may conclude, that in the indulgence of no 
other of our pleasures do we so nearly approach their 
happy and sinless state. 

There can be, indeed, scarcely a change more striking 
than to leave the noisy streets of the " dim and treeless 
town" for the pleasant garden, stretching away imder the 
broad delicious sunshine, in the bright and open air. Of 
all the ordinary vicissitudes of life, I am aware of none 
which involves a revolution so absolute. We quit the 
sights v/hich oflend us at every turn, and enter upon a 
scene afiluent in all things., which please the eye and re- 
fresh the imagination. Instead of the tumult and intem- 
perate haste of the crowded haunts of men. we rest with 
the repose of nature, broken only by murmurs that are 
delicious, and the warbled music of the skies. For the 
suff'ocating steam of crowded life, we inhale inefl'able per- 

* IIAPA'AEISOX, a garden. 



15 

fumes, that float upon the breath of flowers. We forget 
the debasing competitions of wealth and fame, and enter 
into the innocent pursuits of the guileless creatures of the 
air. Instead of the too often profitless companionships of 
society, we meet ourselves. We become the companions 
of our own inner thoughts, and the things which inter- 
vene between our hearts and heaven are those which only 
link us more closely to its infinite aspirations. That 
voice within speaks to us like a trumpet, whose whis- 
pers were almost inaudible through the tumult and hurry 
of life. The heart which was harder than the nether 
millstone in the cave of Plutus, softens and expands to 
the just proportions of its nature, beneath the liberal sun- 
shine and under the broad and bounteous atmosphere. 
And still, like that primal Eden, though shorn and dimin- 
ished of those heavenly flowers. 

That never will in other climate grow, 

it is yet the faint image of the original paradise, and the 
only earthly region instinctive with the spirit of an Al- 
mighty and universal Love. It is here, indeed, that 

* * o'er the flower 

His eye is sparkling and his breath hath blown, 
His soft and summer breath, whose tender power 
Passes the strength of storms in their most desolate hour. 

A populous solitude of bees and birds 

And fairy-form'd and many-colored things, 

Who worship him with notes more sweet than words. 

And innocently open their glad wings, 

Fearless and full of life 5 the gush of springs. 

And fall of lofty fountains, and the bend 

Of stirring branches, and the bud which brings 

The swiftest thought of beauty, here extend, 

Mingling, and made by Love, unto one mighty end. Byron. 

It is from places like these that the benefactors of the 
world have derived the strength of their generous impul- 



16 

ses. It is here that statesmen, and poets and philosophers 
have retired, and moulded those divine conceptions which 
have resulted in the advancement and elevation of man- 
kind. It was upon such a retreat that that noblest Ro- 
man,=^ styled by onef "the most wise, most worthy, 
most happy and the greatest of all mankind," entered 
after he had made his native city the mistress of the 
world. In that venerated solitude, to which many a pil- 
grim step turned in the succeeding ages of his country's 
history, Aviser than he who, in later times, 

Exchanged an empire for a cell, — 

he forgot alike his glories and their cares, and conceived 
that illustrious sentiment, which could never have arisen 
in an ignoble or ambitious mind, Nunquam nimus solus 
quam cum- solus. From the rose-beds of Paestum, rich 
in the bloom of their double harvest,J was wafted that 
breath of flowers, which ages ago stirred and mingled 
with the sublimest of human emotions in " Rome's least 
mortal mind :" from that Psestum, whose fragrant odors 
yet faint upon the summer gale, amidst the ruins of 
man's less durable achievements ; that Psestum, where 
still 

The air is sweet with violets, running wild . . 

Mid broken pieces and fallen capitals ; 

Sweet as when Tully, writing down his thoughts, 

Those thoughts so precious and so lately lost, 

(Turning to thee, divine philosophy, 

Ever at hand to calm his troubled soul,) 

Sailed slowly by two thousand years ago, 

For Athens ; when a ship, if northeast winds 

Blew from the Paestan gardens, slacked her course. Rogers. 

We have read, with ennobling emotions, in our school- 
boy days, of the reluctance with which the royal gardener 

*■ Scipio. t Cowley, 

t Biferique rosaria Psesti. — Virg. 



17 

of Sidon^ left his pleasing toils, for the purpose of assum- 
ing the burdensome cares of state. And it was from such 
a scene that Horace might well have refused to part, to 
enjoy the more intimate companionship of the master of 
the world ; especially as it must have been alloyed with 
the society of that proud but degenerate capital, to which 
Jugurtha, not long before, had bidden farewell in lan- 
guage less flattering than severe : " Farewell, O cruel 
and venal city, which requirest only a purchaser in order 
to sell thyself and all which thou dost contain." And it 
was in the shades of those Salonian gardens, which his 
own hands had made, that Dioclesian, the emperor, re- 
ceived the ambassadors, who vainly strove to reinvest his 
brows with 

the hollow crown 
That rounds the mortal temples of a king. 

But perhaps one of the finest natural illustrations of the 
interest which still clings to pursuits like these, long after 
the heart is comparatively dead to all other human cares, 
is to be found in the pages of the great novelist, whose 
pictures appear to us less like efforts of imagination, than 
delineations of nature herself in her invariable aspects. 
The venerable Abbot of St. Mary's, according to the tenor 
of the tale, formed apparently for times less troublous 
than those which then distracted his unhappy country, 
resigns to a bolder spirit his conspicuous post in the van 
of the armies of the church, now become literally and 
carnally militant. He betakes himself, with cheerful res- 
ignation, to the horticultural occupations of his earlier 
and happier days. But his present pursuits and his former 
condition and character necessarily involve him in the 
plots and counterplots formed for the liberation of that 



* Abdolonymus. 



18 

fairest flower of Scotland's beauty, whose uttered name 
has so long awakened, and will forever awaken, every 
romantic emotion in the human bosom ; of that lovely 
Mary, less a queen than a woman, whose melancholy 
story, after the lapse of nearly three centuries, so stirs 
the heart that all seems harsh and cruel, which sullen 
history would dare to blend with the memory of her 
beauty and her wrongs. Yet in spite of her loveliness 
and misfortunes, the pious and transmuted Abbot, strick- 
en, it is true, somewhat into the vale of years, struggles 
hard between his allegiance to his queen, consecrated, as 
it is, by his duty and devotion to the church, and his 
affection for his garden-plots, which the rude feet of mes- 
sengers and soldiers might trample ; for his fruits and his 
flowers, — his bergamots, his jessamines and his clove- 
gilliflowers. Let queens escape from prison, or kingdoms 
pass away, so the season returns in its freshness to his 
more intimate domain. "Ay, ruin follows us every where," 
said he, " a weary life I have had for one to whom peace 
was ever the dearest blessing. * '^' I could be sorry for 
that poor queen, but what avail earthly sorrows to a man 
of fourscore? — and it is a rare dropping morning for the 
early cole wort. "=^^ 

I know, indeed, of no picture more cheering than that 
of old age, which the world, if it lias robbed it of all 
things else, has been unable to cheat of its relish for these 
innocent pleasures. There is nothing to rival it, unless it 
be the imalloyed delight of children in the midst of a gar- 
den. How eagerly they scamper along the walks, and 
stoop over the brightening beds ! At the very approach 
of spring their hearts are bounding as at some uuheard-of 
joy. To them, the golden hours of summer are laden with 

* The Ab!)ot, Vol. 11. 



19 



a rapture unknown to later years. With what exquisite 
enjoyment they enter upon the mmutest examination of 
the most common things ! The flowers that are their 
own make them rich with an almost untold wealth. The 
springing grass to them is like the verdure of a fairy cre- 
ation, and every bud a miracle in their soft and earnest 
eyes. 

And then what a host of illustrious names throng upon 
our memories, and seem to sanctify these pleasant and 
quiet scenes. I speak not now so much of the poets, who 
have been forever the chosen interpreters of nature's mys- 
teries, and wanting whom, she might forever have uttered 
oracles, sounding to the wise, but vague and indefinite to 
the general apprehension. But the time would fail me to 
tell the great and illustrious names of English history, 
blended with every memory of these endearing pursuits : 
of Wolsey, magnificent in all his enterprises ; of Sidney, 
conceiving the delicious dreams of " Arcadia," in his 
ancestral bowers at Penshurst ; of VYotton, flattering the 
Virgin Queen with his present of orange trees from Italy, 
still flourishing in their original perfection ; of Temple, 
whose heart so clung to the delightful recreations of his 
leisure hours that he directed, by his will, that heart itself 
to be buried beneath the sun-dial in his garden ; of Eve- 
lyn, whose very name awakens every pleasing association 
connected with rural pursuits, and whose noble sentences 
are full of the heart and soul of one, who loved the soil 
that bore him, with every emotion becoming a patriot and 
a man ; of Raleigh, the graceful and gallant, learned and 
brave, of Bacon, in the language of Cowley, 

Whom a wise king and Nature chose 
Lord Chancellor of both their laws ; 

of that Bacon, who would have fresh flowers upon his table 



20 

while he sounded the depths of divme and human philos- 
ophy : of Addison, the regenerator of a more manly taste 
in gardening as well as literature : of Locke, the child- 
like philosopher, exchanging his researches amongst the 
labyrinths of the human mind for studies on a fairer page, 
the open book of Nature, in her 

hueS; 
Her forms, and in the spirit of her forms, 

and who, unlike that illustrious Roman, to whom I have 
referred, loved the society of children rather than perfect 
solitude ; of Cowley and Pope, Walpole, Shenstone and 
Cowper, and a hundred others, who have illustrated this 
subject by their genius, and who are dear to us by every 
kindred tie which connects us with the memorials of the 
mind ; of Newton, conceiving, from a natural phenome- 
non in his garden, of the mighty law which balances this 
solid earth amidst the unshaken spheres : or of Fox, turn- 
ing without a sigh from that great assembly which he 
had so often controlled by his sagacious eloquence, and 
finding amidst his flowers and trees, at St. Anne's Hill, a 
happiness far more real, than durmg the long years, when 
he had been the idol of popular supremacy, or for the 
brief but dazzling hour, when, having finally grasped the 
prize of a life-long ambition, he directed the destinies of 
millions of his fellow men. 

And oh, what glory and delight have the poets flung 
around these delicious resting-places of the soul ! from 
the time of the wise and royal poet of Israel, who tells us, 
" I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted in them 
trees of all kind of fruits;"'^ from the father of Grecian 
minstrelsy, revelling in fancy in the gardens of Alcinous, 
and the master of the Roman lyre, learned in all the sci- 

*" Ecclesiastes, 



21 

ence of the generous pursuit ; from the sylvan shades of 
Arqua, and every " bosky bourne" which Boccacio so 
exquisitely delineates, down to the grottoes and flower- 
beds of Twickenham, and the almost sacred solitudes of 
Olney. With what a charm the imagination insensibly 
clothes the passage of those golden hours, 

When Jonson sat in Drammond's classic shade ! 

What tree of our own planting is more familiar to us than 
Pope's willow, or Shakspeare's mulberry, set by himself 
in his garden at New Place 7 And we have all of us, I 
trust, devoutly execrated the barbarous hand, which so 
recently despoiled this tree of trees, which, but for such 
sacrilege, might have been visited by our children's chil- 
dren. And when we read, in one of the early biographies 
of Milton, that " a pretty garden-house he took in Alders- 
gate street, at the end of an entry, and therefore the fitter 
for his turn, by the reason of the privacy, besides that 
there were few streets in London more free from noise 
than that;"* we may well believe that there, rather than 
in the shock of life, his serene imagination might lavish 
all its riches amongst the flowery groves of Paradise. Yes ! 
it is the true poets who are with us, not only when the 
sunshine nestles upon the mossy bank or beds of violets, 
but who come to us alike when Nature herself is sad 
and silent, and at the wintry fireside, pour the joy of 
summer into our longing hearts. It is they who have 
embroidered the virgin page with inwrought words of 
every curious hue, — 

Of sable grave, 
Fresh green, and pleasant yellow, red most brave, 
And constant blue, rich purple, guiltless vi^hite, 
The lowly russet, and the scarlet bright ; 

* Phillips. 



Branched and embroidered like the painted spring ; 
Each leaf match'd with a flower, and each string 
Of golden wire j * * * ^^ 

* * There seem to sing the choice 

Birds of a foreign note and various voice 5 
Here hangs a mossy rock ; there plays a tair 
But chiding fountain purled j not the air 
Nor clouds, nor thunder, but are living drawn j 
Not out of common tiffany or lawn, 
But fine materials which the muses know, 
And only know the countries where they grow. 

Attributed to George Chapman. 

Without these glorious hues and forms, indeed, I know 
not of what materials the literature of a nation could be 
composed. And thus it is, that from the earliest age, and 
amongst every people, their beauty and the spirit of their 
beauty have haunted the soul of song. We know that in 
all the countries of the East, flowers have forever consti- 
tuted the symbols of sentiment and affection. The Greeks, 
who appear to me, by no means, deficient in that element 
of the romantic which the moderns are so ready to arro- 
gate entirely to themselves, were passionate in their love 
of flowers. From them have descended to us the custom 
of their employment in triumphal pageants, and on occa- 
sions of joyful or mournful ceremony ; and they had 
scarcely a familiar flower, of the garden or the field, 
which their imagination had not woven into some lovely 
legend, or made the subject of some fanciful metamorpho- 
sis. By that most poetical of all people, the Hebrews, 
they were employed as the vehicles of many a touching 
and beautiful similitude. Of all the gorgeous company, 
there are none so familiar to our tongues and hearts, as 
the two which they have most distinguished with their 
affectionate admiration. How the spirit of devotion itself 
appears to spring at the very mention of the familiar 
names of things so beautiful and pure ! 



By cool Siloam's shady rill 

How sweet the Lily blows j 
How sweet the breath, beneath the hill, 

Of Sharon's dewy Rose ! HebeR. 

I have thus endeavored, gentlemen, to discourse to you 
in a manner, let me hope, not entirely inconsistent with 
the spirit of the occasion. It has been my purpose to 
avoid that course of technical remark, which, before such 
an audience, might have proved presumptuous in me 
rather than instructive to you. That scientific knowl- 
edge, which the genius and enterprise of modern times 
have brought to the pursuit of your liberal objects, may 
be found in sources easily accessible. Of the dignity and 
value of these objects it were unnecessary to speak. To 
apply any elaborate eulogium to this pursuit were as rea- 
sonable as to justify the great sun of Heaven himself, in 
the fullness and glory of his illustrious beams. The 
beautiful and costly edifice which you have erected is 
the most fitting testimonial of your liberality, as its pur- 
pose affords the surest evidence of a refined and intel- 
lectual community. "God Almighty," says Lord Bacon, 
"first planted a garden; and indeed it is the purest of 
human pleasures; it is the greatest refreshment to the 
spirits of man ; without which buildings and palaces are 
but gross handy- works ; and a man shall ever see, that, 
when ages grow to civility and elegancy, men come to 
build stately, sooner than to garden finely ; as if garden- 
ing were the greater perfection." 

There can be, indeed, no question whatever that Horti- 
culture, as a scientific pursuit, is of very recent date. 
The most famous gardens of antiquity, we may be sure, 
could enter into no sort of comparison with those, which 
would now be considered as exhibiting the most moderate 
pretensions, in point of the variety and beauty of their 



24 

productions. The hanging gardens of Semiramis have 
been accounted amongst the wonders of the world. Yet 
nothing can be more certain than that the " Beauty of the 
Chaldee's excellency" could afford the royal mistress of 
Assyria not a single nosegay to be compared with the 
meanest of those, which constantly grace your elegant and 
spirited exhibitions. Were it not for the apparent neces- 
sity of the case, arising from the absence of intercommu- 
nication between different people, it would be unaccount- 
able how little progress was made, for long ages, in an 
art so eminently attractive in itself, and so universally 
interesting to mankind. It is true, that conquerors, at all 
periods of time, have traversed vast portions of the world. 
But, with the exception of the emperor Napoleon, the 
pursuits of science, or the advancement of society, have 
rarely entered into their schemes of personal or national 
aggrandizement. But what vast improvements in this, as 
in other respects, have resulted from the extending com- 
merce of the world ! Of all the countless profusion of 
fruits and vegetables which make the fertile face of Eng- 
land " as the garden of the Lord," those indigenous to her 
soil are of the most insignificant description. Few even 
of those sweetest flowers, which her later poets have 
woven into many a golden song, are of her own original 
production. The oak, and some of the more common 
forest trees, were all that her Druid groves could boast. 
The very mulberry of Shakspeare was, in his day, a rare 
exotic, and one of a large importation procured from the 
continent by King James, in 1606. And if, as we are told, 
in the times of Henry VII, apples were sold at one and 
two shillings each, the red ones bringing the best price, 
we may conclude, that when Justice Shallow treated Fal- 
staff to a last yeai^'' s 'pippin of his own graffing, it might 
be an entertainment, at least, commensurate with the dig- 
nity of such a guest. 



26 

It has been recently stated, that the average value of 
the plants in a single horticultural establishment of Lon- 
don, is estimated at a million of dollars. And oh, before 
this magnificent result had been reached, from the com- 
paratively trifling beginning, of a few centuries ago, what 
infinite care and cost must have been expended ; what 
love for the generous science must have been fostered and 
encouraged ; what distant and unknown regions had been 
visited and rifled of the glories of the plains and woods ! 
From solitary Lybian wastes and those paradises of Per- 
sia, the Land of Roses, so eloquently described by Xeno- 
phon; from 

Isles that crown th' iEgean deep, 

to the boundless expanse of this bright heritage of ours ; 
from Tartarian deserts to prairies of perpetual bloom; 
from the fertile breadth of fields, beneath the southern 
skies, to the strange continents of foreign seas and verdant 
islands of the ocean, 

* ^ * whose lonely race 

Resign the setting sun to Indian worlds. 

Combined with this adventurous spirit of modern dis- 
covery, is another principle, which has proved eminently 
favorable to the interests of horticultural science. The 
higher social condition of those softer companions of our 
garden- walks and labors and gentle cares; the more 
liberal position awarded them, under the influence of 
advancing civilization ; our deeper interest in their moral 
and intellectual culture, and our more generous regard for 
their innocent gratification, have interwoven a thousand 
graces and refinements, once unknown, amongst the 
coarser texture of social life. Never, indeed, do they 
enter so intimately into our joys, and griefs, and affec- 
4 



26 

tions, as in gardens and amongst flowers. For them, 
and not for ourselves, we reclaim the scattered blossoms 
along the wildernesses of Nature ; we ask of them a more 
tasteful care in the cultivation of their beauties, and for 
their pleasure and adornment, we mingle their glorious 
hues into innumerable shapes of grace and loveliness. 

Welcome, then, for this, if for no other cause, the Hall 
which you have thus prepared, and decorated and gar- 
landed with the choicest treasures of the Spring. Long, 
long may it stand, an evidence of no vain or idolatrous 
worship. Unlike those grosser handiworks of cold and 
glittering marble, which crowned, in ancient days, the 
barren cliff, or looked, in lifeless beauty. 

Far out into the melancholy main, — 

but touched with the spirit of every gentle and noble 
association, and consecrated by the soul of all our dearest 
affections, welcome, to them and to us, be this Temple of 
the Fruits and Flowers.